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sprout; to shoot at the end of the grain : cant." I have known barley chit in seven hours after it had been thrown forth. Mortimer. CH1’rch A.T. n. 4. [corrupted by reduplication from chat..] Prattle; idle prate; idle talk. A word only used in ludicrous conversation. I am a member of the female society, who call ourselves the chit-coat club. Spectator. CH1'TTER LIN G.s. m. s. without singular. [from schyterlingh, Dut. Minshew; from kutteln, Germ. Skinner.] The guts; the bowels. Skinner. Ch I’rty. adj. [from chit..] Childish; like a baby. CH1’v o Rous. adj. [from chivalry.] Relating to chivalry, or errant knighthood; knightly; warlike; adventurous; daring. Out of use. And noble minds of yore allied were In brave pursuit of chivalrous emprise. F. Queen. CHI’VALRY. m. s. Lohevalerie, French, knighthood, from cheval, a horse ; as eques in Latin. It ought properly to be written chevalry. It is a word not much used, but in old poems or romances.] 1. Knighthood; a military dignity. There be now, for martial encouragement, some degrees and orders of chivalry; which, nevertheless, are conferred promiscuously upon soldiers and no soldiers. Bacon. 2. The qualifications of a knight; as, valour, dexterio arms. hou hast slain The flow'r of Europe for his chivalry. Shaksp. - I may speak it to my shame, I have a truant been to chivalry. Shakspeare. 3. The general system of knighthood. Solemnly he swore,

That, by the faith which knights to knighthood

re, And whate'er else to chivalry belongs, He would not cease till he reveng'd their wrongs. Dryden. 4. An adventure; an exploit. Not in use. They four doing acts more dangerous, though less famous because they were but private clivalry. - - Sidney. 5. The body or order of knights. And by his light , Did all the chivalry of England move To do brave acts. Shakspeare. 6. In law. Servítium militare, of the French chevalier; a tenure of land by knight's service. There is no land but is holden mediately or immediately of the crown, by some service or other; and therefore are all our freeholds, that are to us and our heirs, called feuda, fees, as proceeding from the benefit of the king. As the king gave to the nobles large possessions for this or that rent and service, so they parcelled out their lands, so received for rents and services, as they thought good: and those services are by Littleton divided into chivalry and socage. . The one is martial and military; the other, clownish and rustick. Chivalry, therefore, is a tenure of service,whereby the tenant is bound to perform some noble or military office unto his lord: and is of two sorts; either regal, that is, such as may hold only of the king; or such as may also hold of a common person as well as of the king. That which may hold only of the king, is properly

called sergeantry; and is again divided in, grand or petit, i. e. great or small, Chivolo that may hold of a common person, as well a of the king, is called scutagium. will.

CHI’v Es. n. 4. [cite, Fr. Skinner.] 1. The threads or filaments rising inflow. ers with seeds at the end. The masculine or prolific seed contained in , the chives or apices of the stamina. Roy. 2. A species of small onion. Skinner. CH Loko's 1s., n.s.. [from xxi.;3, green.] The greensickness. To Cho A K. See Chok E. CHO'COLATE. m. s. [chocolate, Spin] I. The nut of the cacao or cocoa free, The tree hath a rose flower, of a ber of petals, from whose eupa the pointal, being a tube cott into rary, which becomes a fruit shaped somewho cucumber, and deeply furrowed, in which contained several seeds, collected into an o'o. heap, and slit down, somewhat like almono o is a native of America, and is found in or plenty in several places between the to and grows wild. See Coco A. *...* . The cake or mass, made by grinding to kernel of the cacao nut with other substances, to be dissolved in hot water. The Spaniards were the first who bro chocolate into use in Europe, to promote to consumption of their cacao-nuts, achief, so other drugs, which their West Indies and which enter the composition of chocolak. - Chasters. 3. The liquor made by a solution of chocolate in hot water. Cocolate is certainly much the best of the three exotick liquors: its oil seems to be bo rich, alimentary, and anodyne. Arbulina. In fumes of burning chocolate shall glow, And tremble at the sea that froths below. Po.

