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CE'Nso R. n.s.. [censor, Lat.] 1. An officer of Rome, who had the power of correcting manners. 2. One who is given to censure and exprobation: Ill-natur'd censors of the present age, And fond of all the follies of the past. Roscom. The most severe censor cannot but be pleased with the prodigality of his wit, though at the same time he could have wished, that the master of it had been a better manager. Dryden. CEN so’R 1 A N. adj. [from consor.] Relating to the censor. As the chancery had the protorian power for equity, so the star-chamber had the censorian power for offences under the degree of capital. - Bacon. CEN so’Rious. adj. [from censor.] 1. Addicted to censure; severe; full of invectives. Do not too many believe no religion to be pure, but what is intemperately rigi ? no zeal to be spiritual, but what is ceasorious, or vindicative Spratt. O let thy presence make my travels light! And potent Venus shall exalt my name Above the rumours of sensorious fame. Prior. 2. Sometimes it has of before the object of reproach. A dogmatical spirit inclines a man to be centorious of his neighbours. Watts on the Mind. 3. Sometimes on. He treated all his inferiours of the clergy with a most sanctified pride; was rigorously and universally censorious upon all his brethren of the gown. Swift.
To CF'N SURE v. a. [censurer, Fr.] 1. To blame; to brand publickly. . The like censurings and despisings have embittered the spirits, and whetted both the tongue: and pens of searned men one against another. - Sanjerses. 2. To condemn by a judicial sentence. CE'Nsu RER... n.s.. [from censure.] He that blames; he that reproaches. We must not stint Our necessary actions, in the fear To cope malicious censurers. Skaëpears. A statesman, who is possest of real merr, should look upon his political censurer, with the same neglect that a good writer regards his coticks. - 43'ssan. CENT. n.s. scentum, Lat. a hundred.] A hundred ; as, five per cent, that is, five in the hundred. CE'N TAUR. n. 4. [centaurus, Lat.] 1. A poetical being, supposed to be com. pounded of a man and a horse. Down from the waist they are error, though women all above. Shefsteer. . The idea of a centaur. has no more falso herd in it than the name centaur. Leo. 2. The archer in the zodiack. The chearless empire of the sky To Capricorn the Centaur archer yields. Tor. CB’NTAURY, greater and less. [centes. rium.] Two plants. .
Add pounded galls, and roses dry, And with Cecropian thyme strong scented contaury. Dryden. CE'Nt f N A R Y. on. . [centenarius, Lat.] The number of a hundred. In every centenary of years from the creation, some small abatement should have been made. Halewill on Providence. CENTE's IMA L. m. 1. [centesimus, Latin l Hundredth; the next step of progression after decimal in the arithmetick of fractions. The neglect of a few centesimals in the side of the cube, would bring it to an equality with the cube of a foot. Arbuthnot on Coins. CENT 1 foolious. adj. [from centum and folium, Lat.] Having a hundred leaves. Ce’NT 1 P E D E. n.s.. [from centum and pes.] A poisonous insect in the West Indies, commonly called by the English forty legs.
CE'N TRAI. LY. adv. [from central J With of. to the centre. hough one of the feet most commonly bears the weight, yet the whole weight rests centrally upon it. Dryden.
CENTRE. m. s. . [centrum, Lat.]. The middle; that which is equally distant from all extremities. The heav'ns themselves, the planets, and this centre, Observe degree, priority, and place. Shakspeare. If we frame an image of a round body all of fire, the flame proceeding from it would diffuse itself every way; so that the source, serving for the cent, ethere, would be round about an huge sphere of fire and light. Digby on Bodies. To CE’N TRE. v. a. [from the noun.] 1. To place on a centre; to fix as on a centre. One foot he centred, and the other turn'd Round through the vast protuudity obscure. Milton.
