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one; * Till with thy warlike sword, despite of fate, To my determin'd time thou gav'st new date. Shakspeare. My life thou shalt command, but not my shame: The one my duty owes; but my fair name, Pespite of death, that lives upon my grave, To dark dishonour's use thou shalt not have. Shakspeare. ... Know, I will serve the fair in thy despite. - Dryden. I have not quitted yet a victor's right; I'll make you happy in your own despite. Dryden. Say, would the tender creature, in despite Of heat by day, and chilling dews by night, Its life maintain Blackmore. Thou, with rebel insolence, didst dare To own and to protect that hoary ruffan; : And, in despite even of thy father's justice: To stir the factious rabble up to arms. Rotte. 3. Act of malice; act of opposition. His punishment eternal misery, It would be all his solace and revenge, As a despite done against the Most High, Thee once to gain companion of his woe. Milt. To Despi’s E. v. a. [from the noun.] To vex; to offend; to disappoint; to give uneasiness to. Saturn, with his wife Rhea, fled by night; setting the town on fire, to despite Bacchus. Raleigh. DF's P1’re F.U.I. adj. [despite and full.] Malicious; full of spleen; full of hate; malignant; mischievous: used both of persons and things. I, his despiteful Julio, sent him forth From courtly friends with camping foes to live, Where death and danger dog the heels of worth

Shakspear. Preserve us from the hands of our despits! and deadly enemies. Ring Charls.

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He waits, with hellish rancour imminent, T. intercept thy way; or send thee back. It poil'd of innocence, of faith, of bliss. Miltoo. e, pale as death, #so array, I to the queen's apartment takes his way. Dryder. Ev’n now thy aid Eugene, with regiments unequal prest, Awaits: this day of all his honours gain'd %. him, if thy, succour opportune Defends not the sad hour. 2. To divest by any accident. These formed stones, de-poiled3. their shells, and exposed upon the surface of the ground, in time moulder away. Wocaward. 3 Simply to strip. Not in use. A groom gan defoil Of puissant arms, and laid in easy bed. Spenrer. DEs Po Li Aot 10 N. m. s. [from despolio, Lat.] The act of despoiling or stripping. so DESPO'ND. v. a. s.3-spondeo, Lat.] ... To despair; to lose hope ; to become hopeless or desperate. It is every man's duty to labour in his calling, and not to despond for any miscarriages or disappointments that were not in his own power to prevent. L'Estrange. There is no surer remedy for superstitious and desponding weakness, than first to govern ourselves by the best improvement of that reason which providence has given us for a guide; and then, when we have done our own parts, to commit all cheerfully, for the rest, to the good pleasure of heaven, with trust and resignation. L'Estrange. Physick is their bane: a The learned leaches in despair depart, And shake their heads, desponding of their art. I}ryden. Others depress their own minds, despond at the first difficulty; and conclude, that making any progress in knowledge, farther than serves their ordinary business, is above their capacities. Locke. ... [In theology.] To lose hope of the divine mercy. He considers what is the natural tendency of such a virtue, or such a vice: he is well apprized that the representation of some of these things may convince the understanding, some may terrify the conscience, some may allure the slothful, and some encourage the depending mind. JWattr. DF's po'N DEN cy. n. ... [from despondent.] Despair ; hopelessness; desperation. Despo's dest. adj. [despondens, Latin.] Despairing ; hopeless; without hope. It is well known, both from ancient and modern experience, that the very boldest atheists, out of #: debauches and company, when they chance to be surprised with solitude or sickness, are the most suspicious, timorous, and despondent wretches in the world. ently, * Congregated thrushes, linnats, sit On the dead tree, a dull dependent flock. - Thomson. To DESPO'NSATE. v. a. [desponso, Lat.] To betroth; to affiance; to unite by reciprocal promises of marriage. DEs Po N's A^T I ow. n. 4. [from desponsate.] The act of betrothing persons to each other. DE'SPOT. n. 4. [3,470-8:..] An absolute prince ; one that governs with unlimit


