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what but slightly adheres to the coats will be loosened, and they will be more agitated, and thus rendered more fluid. y this only it is manifest, how a catlartick hastens and increases the discharges by stool; but where the force of the stimulus is great, all the appendages of the bowels, and all the viscera in the abdomen, will be twitched; by which a great deal will be drained back into the intestines, and made a part of what they discharge. Quincy. Quicksilver precipitated either with gold, or without addition, into a powder, is wont to be strongly enough catbartical, though the chymists have not proved, that either go or mercury hath any salt, much less any that is purgative. Boyle's Septical Chymist. Lustrations and catharticks of the mind were sought for, and all endeavour used to calm and regulate the fury of the passions. Decay of Piety. The piercing causticks ply their spiteful pow'r, Emeticks ranch, and keen catharticks scour. Garth. Plato has called mathematical demonstrations the catlartick, or purgatives of the seul. Addison. CATH A'RT1c ALN Ess. n.s.. [from cathartical.] Purging quality. CA^T H E A D. m. s. A kind of fossil. The nodules with leaves in them, called catbeads, seem to consist of a sort of iron stone, not unlike that which is found in the rocks near Whitehaven in Cumberland, where they call them catscaups. Woodward on %,. CA't He A D. m. s. [In a ship.] A piece of timber with two shivers at one end, having a rope and a block, to which is fastened a great iron hook, to trice up the anchor from the hawse to the top of the forecastle. Sea Dict. CATH E'd R A L. adj. [from cathedra, Lat. a chair of authority; an episcopal see.] 1. Episcopal ; containing the see of a bi

Od. Aoi... church is that wherein there are two or more persons, with a bishop at the head of them, that do make as it were one body politick. Ayliff's Parergon. Methought I sat in seat of majesty, In the cathedral church of Westminster. Shakspeare. 2. Belonging to an episcopal church. His constant and regular assisting at the catl.edral service was never interrupted by the sharpness of weather. oche. 3. In low phrase, antique; venerable; old. This seems to be the meaning in the following lines. Here aged trees cathedral walks compose, And mount the hill in venerable rows; , . There the green infants in their beds are laid. Pope, CAT he’d R A l. n. 3. The head church of a diocese. There is nothing in Leghorn so extraordinar as the cathedral, which a man may view wit pleasure, after he has seen St. Peter's. Addison. CA/THER IN E PEAR. See PEAR. For streaks of red were mingled there, Such as are on a Catherine pear, The side that 's next the sun. Suckling. CA’r Het F. R. n. 4. [ so...] A hollow and somewhat crooked instrument, to thrust into the bladder, to assistin bring

ing away the urine, when the passage is stopped by a stone or gravel. A large clyster, suddenly injected, hath frequently forced the urine out of the bladder; but if it fail, a catheter must help you. Wiresar. CA^T Holes. n.s.. [In a ship.] Two little holes astern above the gun-room ports, to bring in a cable or hawser through them to the capstan, when there is occasion to heave the ship astern. Sea Dirt. CATH o’i. 1 c is M. n. s. [from catholick.) Adherence to the catholick church.

CA"THOLICK. adj. [catholique, Fr. *&oix.3-, universal or general.] 1. The church of Jesus Christ is called catholick, because it extends throughout the world, and is not limited by time. 2. Some truths are said to be catholick, because they are received by all the faithful. 3. Catholick is often set in opposition to heretick or sectary, and to schismatick. 4. Catholick or canonical epistles, are seven in number; that of St. James, two of St. Peter, three of St. John, and that of St. Jude. They are called carāolick, because they are directed to all the faithful, and not to any particular church; and canonical, because they contain excellent rules of faith and morality. Calmet. Doubtless the success of those your great and catholich endeavours will promote the empire of man over nature, and bring plentiful accession of to to your nation. Glanville's Scopsis. ose systems undertake to give an account of the formation of the universe, by mechanical hypotheses of matter, moved either uncertainly, or according to some catholick laws. Roy. CATH o' Lico N. m. s. [from catholick; xSouzov too...] An universal medicine. . Preservation against that sin, is the contempla– tion of the last judgment. This is indeed a cotholicon against all; but we find it particularly applied by St. Paul to judging and despising our brethren. Government f: Tenor. CA’t kins. n. 4. [kattekens, Dutch. In botany.] An assemblage of imperfect flowers hanging from trees, in manner of a rope or cat’s tail; serving as male blossoms, or flowers of the trees, by which they are produced. Chambers. C’AT LIKE. adj. [from cat and like..] Like a Cat. A lioness, with udders all drawn dry, Lay couching head on ground, with catlike watch. Sãaifears. CA’t LIN G. n. J. 1. A dismembering knife used by surgeons. - Harris. 2. It seems to be used by Shakspeare for catgut , the materials of fiddlestrings. What musick there will be in him after Hector has knocked cut his brains, I know not. But, I am sure, none; unless the fidler Apollo get his sinews to make catlings of. Sloezro. 3. The down or moss growing about walnut trees, resembling the hair of a cat.

