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season and out of season to visit the neiglıboring villages, where descending day, as well as opening morn, found him still busy in refreshing the weary and spiritually destitute. Young as this Timothy was when the Baptist church at Waterbeach called him to the pastorate, he not only statedly met the claims of his own particular flock, but eleven other communities shared in his weekly ministrations, amongst whom he is said to have preached as many extra sermons as there are days in the year. Such an alumnus, we think, graduates with pretty high honors, and goes forth to his life-battle limited to the efficacy of no puny pocket-pistol of one barrel, loaded and discharged only by routine, and of too small a calibre to either kick or hit hard. Turks inscribe the choicest sentences of the Koran upon their swords, that the most important maxims of their religion may be illustrated in the closest alliance with effective blows. What right have you to boast of your sheepskin diploma, and claim precedence in the ranks of honor on account of college privileges, if your parent or patron, who paid dearly for the same, can say of the result only as Aaron once lamented with vain regret, “I cast gold into the fire, and there came out this calf?” All honor to the generous founders and accomplished teachers of colleges ; but let no one, in or out of them, claim respect any further than, with his own brains and heart, he proves himself to be respectable. How much can do stands
boots ? If any, go ahead; but if none, then shut up. True education does not resemble the passive process of a medicinal bath-something soaked in ; it is mind educed — led forth. The candidate for the sacred ministry, or who is destined to any other sphere of professional life, that does not early form the habit, and persistingly exercise the right, of making books, schools, professors, and all their appliances his own, by an overmastering subordination to self-development, will never be of more utility than a milliner's show-block, bearing a constant change of fashions outside, and nothing original within; useful only while invested by the industry of others, and even at the best but a simple blockhead still.
Read some of Mr. Spurgeon's statements touching his early education, which at once assert the source of its greatest worth, and exemplify the beauty of its blessed influence. Says he: “When I hear sweet syllables fall from many lips, keeping measure and time, then I feel elevated, and, forgetting for a time every being terrestrial, I soar aloft towards heaven.” He represents himself as having "delighted in the musty old folios which
many of his brethren have upon their library shelves," and, “as for new books, he leaves them to others.” To the Bible, he ascribes the discipline of his mental faculties, as well as his knowledge of divine truth. Once, he declares, he put all his knowledge together in glorious confusion ; but now he has a shelf in his head for everything, and, whatever he reads or hears, he knows where to stow it away. “ Ever since I have known Christ, I have put Christ in the centre as my sun, and each secular science revolves around it as a planet, while the minor sciences are satellites to their planets.” He can learn everything now; and, from his own experience, he exhorts thus: “O young man! build thy studio on Calvary! There raise thine observatory, and scan, by faith, the lofty things of nature! Take thee a hermit's cell in the garden of Gethsemane, and lave thy brow with the waters of Siloa !” In one of his sermons, he remarks that “the man of one book is often more intelligent than the man of fifty." In recommending pointed preaching, he makes a remark, which illustrates his own habit of wide wandering for material, connected with the power of sudden and concentrated use. “ It is not the sheet lightning, seen in all places, that takes effect; but it is the forked flash that smites the temple, or scorches the tree.” Another remark sets forth the spontaneity of this rare preacher's thoughts, and the graceful freshness with which they emanate from his heart and lips. “ There is much virtue which is like the juice of the grape, which has to be squeezed before you get it; not like the generous drop of the honeycomb, distilling willingly and freely."
