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He cheer'd the dogs to follow her who fled, And vow'd revenge on her devoted head. Dryd. 2. o comfort; to console. died, ere I could lend thee aid; But cheer thy heart, and be thou not dismay’d. --- Shakspeare. Displeas'd at what, not suffering,they had seen, They went to cheer the faction of the green.

Dryden. 3. To gladden. Hark! a glad voice the lonely desert cheer” Prepare the way; a god, a god appears! Pope. The sacred sun, above the waters rais'd, Thro' heaven's eternal brazen portals blaz'd, And wide o'er earth diffus'd his cheering ray. ope. so Chee R. v. n. To grow gay or glad- sonne. At sight of thee my gloomy soul cheers up; My hopes revive, and gladness dawns within me. - A. Philips. CHE's RER. m. s. [from To cheer.] Gladmer; giver of É. To thee alone be praise, From whom our joy descends, Thou cheerer of our days. Wotton. Angling was, after tedious study, a rest to his mind, a cheerer of his spirits, a diverter of sadness, a calmer of unquiet thoughts. Walton. Saffron is the safest and most simple cordial, the greatest reviver of the heart, and cheerer of the spirits. Temple. - Prime cheerer, light, Of all material beings first and best. Thomson. CH E'E RFU L. adi. [from cheer and full.] 1. Gay: full of life; full of mirth. The cheerful birds of sundry kind Do chaunt sweet musick to delight his mind. - Fairy Queen. 2. Having an appearance of gayety. A merry heart maketh a cheerful countenance; but by sorrow of the heart the spirit is broken. - Proverbs. ChE’ERFULLY. adv. [from cheerful.] Without dejection; with willingness; with gayety. Pluck up thy spirits, look cheerfully upon me. Shakspeare.

To their known stations cheerfully they go. Dryden.

Doctrine is that which must prepare men for discipline; and men never go on so cheerfully, as when they see where they ge. §. May the man, That cheerfully recounts the female's praise, Find equal love, and love's untainted sweets . Enjoy with honour. Philipr. CHE'E RFU LN Ess. m. s. [from do 1. Freedom from dejection; alacrity. Barbarossa, using this exceeding cheerfulner, and forwardness of his soldiers, weighed up the "fourteen gallies he had sunk. Knolo. With what resolution and cheerfulness, with what courage and patience, did vast numbers of all sorts of people, in the first ages of christianity, encounter all the rage and malice of the world, and embrace torments and death! 2silktron.

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They are useful to mankind, in affordington convenient situations of houses and villages, to flecting the benign and cherishing sunbeams, i. so rendering their habitations both more cofortable and more cheerly in winter. Fo 2. Not gloomy; not dejected. CHE’ERLY. adv. [from cheer.] Choo

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Che'LY. m. f. [chela, Lat.] The claw of a shellfish. \ It happeneth often, I confess, that a lobster hath the chey, or great claw, of one side longer than the other. Brown. CHE/M is TRY. See CHY M is TRY. CHE'QUER. See CH Eck E. R. To CHETISH. v. a. [cherir, Fr.] To support and forward with encouragement, help, and protection; to shelter; to nurse up. Whenever Buckingham doth turn his hate Upon your grace, and not with duteous love Doth clerish you and yours, God punish me With hate in those where I expect most love. - Shakspeare. I would, I were thy bird.— -Sweet, so would I ; But I should kill thee with too much cherishing. SojourWhat doth cherish weeds but gentle air - Shakspeare. Magistrates have always thought themselves concerned to cherish religion, and to maintain in the minds of men the belief of a God and another life. ‘I illotson. But old god Saturn, which doth all devour, Doth cleriil her, and still augments her might. - 1)avies. He that knowingly commits an ill, has the upbraidings of his own conscience; those who act by errour, have its cherislings and encouragements to animate them. Decay of Piety. ChE’R Is HE R. n.s.. [from cherio. An encourager; a supporter. One of their greatest praises it is to be the maintainers and clerishers of a regular devotion, a reverend worship, a true and decent piety. **raft. ChE’R 1s HM ENT. n.s.. [from chario.; Encouragement; support; comfort. Obsolete. The one lives her age's ornament, That with rich bounty, and dear cherishment, Supports the praise of noble poesie. Spenser. CHERRY. n...f. [cerise, Fr. cerasus, CHE’R Ry-tR E e. Lat.] The species are, 1. The common red or garden cherry. 2. Large Spanish cherry. 3. The red heart cherry. . 4. The white heart cherry. 5. The bleeding heart cherry. , 6. The black heart cherry. 7. The May cherry. .8. The black cherry, or mazard. 9. The archduke cher#. 10. The yellow Spanish cherry. 11. The landers cluster cherry. 12. The carnation cherry. 13. The large black cherry. 14. The bird cherrv. 15. The red bird or Cornish cherry. 16. The largest, double flowered, cherry. 17. The double flowered cherry. 18. The common wild cherry. 19. The wild northern English cherry, with late ripe fruit. 20. The shock or perfumed cherry. 21. The cherry tree with striped leaves. And many other sorts of cherries; as the amber cherry, lukeward, corone, Gascoigne, and the morello, which is chiefly planted for preserving. This fruit was brought out of Pontus at the time of the Mithridatic victory by Lucullus, in the year of Rome 680; and was brought into Britain about 120 years afterwards, which was Ann. Down. 55; and was soon after spread through most parts of Europe. Miller. Some ask but a pin, a nut, a cherry, stone; But she, more covetous, would have a chain. - Soft-are. July I would have drawn in a jacket of lightyellow, eating chorries, with his face and boom sun-burnt. - Prac{47.

