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The taul serves for the warming the lower belly, like an apron or piece of woollen cloth. Hence a certain gladiatour, whose caul Galen cut out, was so liable to suffer cold, that he kept his belly constantly covered with wool. Ray. The beast they then divide, and disunite The ribs and limbs, observant of the rite: On these, in double cauls involv'd with art, The choicest morsels lay. Pope. CAuli'Fe Rous. adj. [from caulis, a stalk, and fro, to bear, Lat.] A term in botany for such plants as have a true stalk, which a great many have not. CA'u'll flow ER. n.s.. [from caulis, Lat. the stalk of a plant.] A species of cabbage. owards the end of the month, earth up your winter plants and sallad herbs; and plant forth our cauliflowers and cabbage which were sown in August. Evelyn's Kalendar. To Caulk. See To CAL k. To CA'upon Are. v. n. [caupono, Latin.] To keep a victualling house; to sell wine or victuals. Dict. CA’us AB i.e. adj. [from causo, low Lat.] That may be caused, or effected by a callSt. That may be miraculously effected in one, which is naturally causable in another. Brown. CA'usa L. adj. [causalis, low Latin.]. Relating to causes; implying or containing causes. . Every motion owning a dependence on prerequired motors, we can have no true knowledge of any, except we would distinctly pry into the whole method of causal concatenation. Glanville. Cautal propositions are, where two propositions are joined by causal particles; as, houses were not built, that they might be destroyed; Rehoboam, was unhappy, because he followed evil counsel.” Watts' Logick. CAU sa’lity. n.s.. [causalitas, low Latin.] The agency of a cause ; the quality of causing. As he created all things, so is he o and in them all, in his very essence, as being the soul of their causalities, and the essential cause of their existences. Brown's Pugar Errouri. By an unadvised transiliency from the effect to the remotest cause, we observe not the connection, through the interposal of more immediate causalities. Glanville's Scopsis. CA’Us Ally. adv. [from causall According to the order or series of causes. Thus may it more becausally made out, what Hippocrates affirmeth. Broxton. CAusA’t to N. n.s. (from causo, low Lat.] The act or power of causing. Thus doth he sometimes delude us in the conceits of stars and meteors, besides their allowable actions; ascribing effects thereunto of independent cautation. Brown. cA’us Ativ f. adj. [a term in grammar.] That expresses a cause or reason.

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A causer; an author of any effect. Demonstratively understanding the simplicity of perfection, and the invisible condition of the

first causator, it was out of the power of earth,

or the areopagy of hell, to work them from it. Prown's Poul. Err.

CAUSE. m.s.[causa, Latin.]

1. That which produces or effects any

thing ; the efficient. vol. i.

- - The wise and learned, amongst the very heatheus themselves, have all acknowledged some first cause, whereupon originally the being of all things dependeth; neither have they otherwise spoken of that cause, than as an agent, which, knowing what and why it worketh, observeth, in working, a most exict order or law. Hooker. Butterflies, and other flies, revive easily when they seem dead, being brought to the sun or fire; the cause whereof is the diffusion of the vital spirit, and the dilating of it by a little heat: - - Bacon. Cause is a substance exerting its power into act, to make one thing begin to be. Locks. 2. The reason; motive to anything. , The rest shall bear some other fight, As cause will be obey'd. Shu'speare. So great, so constant, and so generala practice, must needs have not only a cause, but also a great, a constant, and a general cause, every wa commensurate to such an effect. §. Thus, royal sir! to see you landed here, Was cause enough of triumph for a year. Dryd. AEneas wond'ring stood: then ask'd the cause, Which to the stream the crowding people draws. Dryden. Even he, Lamenting that there had been cause of enmity, Will often wish fate had ordain'd you friends. * Rowe. 3. Reason of debate ; subject of litigation. O madness of discourse, That cause sets up with and against thyself! Bifold authority. Shakspeare. Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his rother, and the stranger that is with him. Deut. 4. Side ; party; ground or principle of

- action or opposition.

