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I hate it as an unfill'd can. Shakspeare. One tree, the coco, affordeth stuff for housing, clothing, shipping, meat, drink, and can. Grew. His empty cars, with ears half worn away, Was hung on high, to boast the triumph of the ay. Dryden. To CAN. v. n. [Konnen, Dutch. It is sometimes, though rarely, used alone ; but is in constant use as an expression of the potential mood: as, I can do, thou canst do, I could do, thou couldest do. It has no other terminations.] 1. To be able ; to have power. In place there is licence to do good and evil, whereof the latter is a curse: for, in evil, the best condition is, not to will; the second, not to can.
He can away with no company, whose discourse goes beyond what claret and dissoluteness inspires. Locke. 2. It expresses the potential mood ; as, I can do it. If she can make me blest She only can: Empire and wealth, and all she brings beside, Are but the train and trappings of her love. Dryd. 3. It is distinguished from may, as power from permission; I can do it, it is in my power; I may do it, it is allowed me : but in poetry they are confounded. 4. Can is used of the person with the verå active, where may is used of the thing, with the verb passive, as, I can do it, it may or can be done. CANA'ILLE. m. s. [French.] The lowest people; the dregs; the lees ; the offscouring of the people: a French term of reproach. CANA'L. m. s. scanalis, Lat.] 1. A basin of water in a garden. The walks and long canal; reply. Połe. 2. Any tract or course of water made by art, as the canals in Holland. 3. [In anatomy.] A conduit or passage through which any of the juices of the body flow. CA’s Al-coA L. m. s. A fine kind of coal, dug up in England. . Even our canal-coal nearly equals the foreign Jet. JWoodward’. Can A L1'cu LATED. adj. [from canasiru/atus. Lat.] Channelled ; made like a pipe or gutter. J)ict. CANA'RY. m. s. [from the Canary islands.] 1. Wine brought from the Canaries, now called sack. I will to my honest knight Falstaff, and drink canary with him.—I think I shall drink in pipe wine first with him; I 'll make him dance. Shakspeare. 2. An old dance. To CANA'RY. v. a. A cant word, which seems to signify to dance; to frolick. Master, will you win your love with a French brawl 2 How mean'st thou, brawling in French * No, my compleat master; but to jigg off a tune at the tongue's end, canary to it with your feet, humour it with turning up your eyelids. so. Cas A'RY BIRD. . An excellent singing bird, formerly bred in the Canaries,
Before the sad accounting day. Roscommon.
CA’s C E L LATED. particip. adj. [from can-
CA’NCER. n. 4. [cancer, Lat.]
CATYDID. adj. [candidus, Lat.] 1. White. This sense is very rare. The box receives all black; but pour'd from thence, The stones came candidforth,the hue of innocence. Dryden. s. Free from malice ; not desirous to find faults; fair; open ; ingenuous. The import of the discourse will, for the most , if there be no designed fallacy, sufficiently E. ..Indid and intelligent readers into the true meaning of it. Locke. A candid judge will read each piece of wit With the same spirit that its author writ. Pope.
CA's did At E. m. s. [candidatu, Lat.] 1. A competitor; one that solicits, or proposes himself for, something of advanceIAlelit. So many candidates there stand for wit, A place at court is scarce so hard to get. Anonymour. One would be surprised to see so many cand:&es for glory. 2.1adison. a. It has generally for before the thing sought. - - - What could thus high thy rash ambition raise? At thou, soud yout, a candidate for praise? Pope. 3- Sometimes of: - Thy first fruits of peesy were giv'n To make thyself a welcome inmate there, While yet a young probationer, And candidate of heav'n. Dryden.
