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Kentucky Bible Society. Thus the Board | tioned, the Committee recommend to the have now one duodecimo and two octavo Board to offer to the same Society the use of sets to dispose of. An important question an octavo set also. Whether Lexington, here presents itself, which is, “Ought the which is the seat of the Kentucky Bible Sooctavo and duodecimo sets to be separated." ciety, is the best place which could have The Committee believe that the Board acted been selected for a printing establishment in wisely in procuring the large plates. The that part of the state, is a question which smallness of the Bibles hitherto distributed the Committee are not called on to decide ; by our Bible Societies has been a subject of but they believe that, with the exception of constant complaint; and it appears from re- Pittsburgh, it possesses superior advantages ports of Bible Associations in England, that to any town west of the mountains; and it the poor, when they subscribe for Bibles, may reasonably be doubted whether the generally prefer those of a large type, al- Pittsburgh Bible Society possesses equal rethough the price is proportionably high. sources for printing Bibles, either on their Many of the poor read imperfectly, and find own account, or on account of the board, a large type far easier to read than a small with the Kentucky Bible Society; which, one; while to many of the aged, the small from present appearances, promises to betype is entirely illegible. At the same time come a great and useful institution. There the small type is the cheapest, and answers are other places besides Lexington, at which for a large majority of readers. If we se- plates might be conveniently located; parate the sets, one district will be supplied but the value of the plates is so great, and with the small type only, and many of its the reputation and future success of the Soinhabitants will feel the want of the impor- ciety will so materially depend on the prutant advantages enjoyed by the more fortu- dence with which these plates are distribunate district which possesses the Scriptures ted, and the wisdom with which the use of in a more legible form : at the same time, them may be regulated, that the Committee another district will have an edition large hesitate in recommending at present any and handsome indeed, but too expensive for new location. The Society is yet without gratuitous distribution. If, to remedy this experience, and possesses little local infor. inconvenience, it be proposed to place the mation or acquaintance with the character two sets at such a distance from each other, and resources of its Auxiliaries. But little as that an exchange of Bibles may constantly inconvenience can result from postponing take place, the question immediately pre- the location of all the plates, except the two sents itself, Why incur the expense of two sets sent to Lexington, until the Board shall printing establishments, and the risk and be put in possession of such information as trouble of a constant interchange of Bibles, may be necessary to make a judicious loca. when one establishment could supply each tion. At present we are ignorant of the district with Bibles of the size desired? If terms on which paper can be procured and it be admitted that the plates ought to be Bibles printed in different parts of the United sent only to such districts, as in the language States; and it is possible that we might send of the Convention, " are now scantily sup- the plates to a Society which could procure plied at a discouraging expense,” and that Bibles from another state cheaper than it the large and small plates ought not to be could print them." separated, then it only remains to fix on the

(To be continued.) places in which the plates ought to be located, and the conditions on which the So Although so large a portion of this ciety ought to part with them. The Board Number is devoted to Intelligence, still have already promised the Kentucky Bible many articles are unavoidably excluded. Society the use of a set of the duodecimo We shall endeavour to provide for them in plates; and, for the reasons already men.

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(When original articles of biography are rection of the learned and famous not at hand, we shall occasionally select Dr. Major, who was then theoloone for our pages. The following is gy professor at Glasgow.” from a very interesting article in the The doctrines of Luther were * Religious Monitor,” entitled “ Bioĝra- now making progress, not only in phical Sketches of the Reformers in England, but also in Scotland. Scotland."-Ed.)

They attracted the attention of

Mr. Spottiswood, and he assented MR. JOHN SPOTTISWOOD. to them, in so far as he under

stood them. But he perceived MR. John SPOTTISWOOD, one of how dangerous it was to profess the Reformers in Scotland, was them openly in his own country, born in 1509. He was the se- during the persecutions which cond son of William Spottiswood were carried on in the reign of of the shire of Berwick, who lost King James V. Being disgusted his life in the disastrous battle of with the cruelties which were Flodden, along with king James then exercised, and abhorring IV. and many other of his coun- the thoughts of appearing as a trymen, September 9, 1513; and clergyman in a Church which was, of Elizabeth, daughter of Henry in many respects, directly oppoHop-Pringle, of Torsonce, on the site to the religion of Christ, he borders of Selkirkshire. He is withdrew himself privately into said to have been left an orphan England, where the Reformation by the death of his father. had already made a considerable