It is justly remarked, by an English critic, that the “manly tone of Mr. Spurgeon's mind might be illustrated from the admirable thoughts which he expresses on the connection between the diffusion of the gospel and the increase of civil liberty. His graphic skill in delineating character, might be demonstrated from his life-like pictures of the prejudiced Jew and the scoffing Greek of modern times; his unsparing fidelity, from the sarcastic severity with which he rebukes the neglect of the Bible by modern professors; his powers of personification and dramatic presentation, from the scene which he paints between the dying Christian and death, or between Christ and justice, and the justified sinner; his refined skill in the treatment of a delicate subject, in the veiled yet impressive description of the trial of Joseph; the use that he can make of a single metaphor, by his powerful comparison of the sinner to 'Mazeppa, bound on the wild horse of his lust, galloping on with hell's wolves behind him,' till stopped and liberated by a Mighty Hand.” It is indeed well for the church and world that, “ somehow, God does choose the last men; he does not care for the diamond, but he picks up the pebble-stones; for he is able, out of stones, to raise up children unto Abraham.” Many other instances might be given, which indicate the most diversified and delicate observation. “Bright-eyed cheerfulness and airy-footed love," are among his fine phrases. Winter is described as not killing the flowers, but as “coating them with the ermine of its snows." Again, the sun is not quenched, but is behind the clouds, “brewing up summer; and, when he cometh forth again, he will have made those clouds fit to drop in April showers, all of them mothers of the sweet May flowers.” Saul is depicted as “bespattered with the blood of Stephen." God“ puts our prayers, like rose-leaves, between the pages of his book of remembrance; and, when the volume is opened at last, there shall be a precious fragrance springing up therefrom.” “ There is one thing," the sinner is told, “ that doth outstrip the telegraph: “Before they call, I will answer; and, while they are yet speaking, I will hear."" The memory infected by the fall is described as “suffering the glorious timbers from the forest of Lebanon to swim down the stream of oblivion; but she stopped all the drift that floateth from the foul city of Sodom.” It is in no feeble diction that the preacher speaks of the lightning “splitting the clouds and rending the heavens”; of “the Mighty Hand wherein the callow comets are brooded by the sun;" and of the very spheres stopping their music while God speaks with his wondrous deep bass voice.” Sometimes he attains a still more impressive grandeur, as when he exclaims : “Did you ever walk the centuries, and mark the rise and fall of various empires of unbelief”? or, when supposing the extinction of Christianity by infidels, he would“ hang the world in mourning, and make the sea the chief mourner, with its dirge of howling winds, and its wild death-march of disordered waves."
But no single passage will better indicate the nature and spirit of Mr. Spurgeon's education, than the following extract from his sermon on “The People's Christ.” It is not reprinted entire in the present volume, since it has been so much mutilated by the fragments thence derived to redeem the poverty of our introduction. The preacher affirms that “ Jesus Christ was one of the people in his doctrine. His gospel never was the philosopher's gospel, for it is not abstruse enough. It will not consent to be buried in hard words and technical phrases: it is so simple, that he who can spell over, • He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved,' may have a saving knowledge of it. Hence, worldly-wise men scorn the science of truth, and sneeringly say, 'why, even a blacksmith can preach now-a-days, and men who were at the plough-tail may turn preachers'; while priestcraft demands, “What right have they to do any such thing, unauthorized by us'? O! sad case that gospel truth should be slighted because of its plainness, and that my Master should be despised because he will not be exclusive - will not be monopolized by men of talent and erudition. Jesus is the ignorant man's Christ as much as the learned man's Christ; for he hath chosen the base things of the world, and the things that are despised.' Ah! much as I love true science and real education, I mourn and grieve that our ministers are so much diluting the Word of God with philosophy, desiring to be intellectual preachers, delivering model sermons, well fitted for a room full of college students and professors of theology, but of no use to the masses, being destitute of simplicity, warmth, earnestness, or even solid gospel matter. I fear our college training is but a poor gain to our churches, since it often serves to wean the young man's sympathies from the people, and wed them to the few, the intellectual, and wealthy of the church. It is good to be a fellow-citizen in the republic of letters, but better far to be an able minister of the kingdom of heaven. It is good to be able, like some great minds, to attract the mighty ; but the more useful man will still be he, who, like Whitfield, uses “market language'; for it is a sad fact that high places and the gospel seldom well agree; and, moreover, be it known, that the doctrine of Christ is the doctrine of the people. It was not meant to be the gospel of a caste, a clique, or any one class of the community. The covenant of grace is not ordered for men of one peculiar grade, but some of all sorts are included. A few there were of rich, that followed Jesus in his own day, as there are now.
Mary, and Martha, and Lazarus were well to do, and there was the wife of Herod's steward, with some more of the nobility. These, however, were but a few: his congregation were made up of the lower orders, – the masses, the multitude. "The common people heard him gladly’; and his doctrine was one which did not allow of distinction, but put all men as sinners naturally, on an equality in the sight of God. One is your father, one is your master, even Christ, and all ye are brethren. These were words which he taught to his disciples, while, in his own person, he was the mirror of humility, and proved himself the friend of earth's poor sons, and