without trick; without malice ; ingenuously. We have often desired they would deal candidly with us; for if the matter stuck only there, we weuld propose that every man should swear, that he is a member of the church of Ireland. Swift. ca's did N Ess. n.s. Ifrom candid.] ingenuity. ; openness of temper; purity of mind. It presently sees the guilt of a sinful action; and, on the other side, observes the candidress of a man's very principles, and the sincerity of his intentions. South. To CA's Di FY. v. a. scandisco, Lat.] To make white; to whiten. Dict. CA'NDLE. m. s. [candela, Lat.] 1. A light made of wax or tallow, surrounding a wick of flax or cotton. Here burns my candle out; ay, here it dies, Which, while it lasted, gave king Henry light. Shas speare. We see that wax candler last longer than tallow candles, because wax is more firm and hard. Baccn's Natural History. Take a child, and setting a carole before him, shall find his pupil to contract very much, to exclude the light, with the brightness whereof it would otherwise be dazzled. Ray. a. Light, or timinary. By these bless'd candles of the night, Had you beca there, I think you would have begg'd The ring ofoie to give the worthy doctor. Shak. CA’ND L E B E R R Y TRE. E. A species of sweetsvillow. CAN D L E H o'LDER. n. 4. [from candle and , Bold.] 1. He that holds the candle. a. He that remotely assists. let wantons, light of heart, Tickle the senseless rushes with their heels;
For I am proverb'd with a grandsire s: To be a candlebolder, and look Oll. bakoftarr. CA'N D LE LIGHT. n. 4. [from candle and Jight.] 1. The light of a candle. In darkness candleight may serve to guide men's steps, which to use in the day, were madness. oaker. Before the day was done, her work she sped, And never went by candlelight to bed. Dryden. The boding owl Steals from her private cell by night, And flies about the candlelight. Swift. Such as are adapted to meals, will indifferently serve for dinners or suppers, only distinguishing between daylight and candlelight. Swift. 2. The necessary candles for use. I shall find him coals and candlelight. Molineux to Locłe. CA's ot. FMAs. n. . . [from candle and mass.] The feast of the Purification of the Blessed Virgin, which was formerly celebrated with many o in churches. The harvest dinners are held by every wealthy man, or, as we term it, by every good liver, between Michaelmas and Candlemas. Carew's Survey of Cornwall. There is a general tradition in most parts of Europe, that inferreth the coldness of the succeeding winter, upon shining of the sun upon Candlernat Day. Brown's Pulgar Errors. Come Candlemas nine years ago she died, And now lies bury'd by the yew-tree side. Gay. CA'N di. Estick. n. 4. [from candle and stick.] The instrument that holdscandles. The horsemen sit like fixed candlesticks, With torch-staves in their hands; and their poor
jades Lob down their heads. Ségospeare. These countries were once christian, and members of the church, and where the golden candlesticks did stand. Bates. I know a friend, who has converted the essays of a man of quality into a kind of fringe for his candlesticks. Addison. CA'N D L E STUF F. m. s. [from candle and stiff.j Anything of which candies may be made ; kitchenstuff; grease; tallow. By the help of oil, and wax, and other cardsstuff, the flame may continue, and the wick not burn. Borso. CAND LEwA'st ER. m. s. [from candle and waste. One that consumes candles; a
spendthrift. Patch grief with proverbs, make misfortune
drunk With candlewasters. Shakspecre.
CA's Dock. m. s. A weed that grows in rivers. Let the pond lie dry six or twelve months, both to kill the water weeds, as water-lilies, candocks, reate, and bulrushes; and also, that as these die for want of water, so grass may grow on the pond's bottom. PValies. CA's Dou R. n.s.. [candor, Lat..] Sweetness of temper; purity of mind; openness; ingenuity; kindness. He should have so much of a natural cand-or and sweetness, mixed with all the improvement of learning, as might convey knowledge with a sort of gentle insinuation. off:. To CA/Ni Y. v. a. [probably from cardare, a word used in latter times for to oväjoen. ) 1. To conserve with sugar, in such a manner as that the sugar lies in flakes, or breaks into spangles.
