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ceive this God alone as our God, and positive. Of these last the and the object of worship. 2. To Lord's Supper is the most imreceive him as he has revealed portant, next to baptism. On himself, Father, Son, and Holy these commandments we will not Ghost. 3. To render to each enlarge. equal honour and obedience. 4. They who being discipled, To depend upon his acceptance bave been baptized, must proand favour. 5. To be conformed cure the baptism of their children, to his likeness. 6. To hope for and attend the Lord's supper. eteroal life through him and do Children, or infant disciples, must other.
be taught in a different way.Such are the obligations im- But as this will come under conposed by baptism, and such the sideration fully hereafter, we add doctrines which it teaches. Faith no more. Only mentioning, that in these doctrines must first be they who feel desirous of seeing professed before baptism, and a sketch of a plan in all its parts consequently the discharge of for teaching children to observe these obligations become due. all things which Christ has comBaptism therefore is a rite by manded, can find such a plan in which the minister solemnly re- the Report of a Committee of the cognizes the fitness of the bap- General Assembly on that subtized person to be a visible sub-ject, which the Assembly have ject of Christ's mediatorial king- ordered to be printed for the dom.
consideration of the Churches. Three things thus belong to it
Ζητα. as essential. 1. The previous fitness of the person to be baptized. 2. The recognition of
ANECDOTE OF HUGH BROUGHTON. this fitness in the act of baptism. 3. The administration of this act
THIS profound scholar was noted
for the freedom with which he commuof baptism by a minister. The nicated inforination to those who were first is the foundation of the other desirous of learning, but was too apt two.
to be offended when his pupils did not
readily understand him.--of which the III. The last particular in- following is an example.
While Mr. B. was at Mentz, a young cluded in the direction, is teach-map of the name of Morton, from Enging them to observe all things land, frequently visited him, to ask which I have commanded you. questions, and receive instructions. The persons meant are those When the young pupil did not underwho, being discipled, have been tion, Mr. Broughton became angry,
stand him, but desired further explanabaptized. By their baptism, they calling him duli and unlearned. This have been recognized as members having beconie his established pracof the visible Church. They must tice, Mr. Morton, when he asked him then be taught by the ministry to any questions, used pleasantly to say,
“ I pray you, whatsoever dolis or dullobserve all things which Christ ards I am to be called, call me so be. has commanded. He is Lord as fore we begin, that your discourse and well as Saviour, and Lord in his mine attention be not interrupted;"' character as Saviour. He is a
which Mr. B. took as pleasantly from priest upon his throne.
him. This person, it is added, was af
terward the celebrated Dr. Morton, His commandments are moral Bishop of Durham.
4 Plea for Africa. A Sermon! It was to have been expected
preached October 26, 1817, in that, in such an age as this, Africa the First Presbyterian Church in would cease to be unnoticed, as it the city of New York, before the had been for a long period, exSynod of New-York and New-cept for the most inhuman purJersey, at the request of the poses ; and that it would obtain Board of Directors of the Afri- perhaps increased regard, from can School established by the having been so long forgotten. It Synod. By EDWARD D. GRIF- was to have been expected, that, Fin, D.D. Pastor of the Second in such an age as this, the abomiPresbyterian Church in New-nable traffic in human flesh would ark, New-Jersey. Published by be viewed in the light which it request of the Board. 8vo. pp. deserved; and that some atone76. New-York, 1817. ment would be offered to a peo
ple, who had for centuries been This is an age of religious ef-suffering oppression and cruelty forts. From the year 1792, when from the civilized world. the first Missionary Society was Accordingly, we find the slave formed in England, there have trade no longer under the probeen continually springing up tection of the laws, but abanmore and more institutions, which doned, and almost entirely deare calculated to be as useful to stroyed. We find that repeated the world, as they are honour attempts have been made to peneable to the people and to the trate into the interior of Africa, cause of our Lord Jesus Christ. and to obtain a full and accurate Missionary Societies and Bible koowledge of its inhabitants, their Societies are most numerous; manners, their religion, and their they possess and they expend history ; with a view to send to princely revenues; they exhibit them the blessings of Christianity. Christians of almost all sects and We regret that we cannot add denominations under heaven, as that we find Africa enjoying the upited in one sacred plan, and word of life in all its languages, pursuing that plan with activity, and the gospel preached to all its and zeal, and perseverance, at people. But the time for this is once new and wonderful. They hastening on, and the means are are rapidly translating, publishing, in operation. Although one traand circulating the pure word offveller after another has been cut God, in a multitude of languages. off by death, still there is an inThey are rapidly instructing and trepid BURCHARDT, who, at the sending forth preachers of the last accounts, was on his way to gospel to the millions who are Tornbuctoo and the Niger. Algroping, and hopeless, and ready though the recent expeditions, to perish, amidst the darkness undertaken by order of the gove and blackness of Pagan idolatries. ernment of Great Britain, to exVol. II....No. 2.