Ere to thy cause, and thee, my heart inclin'd, Or love to party had seduc'd my mind. Tickel. To CA use. v. a. [from the noun..] To effect as an agent; to produce. Never was man whose apprehensions are sober, and by a pensive inspection advised, but hath found by an irresistible necessity one everlasting being, all for ever causing, and all for ever sustaining. Raleigh. It is necessary in such a chain of causes to ascend to and terminate in some first, which should be the original of motion, and the cause of all other things; but itself be ca.sed by none. South. She weepingask'd, in these her blooming years, What unforeseen misfortune caus’d her care, To loath her life, and languish in despair. Dryden. Things that move so swift as not to affect the senses distinctly, and so cause not any train of ideas in the mind, are not perceived to move. Locke.

CA’use les. Y. adv. [from causeless.] Without cause ; without reason. Human laws are not to be broken with scandal, nor at all without reason; for he that does it causelarly, is a despiser of the law, and under-values its authority. Tysor's Holy Living. CA’us E less. adj. [from cause.] 1. Having no cause ; original in itself. Reach th' Almighty's sacred throne, And make his causeless pow'r, the cause of all things, known. Blackmore's Creation.

2. wantino ground or motive. et is my truth yplight, And love avow'd to other i. ate, That, to remove the same I have no might : To change love caustler, is reproach to warlike C A U And me and mine threats not with war but death : Thus causeless hatred endless is uneath. Fairfax. The causeless dislike, which others have conceived, is no sufficient reason for us to forbear in any place. Hooter. As women yet who apprehend Some sudden cause cf cause's! fear, Although that seeming cause take end, A shaking through their limbs they find. Waller. Alas! my fears are cavicless and ungrounded, Fantastick dreams, and melancholy fumes. Jenkam. CA’use R. m. s. [from cause.] He that causes; the agent by which an effect is produced. His whole oration stood upon a short narration, what was the cauter of this metamorphosis, Sidney. Is not the causer of these timeless deaths As blameful as the executioner } . Shakspeare. Abstinence, the apostle determines, is of no other real value in religion, than as a ministerial

knight. Spenser's Fai ifton& p H h ry Q

cauter of moral effects. Rogers. .

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- ten causeway.] A way raised and .

paved ; a way raised above the rest of the ground. To Shuppim the lot came forth westward by

the causey. ! Chron. The other way Satan went down, The causeway to Fell-gate. Milton.

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CA’UsTick. of medicaments which destroy the texture of the part to which they are applied, and eat it away, or burn it into an eschar: which they do by extreme minuteness, asperity, and quantity of motion, that, like those of fire itself, destroy the texture of the solids, and change what they are applied to into a substance like burnt flesh ; which, in a little time, with detergent dressing, falls quite off, and leaves a vacuity in the part. Quincy. If extirpation be safe, the best way wifts by wauriival medicines, or escaroticks. Wiseman. I proposed eradicating byescaroticks, and began with a caustick stone. M’iseman. Air too hot, cold, and moist, abounding perhaps with caustick, astringent, and coagulating particles. - * Arbuthnot. CA’ustic K. m. s. A burning application. It was a tenderness to mankind, that introduced corrosives and causticks, which are indeed but artificial fires. Temple. The piercing causticks ply their spiteful pow'r, Emeticks ranch, and keen catharticks scour. - Garto. CAUTEL. n.s.. [cautela, Lat.] Caution; scruple. Not used. Perhaps he loves you now; And now no soil of cautel doth besmirch The virtue of his will. Shakspeare. CA’ut Elous. adj. [rauteleux, Fr.] 1. Cautious; wary; provident. Not in use. Palladio doth, wish, like a tastelous artisan,

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that the inward walls might bear some food share in the burden. Wallot, 2. Wily; cunning ; treacherous. Of themselves, for the most part; they are on cautelous and wily headed, especially being men of so small experience and practice in law malters, that you would wonder whence they bo. row such subtilties and sly shifts. .. Spenser on Ireland Your son Will or exceed the common, or be caught With cautelous baits and practice. Shah?to CA’u’re lously, adv. [from cautilo 1. Cunningly; slily; treacherously. Not in use. All pretorian courts, if any of the parties* laid "... under pretence of a retirement, it! the other party doth cautelously get the start of advantage; yet they will set back all thing” statu quo prius. Bacon's War with São