Should the poor be flatter'd? No, let the candy'd tongue lick absurd pomp, And crook the pregnant hinges of the knee, Where thrift may follow fawning. Shai peare. They have in Turky confections like to candied conserves, made of sugar and lemons, or sugar and citrons, or sugar and violets, and some other flowers, and mixture of amber. Bacon. With candy'd plantanes, and the juicy pine, On choicest melons and sweet grapes they dine. uller. 2. To form into congelations. Will the cold brook, Candied with ice, cawdle thy morning toast, To cure thy o'er-night's surfeit? Shakspeare. 3. To incrust with congelations. Since when those frosts that winter brings, Which candy every green, Renew us like the teeming springs, And we thus fresh are seen. Drayton. To CA'Ndy. v. n. To grow congealed. CA'Ndy Lion’s foot. [catanance, Lat.] A plant. Miller. CANE. m. s. scanna, Lat.] I. A kind of strong reed, of which walkingstaffs are made ; a walkingstaff. Shall I, to please another wine sprung mind, Lose all mine own God hath given me a measure Short of his cane and body : must I find A pain in that wherein he finds a pleasure? IHerbert. The king thrust the captain from him with his cane; whereupon he took his leave, and
went home. - Harvey. If the poker be out of the way, or broken, stir the fire with your master's cane. Swise.
2. The plant which yields the sugar. This cane or reed grows plentifully both in the East and West Indies. Other reeds have their skin hard and dry, and their pulp void of juice ; but the skin of the sugar cane is soft. It usually grows four or five feet high, and about half an inch in diameter. The stem or stalk is divided by knots a foot and a half apart. At the top if puts forth long green tufted leaves, from the middle of which arise the flower and the seed. They usually plant them in pieces cut a foot and a has below the top of the flower; and they are ordinarily ripe in ten months, at which time they are found quite full of a white succulent marrow, whence is expressed the liquor of which sugar is made. Clarkers. And the sweet liquor on the cane bestow, From which prepard the luscious sugars flow. Blackmore.
3. A lance; a dart made of cane : whence the Spanish inogo de carnas. Abenamar, thy youth these sports has known, Of which thy age is now spectator grown; - Judge-like thou sitt'st, to praise or to arraign The flying skirmish of the darted cane. 49, yden. 4. A reed. Food may be afforded to bees, by small fanor troughs conveyed into their hives. Mortimer. To CAN E. v. a. [from the nour...] To beat with a walkingstaff. CAN 1'cur. A R. adj. [carticularis, Lat.] Belonging to the dogstar. In regard to different latitudes, unto some the canicular days are in the winter, as unto such as - are under the equinocial line; for unto them the dog-star arisoth when the sun is about the tropick of Cancer, which season unto them is winter. Brown's Vugur Erreurs. CAN 1'N E. adj. [canino, Lat.j 1. Having the properties of a dog.
A kind of women are made up of carine prticles: these are scolds, who imitate the amimals out of which they were taken, always busy and barking, and snarl at every ode that cours in their way. Addisor. . Canine hunger, in medicine, is an appetite which cannot be satisfied. It may occasion an exorbitant appetite of usual things, which they will take in such quantities, till they vomit them up like dogs, from whence it is called canine. Aroutboat. CA's 1st E. R. m. s. Leanistrum, Lat.] 1. A small basket. White lilies in full canister, they bring, With all the glories of the purple spring. Dryd. 2. A small vessel in which anything, such as tea or coffee, is laid up. CA/NKER. m. s. [cancer, Lat. It seems to have the same meaning and original with cancer, but to be accidentally written with a k, when it denotes bad qualities in a less degree ; or canker might come from chancre, Fr. and cancer from the Latin.] 1. A worm that preys upon and destroys fruits. And loathful idleness he doth detest, The canker worm of every gentle breast. Shenrov. That which the locust hath left, hath the ca&er worm eaten. ~~ Yet writers say, as in the sweetest bud The eating tanker dwells, so eating love Inhabits in the finest wits of all. Shałopraro. A huffing, shining, flatt'ring, cringing, coward, A canker worm of peace, was rais'd above him. Otway.
