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Kneeling before this ruin of sweet life, And breathing to this breatites; excellence The incense of a vow, a holy vow. Shakspeare. Yielding to the sentence, hreathless thou And pale shalt lie, as what thou buriest now. - Prior. BRE D. The part. pass. of To breed. Their malice was bred in them, and their cogitation would never be changed. PWisdom. BR E D E. n. J. See BR A d. In a curious brede of needle-work, one colour falls away by such just degrees, and another rises so insensibly, that we see the variety, without being able to distinguish the total vanishing of the one from the fust appearance of the other. Addison. won. n. J. [supposed from braccan, Sax. 1. The lower part of the body; the back rt. When the king's pardon was offered by a herauld, a lewd boy turned towards him his naked breech, and used words suitable to that gesture. Hayward. The storks devour snakes and other serpents; which when they begin to creep out at their breecher, they ". presently clap them close to a wall to keep them in. Grew's 44 uscuna. 2. Breechcs. Ah! that thy father had been so resolved"— —That thou might still have worn the petticoat, And ne'er had stol'n the breech from Lancaster. Shakspeare. 3. The hinder part of a piece of ordnance. So cannons, when they mount vast pitches, Are tumbled back upon their breechet. Anon. 4. The hinder part of any thing. To BREEch. v. a. [from the noun.] I. To put into breeches. 2. To fit any thing with a breech ; as, to breech a gun. BR E'Eches. n. . [bnaec, Saxon, from Bracca, an old Gaulish word; so that Skinner imagines the name of the part covered with breeches, to be derived from that of the garment. In this sense it has no singular.] 1. The garment worn by men over the lower part of the body. Petruchio is coming, in a new hat and an old jerkin, and a pair of o breccles, thrice turned. Shakspeare. Rouch satires, sly remarks, ill-natur'd speeches, Are always aim'd at Poets that wear brocco. Prior. Give him a single coat to make, he'd do 't; A vest or breecher, singly; but the brute Could ne'er contrive all three to make a suit. King. 2. To wear the breeches, is, in a wife, to usurp the authority of the husband.

‘s he wife of Xanthus was domineering, as if

her fortune, and her extraction, had entitled her to the free. Aes. L’Estrange. To BREED. v. a. pret. I bred, I have bred. [bnaeban, Sax.] 1. To procreate; to gencrate; to produce more of the species. None fiercer in Numidia bred, With Carthage were in triumph led. Roscommon. 2. To produce from one’s self. Children would breed their teeth with less danger. 3. To occasion; to causc, to produce.

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Thereat he roared for exceeding pain, That to have heard, great horrour would have red. Fairy Queen. Our own hearts we know, but we are not certain what hope the rites and orders of our church have bred in the hearts of others. Hocker. What hurt ill company, and overmuch liberty, breedeth in youth ! Aschart's Schoolmaster. Intemperance and lust breed infirmities and diseases, which, being propagated, spoil the strain of a nation. Tilioison. 4. To contrive; to hatch ; to plot. My son Edgar ! had he a hand to write this? a heart and brain to breed it in 3 Shakspeare. 5. To give birth to; to be the native place: so, there are breeding ponds, and feeding onds. Mr. Harding, and the worthiest divine christendom hath bred for the space of some hundreds of years, were brought up together in the same university. H. - Hall, foreign wonder! Whom certain these rough shades did neverbreed.

6. To educate ; to form by education. Whoe'er thou art, whose forward ears are bent On state affairs, to guide the government; Hear first what Socrates of old has said To the lov'd youth whom he at Athens Are?. - Dryden' To breed up the son to common sense, Is evermore the parent's least expence. Dryd. And left their pillagers, to rapine bred, Without tood to strip and spoil the dead. Dryde". His farm may not remove his children too far from him, or the trade he breeds them up in. orke.