The persons to whose care progress, and where a greater young Mr. Spottiswood had been degree of liberty, with regard to committed, sent him, when he religion, was then allowed. He had arrived at a proper age, to went tbither, most probably about the university of Glasgow, where the year 1534, when he bad enhe made good proficiency in his tered into the twenty-third year education, and took his literary of his age. degrees. But as his mind was He now intended, it has been early impressed with a serious said, to follow some secular emsense of religion, he applied him- ployment ; but the wise and so. self chiefly to the study of divini- vereign Disposer of all events ly. Mr. Crawfurd says, that he had determined, that this sincere was for some time under the di inquirer after truth should have Vol. II....No. 4.


his mind farther enlightened, and Dess. Notwithstanding the seve. that he should serve him in the rities of the late reign, the Progospel of his Son. Providence testants in Scotland were numeso ordered, that he was intro- rous and powerful, as a proof of duced to Archbishop Cranmer, which the cardinal, a short while who afterward in the reign of before the king's death, had prethe English Queen Mary, suffered sented to him a list of three hundeath as a martyr to his religion.dred and sixty principal nobleThis great and good man was men, barons, and gentlemen, much pleased with Mr. Spottis- whom he accused of heresy, and wood; he admitted him into his craved that he should be allowed familiarity, and fully instructed to prosecute them. and confirmed him in the Protes Another circumstance which tant faith.

afforded encouragement to Mr. Mr. Spottiswood was in Eng. Spottiswood and the Protestant land about eight or nine years, party was, that King Henry VIII. but the particular manner in immediately upon his hearing of which he was there employed, is the death of his nephew, the not sufficiently evident. It may Scottish king, entered very keenbe presumed, that if he had not ly into a design of effecting a received clerical orders before, marriage between the infant he now received them from the Queen of Scotland, and his son hands of the archbishop. It is Edward, who was afterward the probable that he resided chiefly pious King Edward VI. He used in the Archbishop's family as one various means to accomplish bis of his chaplains, and assisted him purpose. He not only sent an in the various parts of public bu- ambassador to Scotland, to make siness, in which, from the nature proposals, bat granted liberty to of his office he was necessarily the Scottish noblemen who had engaged. It must have been in been detained prisoners since the some such situation that he be- battle of Solway-moss, November came a person well known at the 24, 1542, to return home, upon court of England.

their having given a promise of But whatever his employments exerting their endeavours in his were, his affection was always behalf. As he chiefly confided strong towards his native coun- in the Protestant party, he also try; and the time at last arrived, sent divines from England, to when his desire could be proper- preach the doctrines of the ly gratified. Several encouraging Reformation, and recommended circumstances concurred; King some of these divines by special James V. had died, December 14, letters, to the Earl of Arran. In 1542, and his successor was a all these circumstances it may be daughter, only seven days old. supposed, that Cranmer heartily The Earl of Arran, a reputed approved of Mr. Spottiswood's Protestant, was made regent, or return to Scotland, and that King governor of the kingdom. Cardi- Henry was not ignorant of it. nal David Beaton, the head of But Mr. Spottiswood had found the Popish party, had been dis- among the Scottish prisoners at graced by the governor, and was London, one with whom be bea prisoner in the castle of Black-lcame intimately acquainted, and

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who was always afterward his tyranny, and abuses of the Roman steady friend and powerful pro- antichrist.” tector. This was William, fourth In 1543, we find Mr. SpottisEarl of Glencairn, a zealous Pro- wood in Scotland, happy with his testant. It was most probably in Protestant friends, in the enjoythe company of this nobleman, ment of their religious freedom. and of the other released prison. But to gratify his friend, William, ers, who arrived at Edinburgh in Earl of Glencairn, he was induced the middle of January, 1543, that again to make a visit to England. Mr. Spottiswood again visited his The occasion was, Matthew, Earl native country.

of Lennox, an accomplished young He chiefly resided, after his nobleman, and who was remarkreturn, in the house of the Earl able for his courtly manners, came of Glencairo, officiating, it may be home from France in the month presumed, in his clerical capa- of April. His views were of city; and he would not fail, on a very elevated nature. The every proper occasion, to speak French court had taught him to in favour of the match with Eng. expect, that he might be married land, on which the prosperity of to the Queen Dowager of Scotthe Protestant interest seemed so land, aod made governor or regreatly to depend.

