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Buzz. m. s. [from the verb.] A hum ; a whisper; a talk with an air of secrecy. The hive of a city or kingdom is in best condition when there is least noise or buzz in it. - Bacon. Where I found the whole outward room in a buzz of politicks. Addison. Bu’zz A R D. m. s. [busard, Fr.] 1. A degenerate or mean species of hawk. More pity that the eagle should be mawl’d, While kites and buzzard prey at liberty. Shak. The noble buzzard ever pleas'd me best; Of small renown, "t is true : for, not to lye, We call him but a hawk by courtesy. Dryden. 4. A blockhead; a dunce. Those blind buzzards, who, in late years, of wilful maliciousness, would neither learn them- selves, nor could teach others, anything at all. Ascham. BU’zze R. m. s. [from buzz.] A secret whisperer. Her brother is in secret come from France, And wants not buzzers to infest his ear With petulant speeches of his father's death. - Shakspeare. BY. prep. [bi, big, Saxon.] 1. It notes the agent. The moor is with child by you, Launcelot. Sha of care. The grammar of a language is sometimes to be carefully studied by a grown man. ocke. Death 's what the guilty fear, the pious crave, Sought by the wretch, and vanquish'd by the brave. - 3. a. It notes the instrument, and is commonly used after a verb neuter, where with would be put after an active ; as, he killed her with a sword; she died by a sword. But by Pelides' arms when Hector fell, . He chose AEneas, and he chose as well. Dryden. 3. It notes the cause of any effect. I view, by no presumption led, Your revess of the night. Parnel. By woe the soul to daring action steals, By woe in plaintless patience it excels. Savage.

4. It notes the means by which any thing is performed or obtained. ou must think, if we give you any thing, we hope to gain, by you. Shakspeare. Happier had it suffic'd him to have known Good by itself, and evil not at all, Paradio Lost.

The heart knows that by itself, which nothing in the world besides can give it any knowledge of. South. We obtain the knowledge of a multitude of propositions by sensation and reflection. Watts.

5. It shews the manner of an action. I have not patience; she consumes the time In idle talk, and owns her false belief: Seize her by force, and bear her hence unheard. ryao. This sight had more weight with him, as #y good luck not above two of that venerable body were fallen asleep. Asidiscs. By chance, within a neighbouring brook, He saw his branching horns, and alter'd look. Addisor. 6. It has a signification, noting the method in which any successive action is performed with regard to time or quantity. The best for you, is to re-examine the cause, and to try it even point by point, argument #y argument, with all the exactness you can. Pizzter. . . We are not to stay all together, but to come by him where he stands, by ones, by twos, and by threes. Shorpe-re. He calleth them forth by one, and by one, by the name, as he pleaseth, though seldom the order be inverted. Bazar. The captains were obliged to break that piece of ordnance, and so by pieces to carry it as that the enemy should not get so great ".

Common prudence would direct me to t. them all out, and examine them one by one. Be-o. Others will soon take pattern and encouragement by your building; and so house by house, street by street, there will at last be o: 3. magnificent city. Serafi. Explor’d her limb by limb, and fear'd to find . So rude a gripe had left a livid mark behind. Dryden. Thus year by year they pass, and day &y day, Till once, 't was on the morn of cheariul May, The young Aomilia Drydon. I'll gaze for ever on thy godlike father, Transplanting one by one into my life His bright perfections, till I shine like him. Afādirez. Let the blows be by pauses laid on. Locłr.

7. It notes the loy had at one time. Bullion will sell by the ounce for six shillings and five pence unclipped money. Lette. What we take daily by pounds, is at least of as much importance as what we take seldon, and only by grains and spoonfuls. Aristão. . The North by myriads pours her mighty sons; Great nurse of Goths, of Alans, and of Huns. - Poe, 8. At, or in ; noting place : it is now perhaps only used before the word sea or water, and land. This seems a remnant of a meaning now little known. By once expressed situation; as by overt, westward. ... We see the great effects of battles by sea; the battle of Actium decided the empire of the world. ootArms, and the man, I sing; who, forc’d by