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ed authority. This word is not in use, rxcept as applied to some Dacian prince: as, the despot of Servia. Despo’t sca L.) adj. [from despot.] AbDesro'rick. solute in power; inlimited in authority ; arbitrary; unaccountable. - God's universal law Gave to the man depotick power Over his female in due awe; Nor irom that right to part an hour, Smile she or low re. Milen. In all its directions of the inferior facultes, reason conveyed its suggestions with clearness, and enjoined them with power: it had the possions in perfect subjection; though its commad over them was but persuasive and political, y't it had the force of coactive and depotical. Sout. We may see in a neighbouring governmen: the ill consequences of having a depotick prince for notwithstanding there is vast extent of lands, and many of them better than those of the Swis. and Grisons, the common people among the latter are in a much better situation. Addison Patriots were forced to give way to the mad. ness of the people, who were now wholly ben upon single and despotick slavery. Swift Des Postical Ness. n.s.. [from depoti, cal.] Absolute authority. DE's pot is M. m. s. [despotisme, French; from despot.) Absolute power. To DESPU'MATE. v. n. [despumo, Lat.] To throw off parts in foam; to froth; to work. Despum A^T son. n. s. [from despumate.] The act of throwing off excrementitious parts in scum or foam. DF squam A^T Io N. m. s. [from squama, Lat.] The act of scaling foul bones. A term of chirurgery. Dess E*R.T. n. s. [desserte, French.] The last course at an entertainment; the fruit or sweetmeats set on the table after the meat. To give thee all thy due, thou hast the art To make a supper with a fine dessert. Dryden. At your desirent bright pewter comes too late, When your first course was well serv'd up in - plate. ing. To DE'STINATE. v. a. [destino, Lat.] To design for any particular end or purpose. Birds are destinated to fly among the branches of trees and bushes. Ray.

DESTINA’T Io N. m. s. [from destinate.] The purpose for which anything is appointed; the ultimate design. The passages through which spirits are conveyed to the members, being almost infinite, and each of thern drawn through so many meanders, it is wonderful that they should perform their regular destinations without losing their way. Glanville. There is a great variety of apprehensions and fancies of men, in the destination and applica. tion of things to several ends and uses. Hale To DE's" (N.E. v. a. [destino, Latin.] 1. To doom ; to devote; to appoint unalterably to any state or condition. Wherefore cease we then? Say they who counsel war: we are decreed, Reserv'd, and destin'd, te eternal woe; Whatever doing, what can we suffer more?

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T, DESTROY. v. a. [destruo, Lat. destruire, French.] *** * * z. To overturn a city; to raze a building to ruin. " The Lord will destroy this city. Generir. 4, To lay waste; to make desolate. Solyman sent his army, which burnt and destroyed the country villages. Monoller. 3. To kill. A people, great and many, and tall as the Anakims; but the Lord destroyed them before them, and they succeeded them, and dwelt in their stead. Deuteronomy. *T is safer to be that which we ::::::: Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy. S fore. The wise Providence hath placed a certain antipathy between some animals and many insecto, whereby they delight in their destruction though they use one-actor food: as the peacock destroys snakes and adders; the weasel, micz and rats; spiders, flies; and some sorts of files destroy spiders. - ale. 4. To put an end to ; to bring to nought: Do we not see that slothful, intemperate, and incontinent persons, destroy their bodies with diseases, their reputations with disgrace, and their faculties with want? Bentley. There will be as many sovereigns as fathers; the mother too hath her title: which destroys the sovereignty of one supreme monarch. Locke. Dest Ro’y E.R. m. s. [from destroy.] The person that destroys or lays waste; a murderer. It is said, that Assur both founded it and ruined it: it may be understood, that Assur the founder was the son of Shem, and Assur the destroyer was an Assyrian. Raleigh. * Triumph, to be styl'd great conquerors, Patrons of mankind, gods, and sons of gods! JDestroyers rightlier call'd, and slayers of men. , z Milton. Yet, guiltless too, this bright destroyer lives; At random wounds, nor knows the wound she gives. ' - Pope. DESTRUCTIBLE, adj. [from destruo, Lat..] Liable to destruction. Dest Ruct I E1'lity. n. . [from destructible.] Liableness to destruction. , Dest Ru’ction, n.s. [destructio, Latin.] 1. The act of destroying; subversion ; demolition. 2. Murder; massacre, 'T is safer to be that which we destroy, Than by destruction dwell in doubtfuljoy. Shakt. 3. The state of being destroyed; ruin; murder suffered. If that your moody discontented souls Do through the clouds behold this present hour, Even for revenge mock my destruction. Shak'?. when that which we immortal thought we saw so near destruction brought, we felt what you did then endure, And tremble yet as not secure. aller. 4. The cause of destruction; a destroyer; a depopulator: as, a consuming plague. The destruction that wasteth at noon-day. salms. ... [In theology.] Eternal death. 3. H. is § that leadeth to destruction. Matthew. Dest Ructive. adj. [destructivus, iow Latin.] - 1.That has the quality of destroying; VOL. I.