Where there is no visible truth whereints centre, errour is as wide as men's fancies, and may wander to eternity. Decay of Pirty. 2. To be placed in the midst or centre. As God in heav'n Is centre, yet extends to all! so thou, Centring, receiv'st from all those orbs. Milton. 3. To be collected to a point. What hopes you had in Diomede, lay down; Our hopes must centre on ourselves alone. Dryd. The common acknowledgments of the body will at length centre in him, who appears sincerely to aim at the common benefit. Atterbury. It was attested by the visible centring of all the old prophecies, in the person of Christ, and by the completion of these prophecies since, which he himself uttered. Atterbury. CE'N TR1c k. adj. [from centre.] Placed in the centre. Some, that have deeper digg'd in mine than I, Say where hiscentrick so doth lie. Danne. CENTRI Fu'Ga L. adj. from centrum and fugio, Lat.] Having the quality acquired by bodies in motion, of receding from the centre. They described an hyperbola, by changing the centripetal into a centrifugal force. Cheyne. CENTRIPE'TAL. adj. LFrom centrum and peto, Lat.] Having a tendency to the centre ; having gravity. The direction of the force, whereby the planets revolve in their orbits, is towards their centres; and this force may be very properly called attractive, in respect of the o r; and
centripetal, in respect of the revolving § beyne. CE’NTRY. See SENTRY. The thoughtless wits shall frequentforfeitspay, Who 'gainst the centry's box discharge their tea. - --CE’NTUPI.E., adj. [centuplex, Lat.] % hundred fold. To CENTU'P Lic.A.T.E. v.a. so of centum and psico, Lat.] To make a hundred fold; to repeat a hundred times. Dict. To CENTU’R 1 at E. v. a. scenturio, Lat.] To divide into hundreds. CEN ru RIA’To R. n.s.. [from century.]. A name given to historians, who distinguish times by centuries; which is generally the method of ecclesiastical his
tory. %. centuriators of Magdeburg were the first that discovered this grand imposture. Ayliff. CENTU'R1ON. m. s. [centurio, Lat.] "A military officer among the Romans, who commanded a hundred men. Have an army ready, say you?—A most royal one. The centurions, and their charges, distinctly billeted in the entertainment, and to be on foot at an hour's warning. Shakpeare. CE'NTURY. m. s. [centuria, Lat.] 1. A hundred : usually employed to specify time; as, the second century. The nature of eternity is such, that, though cur joys, after some centuries of years, may seem to have grown older by having been enjoyed se many ages, yet will they really still continue new. - - Boyle. And now time's whiter series is begun, Which in soft centuries shall smoothly run. den.
Id The lists of bishops are filled with o: sumbers than one would expect; but the sur
cession was quick in the three first centurier, because the bishop often ended in the martyr. Addison. 2. It is sometimes used simply for a hundred. Romulus, as you may read, did divide the Romans into tribes, and the tribes into centuries or hundreds. Spenser. When with wood leavesandweeds I've strew'd his grave, And on it said a century of pray'rs, Such as I can, twice o'er I'll weep and sigh. Shakspeare. Ceol. An initial in the names of men, which signifies a ship or vessel, such as those that the Saxons landed in. Gibson. CE'PH Al Al GY.. n. 4. [xo~xyia.] The headach. Dict. CE PHA’lick. adj. [xo~x}.] That is medicinal to the head. Cephalick medicines are all such as attenuate the blood, so as to make it circulate easily through the capillary vessels of the brain. Arbuthnot on Aliments. I dressed him up with soft folded linen, dipped , in a cephalick balsam. Wiseman. CERA'STES. n. 4. [x;'<\;..] A serpent having horns, or supposed to have them. Scorpion, and asp, and amphisbena dire, Cerates horn'd, hydras, and clops drear. Milt. C’e RATE. m. s. [cera, Lat. wax.] A medicine made of wax, which, with oil, or some softer substance, makes a consistence softer than a plaster. Quincy. CE’RATED. adj. [ceratus, Lat.] Waxed; covered with wax. To CERE. v. a. [from cera, Lat. wax.] To wax. You ought to pierce the skin with a needle, and strong brown thread cered, about half an inch from the edges of the lips. Wiseman.
CE’RE BE L. m. s. [cerebellum, Lat.] Part
of the brain.