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Cato'ptrical. adj. [from catoptricks.] Relating to catoptricks, or vision by reflection. A catotrical or dioptrical heat is superiour to any, vitrifying the hardest substances. Arboth. Cato'Po Ricks. n. 3. [*47: sigov, a lookingglass.] That part of opticks which treats of vision by reflection. CA't pipe. n.s.. [from cat and pipe.] The same with catcal ; an instrument that makes a squeaking noise. Some songsters can no more sing in any chamber but their own, than some clerks can read in any book but their own; put them out of their road once, and they are mere capipe, and durices. L'Eorooge. CAt’s-EY F. m. s. A stone. Cat's-eye is of a glistering grey, interchanged with a straw colour. *Woodward on Fossils. CAt’s-roo T. n. *. An herb; tı.e same with al-hoof, or ground ivy. Cat's-H E A D. m. s. A kind of apple. , Cat's-head, by some called the go-no-farther, is a very large opple, and a good beater. Morum. CA’rs I Lv ER. m. s. A kind of fossil. Catsilver is composed of plates that are generally plain and parallel, and that are flexible and elastick; and is of three sorts, the yellow of gold...en, the white or silvery, and the black. Woodw. CAT’s-tail. n.s. 1. A long round substance, that grows in winter upon nut-trees, pines, &c. 2. A kind of reed which bears a spike like the tail of a cat. Pl://ips. CA'Tsu p.m. s. A kind of Indian pickie, imitated by pickled mushrooms. And, for our home-bred British cheer, targo, catsop, and cavier. So so. CA’ttle. n. 3. [A word of very common use, but of doubtful or unknown etymology. It is derived by Skinner, Memage, and Spelman, from capitalia, quie ad caput pertinent ; personal goods: in which sense chattels is yet used in our law. Mandeville uses catele for price.] . Beasts of pasture, not wild nor domestick. Make poor men's cattle break their necks. - Shakspeare. And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and everything that creepeth upon the earth after his kind. Genesis. 2. It is used in reproach of human beings. Boys and women are for the most part cattle of this colour. bakspeare. Cavalca'D E. n.s.[French; from cavallo, a horse, Ital.] A procession on horseback. Your cavalcade the fair spectators view, From their high standings, yet look up to you: From your brave train each singles out a ray, And longs to date a conquest from your day. Dryden. How must the heart of the old man rejoice, when he saw such a numerous cavalcade of his own raising ! Addison. CAVALI'ER. n.s.. [cavalier, French.] 1. A horseman ; a knight. .2. A gay, sprightly, military man. #. o le, '... chin }. but cnrich'd With one appearing hair, that will not follow These ...; and choice drawn cavaliers to Fratice Shakspeare.