wasteful; causing ruin and devastation; that brings to destruction. In ports and roads remote, Destructive fires among whole fleets we send. Dryden. One may think that the continuation o existence, with a kind of resist.nce to any destrictive force, is the continuation of solidity. Locke. 2. With of. He will put an end to so absurd a practica, which makes our most refined diversions destructive of all politeness. , Addison. Both are defects equally distructive of true religion. Fogers. 3. With to. In a firm building, even the cavities ought not. to be filled with rubbish, which is of a perishable kind, destructive to the strength. ryden. Excess of cold, as well as heat, pains us; because it is equally destructive to that temper which is necessary to the preservation of life. Locke. DEST RU’ct 1 v ELY. adv. [from destructive..] Ruinously; mischievously; with power to destroy. What remains but to breathe out Moses's wish? .O that men were not so destructively foolish - Decay of Piety. Dest Ru’ctive Ness. n.s.. [from destructive.] The quality of destroying or ruining. The vice of professors exceeds the destructivenews of the most hostile assaults, as intestine treachery is more ruinous than foreign violence. Decay of Piety. Dest Ru’ctor. n.f. [from destroy..] De*ś. ; Consumer. Helmont wittily calls fire the destructor, and the artificial death, of things. Boyle. Des UDA's so N. a. s. [desudatio, Latin.T A profuse and inordinate sweating, from what cause soever. DE's UETU De. n. 4. [desuetudo, Lat.] Cessation from being accustomed; discontinuance of practice or habit. By the irruption of numerous armies of borbarous #". those countries were quickly fallen off, with barbarism and defucted, from their former civility and knowledge. Hale. We see in all things how dervetude does contract and narrow our faculties, so that we can apprehend only those things wherein we are con

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thing; unsettled ; immethodical ; unconstant. Desuitorious is not in use. 'T is not for a defultory thought to atone for a lewd course of life; nor for anything but the superinducing of a virtuous habit upon a vicious one, to qualify an effectual conversion. I'Entrance. Let but the least trifle cross his way, and his desultorious fancy presently takes the scent, leaves the unfinished and half-mangled notion, and skips away in pursuit of the new game. Norrir. ake my desultery thoughts, in their native order, as they rise in my mind, without being reduced to rules, and marshalled according to art. Felton on the Clairkkı. To Desu'Me. v. a. [desuno, Lat.] To take from anything ; to borrow. This pebble doth suppose, as pre-existent to it, the more simple matter out of which it is de•umed, the heat and influence of the sun, and the due Preparation f§" matter, Płale. They have left us relations suitable to those of AEsian and Pliny, whence they desumed their narrations. Brown. Laws, if convenient and useful, are never the worse though they be desumed and taken from the laws of other countries. Hale. To DETA/CH, v. a. [detacher, Fr.] 1 To separate ; to disengage; to part from something. The heat takes along with it a sort of vegetative and terrestrial matter, which it detaches from the uppermost stratum. Woodward. ^ The several parts of it are detached one from the other, and yet join again one cannot tell how. - Pope. 2. To send out part of a greater body of yen on an expedition. If ten men are in war with forty, and the latter detach only an equal number to the engagement, what benefit do they receive from their superiority? dison. I) er'A'ch MENT. n.s.. [from detach.] A body of troops sent out from the main army. The czar dispatched instructions to send out detachments of his cavalry, to prevent the king of Sweden's joining his army. Tatler. Besides materials, which are brute and blind, Did not this work require a knowing mind, Who for the task should fit detachments chtise From all the atoms? Blackmore. To DETA'IL. v.a. [detailler, Fr.] To relate particularly ; to particularize; to diploy minutely and ...}. They will perceive the mistakes of these philosophers; and be able to answer their arguments, without my being obliged to detail them. - - Cheyne. DETA's L. m. s. [detail, Fr.] A minute and particular account. I chuse, rather than trouble the reader with a detail here, to defer them to their proper place. Woodward. I was unable to treat this part of my subject more in detail, without becoming dry and tedious. Pope. To DETA'IN. v. a. [detineo, Lat.] 1. To keep what belongs to another. . Detain not the wages of the hireling; for every degree of detention of it beyond the time, . is injustice and uncharitableness. Taylor. 2. To withhold ; to keep back. . - These doings sting him So venomously, that burning . detains him From his Cordelia. Shakspeare. He has described the passion of Calypso, and the indecent advances she made to detain him • from his country. - Broome. 3. To restrain from departure. * Let us detain thee until we shall have made ready a kid. judges. Had Orpheus sung it in the nether sphere, So much . hymn had pleas'd the tyrant's ear, The wife had beeu detain'd to keep her husband there. ...4. To hold in custody. f ... Det A'1N per. n. . [from detain..] The name of a writ for holding one in custody.” , Dr. FA's N ER. m. . [from detain.] He that bolds back any one's right; he that detains any thing. Judge of the obligation that hes upon all sorts of injurious, persons; the sacrilegious, the de*iner of tithes, and cheaters of men's inherilancos, Taylor,


