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engaged on its fide, but the similarity of opinion affords a momentary gratification to the mind.
If we were disposed to be captious we should object to the title, as seeming to make a distinction between piety and Christianity. : Art. 31. A Letter 10 the Right Rev. Lewis, by Divine Permision,
Lord Bishop of Norwich, requesting his Lordship to name the Prelate to whom he referred as contending sirenuously for the general Excel.. lence of our present authorised Translation of the Bible.' Svo. is. Johnson. London, 1789.
Taking it for granted the prelate alluded to is Dr. Louth, the author takes much pains to thew that the Bishop of Norwich has milrepresented the meaning of that able Hebraift. That while the latter means only to recommend the style of our vulgar translation, the former would lead. us to suppose the accuracy of it was admitted likewise. - Without entering into the subject, we shall quote the Doctor's words, and leave our readers to form their own opinions :
. For these reasons, whenever it shall be thought proper to set forth the holy scriptures for the public use of our church to better advantage than as they appear in the present English translation, the ex- . pediency of which grows every day more evident, a revision or correction of that translation may perhaps be more adviseable than to attempt an entirely new one. For as to style and language it admits of but little improvement; but in respect of the sente and accuracy of interpretation, the improvements of which it is capable are great and numberless.'-- Preliminary Dissertation, p. lxxii.
The author of this little pamphlet produces other authorities for the propriety of a measure which should after all be engaged in with great caution. Art. 32. Parochialia ; or, Instructions to the Clergy in the Discharge
of their parochial Duty. By the Right Rev Thomas Wilson, D. Ď. Bishop of Sodor and Man. · 12mo. 25. Cruttwell, Baih; Dilly, London. 1788.
This valuable little volume was, it seems, originally presented in manuscript to every clergyman of the reverend author's diocese. It is now printed separately from the doctor's great works to render its use more general. We sincerely join in wishing it may be as universally perused as its merit entitles it to, not scrupling to affirm there is scarcely a parochial duty omitted which can ever occur to to the regular clergy. Art. 33. Sunday-School Dialogue; being an Abridgement of a Work
by M. P. entitled . The first Principles of Religion and the Existence of a Deity explained, in a Series of Dialogues adapted to the Capacities of the Infant Mind, ramo. 3d. Marihail. London, 1790.
This is another useful little performance for which the public is indebted to Mrs. Trimmer's industry; nor is it conducted with less address for the class it is intended for than any other of her former publications.
Art. 34. A Letter to the Farmers of Great-Britain on some Things of
Importance; with an Address to ihe Public. By the Author of the poor Child's Friend. Small 8vo. 3d. Rivingtons. London, 1789.
Much wholesome advice, both for the soul and the body, is contained in this petry performance. The peasantry and laborious part of the community are principally addressed, and the vices to which they are most addicted reprobated in terms serious and emphatic. Sabbath-breaking, drunkenness, and swearing, as not only criminal in themselves, but the constant concomitants of the most criminal habits, he earnestly cautions and exhorts the lower orders of the people to avoid. And the principal aim of the performance is to establish a conviction that the great interests of futurity are, in every ftation and condition of human life, intimately connected with the faithful discharge of present duty. Art. 35. Salvation through the Grace of our Saviour displayed; the
Doctrine of Grace illustrated; and Righteousneje in all Manner of Conversation recommended. In several Sermons. By Alexander Shanks.
12mo. 2s. Laing, Edinburgh. 1789. · The principal aim of these sermons is to vindicate the orthodox system of divinity from the exceptions of those who have adopted the hypothesis of Arminus. The author wants not either ingenuity or eloquence. He often reasons with accuracy, and always declaims with strength and effect. His sentiments are generally fair and pointed, and the whole composition discovers considerable ardour and simplicity. He is one of that description of diffenters from the religious establishment of North-Britain among whom the celebrated M'Ewen had his education, This beautiful writer our author adopts as his model ; but all imitations are servile. His writing has not the charm of the original. In genius, taste, and delicacy, of expression, though meriting praise, he is much inferior to his master. Art. 36. Two Sermons, by William Gilpin, M. A. Prebendary of
Salisbury, and Vicar of Boldre in New Forest, near Lymington. 8vo. is. 6d. Blamire. London, 1788.
These two sermons have no other affinity than that the object of both seems to be a defence of Christianity against enthusiasm on the one hand, and scepticism on the other. Many observations are here thrown out which the enemies of our religion and establishment would do well to consider very seriously. The sermons are judiciously written; and we know no readers who may not peruse them with advantage.
Art. 37. The State of the Nation with respeet to Religion and Man
ners; a Sermon preached at Uxbridge Chapel, Middlesex, O. 25th, 1789, being the Anniversary of his Majesty's Accession to the Throne. By the Rev. Walter Harper, Asistant Lekturer. 4to. Is. Evans. London, 1789.
