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cession was quick in the three first centurier, because the bishop often ended in the martyr. Addison. 2. It is sometimes used simply for a hundred. Romulus, as you may read, did divide the Romans into tribes, and the tribes into centuries or hundreds. Spenser. When with wood leavesandweeds I've strew'd his grave, And on it said a century of pray'rs, Such as I can, twice o'er I'll weep and sigh. Shakspeare. Ceol. An initial in the names of men, which signifies a ship or vessel, such as those that the Saxons landed in. Gibson. CE'PH Al Al GY.. n. 4. [xo~xyia.] The headach. Dict. CE PHA’lick. adj. [xo~x}.] That is medicinal to the head. Cephalick medicines are all such as attenuate the blood, so as to make it circulate easily through the capillary vessels of the brain. Arbuthnot on Aliments. I dressed him up with soft folded linen, dipped , in a cephalick balsam. Wiseman. CERA'STES. n. 4. [x;'<\;..] A serpent having horns, or supposed to have them. Scorpion, and asp, and amphisbena dire, Cerates horn'd, hydras, and clops drear. Milt. C’e RATE. m. s. [cera, Lat. wax.] A medicine made of wax, which, with oil, or some softer substance, makes a consistence softer than a plaster. Quincy. CE’RATED. adj. [ceratus, Lat.] Waxed; covered with wax. To CERE. v. a. [from cera, Lat. wax.] To wax. You ought to pierce the skin with a needle, and strong brown thread cered, about half an inch from the edges of the lips. Wiseman.

CE’RE BE L. m. s. [cerebellum, Lat.] Part

of the brain.

In the head of a man, the base of the brain

and cerebel, yea, of the whole skull, is set parallel to the horizon. Derbain. CE’RE clot H. n... [from cere and cloth.] Cloth smeared over with glutinous matter, used to wounds and bruises. The ancient Egyptian mummies were shrowded in a number of folds of linen, besmeared with gums, in manner of cerecloth. Bacon.

CE’REMENT. m. s. [from cera, Lat. wax.] Cloths dipped in melted wax, with which dead bodies were infolded when they were embalmed. Let me not burst in ignorance, but tell me Why canonized bones, hearsed in earth, Have burst their cerements f Shaft peare. Cere Mo'N1A L. adj. [from ceremony.] 3. Relating to ceremony, or outward rite; ritual. What mockery will it be, To want the bridegroom, when the priest attends To speak the ceremonial rites of marriage! Shak. o are to carry it from the hand to the heart, to improve a ceremonial nicety into a substantial duty, and the modes of civility into the realities of religion. South. Christ did take away that external ceremonial worship that was among the Jews. Stillingfleet. 2. Formal; observant of old forms. Oh monstrous, superstitious puritan, Of refin'd mauners, yet ceremonial man,

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Dryden. . CERE Mo'N IA L. n.s.. [from corneo? 1. Outward form; external orite; prescriptive formality. The only condition that could make it prodent for the clergy to alter the ceremonial, or any indifferent part, would be a resolution in the legislature to prevent new sects. Swift. 2. The order for rites and forms in the Romish church.

CERE Mo'NIALNess. n.s.. [from ceremenial.] The quality of being ceremonial; overmuch use of ceremony. Ce RE Mo'Nious. adj. [from ceremony.] 1. Consisting of outward rites. Under a different occonomy of religion, God was more tender of the shell and ceremonious part

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3. Attentive to outward rites, or prescriptive formalities. You are too senseless obstinate, my lord; Too ceremonious and traditional. Shakspeare. 4. Civil; according to the strict rules of civility; formally respectful. They have a set of ceremonious phrases, that run through all ranks and degrees among them. dadison's Guardian. 5. Observant of the rules of civility. Then let us take a ceremonious leave, And loving farewel, of our several friends. SBak. 6. Civil and formal to a fault. The old caitiff was grown so ceremoniews, as he would needs accompany me some miles in my way. Sidney. CER e Mo'Nious LY. adv. [from ceremsnious.] In a ceremonious manner; formally; o: Ceremoniously let us prepare Some welcome for the mistress of the house. Soakspeare. CE REMo'Nious Ness. n. 4. [from ceremonious.] Addictedness to ceremony; the use of too much ceremony. CE’REMONY. m. s. ceremonia, Lat.] 1. Qutward rite; external form in religton. Bring her up to the high altar, that she may The sacred ceremonies partake. Spearer. He is superstitious grown of late, 3; from the main opinion he held once fantasy, of dreams, and ceremonies. Skok. Disrobe the images, If you find them deck'd with ceremony. Skai. 2. Forms of civility. The sauce to meat is ceremony; Meeting were bare without it. Skałs Not to use ceremonies at all, is to teach others not to use them again, and so diminish respect to himself. Baron. 3. Outward forms of state. What art thou, thou idle ceremory? What kind of god art thou, that suffer'st more Of mortal grief, than do thy worshippers? At thou aught else but place, degree, and form? Skałoport.