fate, Expell'd and exil'd, left the Trojan shore : Ilong labours both by sea and land he bore. Drye. I would have fought by land, where I was Stronger: You hinder'd it: yet, when I fought at sea, Forsook me fighting. Dry:--. By land, by water, they renew the *; s^f, 9. According to; noting permission. It is lawful, both by the laws of nature and - nations, and by the law divine, which is the perfection of the other two. Bacon's Holy War. 10. According to ; noting proof. The present, or like, system of the world cannot possibly have been eternal, by the first proposition; and, without God, it could not naturally, nor fortuitously, emerge out of chaos, by the third proposition. Bentley. The faculty, or desire, being infinite, by the receding proposition, may contain or receive j these. Cheyne. 11. After; according to ; noting imitation or conformity. The gospel gives us such laws, as every man, that understands himself, would chuse tosive by. - Tillotron. In the divisions I have made, I have endeavoured, the best I could, to govern myself by the diversity of matter. 2. This ship, by good luck, fell into their hands at last, j' served as a model to build others by. Arbuthnot. 12. From ; noting ground of judgment, or comparison. . Thus, by the musick, we may know, When noble wits a hunting go Through growesthat on Parnassus grow. Willor. By what he has done, before the war in which he was engaged, we may expect what he will do after a peace. Dryden. The son of Hercules he justly seems, By his broad shoulders and gigantick limbs. Dryd. Who's that stranger? By his warlike port, His fierce demeanour, and erected look, CA’s A List. n. . [from cala/.] One skillcd in the traditions of the Hebrews. . Then Jove thus spake : With care and pain We forum'd this name, renown'd in rhime, Not thine, immortal Neufgermain : Cost studious caball, to more time. Soft. C & B A 1.1.1's ic A. L. W. adj. from cabal.] CA B A L Li's T C. K. Something that has an occult meaning. The letters are cabilitical, and carry more in them than it is proper for the world to be acquainted with. Addison. He taught him to repeat two coallistick words, in pronouncing of which the whole secret consisted. Speciator. CAA'1 1 E.R. m. s. [from cabal.] He that engages with others in close designs; an intriguer. Factious and rich, bold at the council board ; But, cautious in the field, he shunn'd the sword; A close cabal.or, and tongue-valiant lord. Dryd. CA/BA LL IN E. aaj. cavalinus, Lat.] Belonging to a horse ; as, caballine aloes, - or horse aloes. CA'BARET. m. s. [French..] A tavern. Suppose this servant, passing by some cabaret crtennis-court where his comrades were drinking or playing, should stay with them, and drink or play away his money. Brumb, against Hobbes. CABBAGE. m. s. [cabus, Fr. brassica, Ilat.] A plant. The leaves are large, fleshy, and of a glaucous colour; the flowers consist of four leaves, which are succeeded by long taper pods, containing several round acrid seeds. The species are, cablage. Savoy cabbage. Broccoli. The cauliflower. The musk cabbage. Branching tree ...bbage, from the sea-coast. Colewort. Perennial Alpine sole-vort. Perfoliated wild cabbage, &c. Miller. Cole cabbage, and coleworts, are soft and demulcent, without any acidity; the jelly or juice of red cabbage, baked in an oven, and mixed with honey, is an excellent pectoral. Aroutinot. To CA/B B A G E. v. n. To form a head; as, the plants begin to rabbage. To CA/B B A G F. v. a. [a cant word among tailors.] To steal in cutting clothes. Your taylor, instead of shreds, callage, whole yards of cloth. Arbuthnot. CA/B B A G E-TREE. m. s. A species of palmfree. It is very common in the Caribbee islands, where it grows to a prodigious height. The leaves of this tree envelope each other, so that those which are inclosed, being deprived of the air, are blanched; which is the part the inhabitants cut for plaits for hats, and the young shoots are pickled: but whenever this part is cut out, the trees are destroyed; nor do they rise again from the old roots; so that there are very few trees left remaining near plantations. Miller. CA/BBA GE-wo R. M. n. J. An insect. CA/BIN. n.s.. [cabane, Fr. chalin, Welsh, a cottage.] r. A small room. So long in secret cabin there he held er captive to his sensual desire; Till that with timely fruit her belly swell'd, And bore a boy unto a savage sire. Sponser. 2. A small chamber in a ship. Give thanks you have lived so long, and make yoorself ready, in your catin, for the mischance of the hour, if it so happen. Shai peare. Men may not expect the use of many akins, and safety at onse, ... the sea-service. Raleigh.

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He 's of no vulgar note. Dryden.
Judge the event
By what has pass'd. Dryden.

The punishment is not to be measured by the greatness or smallness of the matter, but so the opposition it carries, and stands in, to that respect and submission that is due to the father. Locke.