7. To bring up; to take care of from in

fancy. All wretched me! by fates averse decreed To bring thee forth with pain, with care to breed. ryden. 8. To conduct through the first stages of life. Bred up in grief, can pleasure be our theme? Our endless anguish does not nature claim 2 Reason and sorrow are to us the same. Prior. To BR E. E. D. v. n. 1. To bring young. Lucina, it seems, was breeding, as she did nothing but entertain the company with a discourse upon the difficulty of reckoning to a day. Speat. 2. To be increased by new production. But could youth last, and love still breed; Had joys no date, and age no need; . Then these delights my mind might move To live with thee and & thy love. Raleigh. 3. To be produced; to have birth. Where they most breed and haunt, I have observ'd, The air is delicate. Shakspeare'r Macbeto. There is a worm that breedeth in old snow, and dieth soon after it comethout of the snow. Bacon. The caterpillar is one of the most general of worms, and breedeth of dew and leaves. Bacon. It hath been the general tradition and belief, that maggots and flies breed in putrified carcases. - Bently. 4. To raise a breed. In the choice of swine, choose such to breed of as are of long large bodies. AMortinier. BR E. E. D. m. J. from the verb.] 1. A cast; a kind; a subdivision of species. bring you witnesses, Twice fifteen thousand hearts of England's #reed. Soak-peare. The horses were young and handsome, and of the best breed in the north. - Sãospeare. Walled towns, stored arsenals, and ordnance; all this is but a sheep in a lion's skin, except the breed and disposition of the people be stoùt and warlike. - Bacon. Infectious streams of crowding sins began, And thro’ the spurious breed and guilty nation ran. Roscommon. Rode fair Ascánius on a fiery steed, Queen Dido's gift, and of the Tyrian breed. Dryd. 2. A family , a generation : in contempt. A cousin of his last wife's was proposed : but John would have no more of the bread. Arbuthnot. 3. Progeny ; of pring. If thou wilt lend this money, lend it not As to thy friend; for when did friendship take A breed of barren metal of his friend ? §§tip. 4. A number produced at once; a hatch. She lays them in the sand, where they lie till they are hatched; sometimes above an hundred at a breed. Grezv.

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One that breeds quarrels; an incendiary. An honest, willing, kind fellow, as ever servant shall come in house withar; and, I warrant you, no teltale, nor no breediate. Shakspeare. BRE/E DE R. m. s. [from breed.] 1. That which produces any thing. Time is the nurse and 3 reedor of all good. * Shah peare. 2. The person which brings up another. Time was, when Italy and Rome have been the best breeders, and bringers up of the worthiest men. Ascéani's Schoolmaster. 3. A female that is prolifick. Get thee to a nunnery; why would'st thou be a breeder of sinners? Shakspeare's Hamiet. Here is the babe, as loathsome as a toad, Amongst the fairest breeders of our time. Shaks. Let there be an hundred persons in London, and as many in the country, we say, that if there be sixty of them breeders in London, there are more than sixty in the country. . Graant. Yet, if a friend a night or two should need her, He'd recommend her as a special breeder. Pope. 4. One that takes care to raise a breed. The breeders of English cattle turned much to dairy, or else kept their cattle to six or seven years old. Towple. BRE'ED IN G. m. s. [from breed.] I. Education ; instruction; qualifications. She had her breeding at my father's charge, A poor physician's daughter. Shakspeare. I am a gentleman of blood and bree ing. Shak. I hope to see it a piece of none of the meanest breeding, to be acquainted with the laws of nature. - Glanville's Scopsis, Prof. 2. Manners; knowledge of ceremony. As men of breeding, sometimes men of wit, To avoid great errours, must the less commit. Hope. The Graces from the court did next provide Breeding, and wit, and air, and decent pride. w Swift. 3. Nurture; care to bring up from the infant state. Why was my breeding order'd and prescrib'd, As of a person separate to God, Peign'd for great exploits Milton', Agonisłcs. BR E'Es E. m. g. [b]:1ora, Saxon. A sting

ing fly ; the gadfly. Cleopatra, The breet: upon her, like a cow in June, Hists sail, and flies. Shakspeare. The learned write, the insect breeze ls but the monrelrince of bees. Hudibras.

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BRE'vrature; n.s.. [from brevio, Lat.] An abbreviation. BRE’v 1 E.R. m. s. A particular size of letter used in printing; so called, probably, from being originally used in printing a breviary. BRE'vity. m. s. [brevitas, Lat.] Concisemess; shortness; contraction into few words. Virgil, studying brevity, and having the command of his own language, could bring those words into a narrow compass, which a translator cannot render without circumlocutions, Dryden. To BREW. v. a. [brouwen, Dutch ; %raoven, German ; brupan, Saxon.] I. To make liquors by mixing several ingredients. We have drinks also brewed with several herbs, and roots, and spices. Bacon. Mercy guard me! t Hence with thy brow'd enchantments, foul deceiver! Milton. 2. To put into preparation. Here's neither bush nor shrub to bear off any weather at all, and another storm breasing. Shakspeare. 3. To mingle. + . Take away these chalices; go, brew me a pottle of sack finely. Shakspeare. 4. Pope seems to use the word indeterminately. Of brew fierce tempests on the watry main, 9 o'er the glebe dists the kindly rain. "F. 5. To contrive ; to plot. ..! sound it to be the most malicious and frantick surmise, and the most contrary to his nature, that, I think, had ever been of from th: “soning of the world, howsoever countenanced by a librious pamphlet of a fugitive physician, even in print. Wotton. * * *w v. n. To perform the office of a brewer. ! keep his house, and wash, wring, brew, bike, scour, dress meat, and make the beds, and do all myself. Shakspears. BREw. n.s. [from the verb.] Manner of owing ; or thing brewed. Trial would be made of the like brew with Potoe roots, or burr roots, or the pith of artichokes, which are nourishing meats. Bacon.