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' A little spark of life, which, in its first appearance, might be inclosed in the hollow of a chery stone. Hale. CH E.'s R x. adj. [from the substantive.] Resembling a ‘...] in colour. Shore's wife hath a pretty foot, A cherry lip, a passing pleasing tongue. Shakop. CHE'R R Y BAY. See LA L. R. E. . CHE’R R Y ch E E KE p. adj. [from cherry and cheek.] Having ruddy cheeks. I warrant them cherryclick'd country girls. Congrevo. CHE’R R Y PiT. [from cherry and pit.J. A child’s play; in which they throw cherry stones into a small hole. What, man! "t is not for gravity to play at cherrypit. Shakspeare. CIA Ekso NE’s F. m. s. [x;7&nzo: J A peninsula; a tract of land almost surrounded by the sea, but joined to the continent by a narrow neck or isthmus. CHERT. n.s. (from quartz, Germ.]. A kind of flint. Flint is most commonly found in form of nodules; but 'tis sometimes found in thin strata, when 't is called chert. Wood-vard. CHERUB. m. ... [an: plur. tons.) It is sometimes written in the plural, improperly; cherudim. A celestial spi; rit, which, in the hierarchy, is placed next in order to the scraphim. All the several descriptions which the Scripture gives us of cheroim differ from one another; as they are described in the shapes of men, eagles, oxen, lions, and in a composition of all these figures put together. The hieroglyphical represcntations in the embroidery upon the curtains of the tabernacle, were called by Moses, Exodus xxvi. 1. cherubim of cunning work. - Calmet. The roof o' th' chamber With gold cherubims is fretted. Shikołecre. Heav'n's cherubim, hors'd Upon the sightless coursers of the air, Shall blow the horrid deed in ev'ry eye, That tears shall drown the wind. , Součpears. Some clerub finishes what you begun, And to a miracle improves a tune. Prior.

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CHE'ss-A PPL E. W. J. service. che'ss-bo Ann. m. s. [from chess and hoard.] The board or table on which the game of chess is played; And cards are deal, and co-board, brought, To case the pain of coward thought. Prior. coe'ss-MAN. m. s. [from chess and man.] A puppet for chess. A company of chess-men standing on the same squares of the chess-board where we left them, we say they are all in the same place, or unmoved. Locke. Che'ss-rlay ER. m. s. [from chess and player.]. A gamester at chess. Thus, like a skilful chess-player, he draws out his men, and makes his pawns of use to his greater persons. Dryden. CHE'sso M. m. s. Mellow earth. The tender chersom and mellow earth is the best, being mere mould, between the two extremes of clay and sand; especially if it be not loomy and binding. Bacon's Nat. Hist.

