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Thro’ the surrounding mists which cloud the throne,
Saw with what native light thy virtue shone,
And with decided, patriotic hand,

Rais'd thee to govern and to bless the land.'. "These specimens will be sufficient to shew the general style and exe-' cution of this little poem, which is not without a considerable share of merit, though in many parts unequal. Art. 24. Six DayTour in Normandy. 8vo. 25. Egertor.

London, 1790. This little work is entertaining, and contains some information. The description of the insurrections at Caen and Cherbourg carry with them an air of accuracy and truth, which may make them useful documents for the future historians of the revolution then becoming general. Art. 25. Gynomachia; or, A Contest between Two Old Ladies in the

Service of a celebrated Orator. 4to. 2s. 6d. Walter. London, 1790.

The two old ladies are the moral and poliţical consciences of Mr. Burke. These our satirical bard has 'thought proper to represent in the act of justifying their conduct before Minos, and the other judges of hell. They give their reasons at length for having induced their master to speak and act so inconsistently. The delign of the writer is to persuade the public that the political connexions of Mr. Burke have been unfriendly to his original moral principles.

The poem is too long, nor does it atone for this fault by its pleafantry, or'any other species of merit. Art. 26. The Trial between the Phænix Asurance Company and Mr.

James Brown, late-of St. Paul's Church-Yard : containing the Evidence delivered in the Court of Common-- Pleas, at the Guildhall in the City of London, Dec. 15, 1789. Copied from the Notes of Mr. Gurney, taken in the Court. 8vo. No Price. Published by Order of the Phenix Fire-Office.

The beft account we can give of this trial is by transcribing the advertisement prefixed to it :

Several of the public prints having lately,inserted false and inflammatory accounts respecting the cause between the Phenix Assurance Company and Mr. James Brown, late of St. Paul's Church, yard, tending to cast reflections on the office, who acted under the advice of eminent counsel, and who had nothing in view by refitting Mr. Brown's claim but a desire of discharging their duty to the public.—The following is a correct account of the evidence given at the trial, and taken by Mr. Gurney.'

ART,

Art. 27. The Young Lady of Fortune ; or, Her Lover gained by Stree

tagem. A Novel in Two Volumes. By a Lady. 8vo. 35. Stalker. London, 1789.

Whatever may be the contents of a two-volume novel we at least expect two neat pocket volumes, printed on fine paper, price 5s. The one befure us is two volumes ftitched in one, and vilely printed on vile paper. Perhaps this was all that could be afforded for toree thil lings; and we will venture to pronounce it as much as the work deferves. Art. 28. Tyranny annihilated; or, The Triumph of Freedom over De

Spotism; containing a particular Account of the Rije, Progress, and vą. rious Incidents which produced the late grand and memorable Revolution in the Government of France. With an ample and ju;i Description of that horrid State Prison the Bastile, &c. 8vo. is. Adlard, London, 1789.

This pamphlet differs from that entitled ' Destruction of the Bastile,' by affording a retrospect of the incidents which-led to that important event.' It may therefore be considered as a proper introduction to the memorable catastrophe which ensued. Art. 29. A System of Alechanics; being the Sub, ance of Leatures upon

thai branch of Natural Philosophy. By the Rev. T. Parkinson, M. 4. 460. 16s. sewed. Merriil, Cambridge; Cadell, London, 1785.

This dull compilation is decorated with a mathematical form. The author's ideas are generally crude, often absurd, and his labours have been conducted without taste or judgment. The magnitude of the ratio of equal quantities is,' he says, ' equal to nothing; for the existence of ratios relults from the inequality of the quantities compared. The same unphilosophical spirit pervades the whole work, He treats the properties of motion, gravitation, cohesion, elasticity, the mechanical powers, the centres of gravity, oscillation, percussion, &c. with great diffusion ; but his demonstrations are obscure and highly inelegant.

DIVINITY..

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Art. 30. An Apology for the Liturgy and Clergy of the Church of Eng

land; in Answer to a Pamphlet entitled Hints, &c. fubmitted to the lerious Attention of the Clergy, Nobility, and Gentry, newly associated By a Layman. In a Letter to the Author from a Clergyman. London, 1789.