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Choice. n.s. [choix, French.] 1. The act of choosing ; determinatio" between different things proposed; do tion. If you oblige me suddenly to chuse, The choice is made; for Imost both refuse Doo Soft elocution doth thy style renown; Gentle or sharp, according to thy choice, , To laugh at follies, or to lash at vice. Doo" 2. The power of choosing ; election. Choice there is not, unless the thing which" take be so in our power, that we might have to fused it. If fire consume the stable, it choose" not so to do, because the nature thereof is so that it can do no other. Hesior. There's no liberty like the freedom of havio it at my own choice, whether I will live to world, or to myself. I." Eifraso. To talk of compelling a man to be good.” contradiction; for where there is force, tho can be no choice. Whereas, all moral goodno consisteth in the elective act of the understan" ing will. ' Grew's Cosmologia Sait. Whether he will remove his contemplato from one idea to another, is many times;" obvice. Also 3. Care in choosing; curiosity of distinction. Julius Caesar did write a collection of apophthegms: it is pity his book is lost; for I imagine they were collected with judgment and choice. Bacon's Apophthegms. 4. The thing chosen ; the thing taken, or approved, in preference to others. Your choice is not so rich in birth as beauty; That you might well enjoy her. Shakspeare. Take to thee, from among the cherubim, Thy choice of flaming warriours. Milton. ow, Mars, she said, let fame exalt her voice; Nor let thy conquests only be her choice. Prior. 5. The best part of anything, that is more properly the object of choice. The choice and flower of all things profitable in other books, the Psalms do both more briefly contain, and more movingly also express. Hooler. Thou art a mighty prince: in the choice of our sepulchres bury thy dead. Their riders, the flow'r and choice Of many provinces, from bound to bound. Milton. 6. Several things proposed at once, as objects of judgment and election. A braver choice of dauntless spirits Did never float upon the swelling tide. Shakop. 7. To make CH of CE of. To choose ; to take from several things proposed. Wisdom of what herself approves makes cloice, Nor is led captive by the common voice. Denk. Choice. adj. [choisi, French.] I. Select ; of extraordinary value. After having set before the king the choicest of wines and fruits, he told him the best part of his


entertainment was to come. Guardian. Thus, in a sea of folly toss'd, My choicest hours of life are lost. Swift.

2. Chary; frugal; careful : used of persons. He that is choice of his time, will also be cloice of his company, and hoice of his actions. Toylor's Holy Living. C Ho’ice I. Ess, adj. [from choice..] Without the power of choosing ; without right of choice; not free. Neither the weight of the matter of which the cylinder is made, nor the round voluble form of it, are any more imputable to that dead choice!ess creature, than the first motion of it; and, therefore, it cannot be a fit resemblance to shew the reconcileableness of fate with choice. Hammond. CH o'ic E. L. Y. adv. [from choice.] 1. Curiously; with exact choice. A band of men, Collected choicely from each county some. Shak. 2. Valuably ; excellently. It is certain it is choicely good. Walton's Ang. Cho’ic EN Ess. n.s.. [from choice.] Nicety; particular value. Carry into the shade such auriculas, seedlings, or plants, as are for their cloiteness reserved in pots. Evelyn's Kalendar. CHOIR. n.s.[chorus, Latin.] 1. An assembly or band of singers. They now assist the choir Of angels, who their songs admire. 2. The singers in divine worship. The choir, With all the choicest musick of the kingdom, Together sung Te Deum. Shakspeare. 3. The part of the church where the choristers or singers are placed.