In the head of a man, the base of the brain
and cerebel, yea, of the whole skull, is set parallel to the horizon. Derbain. CE’RE clot H. n... [from cere and cloth.] Cloth smeared over with glutinous matter, used to wounds and bruises. The ancient Egyptian mummies were shrowded in a number of folds of linen, besmeared with gums, in manner of cerecloth. Bacon.
CE’REMENT. m. s. [from cera, Lat. wax.] Cloths dipped in melted wax, with which dead bodies were infolded when they were embalmed. Let me not burst in ignorance, but tell me Why canonized bones, hearsed in earth, Have burst their cerements f Shaft peare. Cere Mo'N1A L. adj. [from ceremony.] 3. Relating to ceremony, or outward rite; ritual. What mockery will it be, To want the bridegroom, when the priest attends To speak the ceremonial rites of marriage! Shak. o are to carry it from the hand to the heart, to improve a ceremonial nicety into a substantial duty, and the modes of civility into the realities of religion. South. Christ did take away that external ceremonial worship that was among the Jews. Stillingfleet. 2. Formal; observant of old forms. Oh monstrous, superstitious puritan, Of refin'd mauners, yet ceremonial man,
Dryden. . CERE Mo'N IA L. n.s.. [from corneo? 1. Outward form; external orite; prescriptive formality. The only condition that could make it prodent for the clergy to alter the ceremonial, or any indifferent part, would be a resolution in the legislature to prevent new sects. Swift. 2. The order for rites and forms in the Romish church.
CERE Mo'NIALNess. n.s.. [from ceremenial.] The quality of being ceremonial; overmuch use of ceremony. Ce RE Mo'Nious. adj. [from ceremony.] 1. Consisting of outward rites. Under a different occonomy of religion, God was more tender of the shell and ceremonious part
3. Attentive to outward rites, or prescriptive formalities. You are too senseless obstinate, my lord; Too ceremonious and traditional. Shakspeare. 4. Civil; according to the strict rules of civility; formally respectful. They have a set of ceremonious phrases, that run through all ranks and degrees among them. dadison's Guardian. 5. Observant of the rules of civility. Then let us take a ceremonious leave, And loving farewel, of our several friends. SBak. 6. Civil and formal to a fault. The old caitiff was grown so ceremoniews, as he would needs accompany me some miles in my way. Sidney. CER e Mo'Nious LY. adv. [from ceremsnious.] In a ceremonious manner; formally; o: Ceremoniously let us prepare Some welcome for the mistress of the house. Soakspeare. CE REMo'Nious Ness. n. 4. [from ceremonious.] Addictedness to ceremony; the use of too much ceremony. CE’REMONY. m. s. ceremonia, Lat.] 1. Qutward rite; external form in religton. Bring her up to the high altar, that she may The sacred ceremonies partake. Spearer. He is superstitious grown of late, 3; from the main opinion he held once fantasy, of dreams, and ceremonies. Skok. Disrobe the images, If you find them deck'd with ceremony. Skai. 2. Forms of civility. The sauce to meat is ceremony; Meeting were bare without it. Skałs Not to use ceremonies at all, is to teach others not to use them again, and so diminish respect to himself. Baron. 3. Outward forms of state. What art thou, thou idle ceremory? What kind of god art thou, that suffer'st more Of mortal grief, than do thy worshippers? At thou aught else but place, degree, and form? Skałoport.
purpose. Wiseman. CERTAIN. adj. [certus, Lat.] '1. Sure; indubitable; unquestionable ;
undoubted; that cannot be questioned, or denied. Those things are certain among men, which cannot be denied without obstimacy and folly. Tillotron. This the mind is equally certain of, whether these ideas be more or less general. Locke. 2. Resolved ; determined. However, I with thee have fix'd my lot. Certain to undergo like doom of death, Consort with thee. Milton's Paradise Lost. 3. Undoubting; put past doubt. This form before Alcyone present, To make her certain of the sad event. Dryden. 4. Unfailing; which always produces the expected effect. I have often wished that I knew as certain a remedy for any other distemper. Mead. 5. Constant; never failing to be ; not casual. Virtue, that directs our ways Through certain dangers to uncertain praise. - Dryden. 6. Regular; settled; stated. You shall gather a certain rate. Exodus. Who calls the council, states a certain day, Who forms the phalanx, and who points the way? Pope. The preparation for your supper shews your certain hours. Cotton.