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1. A piece of bread soaked in boiling fat pottage, made of salted meat. 2. Its ems anciently to have meant broth. What an ocean of brewis shall I swim in: *au. and Fletc. Dioc. BRI’AR. m. s. See BR1E R. BRIBE, n.s. [Bribe, in French, originally signifies a piece of bread, and is applied to any piece taken from the rest; it is therefore likely, that a bribe originally signified, among us, a share of anything unjustly got.] A reward given to pe: vert the judgment, or corrupt the conduct. You have condemn'd and noted Lucius Pella, For taking bribe, here of the sardi. Shaks Nor less may Jupiter to gold ascribe, When he turn'd himself into a bribe. Waller. If a man be covetous, profits or £ribe, may put him to the test. - L'Estrange. There ojoy when to wild will you laws preSCI 153, When you bid fortune carry back her bro. Dryden.

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To BRIB F. v.a. [from the noun.] I. To gain by bribes; to give bribes, rewards, or hire, to bad purposes. ..The great,’t is true, can still th’ electing tribe; The bard may supplicate, but cannot bro. rolague to Good-natured Man. 2. It is seldom, and not properly, used in a good sense. How pow'rful are chaste vows! the wind and tide o You Arib'd to combat on the English side. Doyd. BR 1/B E.R. m. s. [from bribe..] One that pays for corrupt practices. Affection is still a briber of the judgment; and it is hard for a man to admit a reason against the thing he loves, or to confess the force of an argument against an interest. South. BR (B E R Y. n.s. LFrom bribe.] The crime of taking or giving rewards for bad practices. There was a law made by the Romans, against the bribery and extortion of the governours of provinces: before, says Cicero, the governours did bribe and extort as much as was sufficient for theirselves; but now they bribe and extort as much as may be enough not only for themselves, but for judges, jurors, and magistrates. Bacon. No bribery of courts, or cabals of factions, or advantages of fortune, can remove him from the solid foundations of honour and fidelity. Dryden. BRICK' n. 4. [brick, Dutch ; brique, Fr. according to Menage, from imbrex, Lat. whence brica.] I. A mass of burnt clay, squared for the use of builders. For whatscever doth so alter a body, as it returneth not again to that it was, may be called alteratio major; as coals made of wood, or bricks of earth. Bacon: They generally gain enough by the rubbish and bricks, which the present architects value much beyond those of a modern make, to defray the charges of their search. Addison. But spread, my sons, your glorythin or thick, On passive paper, or on solid brick. Pope. 2. A loaf shaped like a brick. To BRick. U. a. [from the noun I To lay with bricks. - The sexton comes to know where he is to be



laid, 2nd whether his grave is to be plain or tricked - Swift. BR 1'ck B.A.T. n.s.. [from brick and bat.] A piece of brick. Earthen bottles, filled with hot water, do provoke in bed a sweat more daintily than brick bats hot. Bacon. BR1'ckcl AY. m. s. [from brick and clay.] Clay used for making brick. I observed it in pits, wrought for tile and brickclay. oodward. BRI’ck Dust. n. 4. [from brick and dust.] Dust made by pounding bricks. This ingenious author, being thus sharp set, ot together a convenient quantity of brickdust, #. disposed of it into several papers. Spectator. BR1'ck E.A.R.T. H. m. s. (from brick and earth.] Earth used in making bricks. They grow very well both on the hazelly brickearths, and on gravel. AMortimer. BR ic K-K ILN. m. s. [from brick and kiln.] A kiln; a place to burn bricks. Like the Israelites in the brick-kilns, they multiplied the more for their oppression. Decoy of Piety. BR1'ck lay ER. m. s. [from brick and lay.] A man whose trade it is to build with bricks: a brick-mason. The elder of them, being put to nurse, And ignorant of his birth and parentage, Became a bricklayer when he came to age. Shak. If you had liv'd, sir, Time enough to Fo been interpreter To Babel's bricklayers, sure the tow'r had stood.