gent of the kingdom. He thereScotland had never indeed be- fore, for some time, laboured to fore enjoyed such bright pros- promote that alliance with France, pects with regard to religion, as which the Papists had now in conduring the greatest part of the templation ; but finding at last, year 1543. Preachers, especial that both the Earl of Arran and ly from England, abounded, who the Cardinal were his enemies, openly declared the true princi- and that the French had deserted ples of the gospel. In the month and deceived him, be changed his of March, an act of parliament political conduct, and favoured was made and published, render-the match with England. ing it lawful for every person to Still, however, his ambition read the Old and New Testa- aimed at what was reckoned a ments in the mother tongue. And high object. He sought to prothe treaty of marriage of the cure for himself in marriage the Queen of Scots with the Prince Lady Margaret Douglas, niece of of England, was ratified by act of King Henry VIII. She was the parliament, August 25.

daughter of Margaret, Henry's Then,” says Mr. Knox, sister, who after the death of her “ might have been seen, the Bible first husband, King James IV. lying on almost every gentleman's married Archibald Douglas, comtable. The New Testament was monly called the great Earl of borne about in many men's hands. Angus, and this young lady was The knowledge of God did won the only child of that second marderfully increase, and he gave his riage. 'Henry had taken care that Holy Spirit to simple men in great his niece should be educated at abundance. Then were set forth the court of England, and she yet works in our own tongue, besides remained there. those which came from England, The Earl of Lennox' applied to that did disclose the pride, the her father, who was then in Scot

land, and it appears from the let- | brother persuaded Mr. Spottisters of Sir Ralph Sadler, that the wood to accept of the ministerial Earl of Angus referred the matter charge of that parish; and had entirely to the determination of interest enough to procure that the English king.

his acceptance of it should be alBut the Earl of Lennox was lowed, though his Protestant anxious to find proper persons to principles were pretty generally transact his affair at the court of known. He continued minister England; and William, Earl of of Calder till his death; and the Glencairn, recommended to him book of the baronage of Scotland Mr. Spottiswood, as one who says, that he took great pains in would be very useful to him in teaching his people the princithat country.

ples of the Protestant faith.
Mr. Spottiswood accordingly
went to England, it should seem, Mr. Knox was at Calder, Mr.

In the winter of 1554, when
He was successful in his mission: Spottiswood, because of the situ-
He was successful in his mission. ation of public affairs at that time,
The Earl of Lennox soon after
followed ; and the marriage was

could not invite him to preach in solemnized in summer 1544. It

the parish Church, but made no may be remarked, that the eldest objection to, and it may be preson of this marriage, in which sumed, heartily approved of, his Mr. Spottiswood was so greatly Calder-house, where the prior of

preaching in the great hall of instrumental, was Henry Lord Darnly, the second husband of St. Andrews, and many other

And Mary Queen of Scots, and father in the spring of 1555, Mr. Knox,

noblemen, resorted to him. of King James VI.

Mr. Spottiswood remained with being a second time at Calder, in the Earl of Lennox some months cairn's house of Finlayston, again

bis way from the Earl of Glenafter the marriage, and then returned to his native country, with preached, and also dispensed the

sacrament of our Lord's a resolution never more to for

supper sake it.

to great numbers of people, who

convened there from the adjacent He now found another

very valuable friend in Sir

James Sandi- parts of the country, and from lands, Lord St. John, afterward the privilege of receiving the the first Lord of Torphichen. He was brother to Sir John Sandi. holy communion, in the manner

which their consciences

aplands the Knight of Calder. He and his brother were men of an

proved. eminent religious character, and Douglas, in his book of the zealous promoters of the Reform- peerage of Scotland says, that the ation. Mr. Spottiswood was al- sacrament of our Lord's supper most constantly with them, and was celebrated in Scotland for with a young nobleman of great the first time in the Protestant hopes, the Lord James Stewart, form, in the great hall of the prior of St. Andrews.

house of Calder. But this eviAt length, in the year 1547, dently was a mistake, for it apwhen the parish of Calder be- pears from Knox’s History, that came vacant, Sir James and his it had been before celebrated in


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