plore the river Zaire, have had a sextent, before they leave us. lamentable and fatal issue, still And they are not about to depart there are enterprise, and ardour, in a year or an age; consequentand perseverance, to renew the ly the present generation of attempt over and over again, un- them (many of whom are free, til the efforts are crowned with and many more of whom are becomplete success. Besides, there coming free should receive the is the African Association in Eng- rudiments of education, and the land, (formed in 1788,)" com- privileges of a preached gospel. posed of men eminent for rank For these purposes, it is in the and wealth, and still more emi- highest degree expedient and innent for zeal in the cause of portant, that teachers and preachscience and humanity.” There ers should be provided for them is the African Institution in Eng- of their own colour. Hence THE land, (formed in 1807,) for the AFRICAN School established by purpose of promoting civilization the Synod of New York and and improvement
in Africa. New Jersey. There is also the American Colo- The following information connization Society, with a number cerning this School is contained of Auxiliaries, who have already in the pamphlet before us. sent forth two persons in their employ, “ to visit different parts “ At a meeting of the Synod of Newof the African coast, and gain all York and New Jersey, in the city of possible information respecting New-York, October, 1816, the fittest places for colonies, and ture was laid before the Synod by the the best manner of establishing of establishing an African School, for
Committee of Overtures, on the subject and conducting them.” And there the purpose of educating young men of is the Colony of Sierra Leone, colour, to be employed as teachers avd which is now in a prosperous preachers among the people of colour state :-we would add tbat here, business was referred to a committee,
in these States and elsewhere.' The perbaps, resides the individual, who reported in favour of the measure.” who is to furnish to the world - p. 65. the long-expected information « PLAN OF THE SCHOOL.
4 1. The School shall be under the concerning the interior of the
immediate care of a chief instructer, African continent,-a rescued ne
who shall be called the Principal. Other gro from a slave-ship,
a freed instructers may be employed as occablack from these United States, sion may require. or a Maroon from the Island of " II. The usual term of study shall be Jamaica.*
at least four years, and longer if the
Board deein it expedient. But the people of colour in
“ The first year sball be devoted, as these United States require Chris- the Principal may find necessary, to tian attention, as well as their Reading, Writing, Spelling, and learntawny brethren in Africa. If they ing the definition of English words, but are to form colonies on that con- and Geography; the second to the ele
chiefly to English Grammar, Arithmetic, tinent, which as yet is uncertain, mentary principles of Rhetoric, Mathethey should most assuredly be in- matics, Natural Philosophy, and Astrostructed here to a considerable nomy; the third to Theology; the
fourth to Theology, the elements of * These three descriptions of negroes Ecclesiastical History, the more practiconstitute (with a number of whites) the cal principles of Church Government, population of Sierra Leone.
and the Composition of Sermons.
* The exercises of Public Speaking It was at the first meeting of and Composition shall be kept up the Synod after the establishment through the whole course. “ III. It sball be the duty of the Prin- of Dr. Griffin was preached, on
of their School, that the Sermon cipal, from the commencement of the course, to attend with special care to the 26th of October, 1817; the religious improvement of the pupils, though, as we believe, it was not to converse with them frequently on the published until April, 1818. The state of their minds, to give them fami-Sermon itself, with notes at the Jiar instruction on the various branches of Christian and ministerial duty, and foot of almost every page, occuto form them by practice to babits of pies 36 pages ; and the remaindevotion and usefulness.”-p. 67. der of the pamphlet consists of
“ On the 25th of March, 1817, the longer notes than the preceding, Standing Committee, after careful and The whole exhibits ability, resolemn examination, received upon pro- search, benevolence, and zeal, bation two young men who had come well recommended from a number of which are calculated to establish, gentlemen in Philadelphia ; viz. Jere- if not to increase, the already miah Gloucester, son of the Rev. Jobo high reputation of the writer. Gloucester, of that city, and William
The text is, Psalm lxviii. 31. Pennington ; whom they placed under the care of the Rev. John Ford, of Par: Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her sipany, Morris county, New Jersey, hands unto God. And the PreachThese young men were re-examined by er thus begios his discourse, the Board in May following, and taken permanently under their care. They still remain with Mr. Ford, and by their
“ I rise to plead the cause of a peo. conduct and progress give Aattering ple who, until lately, have seldom had hopes of future usefulness. By per crushed,
and broken, and deserted, and,
an advocate; who for ages have been mission of Mr. Ford they have held a weekly meeting for prayer
by those who have an interest in their of their own colour, to whom they have depression, are represented as always become much endeared.