The lords and ladies having brought the queen To a prepar'd place in the choir, fell off At distance from her. Sbakpeare. To CHOKE. v. a. [aceocan, Sax. from ceoca, the cheek or mouth. According to Minsheev, from En; whence, probably, the Spanish ahogar.] 1. To suffocate ; to kill by stopping the passage of respiration. But when to my good lord I prove untrue, I'll choke myself. Slakspeare. While you thunder'd, clouds of dust did cheke Contending troops. Waller. 2. To stop up ; to obstruct; to block up a passage. o Men troop'd up to the king's capacious court, Whose porticos were chok'd with the resort. Chapman. They are at a continual expence to cleanse the ports, and keep them from being cholod up, by the !. of several engines... didison on Italy. c

While pray'rs and tears his destin'd progress stay, And Joã. of mourners choke their sov’reign's - way. Tickel. 3. To hinder by obstruction or confinement. As two spent swimmers, that do cling together,

And whole their art. Shah peare. She cannot lose her perfect pow'r to see, Tho' mists and clouds do choke her windowlight. - Davier. It seemeth the fire is so choked, as not to be able to remove the stone. Bacon's Nat. Hist. You must make the mould bigenough to contain the whole froit, when it is grown to the greatest; for else you will choke the spreading of the fruit. Bacon's Natural History. The fire, which chok'd in ashes lay, A lead too heavy for his soul to move, Was upward blown below, and brush'd away y love. Dryden. 4. To suppress. And yet we ventur'd; for the gain propos'd Clos'd the respect of likely peril fear'd. Shake. Confess thee freely of thy sin: , For to deny each article with oath, Cannot remove nor choke the strong conception That I do groan withal. Shakspeare. 5. To overpower. And that which fell among thorns are they, which, when they have . go forth, and are choicq with cares, and riches, and pleasures of this life, and bring no fruit to perfection. luke. No fruitful crop the sickly fields return; But oats and dariel choke the rising corn. Dryd. Chok E. m. s. [from the verb.] The filamontous or capillary part of an artichoke. A cant word. Chok e-pe A R. n.s.. [from choke and pear.] 1. A rough, harsh, unpalatable pear. 2. Any aspersion or sarcasm, by which another is put to silence. A low term. Pardon me for going so low as to talk of giving choke-pears. Clarissa. Cho’k Ł-w E E D. m. s. servangina.] A plant. Cho’k ER. m. s. [from choke.] 1. One that chokes or suffocates another. 2. One that puts another to silence. 3. Any thing that cannot be answered. Cho’k Y. adj. [from choke.] That has the power of suffocation.

CRo'l A Go GUE s. n.s. [x:33, hile.] Medicines which have the power of purging bile or choler. CHO'LER. m. s. scholera, Latin, from xo.) 2. The bile. MarciliusFicinus increases these proportions, adding two more of pure choler. Totton. There would be a main defect, if such a feeding animal, and so subject unto diseases from ‘bilious causes, should want a proper conveyance for cooler. Brown's Pulgar Errourr. 2. The humour which, by its superabundance, is supposed to produce irascibility. It engenders choler, planteth anger; And better 't were that both of us did fast, Since, of ourselves, ourselves are cholerick, Than feed it with such over-roasted flesh. Shak. 3- Anger; rage. Put him to choler straight; he hath been used Ever to conquer, and to have his word

Of contradiction. Shakspeare.
He, methinks, is no great scholar,
Who can mistake desire for choler. Prior.

CH 9/LE Rick. adj. scholericus, Lat.] 1. Abounding with choler. ° Our two great poets being so different in their tempers, the one chaserio and sanguine, the ether Phlegmatick and melancholick. Dryden. 3. Angry; irascible: of persons. Bull, in the main, was an honest plain-dealing fellow, cholerick, bold, and of a very unconstant temper. Arčuthnot. 3. Angry; offensive: of words or actions. There came in cholerick haste towards me about seven or eight knights. Sidney. Becanus threateneth all that read him, using his confident, or rather coolerick speech. Raloo. Coo'LER 19 kN Ess. n. . [from cholerick.] Anger; irascibility; peevishness. To CHOOSE. v. a. I chose, I have chosen, or chose. (cooisir, Fr. ccoran, Saxon, Riesen, Germ.] r. To take by way of preference of several things offered ; not to reject. Did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest. 1 Samuel. I may neither choose whom I would, nor refuse whom I dislike. Shakspeare. If he should offer to choose, and choose the right casket, you should refuse to perform your father's will if you should refuse to accept him. Shakspeare. 2. To take : not to refuse.