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purpose. Wiseman. CERTAIN. adj. [certus, Lat.] '1. Sure; indubitable; unquestionable ;

undoubted; that cannot be questioned, or denied. Those things are certain among men, which cannot be denied without obstimacy and folly. Tillotron. This the mind is equally certain of, whether these ideas be more or less general. Locke. 2. Resolved ; determined. However, I with thee have fix'd my lot. Certain to undergo like doom of death, Consort with thee. Milton's Paradise Lost. 3. Undoubting; put past doubt. This form before Alcyone present, To make her certain of the sad event. Dryden. 4. Unfailing; which always produces the expected effect. I have often wished that I knew as certain a remedy for any other distemper. Mead. 5. Constant; never failing to be ; not casual. Virtue, that directs our ways Through certain dangers to uncertain praise. - Dryden. 6. Regular; settled; stated. You shall gather a certain rate. Exodus. Who calls the council, states a certain day, Who forms the phalanx, and who points the way? Pope. The preparation for your supper shews your certain hours. Cotton.

7. In an indefinite sense, some ; as, a certain man told me this. How bad soever this fashion may justly be accounted, certain of the same countrymen do pass far beyond it. Carew's Survey. Some certain of your brethren roar'd, and ran From noise of our own drums. Shakspeare. Let there be certain leather bags made of several bignesses, which, for the matter of them, should be tractable. Wilkins.

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CE’s tes. adv. [certes, Fr. Certainly; in truth ; in sooth: an old word. Certes, . knight, you've been too much to arine, Thus for to blot the honour of the dead, And with foul cowardice his carcase shame, Whose living hands immortaliz'd his name. Spenter. For certer, these are people of the island. Shakspeare. Certes, our authors are to blame. Hudibras. CERT 1/F I.C.A.T. E. n.s.. [certificat, low Lat. he certifies.] 1. A writing made in any court, to give notice to another court of any thin done therein. Cowel 2. Any testimony. A certificate of property is as good as a protection. . . 'Estrange. I can bring certificates that I behave myself soberly before company. daison. To CE’R 11 FY. v. a. [certifier, French.] 1. To give certain information of. The English ambassadours returned out of Flanders from Maximilian, and certified the king that he was not to hope for any aid from him. Bacos. This is designed to certify those things that are confirmed of God's favour. Hammond. 2. It has of before the thing told, after the person told: as, I certified you of the fact. CERTIORA'RI. m. s. [Latin.] A writ issuing out of the chancery, to call up the records of a cause therein depending, that justice may be done; upon complaint made by bill, that the party, who seeks the said writ, hath received hard dealing in the said court. Cowell. CE’RT It Up E., n. 4. [certitudo, Lat.] Certainty ; freedom from doubt; infallibility of proof. - hey thought at first they dream'd: for’t was offence With them, to question certitude of sense. Dryd. There can be no rojus and minus in the certitude we have of things, whether by mathematick demonstration, or any other way of consequence.