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affords the best cautions, and rules of diet, by way of prevention. Arbuthnot. 5. Warning. To CA’ution. v. a. [from the noun.] To warn ; to give notice of a danger. How shall our thought avoid the various snare? Or wisdom to our caution'd soul declare The diff'rent shapes thou pleasest to employ, When bent to hurt, and certain to destroy Prior. You caution'd me against their charms, But never gave me equal arms. Swift. Ca'ut 10 N A R Y. adj. [from caution.] Given as a pledge, or in security. I am made the cautionary pledge, The gage and hostage of your keeping it. - Southerne. Is there no security for the island of Britain Has the enemy no cautionary towns and sea-ports to give us for securing trade 2 Sztoft.

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Wary; watchful. Be cautious of him; for he is sometimes an inconstant lover, because he hath a great advantage. Swift. CA’ut Io Us LY. adv. [from cautious.] In an attentive wary manner; warily. They know how fickle common lovers are: Their oaths and vows are cautiously believ'd; For few there are but have been once deceiv'd. 10-yden. CA’u Tiogs N Ess. n. 3. [from cautious.] Watchfulness; vigilance; circumspection ; provident care ; prudence with respect to danger. I could not but approve their generous constancy and cautiousness. Ring Charles. We should always act with great cautiousness ... and circumspection, in points where it is not impossible that we may be deceived. Addison,

To CA w. v. n. [taken from the sound.]
To cry as the rook, raven, or crow.
Russet-pated choughs, many in sort,
Rising and sawing at the gun's report. So top.
A walk of aged elms, so very high, that the
rooks and crows upon the tops seem to be carv-
ing in another region. Addison.
The rook, who high amid the boughs,
In early spring, his airy city builds,
And ceaseless caws. Thomson's Spring.

To CEASE. z. m. [cesser, Fr. cesso, Lat.] 1. To leave off; to stop; to give over; to desist: with from before a noun. The lives of all, who cease from combat, spare; My brother's be your most peculiar care. Dryd. 2. To fail; to be extinct ; to pass away. The poor man shall never cease out of the Deuteronomy. The soul being removed, the faculties and operations of life, sense, and intellection, cease from that moles corporea, and are no longer in it. Hale's Origin of Mankind. 3. To be at an end. But now the wonder ceases, since I see She kept them only, Tityrus, for thee. Dryden.

4. To rest. The ministers of Christ have ceased from their labours. Spratt.

To CE. As E. v. a. To put a stop to ; to put an end to. . Importune him for monies; be not reas'd With slight denial. Shakspeare. You may sooner, by imagination, quicken or słack a motion, than raise or cease it; as it is

easier to make a dog go slower, than to make him stand still. Bacon's Natural History.

Cease then this impious rage. JMilton. But he, her fears to cease, Sent down the meek-eyed peace. Milton.