BR1'cKMAKER. m. s. [from brick and make.] One whose trade it is to make bricks. They are common in clay pits; but the brickmakers pick them out of the clay. Woodward. BRI’d A L. adj. [from bride..] Belonging to a wedding ; nuptial; connubial. Our wedding checr to a sad fun'ral feast, Our solemn hymns to sullen dirges, change, Our bridal flowers serve for a buried corse. Shakt. Come, I will bring thee to thy bridal chamber. Shakspeare. The amorous bird of night Sung spousal, and bid haste the ev'ning star, On his hill-top to light the bridal lamp. Milton. Your ill-meaning politician lords, Under pretence of bridal friends and guests, Appointed to await me thirty spies. Milton. o to my arms thou brought'st thy virgin ove, Fair angels sung our bridal hymn above. Dryd. With all the pomp of woe, and sorrow's pride! Oh early lost oh fitter to be led In chearful splendour to the bridal bed! Walsh. For her the spouse prepares the bridal ring, For her white virgins hymenaeals sing. Pope. BR 1'DAL. m. s. The nuptial festival. Nay, we must think men are not gods; Nor of them look for such observance always, As fits the bridal. Shakspeare's Othello. Sweet day, so cool, so calm, so bright, The bridal of the earth and sky, Sweet dews shall weep thy fall to-night; For thou must die. erhero. In death's dark bow'rs our bridal; we willkeep, And his cold hand Shall draw the curtain when we go to sleep. - Dryden. BRIDE., n. . [bnyb, Saxon; brudur, in Runick, signifies a beautiful woman.] A woman new married. -

Help me mine own love's praises to resound, Ne let the fame of any be envy'd; So Orpheus did for his own bride. Spenter. The day approach'd, whenfortune should decide Th' important enterprize, and give the o:

These are tributes due from pious brides, From a chaste matron, and a virtuous wife. Sriitk BRI'de B.E.D. n.s.. [from bride and bed.] Marriage-bed. Now until the break of day, Through this house each fairy stray; To the best bridched will we, Which by us shall blessed be. Shakspeare. Would David's son, religious, just, and brave, To the first bridebed of the world receive A foreigner, a heathen, and a slave? Prior. BR1'd EcA K F. n.s.. [from bride and cake.] A cake distributed to the guests at the wedding. With the phant'sies of hey-troll, ' Troll about the bridal bowl, And divide the broad brid-cake Round about the bridestake. Ben jeares. The writer, resolved to try his fortune, fasted all day, and, that he might be sure of dreaming upon something at night, so an handsome slice of brid-cake, which he placed very conveniently under his pillow. Spectator, BR1'0 E G Roo M. n. 4. [from bride and room.] A new married man. As are those dulcet sounds in break of day, That creep into the dreaming bridgregon's ear, And summon him to marriage. Sbaïspeare. Why, happy bridegroom / Why dost thou stealso soon away to bed? Dryd.

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BR1'D Est A k E. m.s.. [from bride and stake.] It seems to be a post set in the ground, to dance round, like a maypole. Round about the brides take. Ben jonton. BRITDEWELL. m. s. [The palace built by St. Bride’s or Bridget's well, was turned into a workhouse..] A house of

correction. He would contribute more to reformation than all the workhouses and bridewells in Europe.

- Spectator. BRIDGE. m. s. [bnic, Saxon.] 1. A building raised over water for the

convenience of passage. What need the bridge much broader than the ood

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2. The upper part of the nose. The rising gently the bridge of the nose, doth prevent the i. of a saddle nose. Bares. 3. The supporter of the strings in stringed instruments of musick. To BRIDGE. v.a. [from the noun..] To raise a bridge over any place. Came to the sea; and, over Hellespont Bridging his way, Europe with Asia join'd,