- rott’. CE’R v Ica L. adj. [cervicalis, Lat.] Belonging to the neck. The aorta, bending a little upwards, sends forth the cervical and axillary arteries; the rest, turning down again, forms the descending trunk. Cheyne. CE RU'LEAN. adj. [corru/cas, Lat.] Blue; CE RU’s. Hoos. sky-coloured. It afforded a solution with now and then a light touch of sky colour, but nothing near so high as the ceruleous tincture of silver. Boyle. From thee the saphire, solid ether, takes Its hue cerulean. Thomson. CE RULI'pick, adj. [from ceruleous.] Having the power to produce a blue colour. The several species of rays, as the rubifick, cerulifick, and others, are separated one from another. - Grew. CERU’MEN. m. s. [Latin.] The wax or excrement of the ear. CE'R Us E. m. s. (cerussa, Lat.] White lead. A preparation of lead with vinegar, which is of a white colour; whence many other things, resembling it in that particular, are by chymists called scrue; as the strue of antimony, and the &c. Quincy. CesA'RE AN. adj. [from Crsar.] The Cesarean section is cutting a child out of the womb, either dead or alive, when it cannot otherwise be delivered. Which circumstance, it is said, first gave the name of Cesar to the Roman family so called. Quincy. CESS. m. s. [probably corrupted from cense; see CEN SE ; though imagined by junius to be derived from saisire, to seize.] 1. A levy made upon the inhabitants of a place, rated according to their property. The like cers is also charged upon the country sometimes for victualling the ... when they lie in garrison. o Speaser. 2. The act of laying rates. 3. [from cesse, Fr.] It seems to have been usca by Shakspeare for bounds or limits, though it stands for rate, reckoning. i o Tom, beat Cutts's saddle, put a few flocks in the point; the poor jade is wrung in the withers out of all cess. Shakspeare. To CEss. v. a. [from the noun..] To rate; to lay charge on. We are to consider how much land there is in all Ulster, that, according to the Ş. thereof, we may cess the said rent, and allowance issuin thereout. Spenter on Ireland. To Cess. v. n. To omit a legal duty. See CESS OR. Cessa’rios. n.f. [cessatio, Lat.] i. A stop ; a rest. The day was yearly observed for a festival, by certation from labour, and by resorting to church. Hayward. True piety, without cersation tost; By theories, the practick part is lost., Denham. 2. Vacation; suspension. There had been a mighty confusion of things, an interruption and perturbation of the ordinary course, and a cessation and suspension of the laws Cha GR1'N. n. . [chagrine, Fr.] Ill humour; vexation ; iretfulness; peevishness. It is pronounced shagreen. Hear me, and touch Belinda with chagrin: That single act gives half the world the spleen. Pope. I grieve with the old, for so many assi inconveniencies, and coagrins, more than their small remain of life seemed destined to undergo. - Pope's Letters. To CH A GR1'N. v. a. [chagriner, Fr.] To vex; to put out of temper; to tease; to make uneasy. CHAIN. m. s. [chaine, French.] 1. A series of links fastened one within another. o Pharaoh took off his ring, and put it n Joseph's hand, and put a gold chain about i. P § Genesis. 2. A bond ; a manacle; a fetter ; something with which prisoners are bound. * Still in constraint your suff'ring sex remains, Or bound in formal, or in real chains. Pope. 3. A line of links with which land is measured. A surveyor may as soon, with his chain, meaeure out infinite space, as a philosopher, by the Quickest flight of mind, reach it; or, by thinking, comprehend it. ocke. *4. A series linked together, as of causes or thoughts; a succession ; a subordination. * Those so mistake the christian religion, as to ! think it is only a chain of fatal decrees, to deny all liberty of man's choice toward good or evil. armond. . As there is pleasure in the right exercise of any faculty, so especially in that of right reasoning; which is i the greater, by how much the consequences are more clear, and the chains of them more long. Burnet's Theory of the Earth. To CH A S. v. a. [from the noun. 1. To fasten or bind with a chain. They repeal daily any wholesome act established against the rich, and provide more piercing statutes daily to chain up and restrain the poor. Shakspeare's Corivlanas. The mariners he chained in his own galleys for slaves. molle, Or march'd I chain'd behind the hostile car, The victor's pastime, and the sport of war 2 Frier. They, with joint force oppression chaining, set Imperial justice at the helm. Thomson. 2. To enslave ; to keep in slavery. The monarch was ador'd, the o clain'd. - Prior. This world, 'tis true, Was made for Caesar; but for Titus too : And which more blest? who chain'd his country, say, Or he whose virtue sigh'd to lose a day? Pope. 3. To keep by a chain. The admiral seeing the mouth of the haven thained, and the castles full of ordnance, and strongly manned, durst not attempt to enter. Anelles's History of the Turks. 4. To unite. O Warwick, I do bend my knee with thine, And in this vow do chain my soul with thine. Shakspeare, CHA'IN PUM. P. m. s. [from chain and pump.] A pump used in large English vessels, which is double, so that one rises as the other falls. It yields a great

of nature. Woodward's Natural History. The rising of a parliament is a kind of cersation from politicks. Addison's Freeholder.