By your description of the town, I imagine it

to lie under some great enchantment. Pope. By what I have always heard and read, I take the strength of a nation— Swift. 13. It notes the sum of the difference between two things compared. Meantime she stands provided of a Laius, More young and vigorous too by twenty springs. Dryden. Her brother Rivers, Ere this, lies shorter by the head at Pomfret. attle. By giving the denomination to less quantities of silver by one twentieth, you take irom them their due. Locke. 14. It notes co-operation. By her he had two children at one birth. Shak. 15. For; noting continuance of time. This sense is not now in use. Ferdinand and Isabella recovered the kingdom of Grenada from the Moors; having been in possession thereof by the space of seven hundred years. Bacon. 16. As soon as ; not later than ; noting time. By this, the sons of Constantine which fled, Ambrise and Uther, did ripe years attain. Fairy Queen. Hector, by the fifth hour of the sun, Will with a trumpet, 'twixt our tents and Troy, To-morrow morning call some knight to arms. Shakspeare. He err'd not; for, by this, the heav'nly bands Down from a'sky of jasper lighted aow In Paradise. - JM

These have their course to finish round the earth By morrow ev'ning. Milton, or. angelic guards ascended, mute and sad, For man: for of his state by this they knew. Milt. By that time a siege is carried on two or three days, I am altogether lost and bewildered in it. Addison. By this time, the very foundation was removed. Swift. By the beginning of the fourth century from the building of Rome, the tribunes proceeded so far, as to accuse and fine the tool. Swift. 17. Beside; noting passage. Many beautiful places, standing along the sea shore, make the town appear longer than it is to those that sail by it. Addison.

18. Beside; near to ; in presence; noting proximity of place. So thou may'st say, the king lies by a beggar, if a beggar dwell near him; or the church stands by thy tabour, if thy tabour stand by the church. Shak fear. Here he comes himself; If he be worthy any man's good voice, That good man sit down by him. Benjanson. A spacious plain, whereon Were tents of various hue: by some were herds Of cattle grazing. - Miston. Stay by me: thou art resolute and faithful; I have employment worthy of thy arm. Dryden.

19. Before himself, herself, or themselves, it notes the absence of all others. Sitting in some place by himself, let him translate into English his former lesson. Ascham. Solyman resolved to assault the breach, after he had, by himself, in a melancholy mood, walked up and down in his tent... " Coo'erI know not whether he will annex his discourse to his appendix, or publish it by *f; or at all. oyle. He will imagine that the king and his ministers sat down and made them by themselves, and then sent them to their allies to sign. Swift. More pleas'd to keep it till their friends could Culine, Than eat the sweetestly themselves at home. Pope. 20. At hand. He kept then some of the spirit by him, to verify what he believes. Boyle, The merchant is not forced to keep so much money by him, as in other places, where they have not such a supply. ackr. 21. It is the solemn form of swearing. His godhead I invoke, by him I swear. Dryd. 22. It is used in forms of adjuring, or obtesting. Which, O ! avert by yon etherial light, Which I have lost for this eternal night; Or, if by dearer ties you may be won, - *No. dead sire, and by your living son. Dryd. ow by your joys on earth, your hopes in heav'n,

O spare this great, this good, this aged king !

Dryden. O cruel youth! By all the pain that wrings my tortur’d soul, By all the dear deceitful hopes you gave me, Ocease! at least once mcre delude my sorrows. - - - - Smith. 2. 3, It signifies specification and particuarity. Upbraiding heav'n, from which his lineage

came, And cruel calls the gods, and cruel thee, by name. - Dryden. 24. By proxy of ; noting substitution. The gods were said to feast with Ethiopians;

that is, they were present with them % their statues. - roome. 25 in the same direction with. They are also striated, or furrowed, by the length, and thesides curiously punched or pricked. Grew. BY. ador. 1. Near; at a small distance. And in it lies the god of sleep; And, snorting by, We may descry The monsters of the deep. 2 Beside; passing. ; Poo"< 1 or The galloping of horse. Who was 't came by ? Shakpore.

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3. In presence.
The same words in my lady Philoclea's mouth,
as from one woman to another, so as there was
no other body by, might have had a better grace.
Sidney.
I'll not be by the while; my liege, farewel:
What will become hereof, there's none can tell.
Shałopcare.
There while I sing, if gentle youth be by:
That tunes my lute, and winds the stringssohigh.
Waller.
Pris'ners and witnesses were waiting by:
These have been taught to swear, and those to die.
Aoicooton.
You have put a principle into him, which will
influence his actions when you are not by. Locłe.
By A N D B Y. In a short time.
He overtook Amphialus, who had been staid
here, and by and by called him to fight with him.
Sidney.