The pamphlet, to which this is an answer, has been greatly extolled by such as are sticklers for a revisal of our liturgy. It is even afcribed, and with some confidence, to a nobleman of talents, who had once the honour to occupy the first department in the ftate. The reply likewise discovers some marks of being the production of no common writer. After giving his opinion of the two metropolitans, which is equally honourable to both, the author speaks of his independence, and prevents all imputation of fattery from the hope of reward in very serious and unequivocal language. This from a

clergyman

clergyman is a proof that his fituation must at least be to him fatif· factory. But be the writer who he may, our religious establishment

is indebted to his abilities and his industry for one of the best apolo-
gies for her clergy and liturgy that has ever been penned. He is
perfectly master of the argument, and aware of every exception that
has been urged to lessen or invalidate its influence. His details and
ftatements are enriched with an abundance of the best information:
the writers of note or name who have distinguished themselves for or
against the Church of England, are familiar to him. And notwith-
standing his avowed and strenuous attachment to the general prin-
ciples of the hierarchy, in repelling the cavils of the ignorant or the
credulous, he preserves the manners and writes in the language of a
gentleman. We are therefore of opinion that this Apology will be
read for the spirit it breathes, and the information it gives, when
the dispute in which it originated is forgotten.
Art. 31. A Sermon preached in Whitehall Chapel, at the Confecration

of the Right Rev. John Douglas, D.D. Lord Bijnop of Carlisle, on
Sunday, Nov. 18, 1787. By Brown Grisdale, D.D. Chaplain in
Ordinary to his Majesty. Published by Command of the Lord Arcb-
bishop of York. 4to. 15. Cadell. London, 1768.

The duty of moderation, particularly in religious pastors, is in this sermon very elegantly and pathetically insisted on. The various advan.' tages attending it are forcibly and judiciously pointed out, and the establifhed Church of England is shewn to have derived its principal Itrength and true consequence from the exercise of this virtue, even in the plenitude of her power. The contrary conduct of some difsentients is marked out, and the warmest advocates for reformation are taught that the way to procure it is not by violent declamation, but by that moderation which may induce men to attend to them with calmness, instead of being alarmed at the boldness and novelty of their propositions. Several honourable testimonies from foreign writers are added, to tow the high esteem in which the English church is deservedly held in every enlightened part of the globe. Art. 32. Two Discourses, I. On the Wisdom attainable by Meditation

on the Vanity of Human Life, and the Benefit of Christianity; II. Men more influenced by Example than Precept evident from facred and pro. phane Scripture. Preached in the Ajylum, March 8, 1789. By the Rev. Samuel Hopkinson, A. M. 4to. 25. London, 1789.

These are probationary discourses, preached at the Asylum during the late vacancy. To the first is added a very sensible address to the guardians; and to the second a most affectionate one to the children of the Asylum. It has been the fate of Mr. Hopkinson in Offering himself a candidate for this popular situation, though starting with

very inferior competitors, to be distanced. But this publication is a · satisfactory proof to his friends that his failure was not owing to want of parts, but want of interest, want of asiduity, or want of address.

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Art. 33. A Sermon preached in the Parish Church of , in the

County of Cornwall, on Thursday the 23d of April, 1989, the Day of
public Thanksgiving to Almighty God for the Recovery of his mofi sa-
cred Majesty King George the Third from his late dangerous Indispofi.
tion. 8vo. 16. All Booksellers. London, 1789.

Notwithstanding this discourse is anonymous, preached we know
not where, and sold we know not by: whom, there is nothing in it
that is exceptionable. It is full of piety and gratitude for the pre-
fervation of the king; it endeavours to render our duty to superiors
a willing obedience, and it exhorts the good people of England to
be quiet and thankful, to do their own business, and demean them-
felves as useful members of society ; to go to church, say their prayers,
and pay their taxes. These wholesome doctrines are taught in plain
language; and the author, from what he says, and his manner of fay-
ing it, seems to be a serious, honest, well-meaning man.
Art. 34. The English Revolution virdicated from the Misrepresentation
· of the Adherents of the House of Stuart, in a Discourje preached at

Cookham, in the Diocese of Sarum, on Sunday, Oct. 25, 1789, being
the Anniversary of his Majesty's happy Accession. By George Berkeley,
LL.D. Prebendary of Canterbury, and Rector of St. Clement Danes,
4to. is. 6d. Cadell. London, 1789.

