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Kingston, Hallowell, Bellville, and Hamil-, us at Kingston, we promised to place several
ton, Ministers might also be settled in at their disposal.
York, Stamford, and Windham, where The government have done much for the
Churches are already formed. In all these promotion of literature. In each district
places, a Minister of piety, talents, and pru- there is what is denominated a district
dence, who was devoted to his work, might school, which answers to our academies :
receive a salary from $600 to $1000 a year. The teachers of which, in addition to the
The people urged us to use our utmost en charges for tuition, received from govern-
deavours to influence Ministers to come and ment 100 pounds per year. And for the
settle among them. To a man of a true support of common schools, the legislature
missionary spirit the encouragement is passed an act, April 1, 1816, to continue for
great, for the harvest is great and the la four years, by which they appropriated
bourers are few, and the fields are already 6000 pounds or 24,000 dollars annually for
white for the harvest. We can truly affirm this object. This sum is divided among the
that we have never preached to any people different districts, in proportion to the num-
who so generally received the word with ber of inhabitants, &c.
solemnity and attention, and many of whom
appeared more deeply impressed. Here If we wish to succeed, either in building
also they enter not on other men's labours, up the Reformed Datch Church in Canada,
and there is the fairest opportunity to build or in promoting the interest of Zion general-
up Churches in the order of the Gospel.ly, we must in some measure alter our plan
To those Ministers who wish to provide for of Missions. It is not more important that
their families, in such a manner, as not to Churches should be organized, than that
leave them dependent on Christian charity, pastors should be placed over them; for un-
we know of no place that affords fairer less this is done, little or nothing is gained.
prospects; for landed property is cheap or Neither can it be expected that a Missiona-
easily acquired. The climate also does not ry, by spending a week or two in a place
differ materially, from that on the opposite can become sufficiently acquainted with the
shores, of New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, character and conduct of individuals to
and Michigan. The soil in general is ex- proceed with sufficient caution, in so solema
cellent, and produces very abundantly. and important a transaction as the forma-
The greatest difficulty to an American in tion of a Church. The present state of our
removing to Canada, is that which arises Churches in Canada show the force of
from a change of government. But the these remarks. Instead therefore of send-
Ministers of Jesus ought to remember, that ing Missionaries on a cursory mission of a
they belong to a kingdom which is not of few weeks, to travel from one end of the
this world; and therefore that in the ser province to the other, we ought to send men
vice of Christ they ought to be willing to of proper qualifications, to labour within a
become peaceable and faithful subjects to certain circuit, where, in all human proba-
any government which grants them liberty bility, a congregation and Church may be
of conscience, and protects their persons speedily organized; and in case an oppor-
and property.

tunity of a settlement offers, should be willThe four Bible Societies at Kingston, ing to settle among the people. And if Ernestown, York, and Niagara, have not such a Society should not be able immediyet circulated many Bibles, and the pro- ately to support a Minister all the time, he bability is they will not very soon be able to ought to be supported in part out of the supply the wants of the prorince. We Missionary fund, and labour then a prohave been informed by several Ministers, portionable time as a Missionary, in such that Bibles are much needed, and in expec- places in his vicinity as call for Missionary fation that a box of Bibles pas forwarded to 'service. The experience of other Missions

ary Societies has proved this as the best therefore there are but few able Missiona. plan for Missionary operations.

ries. It is also a great mistake that men of in It were to be wished that our candidates ferior talents are good enough to be em- were more touched by a view of the wants of ployed in the Missionary cause. Such men Canada, and other destitute regions. The often rather retard than advance the pro- call is the louder on them, because they gress of the Gospel, and might rather be can more easily enter the Missionary serpaid to stay home than to go abroad. The vice than men with families and flocks. It truth is, that the proper labours of a Mis- might also be of great advantage to them, i sionary are much more arduous than those increasing their knowledge of countries and of an ordinary pastor, and therefore require manners, enlarging their views of the spiri higher qualifications. It is comparatively tual wants of the world, exciting an interes easy to feed a congregation whose princi- in these wants, and thus awakening a spirit ples and habits are already formed; but to which might distinguish them through life, go into uncultivated regions, and root out in exertions to build up the Redeemer's ignorance and error, silence the assaults of kingdom. enthusiastic Sectarians, and bring order out Signed, of confusion, and light out of darkness, re

JOHN F. SCHERMERHORY, quires abilities, prudence, zeal, and perse

JACOB VAN VECHTEN. yerance, which but few possess. And

TO OUR READERS. Our readers are informed, that “ The Second Annual Report of the Directors to the New-York Evangelical Missionary Society of Young Men," would have been published in this number if we had received it in time. It shall appear in our next.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. * is informed that his “ Review of Barlass's Sermons is unavoidably postponed. We shall insert it in our number for March.

Q shall be inserted.

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OF THE MANNER IN WHICH AME- schadale across in bis canoe from
RICA WAS PEOPLED AFTER THE Asia to America. But, as soon as

it was known that the distance
between the two continents did

not exceed 39 miles, there being HISTORIANS and philosophers an island in the middle space, Dr. have been greatly perplexed in Robertson, and other historians, attempting to account for the without any difficulty, were enamanner in which America was bled to bring the man of Asia peopled by any part of the human across to America. True it is, race, after the flood.