3. The appellation of the party of king
Charles the First.
Each party grows proud of that appellation,
which their adversaries at first intend as a re-
proach: of this sort were the Guelfs and Gibe-
lines, Huguenots, and Cavaliers. Swift.
CA v A Li'e R. adj. from the substantive.]
1. Gay ; sprightly ; warlike. -
2. Generous ; brave.
The people are naturally not valiant, and not
much cavalier. Now it is the nature of cowards
to do hurt, where they can receive none. Suckl.
3. Disdainful ; haughty.
CA v A Li'. R L. Y. adv. [from cavalier.]
Haughtily ; arrogantly; disdainfully.
CA’v A LR Y. m. s. cavalerie, Fr.] Horse
troops ; bodies of men furnished with
ilorses for war.
If a state run most to gentlemen, and the hus-
bandmen and plowmen be but as their work-
folks, you may have a good cavalry, but never
good stable bands of foot. Baron.
Their cavalry, in the battle of Blenheim, could
not sustain the shock of the British horse. Addis.
To Cav At E. v. a. [cavo, Lat. To hol-
low out ; to dig into a hollow.
CA v A'zio N. m. s. [from cavo, Lat. In ar-
chitecture.] The hollowing or under-
digging of the earth for cellarage; al-
lowed to be the sixth part of the height
of the whole building. Philips.
CA/UD E B F.C. K. n.s. A sort of light hats,
so called from a town in France where
they were first made. Phillips.
CAU'DLE. m. s. [chaudeau, Fr.] A
mixture of wine and other ingredients,
given to women in childbed, and sick
Ye shall have a hempen caude then, and the
help of a hatchet. Shakspeare.
He had good broths, caud', and such like; and
I believe he did drink some wine. iseman.
To CA’ui, i.e. v. a. [from the noun...] To
Inake caudie; to mix as caudle.
Will the cold brook,
Candied with ice, caude thy morning toast,
To cure thy o'ernight's surfeit * Shaopetre.
CAVE. n.s.. [cave, French ; cavea, Lat.]
1. A cavern ; a den; a hole entering ho-
rizontally under the ground; a habita-
tion in the earth. -
The wrathful skies
Gullow the very wand rers of the dark,
And make them keep their carves. Shakspeare.
Bid him bring his power
Before sun-rising, lest his son George fill
Into the blind cave of eternal night. Soeare.
They did square and carve, and polish their
stone and marble works, even in the very cave
of the quarry. IVotton.
Through this a cave was dug with vast expence,
The j it seem'd of some suspicious prince.

2. A hollow; any hollow place. Not used.
The object of sight doth strike upon the pupil
of the eye directly; whereas the cave of the car
doth hold off the sound a little. Bacon.
To CA v E. v. n. [from the noun..] To
dwell in a cave.
Such as we
Cave here, haunt here, are outlaws. Shakspeare.
CA’v E.A.T. n. s. Leaveat, Lat. let him be.
ware.] Intimation of caution.
A razza: is an intination given to some ord:-


nary or ecclesiastical judge by the act of man, notifying to him, that he ... to beware how he acts in such or such an affair. Ziyliffo. The chiefest caveat in reformation must be to keep out the Scots. Spenser. I am in danger of commencing poet, perhaps laureat; pray desire Mr. Rowe to enter a caveat. - Trumbull to Pope. CA'v E R N. m. s. scaverna, Lat..] A hollow place in the ground. Where wilt thou find a cavern dark enough To mask thy monstrous visage? Soak-peare. Monsters of the foaming deep, From the deep ooze and gelid cavern rous'd, They flounce and tremble in unwieldy joy. homson. CA’v ER NE D. adj. [from cavern.] 1. Full of caverns; hollow ; excavated. Embattled troops, with flowing banners, pass Through flow'ry mends, delighted; nor distrust The smiling surface; whilst the cavern'd ground Bursts fatal, and involves the hopes of war In fiery whirles. Philips. High at his head from out the cavern'd rock, In living rills, a gusling fountain broke. Pope. 2. Inhabiting a cavern. No bandit fierce, no tyrant mad with pride, No cavern'd hermit, rests self-satisfy'd. Pope. CA'v E R N ous. adj. [from cavern.] Full of caverns. No great damages are done by earthquakes, except only in those countries which are mountainous, and consequently stony and cavernous underneath. jooodward's Natural History. CAPE/SSON. n.s. [Fr. In horsemanship. A sort of noseband, sometimes made of iron, and sometimes of leather or wood; sometimes flat, and sometimes hollow or twisted ; which is put upon the nose of a horse, to forward the suppling and breaking of him. An iron cavesson saves and spares the mouths of young horses when they are broken; for, by the help of it, they are accustomed to obey the hand, and to bend the neck and shoulders, without hurting their mouths, or spoiling their bars with the bit. Parrier's Dict. CAUF. m. s. A chest with holes in the top, to keep fish alive in the water. Phillips’ World of Words. CAUGHT. The part, pass. of To catch. CAvi A/R E. m. g. [the etymology uncertain, unless it come from garum, Lat. sauce, or pickle, made of fish salted.] The eggs of a sturgeon, being salted and made up into a mass, were first brought from Constantinople by the Italians, and called caviare. Grew. CAv1’ER. m. s. A corruption of caviare. See CATSU P. To CA/VIL. v. n. [caviller, Fr. cavillari, Lat.] To raise captious and frivolous objections. I'll give thrice so much land To any well-deserving friend; But, in the way of bargain, mark ye me, I'll cavil on the ninth part of a hair. Shakspeare. My lord, you do not well, in obstinacy To cavil in the course of this contract. Shakop. He cavil; first at the poet's insisting so much upon the effects of Achilles's rage. Pope. To CA’v I L. v. a. To receive or treat with objections. Thou didst accept them: wilt thou enjoy the