7. In an indefinite sense, some ; as, a certain man told me this. How bad soever this fashion may justly be accounted, certain of the same countrymen do pass far beyond it. Carew's Survey. Some certain of your brethren roar'd, and ran From noise of our own drums. Shakspeare. Let there be certain leather bags made of several bignesses, which, for the matter of them, should be tractable. Wilkins.
CE’s tes. adv. [certes, Fr. Certainly; in truth ; in sooth: an old word. Certes, . knight, you've been too much to arine, Thus for to blot the honour of the dead, And with foul cowardice his carcase shame, Whose living hands immortaliz'd his name. Spenter. For certer, these are people of the island. Shakspeare. Certes, our authors are to blame. Hudibras. CERT 1/F I.C.A.T. E. n.s.. [certificat, low Lat. he certifies.] 1. A writing made in any court, to give notice to another court of any thin done therein. Cowel 2. Any testimony. A certificate of property is as good as a protection. . . 'Estrange. I can bring certificates that I behave myself soberly before company. daison. To CE’R 11 FY. v. a. [certifier, French.] 1. To give certain information of. The English ambassadours returned out of Flanders from Maximilian, and certified the king that he was not to hope for any aid from him. Bacos. This is designed to certify those things that are confirmed of God's favour. Hammond. 2. It has of before the thing told, after the person told: as, I certified you of the fact. CERTIORA'RI. m. s. [Latin.] A writ issuing out of the chancery, to call up the records of a cause therein depending, that justice may be done; upon complaint made by bill, that the party, who seeks the said writ, hath received hard dealing in the said court. Cowell. CE’RT It Up E., n. 4. [certitudo, Lat.] Certainty ; freedom from doubt; infallibility of proof. - hey thought at first they dream'd: for’t was offence With them, to question certitude of sense. Dryd. There can be no rojus and minus in the certitude we have of things, whether by mathematick demonstration, or any other way of consequence.
- rott’. CE’R v Ica L. adj. [cervicalis, Lat.] Belonging to the neck. The aorta, bending a little upwards, sends forth the cervical and axillary arteries; the rest, turning down again, forms the descending trunk. Cheyne. CE RU'LEAN. adj. [corru/cas, Lat.] Blue; CE RU’s. Hoos. sky-coloured. It afforded a solution with now and then a light touch of sky colour, but nothing near so high as the ceruleous tincture of silver. Boyle. From thee the saphire, solid ether, takes Its hue cerulean. Thomson. CE RULI'pick, adj. [from ceruleous.] Having the power to produce a blue colour. The several species of rays, as the rubifick, cerulifick, and others, are separated one from another. - Grew. CERU’MEN. m. s. [Latin.] The wax or excrement of the ear. CE'R Us E. m. s. (cerussa, Lat.] White lead. A preparation of lead with vinegar, which is of a white colour; whence many other things, resembling it in that particular, are by chymists called scrue; as the strue of antimony, and the &c. Quincy. CesA'RE AN. adj. [from Crsar.] The Cesarean section is cutting a child out of the womb, either dead or alive, when it cannot otherwise be delivered. Which circumstance, it is said, first gave the name of Cesar to the Roman family so called. Quincy. CESS. m. s. [probably corrupted from cense; see CEN SE ; though imagined by junius to be derived from saisire, to seize.] 1. A levy made upon the inhabitants of a place, rated according to their property. The like cers is also charged upon the country sometimes for victualling the ... when they lie in garrison. o Speaser. 2. The act of laying rates. 3. [from cesse, Fr.] It seems to have been usca by Shakspeare for bounds or limits, though it stands for rate, reckoning. i o Tom, beat Cutts's saddle, put a few flocks in the point; the poor jade is wrung in the withers out of all cess. Shakspeare. To CEss. v. a. [from the noun..] To rate; to lay charge on. We are to consider how much land there is in all Ulster, that, according to the Ş. thereof, we may cess the said rent, and allowance issuin thereout. Spenter on Ireland. To Cess. v. n. To omit a legal duty. See CESS OR. Cessa’rios. n.f. [cessatio, Lat.] i. A stop ; a rest. The day was yearly observed for a festival, by certation from labour, and by resorting to church. Hayward. True piety, without cersation tost; By theories, the practick part is lost., Denham. 2. Vacation; suspension. There had been a mighty confusion of things, an interruption and perturbation of the ordinary course, and a cessation and suspension of the laws
of nature. Woodward's Natural History. The rising of a parliament is a kind of cersation from politicks. Addison's Freeholder.
