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divided into two compartments by shutters, which can easily be raised or lowered. The intention of this division is to separate the boys from the girls, while each are engaged in their distinctive lessons. The school is in connexion with College Chapel, and is under the pastoral superintendence of the Rev. Walter Scott, of Airedale College, and will be managed by a committee of gentlemen connected with that church and congregation. The school has cost from £1,700 to £1,800; a sum which certainly warranted the meeting to pass a resolution to the effect, that “thanks are due to all who have kindly and liberally contributed to the erection of the building, especially to Robert Milligan, Esq., for the deep interest which he has manifested in its success.” By the liberality of the friends of this institution, the teachers, Mr. Dick and Miss Davidson, have been provided with a most efficient educational apparatus. Every disposable part of the walls was covered with fine coloured maps, and pictures of the animal creation. The liberal and unsectarian principles of the British and Foreign School Society, are the principles upon which the school will be conducted. But though sectarianism will be excluded, partieular attention will be paid to the moral and religious education of the children. Robert Milligan, Esq., presided at the meeting. The proceedings were opened by singing a hymn; after which the Rev. Walter Scott offered a prayer for a blessing upon the good work about to be commenced in the place. A series of resolutions were then moved and seconded by the following gentlemen —Rev. J. Acworth, of Horton College; Rev. J. Savage, of Wilsden; E. Baines, Jun., Esq.; Rev. Walter Scott, of Airedale College; James Garnett, Esq: ; John Rawson, Esq.; Henry Forbes, Esq.; Rev. D. Fraser, of Airedale College; Rev. J. Paul, Wibsey. The school-room was well filled with a respectable and attentive audience.

New chapels.

Foundation of A NEw CHAPEL At HollowAY, by IslingtoN, London.—

We are happy to report that on Friday, August 22, an interesting service took place in connexion with the Congregational church assembling at Holloway. At twelve o'clock a congregation assembled in the present chapel, when the Rev. J. Blackburn prayed, and the Rev. A. J. Morris, the pastor, delivered an ingenious and impressive address on the views and intentions of the people in proposing to erect a new house of prayer. The company then adjourned to a plot of ground near the Chalk-road, when G. Brooke, Esq., laid the foundation-stone—Dr. Leifchild delivered a comprehensive address on the principles of the Congregational churches, and the Rev. J. Yockney closed the service with prayer. In the evening, a large company assembled to tea in a spacious tent in an adjacent paddock, and were addressed by Dr. Leifchild, and most of the ministers in the neighbourhood. The new edifice will be of stone, in the English style, and will probably cost about £3000. The site is well chosen amidst a new and important neighbourhood rising around it.

ADELPHI CHAPEL, HAckNEY RoAD.—The opening of this elegant place of worship took place on Wednesday, the 17th September. The interesting services of the day commenced by an early meeting to implore the Divine blessing upon the ministry of the word within the walls of this sacred edifice. In the morning, the Rev. A. Reed, D.D. preached an appropriate sermon from Matthew x. 8, “Freely ye have received, freely give.” In the evening, the Rev. James Sherman delivered an animated discourse from Ephesians iii. 8, “The unsearchable riches of Christ.” The devotional parts of the services were conducted by the Rev. Messrs. Woodhouse, Wilsdon, Ferguson (Free Scotch Church,) Dukes, Wilkins, Hyatt, Seaborne, and Viney. Most of the other neighbouring ministers were present, including the Rev. Drs. Campbell, Collison, Cox, Hewlett, and Styles, and the Rev. Messrs. Carlile, Clarke, Hollis, Hitchin, Ham, Harrison, Jeula, Lyon, Philip, Pulling, Ransom, Smith, Werrall, Wood, Woodman, and several students from Cheshunt and Hackney Colleges. Notwithstanding the unfavourable state of the weather, the services were numerously and respectably attended, and in the evening the chapel was so crowded that great numbers were wholly unable to gain admittance. The design of the chapel is very chaste and ornamental, of the Corinthian order, and reflects great credit on the taste displayed by the architect, Mr. T. G. Owen, of Maidenhead, Berks. After the morning service, the friends adjourned to the school-rooms in Wilmot Square, kindly granted for the occasion by R. Gamman, Esq., where a cold collation was provided by the committee. In the absence of Mr. Alderman Challis, (one of the trustees, who had engaged to preside,) the Rev. Dr. Reed occupied the chair, supported by many highly respectable ministers of different denominations. Several interesting addresses were delivered, manifesting the kindest feelings of sympathy towards this new interest and its minister. A satisfactory statement was made respecting the circumstances which led to the erection of this commodious chapel, so far superior to the former one, from which it appears that the fund at the disposal of the trustees, (after paying the mortgage, and other claims upon the old chapel,) has been exceeded about £800. The friends kindly responded to the appeals on behalf of its liquidation, and during the day the sum of more than £120 was raised. The deep and lively interest excited in the neighbourhood, and the kind feeling and encouraging attendance at the opening, indicate that a promising sphere of usefulness has been selected, and furnish a prospect of the most cheering character. On the Sabbath following, the Rev. Dr. Jenkyn preached in the morning, and the Rev. W. Woodhouse in the evening, to overflowing congregations.