good, - - Then cavil the conditions? Paradit: Lost,

CA’y is... n.s.. [from the verb.] Falso or frivolous objections. Wiser men consider how subject the her things have been unto cavil, when wits, posses: with disdain, have set them up as their markt, shoot at. Hector, Several divines, in order to answer the cavik of those adversaries to truth and morality, begin to find out farther explanations. oft. Cay ill. At 1o N. n.s.. [from cavil] The disposition to make captious objection; the practice of objecting. I might add so much concerning the large oft between the case of the eldest churchestniego of heathens, and ours in respect of the church f Rome, that very cavillation itself should be 2. tisfied. Hockr, CA’v i Lle R. n. s. scavillator, Lat.) A man fond of making objections; an us. fair adversary; a captious disputant. The candour which Horace shews, is the which distinguishes a critick from a cavilio he declares, that he is not offended at luk faults, which may be imputed to inadverteno. Aidia. There is, I grant, room still left for a cavily to misrepresent my meaning. Atterbury, CA'v i Ll Ng LY. adv. [from caviling] In a cavilling manner. CA'villous. adj. [from cavil.] Unfit in argument; full of objections. Those persons are said to be capillous and unfaithful advocates, by whose fraud and iniquy justice is destroyed. ##. CA'WIN. m. s. [French. In the military art.] A natural hollow, fit to cover? body of troops, and consequently faci. litate their approach to a place... Did. CA’v iTY. m. s. cavitas, Latin.] Hollowness; hollow ; hollow place. The vowels are made by a free passes breath, vocalized thröugh the cavity of themouth; the said cavity being differently shaped by it Postures of the throat, tongue, and lips. aldo There is nothing to be left voidin a firmbulk ing; even the cavities ought not to be filled with rubbish which is of a perishing kind. Dryo. . Materials packed together with wondeslin in the several cavities of the skull. Alo An instrument with a small cavity, liko” small spoon, dipt in oil, may fetchout the so Arbuthnot on Dis If the atmosphere was reduced into water, would not make an orb above thirty-two deep, which would soon be swallowed up by the .# of the sea, and the depressed puto earth. Bently. CAy K. m. s. A coarse talky spar., Wol. CA'u ky. adj. [from caäk.] A while opaque, cauk, spar, shot or pointed. Woodward on Fasil. Caul... n.s. [of uncertain etymology.] . 1. The net in which women enclos their hair; the hinder part of a woman's cap. Nespared they to strip her naked all; , , Then when they had despoil'd her tire and ". Such as she was, their eyes might her o for o

Herhead with ringlets of her hair is co". And in a golden causthe curls are bound. 2. Any kind of small net. An Indian mantle of feathers, and the * thers wrought into a caut of packthread oo 3. The omentum; the integument * which the guts are enclosed.