CHEST. n... [cyrz, Sax. cista, Laț.] I. A box of wood, or other materials, in which things are laid up. He will seek there, on my word; neither press, chest, trunk, well, vault, but he hath an abstract for the remembrance of such places. Shak P. But more hive been by avarice opprest, And heaps of money crowded in the chool. - Dryden. 2. A Chest of Drawers. A case with moveable boxes or drawers. 3. The trunk of the body, or cavity from the shoulders to the belly. ' such as have round faces, or broad chetto, or shoulders, have seldom or never long necks.

A species of wild

rootent. He describes another by the largeness of his chest, and breadth of his shoulders. Pope.

7, cost. v.a. [foom the noun..] To reposite in a chest; to hoard. Chest-fou N DER IN G. m. s. A disease in horses. It comes near to a pleurisy, or peripneumony, in a human body; ^. Farrier's Dict. Che'step. adj. [from chest.] Having a chest; as, broad-chested, narrowchested. - , CH E^st E. R. See CAST OF. CHE's T NUT. } n. s. [chastaigne, Fr. chest Nur-T RE E. 5 castanea, Lat.] 1. The tree hath katkins, which are placed at remote distances from the fruit, on the same tree. The outer coat of the fruit is very rough, and has two or three nuts included in each husk or co

vering. This tree was formerly in greater plenty, as may be proved by the old buildings in London, which were, for the most part, of this timber; which is equal in value to the besto and, for many purposes, far exceeds, particularly for making vessels for liquors; it having a property, whenon. thoroughly seasoned, to maintain its bulk constantly, and is not subject to shrink or swell, like other timber. Miller. 2. The fruit of the chestnut tree. A woman's tongue, That gives not half so great a blow to th' or As will a chestnut in a farmer's fire. Sloko". october has a basket of services, mediari." chestnuts, and fruits that ripen at the latter time. }. on Drawing: 3. The name of a brown colour. His hair is of a good colour—An excellent colour: your chestnut Was" the only colour. Shai pear: Merab's long hair was glessy clotout bo. Cowley.

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Pacing through the forest, Clowing the food of sweet and bitter fancy. Słakoare. This pious cheat, that never suck'd the blood, Nor chew'd the flesh, of lambs. Dryden's Fabies. The vales Descending gently, where the lowing herd Chews verd’rous pasture. Poios, By chewing, solid aliment is divided into so, il parts: in a human body, there is no other instrument to perform this action but the teeth. By the action of chewing, the spittle and mucus are squeezed from the glands, and mixed with the aliment; which action, if it be long continued, will turn the aliment into a sort of chyle. Arbuthnot on Aliments. 2. To meditate ; to ruminate in the thoughts. While the fiece monk does at his trial stand, He chev, revenge, abjuring his offence: Guile in his tongue, and murder in his hand, He stabs his judge, to prove his innocence. - Frior. 3. To taste without swallowing. Heaven's in my mouth, As if I did but only chew its name. Shakspeare. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested : that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, with attention. - Bacon. To CH ow. v n. To champ upon; to ruminate. I will with patience hear, and find a time; Till then, my noble friend, chew upon this. Shalopcare. Inculcate the doctrine of disobedience, and then leave the multitude to clew upon 't. L'Estrange. Old politicians chew on wisdom past, And issio on in business to the last. Pope. CHICATNE. n.s.. [chicane, Fr. derived by Menage from the Spanish word chico, j 1. The art of protracting a contest by petty objection and artifice. The general part of the civil law concerns not the chicane of private cases, but the affairs and intercourse of civilized nations, grounded upon the principles of reason. - Lock. His attornies have hardly one trick left; they are at an end of all-their chicane. Arbuthnot. 2. Artifice in general. This sense is only in familiar language. Unwilling then in arms to meet, He strove to lengthen the campaign, And save his forces by chicane. Prior. To CHI cA'N E. v. m. [chicamer, Fr.] To prolong a contest by tricks.