The noble knight alighted by and by From lofty steed, and bad the lady stay, "To see what end of fight should him befall that - ay. Spenner. In the temple, by and hy, with us, These couples ...? eternally be knit. O how the spring of love resembleth The uncertain glory of an April day; . Which now shews all the beauty of the sun, And by and by a cloud takes all away. , Shako: Now, a sensible man, by and by a fool, and presently a beast. Shai feare's Othello. Y. m. s. (from the preposition.] Something not the direct and immediate object of regard. in this instance, there is, upon the ly, to be noted, the percolation of the verjuice through the wood. - Bacon. This wolf was forced to make bold, ever and --anon, with a sheep in private, by the by. L'Estr. Hence we may understand, to add that upon the by, that it is not necessary. o: So, while my lov’d revenge is full and high, I'll give you back your kingdom by the hy. - Dryden. By, in composition, implies something out of the direct way, and consequently some obscurity, as a by road; something irregular, as a by-end; or something collateral, as a by-concernment; or private, as a by-law. This composition is used at pleasure, and will be understood by the examples following. Y-C OF FE E HOUSE n. J. in an obscure place. * I afterwards entered a by-caffoe!ouse, that stood at the upper end of a narrow lane, where I met with a nonjuror. Addison. BY-co Nc4 R N MENT. n.s. An affair which is not the main business.

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B A coffeehouse

Our plays, besides the main design, have der-plots, or by-concernments, or less considerable persons and intrigues, which are carried on with the motion of the main plot. ryder. BY-D E PEN DAN ce. m. s. An appendage; something accidentally depending on another.

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- These, And your three motives to the battle, with I know not how much more, should be demanded; Aud all the other by-dependencier, From chance to chance. Shakspeare. BY-I Es GN. m. s. An incidental purpose. And if she miss the mouse-trap lines, They'll serve for other by-designs : And make an artist understan To copy out her seal or hand; Or find void places in the paper, To steal in something to entrap her. Hudiérar. • By-END. n. s. Private interest; secret advantage. All people that worship for fear, profit, or some of her by-end, fall within the intendment of this fable. L'Estrange. By-Go N.E. adj. [a Scotch word.] PastTell him, you're sure All in Bohemia's well: this satisfaction The by-gone day proclaim'd. SkałAerre. As we have a conceit of motion coming, as well as by-gone; so have we of time, which dependeth thereupon. re--BY-IN TER EST. n. f. Interest distinct from that of the publick. Various factions and parties, all aiming at byinterest, without any sincere regard to the public good. - 4tterburyBY - 1. A w. m. f. , By-laws are orders made in court-leets, or court-barons, by common assent, for the good of those that make them, farther than the publick law binds. Cerezli. There was also a law, to restrain the ty-war and ordinances of corporations. -ofIn the beginning of this record is inserted the law or institution; to which are added two byIaws,as a comment upon the generallaw. Addison.

BY-MATTER. m. s. Something incidental. I knew one that, when he wrote a letter. would put that which was most material into the postscript, as if it had been a by-matter. Becas. BY-N AM E. m. s. A nickname; name of ro, or accidental appellation. obert, eldest son to the Conqueror, used short hose, and thereupon was hy-nāired Courthose, and shewed first the use of them to the English. Co-onBY-p Ast. adj. Past: a term of the Scotch dialect. Wars, pestilences, and diseases, have not been fewer for these three hundred years by-port, than ever they had been since we have †. records. Cheyne. By-PATH. n.s. A private or obscure path. Heav'n knows, my son, By what by-paths, and indirect crook'd ways, I got this crown. Shai-peare. BY-R Es PEc T, n. J. Private end or view. It may be that some, upon by-respects, find somewhat friendly usage in usance, at some of their hands. Carets. The archbishops and bishops, next under the king, have the government of the church: be not you the mean to prefer any to those places, for any by-re, co, but only for their learning, gravity, and worth. -o-oA. agustus, who was not altogether so good as he was vice. ...d some ly-refects in the enacts

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* }rg of this law; for to do any thing for nothing, was not his maxim. Dryden. BY-Ro AD. n.s. An obscure unfrequented path. Through slipp'ry by-road, dark and deep, They often climb, and often creep. wift. BY-Room. n.s. A private room within another. I. pr’ythee, do thou stand in some by-room, while I question my puny drawer to what end he gave the sugar. Shakspeare. BY-SPEECH. m. s. An incidental or casual speech, not directly relating to the point. When they come to allege what word and what law they meant, their common ordinary practice is to quote of...; in some historical narration or other, and to use them as if they were written in most exact form of law. Hooker. BY-STAND ER. m. s. A looker on ; one unconcerned. She broke her feathers, and, falling to the ground, was taken up by the ly-standers. L'Estr. The by-standers asked him, why he ran away, his bread being weight? Locke. BY-STR. F. E.T. m. s. An obscure street. The broker here his spacious beaver wears, Upon his brow sit jealousies and cares; Bent on some mortgage, to avoid reproach He seeks by-treets, and saves the expensive coach. Gay. BY-view. n.s. Private self-interested purse. No by-views of his own shall mislead him. Atterbury.