The discord is complete, nor can they cease The dire debate, nor yet command the peace. Dryden. Cease. n.s.. [from the verb.] Extinction; failure ; perhaps for decease. The cease of majes Dies not alone, but, like a gulph, withdraws What 's near it with it. Shakspeare. CE'Ask 1. ESS. ads. (from cease.] Incessant; perpetual ; continual ; without pause ; without stop ; without end. My guiltless blood must quench the ceaseless fire, On which my endless tears were bootless spent. Fairfax. All these with ceasek's praise his works iss, Both day and night. Milton. Like an oak That stands secure, though all the winds cmploy Their ceaselos, roar; and only sheds its leaves, Or mast, which the revolving spring restores. - - Philip. CF'CITY. m. . [cocitas, Lat.] Blindness $ privation of sight. They are not blind, nor yet distinctly see; there is in them no ority, yet more than a cecu. tiency; they have sight enough to discern the light, though not perhaps to distinguish objects or colours. Jorown's Pu'ar Error. Cou'rik NSX. n. 4. [carcuio, Lat.] Tendency to blindness; cloudiness of sight. There is in them no cecity, yet more than a cecutiencv. Brown's Pulgar Errour. cÉo. n. 4. [cedrus, Lat.] A tree. It is evergreen; the leaves are much narrower than those of the pine tree, and many of them Produced out, of one tubercle, resembling a painter's pencil; it hath male flowers, or katkins, Produced at remote distances from the fruit of the same tree. The seeds are produced in large cones, squamose and too. The extention of the branches is very regular in coda, too: the ends of the shoots declining, and thereb; shewing their upper surface, which is constantly cloathed with green leaves, so regularly, as to appear, at a distance like a green Carpet, and, in waving about, make an agreeable prospect. It is surprising that this tree has not been more cultivated in England; for it would be a great v. nament to barren bleak mountains, even in Scotland, where few other trees would grow; it being a native of Mount Libanus, where the snow continues most part of the year, Maundrel, in his travels, says, he measured one of the largest cedars on Mount Libanus, and found it to be twelve yards six inches in circumference, and sound. At about five or six yards from the ground, it was divided into five limbs, each of which was equal to a great tree. The wood of this famous tree is accounted proof against the putrefaction of animal bodies. The saw-dust is thought to be one of the secrets used by the mountebanks, who pretend to have the ... ing mystery. This wood is also said to yield an oil, which is famous for Preserving books and writings; and the wood is thought by Bacon to continue above a thousand years sound. 44iller, I must yield my body to the earth: Thus yields the cedar to the axe's edge, Whose arms gave shelter to the Princely eagle; Under whose shade the ramping lion sépt. ' Whose top branch overpeer'd jo spreading

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And kept low shrubs from winter's pow'rful wing. Bakpeare. CE’s R IN E. adj. [cedrinus, Lat.] Of or belonging to the cedar tree. To CEIL. v. a. [celo, Lat.] To overlay, or cover, the inner roof of a build1ng. And the greater house he ceiled with fir-tree, which he overlaid with fine gold. 2 Chronicles. How will he, from his house ceiled with cedar, be content with his Saviour's lot, not to have where to lay his head 2 Decay of Piety. Co.'s LIN G. m. s. [from ceil..] The inner roof. Varnish makes ceilings not only shine, but - Bacon. And now the thicken'd sky Iike a dark ceiling stood; down rush'd the rain Impetuous. So when the sun by day, or moon by night, Strike on the polish'd brass their trembling light, The glitt'ring species here and there divide, And cast their dubious beams from side to side; Now on the walls, now on the pavement play, And to the ceiling flash the glaring day. Dryden. CE"LAND IN E. n. J. Lchelidoneum, Lat...] A lant. Theswallows usecelandine, the linnet euphragia. - More.

CE'LATURE. m. s. [carlatura, Lat.] The

art of engraving or cutting in figures. To CETLEBRATE. v. a. [celebra, Lat.] 1. To praise; to commend ; to give praise to ; to make famous. The songs of Sion were psalms and pieces of poetry, that adored or celebrated the Supreme Being. Addison. I would have him read over the celebrated works of antiquity, which have stood the test of so many different ages. Addison. 2. To distinguish by solemn rites; to perform solemnly. He slew all them that were gone to celebrate the sabbath. 2 Maccabees. On the feast day, the father cometh forth, after divine service, into a large room, where the feast is celebrated. atton, 3. To mention in a set or solemn manner; whether of joy or sorrow. This pause of pow'r 'tis Ireland's hour to

mourn; While England celebrates your safe return. Dryd. CE LEB Ra'Tio N. n. 4. [from celebrate.] 1. Solemn performance; solemn remembrance. He laboured to drive sorrow from her, and to hasten the celebration of their marriage. Sidney. He shall conceal it, While you are willing it shall come to note; What time we will our celebration *f; According to my birth. Shakspeare. During the celebration of this holy sacrament, you attend earnestly to what is *}. the priest. or. 2. Praise; renown ; memorial. No more shall be added in this place, his memory deserving a particular celebration, than that his learning, piety, and virtue, have been attained by few. Clarendon. Some of the ancients may be thought sometimes to have used a less number of letters, by the celebration of those who have added to their alphabet. Cele’d Rious. adj. [celeber, Lat.] Famous; renowned; noted. Not in use. The Jews, Jerusalem, and the Temple, hav

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Holder's Elements of Speech.