To DETECT. v. a...[detectus, Lat. 1. To discover; to find out any crime of artifice. - There 's no true lover in the forest; else soing every minute, and groaning every ho would detect the lazy foot of time as well si

clock. - Shahpart. Though I should hold my peace, yet too, Wouldst easily detect what I conc Milia. 2. To discover in general. The utmost infinite ramifications and into lations of all the several sorts of vessels of easily be detected by glasses. R.), DETE'cT ER. n. 4. [from detect.] A dicoverer; one that finds out what it. other desires to hide. Oh, heavens! that this treason were not; or not I the detecter. Stairport. Hypocrisy has a secret hatred of its 34:47: that which will bring it to a test which to pass. Deroy of Pio DeTE’ction. m. s. [from detect.] 1. Discovery of guilt or fraud, or of other fault. Should I come to her with any detection into hand, I could drive her then from the ward of her purity. skałort. That is a o of the true evangelical oilo note for the detection of its contrary: it so abound more in the mild and good-natured: fections, than in the vehement and wro passions. ore, Detection of the incoherence of loose disco was wholly owing to the syllogistical form Lo 2. Discovery of any thing hidden. Not only the sea, but riversandrainsaloo instrumental to the detection of amber, ano fossils, by washing away the earth and into concealed them. Hour: Dete’NTion. n. 4. [from detain.] 1. The act of keeping what belongs to another. How goes the world, that I am thus eno ter'd With clam’rous claims of debt, of brokenbo And the detention of long since due debts, Against my honour? Sisitor. 2. Confinement; restraint. - - This worketh by detention of the spirit: * constipation of the tangible parts. Fal To DETE'R. v. a. [deterreo, Lat] ...” discourage by terrour; to fright for anything. I never yet the tragick strain asso'd..., Deterr'd by the inimitable maid. Wor Many and potent enemies tempt and ** from o duty; yet our case is not . so w on gun sideas we have a greater strength Too Beauty or unbecomingness are of more” to draw or deter imitation, than any do which can be made to them. Isr. - The ladies may not be deterred from, o. sponding with me by this method. , 4* My own face deters me from my gas; e. And Kneller only shews what Celia was ".