The author of this popular discourse has looked into the English
conftitution with the eye of a philosopher and a patriot, a Christian
divine, and a citizen of the world. Upon the unfeigned allegiance
now paid to the king by his subjects of every description, the re-
establishment of his majesty's health, and the duty of subjects to go-
vernment, as the leading heads of his fermon, he indíts at confider-
able length. And what he says is often both original and convincing.
He anticipates the arguments of the Disienters against the test, and
warns the public, in language at once earnest and forcible, of the
handle they would make of the commotions in France. He repro-
bates and exposes this dangerous reference in the true spirit of onę
who fincerely loves and pray's fir the peace of Jerusalem. His account
of the Revolution, his character of King William the Third, though
different from that which is annualiy read in the Revolution Club,
his statement of the doctrine of resistance, and his objections to the
present ferment raised by the enemies of the establishment, ase al!
specimens of found reasoning and good writing,
ART. 35. A Sermon preached at Maze Pond, Southwark, Sept. 27,

1789, for the Benefit of the Society established in London for the Sup-
port and Encouragement of Sunday Schools in the different Counties of
England. By James Dore. 8vo. 6d. Buckland. London, 1789.'

The scope of this discourse is to impress the minds of men with the invaluable contents of the sacred books. And this the preacher does in a strain of eloquence at once simple, elegant, and convincing. Here is no labour, no affe&tation, no straining after fine language, originality of composition, richness of imagery, or any other ornament; but the preacher is every where in earnest; every thing he

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lays

says is serious; and the truths he details are in their nature so interesting and weighty as to make a proper and lasting impression on every welldisposed mind. The application of the subject to the encouragement of Sunday schools is natural and apposite. The institution is a benefit to fociety, has our best wishes for its success, and every effort in its favour is always sure of our approbation.

begun it, terminated aces, fonding to it

For the ENGLISH REVIEW.
N A TI O N A L A F F AIRS

For MARCH, 1790.

THE LATE EMPEROR OF GERMANY. TOSEPH II. of Austria, of whom, during the life-time of J his illustrious mother and immediate predeceslor on the AuArian throne, the world, according to its usual prepoffeflion in favour of untried princes, fondly predicted all that was good and great, tețminated his, reign precisely where he should have begun it. He recognised himself, and enjoined to his successor, the necessity of moderation in matters of government, and particularly that of governing a free people by their own laws, and leaving or placing the great offices of power and trust in the hands of chiefs natives of the country. How far, had his life been miraculously prolonged, he would have been regulated in his conduct by his own dying maxims, it is impossible to ascer. tain, though not very difficult to conjecture. Ease, perhaps, would have recanted vows made in pain. The restoration of health would have been followed by a return of habit. The usual modes of thinking and acting would have recurred. No condition of human affairs, whether prosperous or adverse, is so fixed as to be exempted from revolution. And the very first favourable ţurn in politics, or advantage in war, might have induced the fickle, fluctuating, and faithless mind of the everactive and ambitious Joseph, full of the dignity of his family and the pretensions of sovereign princes, a third time to have violated his word to his Belgic subjects; if we could conceive it poffible that they might have trusted to a repetition of vows repeatedly broken.

These conjectures will not appear wholly nugatory if they only afford a natural transition from what Joseph would have probably done to what his brother and successor

LEOPOLD may probably do. The late Grand Duke of Tuscany, and present King of Hungary and Bohemia, &c. has proved by his celebrated code of laws, and the whole tenour of his life and conversation, the humanity and justice of his own disposition, and the mildness of the close of the eighteenth century. But

princes

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