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CE LE’R1T Y. m. s. [celeritas, Lat..] Swiftness-; speed ; velocity. We very well see in them, who thus plead, a wonderful celerity of discourse: for, perceiving at the first but only some cause of suspicion, and fear lest it should i. evil, they are presently, in one and the self-same breath, resolved, that what beginning soever it had, there is no possbility it should be good. Piccier. is former custom and practice was ever full of forwardness and celerity to make head #. ena. Thus, wo imagin'd wings, our swift scen: les, In motion with no less celerity Than that of thought. Skałopesr. Three things concur to make a percussion great; the bigness, the density, and the telers, of the body moved. Doty. Whatever encreaseth the density of the blood, even without encreasing its celerity, heats, because a denser body is hotter than a rarer. Arbuthnot, CE'LERY. n.s. A species of parsley. CELE'STIAL. adj. [celestis, Lat.] 1. Heavenly ; relating to the superiour regions. There stay, until the twelve celestial signs Have brought about their annual reckoningSłairport. The ancients commonly applied celertial descriptions of other climes to . own. Bretos. 2. Heavenly; relating to the blessed state. Play that sad note I nam'd my knell, whilst I sit meditating On that .. harmony I go to. Sha 3. Heavenly, with respect to excellence. Canst thou pretend desire, whom zeal inflam'd To worship, and a pow'r celestial num'd? Dryi. Telemachus, his bloomy face Glowing celestial sweet, with godlike grace. Poor. CE LE's TIAL. n. 4. [from the adj.] An inhabitant of heaven. Thus affable and mild the prince precedes, And to the dome th' unknown celestial leads. o

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To CE LE'st IFY. v.a. [from celestis, Lat. To give something of heavenly nature to any thing. Not used. We should affirm, that all things were in as things, that heaven were but earth terrestrified, and earth but heaven celestified; or that each part above had influence upon its affinity below. Brown's Peigar Erreurs. CE’li Ack. adj. [xaoxia, the belly..] Relat' ing to the lower belly.

The blood moving slowly through the celiari and mesenterick arteries, produces complaints, Arbuthnot on Aliments. Ce’t I Bacy. m. s. [from carlets, Lat..] Single life; unmarried state. I can attribute their numbers to nothing but their frequent marriages; for they look on celibacy as an accursed state, and generally are mar: before twenty. Spectator. By teaching them how to carry themselves in ir relations of husbands and wives, parents and children, they have, without question, adorned the gospel, glorified God, and benefited man, much more than they could have done in the devoutest and strictest celibacy. Atterbury. C+/L i BA1 E. m. s. [calibatus, Lat.] sing: life. The males oblige themselves to celibate, and then multiplication is hindered. Grauns. CELL. m. s. [cella, Lat.] I. A small cavity or hollow place. The brain contains ten thousand cells; In each some active fancy dwells. Prior. How bees for ever, though a monarch reign, Their sep'rate cells and properties mino, ope. 2. The cave or little habitation of a religious person. Besides, she did intend confession At Patrick's cell this ev'n; and there she went not.