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DFTE’R GEN.T. adj. [from deterge.] That has the power of cleansing. The food ought to be nourishing and detergent. Arbutanet. DETE Rio Ration. n. 1. [from deterior, Lat.] The act of making any thing worse; the state of growing worse. DETE/RM ENT. n. 1. [from deter.] Cause of discouragement; that by which one is deterred. A good word, but not now used. This will not be thcught a discouragement unto spirits, which endeavour to advantage nature by art; nor will the ill success of some be made a sufficient determent unto others. Brown. These are not all the determents that opposed my obeying you. Boyle. Derk'RM IN A Blf. adi. [from determine.] That may be certainly decided. " Whether all plants have seeds, were more easily determinable, if we could conclude concerning harts-tougue, ferne, and some others. Brown's Pulgar Errourr. About this matter, which seems so easily determinable by sense, accurate and sober men widely disagree. Boyle. To DETERMINATE, v. a. [determiner, French.j To limit; to fix; to determine ; to terminate. Not in use. The fly-slow hours shall not determinate The dateless limit of thy dear exile. Soulspeare. DE 1 to RMINAT. E. adj. (determinatu, Lat.] 1. Settled; definite ; determined. - Demonstrations in numbers, if they are not more evident and exact than in extension, yet they are more general in their use, and determinate in their application. Locke. To make all ... planets move about the sun in circular orbs, there must be given to each, by a determinate impulse, those present particular degrees of velocity which they now have, in proportion to their distances from the sun, and to the quantity of the solar matter. Bentley. 2. Established; settled by rule; positive. Scriptures are read before the time of divine service, and without either choice or stint appointed by any determinate order. Hooker. 3. Decisive 3 conclusive. I' th' progress of this business, Ere a determinate resolution, he, I mean the bishop, did require a respite. Shak. 4. Fixed; resolute. Like men disused in a long peace, inore determinate to do than skilful how to do. Sidney. 3. Resolved. My determinate voyage is mere extravagancy. Shakspeare. DETERMINATELY. adv. [from determinate.] 1. Resolutely ; with fixed resolve. The oueen obeyed the king's commandment, full of aging agonies, and determinately bent that she would seek all loving means to win 2.elmane. Sidney. In those errors they are so determinately settled, that they pay unto falsity the whole sum of whatsoever sove is owing unto God's truth.

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DETERMINA’Tio N. m. s. [from determinate.] 1. Absolute direction to a certain end. When we voluntarily waste much of our lives, that remissness can by no means consist with a constant determination of will or desire to the greatest apparent good. - Looks. 2. The result of deliberation; conclusion formed; resolution taken. They have acquainted me with their dotorhination; which is to go home, and to trouble you no more. Siakoare. The proper acts of the intellect are intellection, deliberation, and determination or decision. Halo', origin of Mankind. It is much disputed by divines, concerning the power of man's will to good and evil in the state of innocence; and upon very nice and dangerous precipices stand their determination: on either side. South. Consult thy judgment, affections, and inclinations, and make thy determination upon every particular; and be always as suspicious of thyself as possible. Calamy. Judicial decision. He confined the knowledge of governing to justice and lenity, and to the speedy determination of civil and criminal causes. Gulliver.

DETE/RM IN AT 1 v E. adj. [from determinate.] 1. That uncontrollably directs to a certain end. That individual action, which is justly punished as sinful in us, cannot proceed from the special influence and determinative power of a just cause. Brunball against Halles. 2 * That makes a limitation. If the term added to make up the complex subject does not necessarily or constantly belong to it, then it is determinative, and limits the subject to a particular part of its extension; as, Every pious man shall be happy. Waits.

DETERMINA’ro R. m. . [from determinafe.] One who determines.

They have recourse unto the great determina

tor of virginity, conceptions, fertility, and the

inscrutable infirmities of the whole body.

- - Brown.

To DETERMINE. v. a. [determiner, Fr. determino, Lat.] 1. To fix; to settle. , - a ls it concluded he shall be protector 2 —lt is determin'd, not concluded yet; But so it must be, if the king miscarry. Shako. More particularly to determine the proper se son for grammar, I do not see how it can be made a study but as an introduction to rhetorick. Locke. 2. To conclude; to fix ultimately. Probability, in the nature of it, supposes that a thing may or may not be so, for anything that yet appears, or is certainly determined, on the other side. * South. Milton's subject was still greater than Homer's or Virgil's: it does not determine the fate of single persons or nations, but of a whole species. - }}. Destruction hangs on every word we speak, On every thought; till the concluding stroke Determines all, and closes our design. Addison. 3. To bound ; to confine. The knowledge of men hitherto hath been retermined by the view or sight; so that whatsoever is invisible, either in respect of the fine

ness of the body itself, or the smallness of the


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