2. A fly that preys upon fruits. There be of flies, caterpillars, ranker flies, and bear flies. PWalton's Angier. 3. Anything that corrupts or consumes. It is the canker and ruin of many men's estates, which, in process of time, breeds a publick poverty. Bacon. Sacrilege may prove an eating ranker, and a consuming moth, in the estate that we leave them. - AtterburyNo longer live the cankers of my court; All to your several states with speed resort: Waste in wild riot what your land allows, There ply the early feast, and late carouse. Psor. 4. A kind of wild worthless rose; the dog rose. To put down Richard, that sweet lovely rose, And plant this thorn, this canker, Bolingbroke. Shakspeare. Draw a cherry with the leaf, the shaft of a steeple, a single or canker rose. Peaclas5. An eating or corroding humour. I am not glad, that such a sore of time Should seek a plaister by a contemn'd revolt, And health' inveterate canker of one wound . Iły making many. Shikpears. 6. Corrosion : virulence. As with age his body uglier grows, So his mind with cankers. Słak-peare. 7. A disease in trees. Dict. To CA’s K E 1:.. "w n. [from the noun.] 1. To grow corrupt ; implying something venemous and malignant. That cunning architect of canker'd guile, Whom princes late displeasure left in bands, For falsed letters, and subprood wile. Fairy Q. I will lift the down-trod Mortimer As high i' th' air as this unthankful king, As this ingrate and canker'd Bolingbroke. Slak. Ör what the cross dire looking planet smite, Or hurtful worm with canker'd venom bite. Milton. To some new clime, or to thy native sky, Oh friendless and forsaken virtue! fly: The Indian air is deadly to thee grown; folio. thy throne. Dryden. Let envious jealousy and canker'd spite Produce my actions to severest light, And tax my open day or secret night. Prior. 2. To decay by some corrosive or destructive principle. Silvering will sully and canker more than gilding; which, if it might be corrected with a little mixture cf gold, will be profitable. Bacon. To CA/NK ER. v. a. 1. To corrupt; to corrode. Restore to God his due in tithe and time: A tithe purloin'd canker, the whole estate. Pierbert. 2. To infect; to pollute. An honest man will enjoy himself better in a moderate fortune, that is gained with honour and reputation, than in an overgrown estate, that is cankered with the acquisitions of rapine and exaction. Addison.
CA’NN IBA L. m. s. An anthropophagite ; a maneater. The cannibal, themselves eat no man's flesh of those that die of themselves, but of such as are slain. Bacon. They were little better than cannibals, who do hunt one another; and he that hath most strength and swiftness, doth eat and devour all his fellows. Davies on Ireland. It was my hint to speak Of the cannibals that each other eat; The anthropophagi. Shakspeare. The captive cannibal, opprest with chains, Yet braves his foes, reviles, provokes, disdains; Of nature fierce, untameable, and proud, He bids defiance to the gaping crowd; And spent at last, and speechless, as he lies, With fiery glances mocks their rage, and dies. Granville. If an eleventh commandment had been given, Thou shalt not eat human flesh; would not these cannihals have esteemed it more difficult than all the rest? Bentley. CA’NN IBA LLY. adv. [from cannibal.] In the manner of a cannibal Before Corioli, he scotcht him and notchthim 1ike a corbonado. —Had he been cannibally given, he might have broiled and eaten him too. Shakspeare. CA'N S 1 P E Rs. n. 4. [corrupted from calAlpers : which see. ? The square is taken by a pair of cannipers, or two rulers, clapped to the side of a tree, measuring the distance between them. JMortimer. CANNON. n... [cannon, Fr. from canna, Lat. a pipe, meaning a large tube.] 1. A great gun for battery. 2. A gun larger than can be managed by the hand. They are of so many sizes, that they decrease in the bore from a