The taul serves for the warming the lower belly, like an apron or piece of woollen cloth. Hence a certain gladiatour, whose caul Galen cut out, was so liable to suffer cold, that he kept his belly constantly covered with wool. Ray. The beast they then divide, and disunite The ribs and limbs, observant of the rite: On these, in double cauls involv'd with art, The choicest morsels lay. Pope. CAuli'Fe Rous. adj. [from caulis, a stalk, and fro, to bear, Lat.] A term in botany for such plants as have a true stalk, which a great many have not. CA'u'll flow ER. n.s.. [from caulis, Lat. the stalk of a plant.] A species of cabbage. owards the end of the month, earth up your winter plants and sallad herbs; and plant forth our cauliflowers and cabbage which were sown in August. Evelyn's Kalendar. To Caulk. See To CAL k. To CA'upon Are. v. n. [caupono, Latin.] To keep a victualling house; to sell wine or victuals. Dict. CA’us AB i.e. adj. [from causo, low Lat.] That may be caused, or effected by a callSt. That may be miraculously effected in one, which is naturally causable in another. Brown. CA'usa L. adj. [causalis, low Latin.]. Relating to causes; implying or containing causes. . Every motion owning a dependence on prerequired motors, we can have no true knowledge of any, except we would distinctly pry into the whole method of causal concatenation. Glanville. Cautal propositions are, where two propositions are joined by causal particles; as, houses were not built, that they might be destroyed; Rehoboam, was unhappy, because he followed evil counsel.” Watts' Logick. CAU sa’lity. n.s.. [causalitas, low Latin.] The agency of a cause ; the quality of causing. As he created all things, so is he o and in them all, in his very essence, as being the soul of their causalities, and the essential cause of their existences. Brown's Pugar Errouri. By an unadvised transiliency from the effect to the remotest cause, we observe not the connection, through the interposal of more immediate causalities. Glanville's Scopsis. CA’Us Ally. adv. [from causall According to the order or series of causes. Thus may it more becausally made out, what Hippocrates affirmeth. Broxton. CAusA’t to N. n.s. (from causo, low Lat.] The act or power of causing. Thus doth he sometimes delude us in the conceits of stars and meteors, besides their allowable actions; ascribing effects thereunto of independent cautation. Brown. cA’us Ativ f. adj. [a term in grammar.] That expresses a cause or reason.

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A causer; an author of any effect. Demonstratively understanding the simplicity of perfection, and the invisible condition of the

first causator, it was out of the power of earth,

or the areopagy of hell, to work them from it. Prown's Poul. Err.

CAUSE. m.s.[causa, Latin.]

1. That which produces or effects any

thing ; the efficient. vol. i.

- - The wise and learned, amongst the very heatheus themselves, have all acknowledged some first cause, whereupon originally the being of all things dependeth; neither have they otherwise spoken of that cause, than as an agent, which, knowing what and why it worketh, observeth, in working, a most exict order or law. Hooker. Butterflies, and other flies, revive easily when they seem dead, being brought to the sun or fire; the cause whereof is the diffusion of the vital spirit, and the dilating of it by a little heat: - - Bacon. Cause is a substance exerting its power into act, to make one thing begin to be. Locks. 2. The reason; motive to anything. , The rest shall bear some other fight, As cause will be obey'd. Shu'speare. So great, so constant, and so generala practice, must needs have not only a cause, but also a great, a constant, and a general cause, every wa commensurate to such an effect. §. Thus, royal sir! to see you landed here, Was cause enough of triumph for a year. Dryd. AEneas wond'ring stood: then ask'd the cause, Which to the stream the crowding people draws. Dryden. Even he, Lamenting that there had been cause of enmity, Will often wish fate had ordain'd you friends. * Rowe. 3. Reason of debate ; subject of litigation. O madness of discourse, That cause sets up with and against thyself! Bifold authority. Shakspeare. Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his rother, and the stranger that is with him. Deut. 4. Side ; party; ground or principle of

- action or opposition.