Shakspeare. Then did religion in a lazy cell, In empty, airy contemplations dwell. Denham. 3. A small and close apartment in a prison. 4. Any small place of residence ; a cottage. Mine ...R. clos'd, but open left the cell Offancy, my internal sight. Milton's Par. Lost. For ever in this humble cell, Let thee and I together dwell. In cottages and lowly cells True piety neglected dwells; Till call'd to heav'n, its native seat, Where the good man alone is great. Somerville. 5. Little bags or bladders, where fluids, or matter of different sorts, are lodged ; common both to animals and plants. Quincy. Ce'll AR. n.s.. [cella, Lat.] A place under ground, where stores and liquors are reposited. If this fellow had lived in the time of Cato, he would, for his punishment, have been confined to the bottom of a cellar during his life. Peachan on Drawing. Ce’ll ARA Ge. n.s.. [from cellar.] The part of the building which makes the cellars. Come on, you hear this fellow in the cellarage. -- Shakspeare. A good ascent makes a house wholesome, and gives opportunity for cellarage. Mortiner. Ce’l L.AR 1st. n.s.. [cellarius, Lat.) The butler in a religious house. Dict, CE’llu LA R. adj. [cellula, Lat.] Consisting of little cells or cavities. e urine, insinuating itself amongst the neighbouring muscles, and cellular membranes, destroyed four. Sharp's Surgery. Ce’lsioru De, n.s.. [celsitudo, Latl Height. Dict. CE/MENT. n.s.. [carmentum, Lat.] 1. The matter with which two bodies are made to cohere, as mortar or glue. Your temples burned in their cement, and your franchises confined into an augre's bore, Shakt.

Prior.

There is a cement compounded of flour, whites of eggs, and stones powder'd, that becomethhard as marble. alcon. You may see divers pebbles, and a crust of cement or stone between them, as hard as the pebbles themselves. Bacon. The foundation was made of rough stone, joined together with a most firm cement; upon this was laid another layer, consisting of small stones and cement. Arbuthnot on Coins. 2. Bond of union in friendship. Let not the peace of virtue, which is set Betwixt us as #: cement of our love, To keep it builded, be the ram to batter. Shak. What cement should unite heaven and earth, light and darkness? Ulanville. Look over the whole creation, and you shall see, that the band or cement that holds together all the parts of this great and glorious fabrick, is gratitude. South. To CEME’NT. v. a. [from the noun..] To unite by means of something interposed. But how the fear of us May cement their divisions, and bind up The petty difference, we yet not know. Shakop. Liquid bodies have nothing to cement them; they are all loose and incoherent, and in a perpetual flux: even an heap of sand, or fine powder, will suffer no i. within them, though they be dry substances. Burnet. Love with white lead cements his wings; White lead was sent us to repair Two brightest, brittlest, earthly things, A lady's face and china ware. wift. To CEM E/NT. v. m. To come into conjunction; to cohere. When a wound is recent, and the parts of it. are divided by a sharp instrument, they will, if held in close contact for some time, reunite by inosculation, and cement like one branch of a tree ingrafted on another. Sharp's Surgery. CEMENT A^T io N. m.s.. [from cement.] The act of cementing, or uniting with cement. CEME'N TER. m. s. [from cement.] A person or thing that unites in society. God having designed man for a sociable creature, furnished him with language, which was to be the great instrument and cementer of society. Lockr. CE’METERY. n.s. [xotosí;w.] A place where the dead are reposited. The souls of the dead appear frequently in cemetries, and hover about the places where their bodies are buried, as still hankering about their old brutal pleasures, and desiring again to enter the body. Addison. CEN, and CIN, denote kinsfolk : so Cinulph is a help to his kindred ; Cinehelm, a protector of his kinsfolk; Cinburg, the defence of his kindred; Cinric, powerful in kindred. Gibson. CE’s A To R Y. adj. [from ceno, to sup, Lat.] Relating to supper. The Romans washed, were anointed, and wore a cenatory garment; and the same was practised by the Jews. rown's Pulgar Errouru. CEN ob 1'rica L. adj. [xo~ and 8:3-.] Living in community. They have multitudes of religious orders, black and grey, eremitical and cemobitical, and nuns. Stilling fleet. CE'Not A PH. n.s. [x;,3° and rát 3:...]. A monument for one buried elsewhere. Priam, to whom the story was unknown, As dead deplor'd his metamorphos'd won;

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