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While it is a chick, and hath no spurs, nor cannot hurt, nor hath seen the motion, yet he readily practiseth it. BaieEven since she was a se’en-night clá, they say, Was chaste and humble to her dying day; . Nor chick, nor hen, was known to discbey. Dryd. Having the notion that one laid the egg out of which the other was hatched, I have a clear idea of the relation of dam and chick. Locke. On rainy days alone I dine, Upon a chick and pint of wine: On rainy days I dine alone, And pick my chicken to the bone. Swift. 2. A word of tenderness. My Ariel, chick, This is thy charge. Shakspeare. 3. A term for a young girl. Then, Chloe, still go on to prate Of thirty-six and thirty-eight; Pursue your trade of scandal-picking, Your hints, that Stella is no clicken. Swift.

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To CHIDE. v. a. pret. chid or chode, part.
chid or chidden. [ciban, Sax.]
1. To reprove ; to check; to correct with
words: applied to persons.
Clide him for faults, and do it reverently,
When you perceive his blood inclin'd to mirth.
Shakspeare.
And fly like chidden Mercury from Jove.
Shakspeare.
Those, that do teach your babes,
Do it with gentle means, and easy tasks:
He might have chid me so; for, in good faith,
I am a child to chiding. Shakif care.
Scylia wept,
And chid her barking waves into attention.
A fil’c.”.
Above the waves as Neptune show'd his site,
To obod, the winds, and save the Trojan race.
Po'aller.

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3. Capital ; of the first order; that to which other parts are inferiour, or subordinate. 1 came to have a good general view of the apostle's main purpose in writing the epistle, and the chof branches of his discourse wherein he jorosecuted it. - Locke. 4. It is used by some writers with a superlative termination; but, I think, improperly: the comparative chifer is never - i.eund. We beseech you, bend you to remain Here in the cheer and comfort of our eye, Our chief st courtier, cousin, and our son. Shak. Doeg an Edomite, the chijost of the herdmen. 1 Samuel. He sometimes denied admission to the chi fest officers of the army. Clarendon. C#1 EF. m. s. Lírom the adjective.] 1. A military commander; a leader of armies; a captain. is pain to them I.css pain, less to be fled * or thou than they' Less hardy to endure ? courageous cliffs The first in flight from pain. A4iiivn.

Shakspeare.

After or before were never known Such coif; ; as each an army seem'd alone. Drydor. A wit’s a feather, and a chief a rod; An honest man's the noblest work of God. Pope. A prudent chief not always must display His pow'rs in equal ranks, and fair-array; 13ut with th' occasion and the place comply, Conceal his force, nay, seem sometimes to fly. - * Peor. 2. In CHIEF, in law. In capite, by personal service. All sums demandable, either for licence of alienation to be made of lands holden in cłij, or for the pardon of any such alienation alread; made without licence, have been stayed in the

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3. In Spenser it seems to signify somewhat like achievement; a mark of distinction. Where be the nosegays that she dight for thee? The coloured chaplets wrought with a colos, The knottish rush-rings, and gilt rosemary 2 - - Sponser. 4. In heraldry. - The chief is so called of the French word -i-, the head or upper part: this possesses the uppoi third part of i. escutcheon. <------.

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Ch I'EFLEss. adj. [from chief.] Wanting a head; being without a leader. And oliosks, armies doz'd out the campaign, And navies yaw a'd for orders on the main. Foo. Chi'Ef Lv. adv. [from chief.] Principally; eminently; more than common. Any man who will consider the nature of an epic poem, what actions it describes, and what persons they are chijoy whom it informs, will find it a work full of difficulty. Dryden. These parts of the kingdom, where the number and estates of the dissenters obioy lay. - Szo. CH1’E FRIE. n.s.. [from chief.] A small rent paid to the lord paramount. They shall be well able to live upon those lands, to yield her majesty reasonable chief, or, and also give a competent maintenance unto the garrisons. Spenser's Irelani. Would the reserved opt at this day be any more than a small chifrie : Stry?. CH1'EFTAIN. n.s.. [from chief, n. s. captain.] 1. A leader; a commander. That fore’d their clifftain, for his safety’s sake, heir chieftain Humber named was aright) nto the mighty stream him to betake, Where he an end of battle and of life did make.

Fairy Queen.

2. The head of a clan. It broke, and absolutely subdued all the lords and clistains of the Irishry. Davies on Irejoins. CH1'ev AN ce. n.s. [probably from actevance, Prench, purchase.] Traffick, in which money is extorted ; as discount.

Obsolete.

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