By-walk. n.s. A private walk; not the

main road.

He moves afterwards in ly-walks, or underplots, as diversions to the main design, lest it should grow tedious; though they are still naturally joined. Dryden. -The chief avenue ought to be the most ample and noble; but there ... be by-zrahi, to re

tire into sometimes, for ease and refreshment. Broame.

BY-WAY. n.s. A private and obscure way. Night stealths are commonly driven in lyways, and by blind fords, unused of any but such like. Spenser on Ireland. Other ly-way, he himself betook, Where never foot of living wight did tread. Spenser. Yo abstain, or wed: thy bountedus Lord Allows thee choice of paths; take no o, But gladly welcome what he doth afford; Not giudging that thy lust hath bounds and stays. JHerbert. A servant, or a favourite, if he be in want, and no other apparent cause of esteem, is commonly thought but a by-way to close corruption. Bacon. This is wonderfully diverting to the understanding, thus to receive a precept, as it were, through a by-way, and to apprehend an idea that draws a whole train after it. Addison. BY-west. adv. Westward; to the west of. Whereupon grew that by-word, used by the Irish, that they dwelt by-west the law, which dwelt beyond the river of the Barrow. Davier. By-wop p.m. s. A saying ; a proverb. Bashful Henry be depos'd; whose cowardice Hath made us by-word to our enemies. Shakspeare. I knew a wise man, that had it for a by-word, when he saw men hasten to a conclusion, Stay a little,that we may make an end the sooner. Baian. We are become a by-word among the natious, for our ridiculous feuds and animosities. Addison. It will be his lot often to look singular, in loose and licentious times, and to become a by-word and a reproach among the men of wit and pleasure. - Atterbury. BY’Ass. m. s. See BIAs. Every inordinate lust is a false Byat, upon men's understandings, which naturally draws towards atheism. ‘sillotson. BYE, or BEE, come immediately from the Saxon by, bying, a dwelling. Gibson. BY'z ANT1 N.E. See BizAstis E. Byzantine is the true orthography.

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The chess-board, we say, is in the some thro it was, if it remain in the same part of the tak, though the ship sails all the while. Lalo 3. A cottage, or small house. Come from marble bow'rs, many times to gay harbour of anguish, Unto a silly cabin, though weak, yet stronge against woes. Sig-5, Neither shor:ld that odious custombe allows: of flaying off the green surface of the ground,” cover their cubins, and make up their ditches. Soft. 4. A tent, or temporary habitation, son; of green boughs their slender ała raine, Some lodged were Tortosa's streets about. Fif To CAB. s. v. n. [from the nouă. To live in a cabin. I 'll make you feed on berrics and on roots, And feed on curds and whey, and suck the go', And cabin in a cave. Socior, To CA’B N. v. a. To confine in a cabin. Fleance is 'scap'd; I had else been perset, As broad and general as the casing alr: But now I'm oin'd, cribb'd, confin'd, boundir, To saucy doubts and fear. Season. CA/B IN E D. adj. LFrom cabin..] Belongs; to a cabin. The nice morn, on the Indian steep, From her cabin'd loophole peep. Miło, CABINET. n. 4. [cabinet, Fr.] 1. A closet ; a small room. At both corners of the farther side, lette" be two delicate or rich cabinets, daintly into richly hanged, glazed with crystalline gloss. a rich cupola in the midst, and all other *: that may be thought on. 2. A hut or small house. Hearken awhile in thy green cabinet, The laurel song of careful Colinet. *m. 3. A private room in which consultation" are held. You began in the cabinet what you afterwork practised in the camp. Dnie 4. A set of boxes or drawers for cuno. sities; a private box. Who sees a soul in such a body set, Might love the treasure for the aort. B. Jo In vain the workman shew'd his wit, With rings and binges counterfeit, To make it seem, in this disguise, A cabinet to vulgar eyes. . Safi. 5. Any place in which things of value * hidden. Thy breast hath ever been the cabino, Where I have lock'd my secrets. Deo We cannot discourse of the secret, but by * scribing our duty; but so much duty mus: pers open a cabinet of mysteries. Taylo CA/B INET-council. n.s. 1. A council held in a private mann" with unusual privacy and confidenço The doctrine of Italy, and practice of Fo in some kings times, hath introduced “. councils. - Bo: 2. A select number of privy couns." supposed to be particularly trusted

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