Let us cloose to us judgment; let us know

among curselves what is good. job. The will has still so much freedom left is to enable it to choose any act in its kind good; as also to refuse any act in its kind evil. South. 3. To select ; to pick out of a number. How much less shall I answer him, and choose out my words to reason with him * job. 4. To elect for eternal happiness; to predestinate to life. A term of theologians. To Choose. v. n. To have the power of choice between different things. It is generally joined with a negative, and signifies must necessarily be. Without the influence of the Deity o:

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- Knaves abroad, Who having by their own importunate suit Convinced or supplied them, they cannot chose But they must . Shakosazo. When a favourite shall be raised upon the foundation of merit, then can he not cloose but prosper. - Joo. Threw down a golden apple in her way; For all her haste, she &li not choose but stay. 1}ryor. Those who are persuaded that they shall continue for ever, cannot choose but aspire after 2 happiness commensurate to their duration. Tillet:er. Cho'ose R. m. s. [from choose.] He that has the power or office of choosing; elector. Come all into this nut, quoth she: Come closely in, be rul’d by me; Each one may here a chooser be, For room you need not wrestle. Drayton. In all things to deal with other men, as if I might be my own chooser. Hammond's Pract. Cat. This generality is not sufficient to make a good chooser, without a more particular contraction of his judgment. - Watten. To CHOP. v. a. [kappen, Dutch ; couper, French.]

'1. To cut with a quick blow.

What shall we do, if we perceive Lord Hastings will not yield to our complots?

Chop off his head, man. Shafrerer. Within these three days his head is to be opt fi. Shakspears.

oth. And where the clever chops the heifer's spoil, Thy breathing nostril hold. Gay's Trivia. 2. To devour eagerly : with up. You are for making a hasty meal, and for chopping up your entertainment like an hungry clown. Dryden. Upon the opening of his mouth he drops his breakfast, which the fox presently o up. - strange. 3. To mince ; to cut into small pieces. They break their bones, and chop them in pieces, as for the pot. Misak. Some granaries are made with clay, mixed with hair, chopped straw, mulch, and such like. - Mortiner's Husbandry. By dividing of them into chapters and verses, they are so chopped and minced, and stand so broken and divided, that the common people take the verses usually for different aphorisms. - Locke. 4. To break into chinks. I remember the cow's dugs, that her pretty chopt hands had milked. Sbalipcart. To CH op. v. n. ~ 1. To do any thing with a quick and unexpected motion, like that of a blow: as we say, the wind chops about, that is, changes suddenly. If the body repercussing be near, and yet no; so near as to make a concurrent echo, it cloth with you upon the sudden. Bacon's Nat. Hist.

2. To catch with the mouth.

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not to hold but to sell again, grindeth upon the seller and the buyer. 4two2. To put one thing in the place of another. Sets up communities and senses, To chop and change intelligences: , Hudibras. Affirm the Trigons chopp'd and chang'd, ‘The watery with the fiery rang'd. Hudibror. We go on chopping and changing our friends, as well as our horses. L'Estrange. 3. To bandy; to altercate; to return one thing or word for another. Let not the counsel at the bar chop with the judge, nor wind himself into the handling of the cause a-new, after the judge hath declared his sentence. Bacon. You'll never leave off your chopping of logick, till your skin is turned over your ears for prating. L'Estrange. Chop. m. s. [from the verb.] r. A piece chopped off. See CHIP. Sir William Capel compounded for sixteen hundred pounds; yet Empson would have cut another coop out ci him, if the king had not

died. Bacon. 2. A small piece of meat, commonly of mutton.