Ere to thy cause, and thee, my heart inclin'd, Or love to party had seduc'd my mind. Tickel. To CA use. v. a. [from the noun..] To effect as an agent; to produce. Never was man whose apprehensions are sober, and by a pensive inspection advised, but hath found by an irresistible necessity one everlasting being, all for ever causing, and all for ever sustaining. Raleigh. It is necessary in such a chain of causes to ascend to and terminate in some first, which should be the original of motion, and the cause of all other things; but itself be ca.sed by none. South. She weepingask'd, in these her blooming years, What unforeseen misfortune caus’d her care, To loath her life, and languish in despair. Dryden. Things that move so swift as not to affect the senses distinctly, and so cause not any train of ideas in the mind, are not perceived to move. Locke.

CA’use les. Y. adv. [from causeless.] Without cause ; without reason. Human laws are not to be broken with scandal, nor at all without reason; for he that does it causelarly, is a despiser of the law, and under-values its authority. Tysor's Holy Living. CA’us E less. adj. [from cause.] 1. Having no cause ; original in itself. Reach th' Almighty's sacred throne, And make his causeless pow'r, the cause of all things, known. Blackmore's Creation.

2. wantino ground or motive. et is my truth yplight, And love avow'd to other i. ate, That, to remove the same I have no might : To change love caustler, is reproach to warlike C A U And me and mine threats not with war but death : Thus causeless hatred endless is uneath. Fairfax. The causeless dislike, which others have conceived, is no sufficient reason for us to forbear in any place. Hooter. As women yet who apprehend Some sudden cause cf cause's! fear, Although that seeming cause take end, A shaking through their limbs they find. Waller. Alas! my fears are cavicless and ungrounded, Fantastick dreams, and melancholy fumes. Jenkam. CA’use R. m. s. [from cause.] He that causes; the agent by which an effect is produced. His whole oration stood upon a short narration, what was the cauter of this metamorphosis, Sidney. Is not the causer of these timeless deaths As blameful as the executioner } . Shakspeare. Abstinence, the apostle determines, is of no other real value in religion, than as a ministerial

knight. Spenser's Fai ifton& p H h ry Q

cauter of moral effects. Rogers. .

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- ten causeway.] A way raised and .

paved ; a way raised above the rest of the ground. To Shuppim the lot came forth westward by

the causey. ! Chron. The other way Satan went down, The causeway to Fell-gate. Milton.

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CA’UsTick. of medicaments which destroy the texture of the part to which they are applied, and eat it away, or burn it into an eschar: which they do by extreme minuteness, asperity, and quantity of motion, that, like those of fire itself, destroy the texture of the solids, and change what they are applied to into a substance like burnt flesh ; which, in a little time, with detergent dressing, falls quite off, and leaves a vacuity in the part. Quincy. If extirpation be safe, the best way wifts by wauriival medicines, or escaroticks. Wiseman. I proposed eradicating byescaroticks, and began with a caustick stone. M’iseman. Air too hot, cold, and moist, abounding perhaps with caustick, astringent, and coagulating particles. - * Arbuthnot. CA’ustic K. m. s. A burning application. It was a tenderness to mankind, that introduced corrosives and causticks, which are indeed but artificial fires. Temple. The piercing causticks ply their spiteful pow'r, Emeticks ranch, and keen catharticks scour. - Garto. CAUTEL. n.s.. [cautela, Lat.] Caution; scruple. Not used. Perhaps he loves you now; And now no soil of cautel doth besmirch The virtue of his will. Shakspeare. CA’ut Elous. adj. [rauteleux, Fr.] 1. Cautious; wary; provident. Not in use. Palladio doth, wish, like a tastelous artisan,

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that the inward walls might bear some food share in the burden. Wallot, 2. Wily; cunning ; treacherous. Of themselves, for the most part; they are on cautelous and wily headed, especially being men of so small experience and practice in law malters, that you would wonder whence they bo. row such subtilties and sly shifts. .. Spenser on Ireland Your son Will or exceed the common, or be caught With cautelous baits and practice. Shah?to CA’u’re lously, adv. [from cautilo 1. Cunningly; slily; treacherously. Not in use. All pretorian courts, if any of the parties* laid "... under pretence of a retirement, it! the other party doth cautelously get the start of advantage; yet they will set back all thing” statu quo prius. Bacon's War with São

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