In this discourse there is much good-fense and sound piety. The preacher enumerates our national advantages, and presses the proper use of them with great fervour. This leads him to state our delin. quency in the important dusies of piety and gratitude. The picture is sufficiently awful and affecting, and is sufficient to fill us with regret that it is so very like the original. Art. 38. Pasages concerning the Lord's Prayer and its internal Sense.
Selected from the Writings of the Hon. Emanuel Swedenborg. Small 8vo. Is. Chalklen. London, 1789.
These extracts breathe all the original and profound mysticism of the works from which they are taken. They instance, in the most striking manner, the creative powers of human genius, at the same time that they exemplify its extravagancies when abandoned by found discretion, and directed to no object of general utility. To readers who can forgive occasional obscurities there are several observations in these passages that are well deserving a perusal. Art. 39. Four seleet Evangelical Discourses. By George Nicholson. :. ' i. 8vo. 1s. Forster. London, 1788.
The language of these discourses is quaint, and rendered pedantic
London, May 28th, 1789, at the yearly Meeting of the Children edu-
In this sermon the necessity and advantages of a pious education are stated and defended on the principles of Christianity and true patriotism. Like all the other compositions of this eminent prelate, the present performance is distinguished by taste and genius. The argument for the discipline and culture of religion in the early stage of life seems to have struck the author in a new point of view; and its propriety derives from his eloquence additional force and illustration. It is among his last public services in one of the first situations of our church, which he filled with great primitive respectability; and in which, had it pleased God to have prolonged his valuable life, he was well qualified to promote the best interests of the community, both by precept and example.
Art. 41. A Letter to the Rev. Ethanan Winchefier; in which his
theological Tenets and Opinions are fairly and candidly examined and confuted, as inconclusive and sophistical. By Dr. Sinclair. Svo. is: 6d. Walker. London, 1790.
The author combines in his own all the diffimilar characters of author, wag, and saint. His creed is in the new-fangled inspirations and visionary system of a Swedenberg; in whose defence, however, he is as dull and formal as any 'Tabernacle preacher can be. But of the ridicule attached to the extravagant opinions of others, his ideas are just and laughable. Whoever has heard Ethanan Winchester will jeadily understand the following passage : • It appears to me that that bold fellow Charon, the ferryman of hell, was figurative or typical of a methodist parfon. He was an ill-grown, fat fellow, so are moft of them; he had a big, thick head, to have the generality of them; and can it be otherwise, since lumber and traih more than would fill my friend Mr. G- 's garret compose the contents of their pates. He had a bushy grey wig, and beard of the same colour, which you well know add to the dignity and consequence of a methodist parson. He had bleared eyes, so have many of them ; and their hearers, from frequently howling and bawling about they do not know what. His rags were representative of their discourses. Thus you see that the prophecy, or account of your old friend Charon is literally fulfilled.'
Our author, however, carries his merriment rather too far in the culpable familiarity he uses in speaking of the worthies whose memories are preserved to us both in the books of the Old Testament and the New.. Thus he talks of profesor Nicodemus, of Aaron the parfon; he reckons Sampson a mere caitiff, Joshua proud, and Elisha ill notured. And we should not have relished his humour the worse, had not his licentious levity betrayed him occasionally into very grofs obscenity.
For the ENGLISH REVIEW. .
N A TI O N A L AFFAIRS
For APRIL, 1790.
As the publiching the Althoven
THIS month has exhibited a statement of the public revenue 1. and expenditure, or what is commonly called
THE BUDGET. We continue to enjoy the blessings of profound peace and Alourishing commerce, the natural result of the political situation of our neighbours, and that general mass of industry and enterprise which spring's from our free constitution, increased capitals, and commercial knowledge and habits. Although different opinions are entertained concerning the relation. which the public revenue bears to the public expenditure, it is . certain that our exports as well as imports, for the last year, exceeded those of any other year in the annals of Britain. Notwithstanding this circumstance, not one of our taxes is either removed or alleviated; nay, the minister is obliged to acknowledge that the public expenditure canliot be brought to a permanent balance with the public income without à confiderable reduction of the national expence; and such a balance, we are assured, will be established next year. Let us then give credit to so pleasing a promise ; whether it be well or ill founded a little time, and this only, will fully and incontrovertibly decide. We say that time only will fully decide the matter in question, because disputes concerning the real state of the public expendiţure and revenue are maintained in parliament on grounds not more plausible on the one side than on the other; and if such able calculators as Mr. Pitt, Mr. Dundass, Mr. Fox, Mr. Sheridan, and Sir Grey Cooper, cannot settle the matter beyond the power of controversy, even with the advantage of the public accounts before them, it would be idle in any political speculator, without that advantage, to pronounce a decided opinion on so complicated a subject.
It appears strange, at first sight, that such a diversity of opinions should be entertained by such able men on a point that seems capable of being determined with even mathematical precision. But it is to be considered that this diversity is occafioned, not solely by the complication of vast and various accounts, but partly by the assumption of different principles. Mr. Sheridan, in the average on which he founds his deductions,