devoted to such a fate. They wbo have “ Several other
young men have been wished to find an apology for the slaveoffered to the Board from different trade, or a faw in the history of Moparts of the United States; but as they ses, have cast the Africans into another were not able to read and write, their species, and sorted them with the ape reception was delayed till they could and ourang-outang. In every plea for obtain these necessary qualifications. the improvement of the African race, The Board wish their friends in every this, or an approach to this, is the prepart of the country to understand that judice with which we have chiefly to they are prepared, and very desirous, to contend. If I rightly understand the receive several more. They hope not text, that holds out a different prospect. to be obliged to turn any away who It speaks of a people who, under the possess the necessary qualifications. reign of Christ, are to be elevated to Will there not be an effort made by the the true worship of God. Who are that sriends of religion and humanity in people? This inquiry shall constitute every district of the Union to look out the first head of the discourse."-p.3. for suitable young men, and to provide the means of fitting them to enter the
In answer to this inquiry, it is School? Will not Auxiliary Societies be formed wherever there are a few stated that the Cushites or Éthiowho partake of the compassions of pians were formerly a people of Christ, and seel for the sorrows of Asia, a colony of whom * crossed Africa! The field is great and almost the Red Sea, and settled in that immcasurable, and requires the com-tract of Africa, which lies on the bined powers of all the Christians in the United States through a long and pa
south of Egypt, which has since tient exertion."-pp. 68, 69.
been called Ethiopia Proper."
“ The Cushites in Asia became gra-quebo; a considerable number in other dually lost in other names and vations, parts of Dutch Guiana, and in almost wbile the African branch, remaining every district of South America. But pure, and becoming powerful, by de- the great receptacles of this unhappy grees engrossed the appellation, and, race bave been the West-Indies and for many centuries, have stood forth the United States! In our own free the chief representatives of the Cushite country a million and a half are supor Ethiopic race. This then is the posed to exist! In the West-lodies branch to which a prophecy to be ful- probably two millions, filled in Gospel days ought to be re- “ It is calculated that Africa bas ferred.”-p. 7.
been drained of no less than 150,000 of its natives. What prodigious arrears
are due to that ill-fated country! What The Preacher next proposes an immense labour to collect together a second question, viz. How far into the Christian Church all her scatthe African Cash or Ethiopia is tered sons!"-pp. 14, 15. to be considered in the text as the representative of the great
The Preacher proceeds to annegro world. And he observes, swer two objections to Christian 1. There is reason to believe efforts in favour of the Africans ; that the mass of the negroes in the one, that the negroes are Africa are really of this stock. doomed by the sentence of Noah 2. Whether the Cushites com- to perpetual slavery : the other, prehend the entire negro world that they are so inferior by naor not, they may fairly be con- ture to the rest of mankind as to sidered as put for the represent-afford no encouragement to any atives of the whole.
exertions in their favour. Here He then asks, Where is this especially the talents and ardour race to be found? The follow- of Dr. Griffin are exbibited, and ing extract exhibits a part of his he has brought forward a numanswer.
ber of arguments and details,
which ought for ever to sileuce " In the fourteenth century the Por- opposition. tuguese begau to make descents upon
The last head of the Sermon is Africa, and to kidnap the patives. This" to consider the duty of the piratical example was followed by most American people in reference to of the maritime powers of Europe, this subject.” And that duty is Since then a great many of the wretched negroes have been transported to Per stated to be twofold. sia, to Goa, and other parts of the East Indies; to Macassar, Batavia, and << 1. The instruction of our own black other Dutch colonies. Negro slaves population. Is it not known that there are found in Malacca and Manilla. are fisteen hundred thousand souls scatGreat numbers bave been carried from tered among the people of these States, Madagascar and Mozambique to the who must live for ever in heaven or Isles of France and Bourbon. The po- hell, and who, for the most part, are pulation of the latter island, which con- posting on to judgment in the grossest taios 150,000 inhabitants, mostly con- ignorance and vice, directly under the sists of negro slaves. Some have been eye of Christian Churches? And do scot to Constantinople. So late as the our charities and missionary zeal wanyear 1814 slaves were still brought der abroad to other lands, and overlook from the interior to the north of Africa, this part of our own countrymen? What and thence conveyed to the islands and sort of zeal is that which can only see opposite continent of Europe. They objects at a distance, and is blind, and bave been sent to work in the mines of deal, and hardened against those who Mexico and Peru. Forty thousand negro are pleading for mercy at our door?' slaves are found in Demerara and Esse. Imp. 32.