ball of forty-eight pounds to a ball of five ounces. As cannons overcharg'd with double cracks, So they redoubled strokes upon the foe. Shah. He had left all the cannon he had taken; and now he sent all his great cannon to a garrison. Clarendorf. The making, or price, of these gunpowder instruments, is extremely expensive, as may be ‘. by the weight of their materials; 4 whose cannon weighing commonly eight thousand pounds; a half cannon, five thousand; a culverin, four thousand five hundred; a demi-culverin, three thousand; which, whether it be in iron or brass, must needs be very costly. Wilkins. CAN No N-BA LL. n... [from cannon, CAN N ON-B U L LET. ball, bullet, and CAN No N-SHOT. shot..] The balls which are shot from great guns. He reckons those for wounds that are made by bullets, although it be a cannon-slot. Wiseras. Let a cannon-bullet pass through a room, it must strike successively the two sides of the room. Lecke. To CAN No NA’d E. v. n. [from cannon.] To play the great guns; to batter or attack with great guns. Both armies cannonaded all the ensuing day. Tatler. To CAN No NA’D E. v. a. To fire upon with cannon. CAN No N 1'E.R. m. s. [from cannon.] The engineer that manages the cannon. Give me the cups; And let the kettle to the trumpets speak, The trumpets to the cannonier without, The cannons to the heav'ns, the heav'ns to earth. Shakspeare. A third was a most excellent cannonier, whose o skill did much endamage the forces of the ing. Hayward. CA'NN ot. A word compounded of can and not : noting inability. I cannot but believe many a child can tell twenty, long before he has any idea of infinity at all. Lecle.
§: n. s. A boat made by cutting CA No E'. the trunk of a tree into a hollow vessel. Others made rafts of wood; others devised the boat of one tree, called the canoe, which the Gauls upon the Rhone used in assisting the transportation of Hannibal's army. Raleiro. In a war against Semiramis, they had four thousand monoxyla, or canoes, of one piece of timber. Arbuthnot on Ceint. CA/NON. m. s. szárwi.] 1. A rule; a law. The truth is, they are rules and canons of that law which is written in all men's hearts :- the church had for ever, no less than now, stood bound to observe them, whether the apostle had mentioned them, or no. Heehrr. His books are almost the very canon to judge both doctrine and discipline by. ocker. Religious canons, civil laws, are cruel; Then what should war be 2 Shakspeare. Canons in logick are such as these: every part of a division, singly taken, must contain less than the whole; and a definition must be peculiar and proper to the thing defined. Hott.
2. The laws made by ecclesiastical councils. Canon law is that law which is made and ordained in a general council, or provincial synod, of the church. ..o. These were looked on as lapsed Persons, ord
go. severities of penance were prescribed them y the canons of Ancrya. Stillingfleet. 3. The books of Holy Scripture; or the great rule. Canon also denotes those books of Scripture, which are received as inspired and canonical, to distinguish them from either profane, apocryphal, or disputed books. Thus we say that Genesis is part of the sacred canon of the Scripture. Ayliff. 4. A dignitary in cathedral churches. For deans and canons, or prebends, of cathedral churches, they were of great use in the church; they were to be of counsel with the bishop for his revenue, and for his government, in causes ecclesiastieal. Bacon. Swift much admires the place and air, And longs to be a canon there. A canon / that 's a place too mean: No, doctor, you shall be a dean; Two dozen canons round your stall, And you the tyrant o'er them all. Swift. 5. Canons Regular. Such as are placed in monasteries. Ayliffe. 6. Canons Secular. Lay canons, who have been, as a mark of honour, admitted into some chapters. 