3. End of action; the state of ceasing to act. . The serum, which is mixed with an alkali, being poured out to that which is mixed with an acid, raiseth an effervescence; at the cessation of which, the salts, of which the acid was composed, will be regenerated. Arbuthnot. 4. A. of hostility, without peace. en the succours of the poor protestants in Ireland were diverted, I was intreated to get them some respite, by a cessation. King Charles.

CESSA’PIT. n. 4. [Lat.] A writ that lies upon this general ground, that the Fo against whom it is brought, ath, for two years, omitted to perform such service, or pay such rent, as he is obliged by his tenure ; and hath not, upon his land or tenement, sufficient goods or chatteis to be distrained. Cowell. Cessi Bi’s. 1TY. m. s. [from cedo, cessum, Lat.] The quality of receding, or giving wo without resistance. If the subject strucken be of a proportionate cosibility, it seems to dulland deaden the stroke; whereas, if the thing strucken be hard, thestroke *ccams to lute no force, but to work a greater ef+tct. Digby on the Soul,

CE'ssible. adj. [from cedo, celsum, Lat] Easy to give way. If the parts of the strucken body be so tails certible, as without difficulty thestroke cindivide them, then it enters into such a body, till it his spent its force. Digly on the Sal CE'ssio N. n. 4. [cession, Fr. cessio, Lat.) 1. Retreat ; the act of giving way. Sound is not produced without some resis. ance, either in the air or the body percused: sor if there be a mere yielding, or ceries, it produceth no sound. ' Bacon's Nat. Hitory. 2. Resignation ; the act of yielding up or quitting to another. A party in their council would make inds. cure the best peace they can with France, ho cosion of Flanders to that crown, in exchange; other provinces. ot CE'ss to NARY. adj. [from cession.] Ali cessionary bankrupt, one who has do

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CE'ssor. n.s.. [from cesso, Lat. In law. He that ceaseth or neglecteth solos; to perform a duty belonging to him, as that by his cess, or ceasing, he incurreth the danger of law, and hath, or may have, the writ cessawit brought against him. Where it is said the to ant cesseth, such phrase is to be under stood as if it were said, the tenant coeth to do that which he ought, or is bound, to do by his land or tenement. Cowell CE"STUS. m. s. [Latin.] The girdle of Venus. Venus, without any ornament but her.” beauties; not so much as her own astus. A* CETA'ceous. adj. [from cete, whako Lat.] Of the whale kind. Such fishes as have lungs or respiration”. not without the wezzon, as whales and to animals. Brown's Wal. Bo He hath created variety of these at:” fishes, which converse chiefly in the northern seas, , whose whole body being encompo round with a copious fat or blubber, it is to bled to abide the greatest cold of the seowo - Ray on the Critio. C F Aut. A note in the scale of musick. Gamut I am, the ground of all accord; Are, to plead Hortensio's passion; B mi Bianca, take him for thy lord, C faut, that loves with all affection. Slalo CH has, in words purely English of fully naturalized, the sound of th ; 3 peculiar pronunciation, which it is ho to describe in words. In some word, derived from the French, it has to sound of sh, as chaise; and, in some derived from the Greek, the sound oth as cholerick. CHA CE. See CHAs E. CHA D. m. s. A sort of fish. -Of round fish there are brit, sprat, who chad, eels, congar, millet. Curri. To CHAFE. v. a. [echauffer, French.J 1. To warm with rubbing. They laid him upon some of their game” and fell to rub and †s. him, till they bro; him to recover both breath, the servano warmth, the companion, of living. Sido,

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o Fairy Queen. Soft, and more soft, at ev'ry touch it grew; Like pliant wax, when chafing hands reduce The former mass to form, and frame to use. Dryden. 2. To heat by rage or hurry. Have I not heard the sea, puff'd up with winds, Rage like an angry boar chased with sweat? . Shalopeare. 3. To perfume. Lilies more white than snow New fall'n from heav'n, with violets mix'd, did row; who so chos'd the neighbour air, that you Would surely swear Arabick spices grew. Suc kling. 4. To make angry ; to inflame passion. Her intercession chafd him so, When she for thy repeal was suppliant, That to close prison he commanded her. Shahr. An offer of pardon more chef-d the rage of those, who were resolved to live or die together. Sir john Hayward. For all that he was inwardly obsed with the heat of youth and indignation, against his own ople as well as the Rhodians, he moderated imself betwixt his own rage, and the offence of his soldiers. Knolles's Histor f the Turks. This chaf"d the boar; his †. ames expire, And his red eyeballs roll with living fire. Dryd. To CH AF E. v. m.