Old Cross condemns all persons to be fops, That can't regale themselves with mutton chops. JKing's Cookery. 3. A crack, or cleft. Water will make wood to swell; as we see in the filling of the chops of bowls, by laying them in water. Bacon. CH op-Hous E. m. s. [from chop and house.] A mean house of entertainment, where provision ready dressed is sold. 1 lost my place at the chop-house, where every man eats in publick a mess of broth, or chop of meat, in silence. Spectator. CHO'PIN. m. s. [French.] 1. A French liquid measure, containing nearly a pint of Winchester. 2. A term used in Scotland for a quart of wine measure. CH o'PP1 N G. participial ad;. [In this sense, of uncertain etymology.] An epithet frequently applied to infants, by way of ludicrous commendation: imagined by Skinner to signify lusty, from car, Saxon; by others to mean a child that would bring money at a market. Perhaps a greedy hungry child, likely to live. Both Jack Freeman and Ned Wild Would own the fair and chopping child. Fenton. Chop PIN G-B Lock. n.s.. [chop and block.] A log of wood, on which any thing is laid to 5e cut in pieces. The straight smooth elms are good for axletrees, boards, chopping-blocks. Mortimer. C Ho'PP1 N G-k N if E. m. s. [chop and knife.] A knife with which cooks mince their In eat. Here comes Dametas, with a sword by his side, a forest-bill on his neck, and a chopping4nife under his girdle. Widney. CHö’ppy. adj..[from chop.] Full of holes, clefts, or cracks. 18 X. to *. me, law? W each at once iner obo finger layin {. her skinny lips. ppy fing Šlitar.

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o probably from CHAPs, whicle See. 1. The mouth of a beast. So soon as my chops begin to walk, yours must be walking too, for company. L'Estrange. 2. The mouth of a man, used in coiltempt. He ne'er shook hands, horbid farewel to him, Till he unseam'd him from the nape to th’ chops. Shakspeare. 3. The mouth of any thing in familiar language ; as of a river, of a smith's Wlce. CH o' R A L. adj. [from chorus, Latin.] 1. Belonging to or composing a choir or concert. . All sounds on fret by string or golden wire Temper'd soft tunings intermix'd with voice, Choral or unison. Asolton. Choral symphonies. Milton. 2. Singing in a choir. And choral seraphs sung the second day. Amhurtf. CHORD. m. s. [chorda, Latin. When it signifies a rope or string in general, it is written cord : when its primitive signification is preserved, the b is retained.] 1. The string of a musical instrument. Who mov’d

Their stops and chords, was seen; his volant touch

Instinct thro' all proportions, low and high, Fled and pursu'd transverse the resonant fugue. Mision2. [In geometry.] A right line, which joins the two ends of any arch of a circle. To Cho R.D. v. a. [from the noun.] To furnish with strings or chords; to string. What passion cannot musick raise and quel!! When Jubal struck the chorded shell, His list'ning brethren stood around. Dryder. Cho R D E'E. n.s.. [from chorda, Lat.] A contraction of the franum. Cho’Rio N. m. s. [xwo, to contain.] The outward membrane that enwraps the fetus. CHO'R is TER. m. s. [from chorus.] 1. A singer in cathedrals, usually a singer of the lower order; a singing boy. . 2. A singer in a concert. This sense is, for the most part, confined to poetry. And let the roaring organs loudly play The praises of the Lord in lively notes; The whiles, with hollow throats, The choristers the joyous anthem sing. Sproser. The new-born phaenix takes his way; Of airy choristers a numerous train Attend his progress. Dryden. The musical voices and accents of the aerial Ray on the Creation.

choristers. Choro'GRAPHER. m. s. [from Xo, a region, and y:4:4, to describe.] He that describes particular regions or countries. Cho Roc R A' adj. [See ChoroG R A PHER..] Descriptive of particular • regions or countries; laying down thc boundarics of countries,