7- [Among chirurgeons.] An instrument used in sewing up wounds. Dict. 8. A large sort of printing letter, probably so called from being first used in printing a book of canons; or perhaps from its size, and therefore properly written cannon. CA'NoN BIT. n.s. That part of the bit let into the horse’s mouth. A goodly person, and could manage fair His stubborn steed with canon bit, Who under him did trample as the air. Spenser. CA'No N Ess. n.s. scanonissa, low Lat.] There are, in popish countries, women they call secular canon.sses, living after the example of secular canons. - Aylife. CAN O'N ic A L. adj. [canonicus, low Lat.] 1. According to the canon. 2. Constituting the canon. . Public readings there are of books and writings not canonical, whereby the church doth also preach, or openly make known, the doctrine of virtuous conversation. Iłooter. No such book was found amongst those canoaical scriptures. Raleigh. 3- Regular; stated ; fixed by ecclesiastical laws. Seven times in a day do I praise thee, said David: from this definite number some ages of the church took their pattern for their canonical hours. avior. 4. Spiritual; ecclesiastical; relating to the church. York anciently had a metropolitanjurisdiction over all the bishops of §. from whom they had their consecration, and to whom the swore canonical obedience. Ayliffe. CANo'Nic All Y. adv. [from canonical.] In a manner agreeable to the canon. It is a known story of the friar, who, on a fasting day, bid his capon be carp, and then very canonically eat it. Government of the Tongue. CA No'Nic ALN Ess. n. . [from canonical.] The quality of being canonical.
king would have translated him from that poor bishoprick, he refused, saying, he would not forsake his poor little old wife; thinking of the fifteenth (canon of the Nicene council, and that of the canonists, Matrimonium inter ::::::. 85’ ecclesian esse contractum, to c. Camden's Remainr. Of whose strange crimes no canonist can tell In what commandment's large contents they dwell. ope. CANo N 1z A^T Ion. n. 4. [from canonize.] The act of declaring any man a saint. It is very suspicious, that the interests of particular families, or churches, have too great a sway in canonizations. Addison. To CA’No Niz E. v. a. [from canon, to put into the canon, or rule for observing festivals.] To declare any man a saint. The king, desirous to bring into the house of Lancaster celestial honour, became suitor to pope Julius, to canonize king Henry vi, for a
They have a pope too, who hath the chief care of religion; and of canonizing whom he thinks fit, and thence have the honour of saints. Stillingfleet. CA’No NRY. n. 3. [from canon.] "An CA’No Nshi P. W ecclesiastical benefice in some cathedral or collegiate church, which has a prebend, or stated allowance out of the revenues of such church, commonly annexed to it. Ayliffe, CA'No PIED. adj. [from canopy.] Covered with a canopy. I sat me down to watch upon a bank, With ivy canopy'd, and interwove With flaunting honeysuckle. Milton. CA'NOPY. m. s. I canopeum, low Lat.] A covering of state over a throne or bed; a covering spread over the head. She is there brought unto a paled green, And placed under a stately canopy, The warlike feats of both those oiots to see. Fairy Queen. Now spread the night her spangled canopy, And sumamon'd every restless eye to sleep. Fairfax. Nor will the raging fever's fire abate With golden canopies, and beds of state. Dryden. To CA’s op v. v. a. [from the noun..] To cover with a canopy. The birch, the myrtle, and the bay, Like friends did all embrace; And their large branches did display To canopy the place. ryden. CA'No Rous. adj. [canorus, Lat.] Musical ; tuneful. Birds that are most canorous, and whose notes we most commend, are of little throats, and short. - Brown's Vulgar Errours. CANT. n.f. [probably from cantus, Lat. implying the odd tone of voice used by vagrants; but imagined by some to be corrupted from quaint. ) 1. A corrupt dialect used by beggars and vagabonds. 2. A particular form of speaking, peculiar to some certain class or body of men. I write not always in the proper terms of navigation, land service, or in the cant of any profession. j yden. If we would trace out the original of that flagrant and avowed impiety, which has prevailed among us for some years, we shoald find, that it