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to boil. Therewith he 'gan full terribly to roar, And chas d at that indignity right sore. Spenter. He will not rejoice so much at the abuse of Falstaff, as he will chose at the doctor's marrying my daughter. Shakspeare. e lion mettled, proud, and take no care Who chases, who frets, or where conspirers are. Shakspeare. How did they fume, and stamp, and roar, and charfe, And o !—not Addison himself was safe. Pope. 2. To fret against any thing. Once upon a raw and gusty day, The troubled Tyber ...; with his shores. Shakspeare's j. Caesar. The murmuring surge, That on th' unnumber'd pebbles idly chofs, Cannot be heard so high. Shakspeare's K. Lear. CHA fe. n. . [from the verb.) A heat; a rage; a fury; a passion ; a fume; a pett ; a fret ; a storm. When sir Thomas More was speaker of the parliament, with his wisdom and eloquence he so crossed a purpose of cardinal Wolsey's, that the cardinal, in a chaft, sent for him to Whiteall. Camden's Remains. At this the knight grew high in chaft, And staring furiously on Ralph, He trembled. Hudibras. CHAFE-wax. n.s. An officer belonging to the lord chancellor, who fits the wax for the sealing of writs. Harris. CHA'FER. m. s. sceapon, Saxon, kever, Dutch..] An insect; a sort of yellow beetle. CHA'f E R Y. m. s. A forge in an iron mill, where the iron is wrought into comPlete bars, and brought to perfection.


thrashing and winnowing. We shall be winnow'd with so rough a wind, That even our corn shall seem as light as chaff, And good from bad find no partition. Shakspeare. Pleasure with instruction should be join'd; : So take the corn, and leave the chaff behind. Dryden. He set before him a sack of wheat, as it had been just threshed out of the sheaf; he then bid him pick out the choff from among the corn, and lay it aside by itself. Spectator.

2. It is used for anything worthless. To CHA'FFER. v. n. [kauffen, Germ. to

buy. To treat about a bargain; to haggle; to bargain. or rode himself to Paul's, the publick fair, To chaffer for preferments with his gold, Where bishopricks and sinecures are sold. Dryd. The chaffering with dissenters, and dodging about this or t'other ceremony, is but like opening a few wickets, and leaving them a-jar. Swift. #. disputes with chairmen, when your master sends you to choffer with them, take pity, and tell your master that they will not take a farthing less. , Swift.

To CHA’F FER. v. a. [The active sense is

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easily mended; but takes up a great deal of room, and makes a disagreeable noise. Chambers. It is not long since the striking of the topmast, a wonderful great ease to great ships, both at sea and in harbour, hath been devised; together with the chainpump, which takes up twice as much water as the ordinary did; and we have lately added the bonnet and the drabble. Raleigh's Essays. CHAI'N's HoT. n. 4. [from chain and shot.] Two bullets or half bullets, fastened together by a chain, which, when they fly open, cut away whatever is before them. In sea fights, oftentimes, a buttock, the brawn of the thigh, and the calf of the leg, are torn of by the chainshot, and splinters. Wiseos. CHA'IN work. n. 3. [from chain and work.] Work with open spaces like the links of a chain. Nets of chequerwork, and wreaths of chainwork, for the chapiters which were upon the tops of the pillars. 1 King. CHAIR... n.s.. [chair, French.] I. A moveable seat. Whether thou choose Cervantes' serious air, Qr laugh and shake in Rabelais' easy chair, Or praise the court, or magnify mankind, Or thy griev'd country's copper chains *: If a chair be defined a seat for a single r: with a back belonging to it, then a stool is a seat for a single person, without a back. Watts. . A seat of justice, or of authority. He makes for England, here to claim the crown.—Is the chair empty Is the sword unsway'd? ls the king dead? Shakspeare's Richard III. If thou be that princely eagle's bird, Show thy descent by gazing 'gainst the sun; For chair and dukedom, throne and dukedom,

say : Either that's thine, or else thou wert not his.

Shakspeare. The honour'd gods Keep Rome in safety, and the chairs of justice Supply with worthy men. Sbal spears. er grace sat down to rest awhile, In a rich chair of state. Shakspeare. The committee of the commons appointed Mr. Pym to take the chair. Clarendes. In this high temple, on a chair of state The seat of audience, old Latinus sate. boo. 3. A vehicle born by men ; a sedan. Think what an equipage thou hast in air, And view with scorn two pages and a chair.

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