I have added a chorographical description of this terrestrial paradise. Raleigh. Cho Rog RA’ phic ALLY. adv. [from chorographical.] In a chrorographical manner; according to the rule of chorography; in a manner descriptive of particular regions. Cho Ro'o, R A PHY. m. s. [See Choro G R ApH E R.] The art or practice of describing particular regions, or laying down the limits and boundaries of particular provinces. It is less in its object than geography,and greater than topography. CH o'R Us. m. s. [chorus, Lat.] 1. A number of singers; a concert. The Grecian tragedy was at first nothing but a chorus of singers; afterwards one actor was introduced. Dryden. Never did a more full and unspotted chorns of human creatures join together in a hymn of devotion. Addison. In praise sojust let every voice bejoin'd, And fill the general chorus of mankind! Pope. 2. The persons who are supposed to behold what passes in the acts of a tragedy, and sing their sentiments between the acts. - For supply, Admit me chorus to this history. , Shakspeare. 3. The song between the acts of a tragedy. 4. Verses of a song in which the company join the singer. Chos E. The preter tense, and sometimes the participle passive, of choose. Our sovereign here above the rest might stand, And here be chose again to rule the land. Dryd. Cho's EN. The participle passive of choose. if king Lewis vouchsafe to furnish us With some few bands of chosen soldiers, I'll undertake to land them on our coast. Shak. Chou G H. m. s. sceo, Sax. choucas, Fr.] A bird which frequents the rocks by the sea side, like a jackdaw, but bigger. o Hammer. In birds, kites and kestrels have arcsemblance with hawks, crows with ravens, daws and choughs. Bacon's Natural History. To grows the like impartial grace affords, And choughs and daws, and such republick birds. - Dryden. Chou le. m. s. [commonly pronounced and written foov/.] The crop of a bird. The choule or crop, adhering unto the lower side of the bill, and so descending by the throat, is a bag or sachel. Brown's Vulgar Errours. To CH ous E. v. a. [The original of this word is much doubted by Skinner, who tries to deduce it from the French gosser, to laugh at ; or foncher, to wheedle ; and from the Teutonick kofen, to prattle. It is perhaps a fortuitous and cant word, without etymology.] 1. To cheat; to trick ; to impose upon. Freedom and zeal have chour'd you o'er and o er Pray give is leave to bubble you once more. - den. From London they came, silly people to 7: Their lands and their faces unknown. Swift. a. It has of before the thing taken away by fraud. When geese and pullen are seduc'd,

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Chouse. m. s. [from the verb. This word is derived by Henshaw from kiao, or chiaus, a messenger of the Turkish court; who, says he, is little better than a foo/.] 1. A bubble; a tool ; a man fit to be cheated. A sottish thouse, Who, when a thief has robb'd his house, Applies himself to cunning men. Hudibrar 2. A trick or sham. To Cho'wt ER. v. n. To grumble or mutter like a froward child. Philip, CHR is M. n. s. [x:{wa, an ointment. Unguent, or unction : it is only applied to sacred ceremonies. - One act never to be repeated, is not the thing that Christ's eternal priesthood, denoted oped. ally by his unction or chrism, refers to. Hano: Choi’so M. n.s. (See CHR is M.] A child that dies within a month after its birth. So called from the chrisom-cloth, a cloth anointed with holyunguent, which the children anciently wore till they were christened. When the convulsions were but few, the number of chrisoms and infants was greater... Graunt's Bills of Mortality; To CHRI'st EN. v. a. [chnurzman, Sax) 1. To baptize; to initiate into christianity by water. 2. To name ; to denominate. Where such evils as these reign, cloiter the thing what you will, it can be no better than: mock millennium. Barrot, Chri's TEN Dom. n. . [from Christ and dom.] The collective body of christia. nity; the regions of which the inhabit: ants profess the christian religion. What hath been done, the parts of christo" most afflicted can best testify. Regier. An older and a better soldier, none That christendom gives out. so. His computation is universally received.” all christendom. Heider on Tirt. CH R1's 1 EN is G. n.s.. [from egritten. The ceremony of the first initiation int” christianity. The queen was with great solemnity crown. at Westminster, about two years after the mo, riage; like an old christening that had long for godfathers. We shall insert the causes why the account cf christenings hath been neglected more than o of burials. Grass'. The day of the christening being come.” house was filled with gossips. Arbuthnetano CHRISTIAN. n. 4. [Christianus, Lal. A professor of the religion of Christ: wo. oritin, have certainly the best and * holiest, the wisest and most reasonable, so" in the world. Tiao. CH R1's TIAN. adj. Professing the relig" of Christ. I'll not be made a soft and dull-ey'd fock To shake the head, relent, and sigh, and yo” To christian intercessors. Shahport. CH R1st IAN-NAME. n.s. The name go" at the font, distinct from the gentiliti" name, or surname. CH R1's TIAN ission.schristianismunio 1. The christian religion. . . . . 2. The nations professing christianity.

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