Albion CHAPEL, South AMPtoN.—On Wednesday, the 17th of September, the anniversary of the opening of Albion Chapel, St. Mary's Street, was celebrated by a public tea meeting, when nearly five hundred individuals were admitted by ticket. After tea the chapel was thrown open to the public, and it was soon filled to overflowing by a most respectable audience. W. Tice, Esq., of Sopley, having taken the chair, the Rev. Thomas Pullar, the newly-elected minister of the place, gave out a suitable hymn, and the Rev. Thomas Morris, Baptist minister, engaged in prayer. After the opening address by the chairman, Mr. Fletcher, the senior deacon, read a most interesting report of the rise and progress of the church and congregation to the present time. Mr. W. Lankester, the treasurer, read the financial statement, from which it appeared that £1562. 7s. 11d. had been expended in the purchase of the freehold premises, the alterations necessary for converting them into a place of worship, and the building of a school-room and convenient library and vestry, that £1266. 0s. 3d. had been collected during the past year, leaving a balance of £296. 7s. 8d. to be liquidated. The treasurer stated that the Committee trusted they should not leave the meeting until they had declared the place out of debt. After most spirit-stirring addresses from the Rev. J. H. Adams, Wesleyan minister, the Rev. Daniel Gunn, of Christchurch, the Rev. W. Thorn, of Winchester, and the Rev. John Burnet, of Camberwell, a collection was made, and the treasurer announced the amount to be £269. 10s. 10d., leaving a balance of £26 to be raised to pay off the debt. Mr. Fletcher proposed that twenty-six persons holding up their hands for £1 each would raise the money; this was immediately responded to, and the treasurer announced their best wishes realised, and declared the debt extinguished; thus clearing the way for the erection of a handsome and commodious place of worship, with school-rooms, as originally contemplated by the Committee when the temporary building now used was first opened. Thanks were then moved and seconded by the Rev. J. Lumb and Mr. Fletcher, to the weekly collectors, by whom more than £200 had been raised since the commencement of the effort to open this place of worship, and also to the chairman, by the Rev. Mr. Pullar and

Mr. Stace. The doxology was then sung, and the meeting was closed with prayer by the Rev. J. Crabb. This was altogether one of the most effective meetings ever held in Southampton; and presents a striking proof of what may be accomplished by the united and energetic efforts of a few individuals who determine zealously to promote the spiritual welfare of their fellow-townsmen. On the following morning a breakfast was given in the chapel by the Building Committee, to the ministers who assisted in the anniversary service. The Rev. Thomas Pullar took the chair; and the meeting was addressed by the Rev. Messrs. Burnet, Gunn, Morris, and Adams, on the gratifying prospects of the church, and on the best mode of diffusing the principles of nonconformity in the present remarkable times.