3. End of action; the state of ceasing to act. . The serum, which is mixed with an alkali, being poured out to that which is mixed with an acid, raiseth an effervescence; at the cessation of which, the salts, of which the acid was composed, will be regenerated. Arbuthnot. 4. A. of hostility, without peace. en the succours of the poor protestants in Ireland were diverted, I was intreated to get them some respite, by a cessation. King Charles.
CESSA’PIT. n. 4. [Lat.] A writ that lies upon this general ground, that the Fo against whom it is brought, ath, for two years, omitted to perform such service, or pay such rent, as he is obliged by his tenure ; and hath not, upon his land or tenement, sufficient goods or chatteis to be distrained. Cowell. Cessi Bi’s. 1TY. m. s. [from cedo, cessum, Lat.] The quality of receding, or giving wo without resistance. If the subject strucken be of a proportionate cosibility, it seems to dulland deaden the stroke; whereas, if the thing strucken be hard, thestroke *ccams to lute no force, but to work a greater ef+tct. Digby on the Soul,
CE'ssible. adj. [from cedo, celsum, Lat] Easy to give way. If the parts of the strucken body be so tails certible, as without difficulty thestroke cindivide them, then it enters into such a body, till it his spent its force. Digly on the Sal CE'ssio N. n. 4. [cession, Fr. cessio, Lat.) 1. Retreat ; the act of giving way. Sound is not produced without some resis. ance, either in the air or the body percused: sor if there be a mere yielding, or ceries, it produceth no sound. ' Bacon's Nat. Hitory. 2. Resignation ; the act of yielding up or quitting to another. A party in their council would make inds. cure the best peace they can with France, ho cosion of Flanders to that crown, in exchange; other provinces. ot CE'ss to NARY. adj. [from cession.] Ali cessionary bankrupt, one who has do
CE'ssor. n.s.. [from cesso, Lat. In law. He that ceaseth or neglecteth solos; to perform a duty belonging to him, as that by his cess, or ceasing, he incurreth the danger of law, and hath, or may have, the writ cessawit brought against him. Where it is said the to ant cesseth, such phrase is to be under stood as if it were said, the tenant coeth to do that which he ought, or is bound, to do by his land or tenement. Cowell CE"STUS. m. s. [Latin.] The girdle of Venus. Venus, without any ornament but her.” beauties; not so much as her own astus. A* CETA'ceous. adj. [from cete, whako Lat.] Of the whale kind. Such fishes as have lungs or respiration”. not without the wezzon, as whales and to animals. Brown's Wal. Bo He hath created variety of these at:” fishes, which converse chiefly in the northern seas, , whose whole body being encompo round with a copious fat or blubber, it is to bled to abide the greatest cold of the seowo - Ray on the Critio. C F Aut. A note in the scale of musick. Gamut I am, the ground of all accord; Are, to plead Hortensio's passion; B mi Bianca, take him for thy lord, C faut, that loves with all affection. Slalo CH has, in words purely English of fully naturalized, the sound of th ; 3 peculiar pronunciation, which it is ho to describe in words. In some word, derived from the French, it has to sound of sh, as chaise; and, in some derived from the Greek, the sound oth as cholerick. CHA CE. See CHAs E. CHA D. m. s. A sort of fish. -Of round fish there are brit, sprat, who chad, eels, congar, millet. Curri. To CHAFE. v. a. [echauffer, French.J 1. To warm with rubbing. They laid him upon some of their game” and fell to rub and †s. him, till they bro; him to recover both breath, the servano warmth, the companion, of living. Sido,