Milles. BRI’DLE. n.s.. [bride, Fr.] 1. The headstall and reins by which a horse is restrained and governed. They seiz'd at last His courser's bridle, and his feet embrac'd. Dryd. 2. A restraint ; a curb ; a check. The king resolved to put that place, which some

men fancied to be a bridle upon the city, into the hands of such a man as he might rely upon. Clarendon. A bright genius often betrays itself into many errours, without a continual brid': on the tongue. - Watts. To BR1'o 1. F. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To restrain or guide by a bridle. I Bridle in my struggling muse with pain, That longs to launch into a bolder strain. Addir, 2. To put a bridle on any thing. . . The queen of beauty stopp'd her bridled dovés; Approv'd the little labour of the Loves. Prior. 3. To restrain ; to govern. he disposition of things is committed to them, whom law may at all times bridle, and superiour Power controul. ocker. With a strong, and yet a gentle hand, You bridle faction, and our hearts command. - - Maller. To BRI'd le. v. n. To hold up the head. BRI'dLEH AN D. m. s. [from bridle and hand.] The hand which holds the bridle in riding. In the turning, one might perceive the bridleBand something gently stir; but, indeed, so gently, as it did rather distil virtue than use violence. Sidney. The heat of summer put his blood into a ferment, which affected his bridlehand with great airl. BRIEF. adj. [brevis, Lat. bref, Fr.] 1. Short ; concise. It is now seldom used but of words. A play there is, my lord, some ten words long, Which is as . I have known a play; But by ten words, my lord, it is too long, Which makes it tedious. Shakspeare. I will be mild and gentle in my words— —And bris, good mother, for I am in haste. - - Shai peare. I must begin with rudiments of art, To teach you gamut in a {{ sort, More pleasant, pretty, and effectual., Shakso. They nothing doubt prevailing, and to make it brief wars. Shakspear.'s Coriolanus. The bris style is that which expresseth much in little. B.” ‘fonson. If I had quoted more words, I had quoted more profaneness; and therefore Mr. Coigreve ... has reason to thank me for being iris. Collier. 2. Contracted ; narrow. The shrine of Venus, or straight pight Minerva, Postures beyond brief nature. Shakspeare. BR1E f. m. s. brief, Dutch, a letter.] 1. A writing of any kind. There is a brief, how many sports are ripe: Make choice of which your highness will see first. Shakspeare. The apostolical letters are of a twofold kind and difference; viz. some are called brigs, because they are comprised in a short and compendious way of writing. Ziyūjo. 2. A short extract, or epitome. But how you must begin this enterprize, I will your highness thus in bris advise. F. Queen. I doubt not but I shall make it plain, as far as a sum or brief can make a cadse plain. Bacon. The brief of this transaction is, these springs that arise here are impregnated with vitriol. PWoodward. 3. In law. A writ whereby a man is summoned to answer to any action; or it is any precept of the king in writing, issuing out of any court, whereby he sommands anything to be dona, Cs well.

2 4. The writing given the pleaders, containing the case. The brief with weighty crimes was charg’d, On which the pleader much enlarg’d. wift. 5. Letters patent, giving licence to a charitable collection for any publick or private loss. 6. [In musick.] A measure of quantity, which contains two strokes down in beating time, and as many up. Harris. BRIE’FLY. adv [from brily j Concisely; in few words. I will speak in that manner which the subject requires; that is, probably, and moderately, and “briefly. a-07The modest queen awhile, with downcast eyes, Ponder'd the speech; then brisly thus replies. - rydenBR I'e FN Ess. n. 4. [from brigs...] Conciseness; shortness. They excel in grandity and gravity, in smoothness and propriety, in quickness and brights. Camden. BRI'ER. n. 4. [bron, Saxon.] A plant. The sweet and the wild sorts are both species of the rose. What subtle hole is this, Whose mouth is cover'd with rude growing Arier; " Shakspeare, Then thrice under a brier doth creep, Which at both ends was rooted deep, And over it three times doth leap; Her nagick much availing. Drayton's Nymphis. BR1'ERY. adi, [from brier.] Rough; thorny; full of briars.

BR G, and possibly also BR 1 x, is derived

from the Saxon bric:5, a bridge, which, to this day, in the northern counties, is: called a brigg, and not a bridge. Gibson's Camden. BRIGADE. M. J. (brigade, Fr. It is now generally pronounced with the accent on the last syllable.] A division of forces; a body of men, consisting of several squadrons of horse, or battalions of foot. Or fronted origid-, form. Mittan. Here the Bavarian duke his brigades leads, Gallant in arms, and gaudy to behold. Philipi. BR1's A D F Major. An officer appointed by the brigadier to assist him in the management and ordering of his brigade; and he there acts as a major does in an army. Harris. BRI GADI’ER General. An officer who commands a brigade of horse or foot in

~ an army; next in order below a major

general. .

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ber; one that belongs to a band of robbers. ``There might be a rout of such barbarous thievish brigard; in some rocks; but it was a degeneration from the nature of man, a political creature. Bramhall against Hobbes. BR1'G AND IN E. BR1'GANT IN E. } n. s. [from brigand.]

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