The whole that man is capable of existing in process unfortunately depends any latitude, from the equator to upon pure conjecture. Some the vicinity of either pole. But philosophers in Europe have ac- there are few other animals capacounted for the fact in a summa- ble of bearing the same diversity ry method. They have alleged of temperatures. It is well known that the man of America is a dis- that there are some animals in tinct branch of the creation. This America, as the reindeer, that was a short method of solving the cannot endure a warm climate. knot; but we do not recollect and there is a great variety of that any writer has been quite so animals, beasts, and birds, that visionary as to allege that all ani- cannot endure a cold climate. mals, birds, and beasts, were in How did these animals come to the same predicament. Nor have America ? They certainly did not we seen any attempts to account cross in the vicinity of Bebring's for the transportation of those Straits : they could not endure animals, a process which is much the severe cold of that climate. more difficult than to account for But if we could find two crossing the transportation of the human places, (one in a cold, the other race to America. While it was in a warm, latitude) equally conbelieved that considerable 'venient and practicable as that at ocean intervened between Asia Kamschatka, we should be glad to and America, great difficulties hear in what manner any writer were found in bringing the Kam- can account for the transportaVol. II....No. 11.

31

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tion of subdry beasts and reptiles, peds in America that are not that have passed from the old coo- found in the other continent. tinent to America. It does not, as we think, appear that any man 3. There are some islands in has transported the elephant, the wbich very few quadrupeds are lion, or the camel. If they have found. been transported, they did not thrive in their new , quarters.

In reference to the first case, But the man must have had a we have to observe that the elestrange turn of mind, who was at phant, camelopard, zebra, and the trouble of transporting the some other quadrupeds, do not wolf, the fox, the polecat, the mole, seem to be much disposed to the rattlesnake, or other ve- change their pative soil and clinomous sepents. Although it mate. Hence it is that they are is not probable that the azouti, not found in many places on the the раса, , or sundry other other continent. The lion, tiquadrupeds, were transported ger, hyena, &c. seem to be more either for their beauty or their inclined to ramble ; but they use, it seems probable that they may have found a sufficient supthrived much better in America ply of defenceless beasts in their than in the country from which dative country, when they could they came ; for the race of sun- have migrated; or the soil and dry quadrupeds seems to be worn climate of America, on trial, may out in the other continent. not have agreed with them. It is

In a word, little difficulty oc- believed that America is not well curs in showing various methods fitted to a race of ferocious aniby which the man of America mals. may have passed over from the 2. To account for the exist. other continent. Nor is it at allence of quadrupeds in America, improbable that he came over in that are not found at present in different places, and at different the old continent, we have only periods. But it is very probable to recollect that the bones of that America was not peopled sundry quadrupeds are now found with beasts, birds, and reptiles, in France, and the adjacent in the same manner that it was islands, that do not live at prepeopled by the human race. We sent in those regions. Their anare then to inquire, in what man- cestors must have migrated from ner, and at what period, was those regions, or the race is now America supplied with quadru- extinct. It is not improbable peds, birds, and reptiles.

that the soil and climate of Ame. While we attend to this part of rica may have proved more faNatural History, there are a few vourable to the increase of cercircumstances that demand our tain animals, than the country particular notice, viz.

from which they came.

3. We shall bereafter consi. 1. There are sundry quadru- der bow it may bave bappened peds on the old continent that are that few quadrupeds are found in not found in America.

some parts of the eartb.

We return to the original 2. There are sundry quadru- quesion :-By what means was

America furnished with that im-nearly in the same manner. But mense variety of beasts, birds, we suspect, that, whatever diffiand reptiles, that abound on this culty modern writers have found continent, since it appears to be in peopling America after the absolutely certain that they could flood, by quadrupeds and birds, not have been introduced or none of our readers will venture transported by adventurers of the to assert that any difficulty could human race ?-We answer with bave occurred in peopling the out hesitation : they must have whole earth at the beginning. We come in the character of volun- cannot, for a moment, suffer ourteers to this country: they must selves to believe, that when the have migrated of choice. But divine Being had formed a world this supposes that there was land for the comfortable residence of on which they could travel ; and an innocent race of men, he

sepa. this supposition opens to us a rated one part of that world from field of great extent. It implies the other hy a vast ocean that a supposition, that there was a could not be passed by the brute time in wbich there was not more creation. lo a word, we count it than one continent; a time in certain that America was not sewhich man and beast might travel parated from the other continent from any part of this globe to any before the flood of Noah. other pari, without the help of When we attempted to account shipping.

for the long life of the antediluThe reader is here requested vians, we took for granted that to pause a little, and consider the quantity of ocean-water upon whether it is not probable, or the face of the earth was very certain, that America, before the small, before the flood, compared flood, was peopled like every to what it is at present. We otber part of the world; and could not allow ourselves to bewhether all flesh, in America, was lieve that two-thirds of the globe pot cut off, as in other parts. was covered by water, and oneThe words of Moses are very ex-half of the remaining tbird was plicit : that all flesh should be de- nearly useless, being reduced to stroyed wherein was the breath sandy deserts, or rocks, hills, and of life, from under heaven ; and mountains. This would be to that every thing in the earth suppose, that the earth was cursshould die. But if America had ed before man had sinned. been peopled before the food, take for granted that every part it certainly must have been peo- of the earth might have been pled by the natural increase of come at, from every other part, animals from an original pair. without crossing an ocean. In For, in this very manner, we dis- support of this opinion, the readcover that it was to be peopleder will be pleased to consider, after the food, according to the that the ark of Noah was cerexpress directions that were given taiply the first vessel that ever to Noah. We, therefore, take floated upon water for the confor granted, that, in both cases, venience of men or support of after the creation and after the life. The antediluvians were, flood, America was peopled by many of them, artificers in brass quadrupeds, birds, and reptiles, and iron; they were sufficiently

We

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