The St. PAUL's INDEPENDENT CHAPEL, in the town of Wigan, which had become much dilapidated, has undergone an entire renovation, and has been recently re-opened. The services extended over three Sabbaths and three week-nights. The preachers were the Revs. G. Clayton, Dr. Bennett, Dr. Davidson, Dr. Raffles, Walter Scott, and J. A. James, with an introductory address at a special prayermeeting, by the Rev. R. M. Davies, of Oldham. Hymns newly composed for the occasion, by J. Montgomery, Esq. All the services were of a deeply interesting character. At the close of the last one, the Rev. W. Roaf, the pastor, ascended the pulpit, and announced, that the collections, including a few private donations, amounted to upwards of eight hundred pounds, being fully sufficient to cover the expenditure. He expressed the thanks of the trustees with the joy of his own heart, and requested the large assembly to rise and sing the doxology. The Rev. J. A. James, of Birmingham, then gave to him the right hand of fellowship, congratulating him on having such a people, and them on having such a minister. On the following Sabbath, the Rev. W. Roaf delivered a sermon, which a domestic bereavement prevented him from delivering during the re-opening services, on the words “Ebenezer,” &c., in which he took a review of the history of the congregation, with the names, dates, and characters of its pastors, from about the year 1773, and enjoined the truths suited to its present auspicious circumstances.


On Tuesday, the 26th of August, 1845, the Rev. James Fleming, late of Highbury College, London, was solemnly ordained as pastor of the church and congregation, assembling in High-street Chapel, Lancaster. The Rev. E. Jukes, of Blackburn, commenced the morning service, by reading suitable portions of Scripture, and offering prayer; the Rev. R. Halley, D.D., of Manchester, delivered a masterly discourse in defence of Congregational principles, and of the ordination service, as observed among the Independents; the Rev. A. Fraser, M.A., of Blackburn, asked the usual questions; the Rev. R. Vaughan, D.D., President of the Lancashire Independent College, offered the ordination prayer; and the Rev. T. Raffles, D.D., LL.D., of Liverpool, gave an impressive charge to the minister. In the evening the Rev. G. Clayton, of Walworth, London, delivered a faithful address to the people. The devotional parts of the day's services were conducted by the Revs. F. Evans, of Ulverston; R. Wilson, of Cockermouth; J. Gregory, of Thornton, Yorkshire; W. G. Nevatt, of Forton; G. Hoyle, of Manchester; and R. M. Griffiths, of Kirkham. The day was one of hallowed enjoyment; and the newly-ordained pastor has entered on his labours in this important sphere, with prospects of very extensive usefulness. On the evening previous to the day of ordination, Mr. Fleming received from the young people of the congregation a copy of Bagster's Comprehensive Bible, handsomely bound in morocco, and hymn-books corresponding therewith, for the pulpit.


As there is “a time to be born and a time to die,” so it is the unalterable decree of Heaven, that there must be, ere long, an end of all the labours which every “man taketh under the sun.” It is, therefore, expedient and salutary, sometimes to anticipate the final close of the busy occupations of earth, and voluntarily to retire from at least some of those constantly recurring engagements which absorb one's time, crowd upon one's thoughts, and slowly, but surely, enfeeble one's bodily and mental powers. The duty of this course is rendered more plain, and the task more easy, when it is known that the post we are about to vacate will be occupied by more efficient and successful labourers.

When I was called, in the providence of God, now twenty years ago, to share with my much-loved and lamented friends, the Rev. Joseph Fletcher and the Rev. William Orme, in the management of this journal, I anticipated that, with their co-operation, the duties of a joint editorship would not be onerous, whilst I knew that to be associated with them would be both pleasant and honourable. The variable health of the former, and the early and lamented departure of the latter, unexpectedly devolved the whole burden of the work upon me; and though I obtained the temporary aid of some gentlemen whose names and contributions shed a lustre upon its pages, yet the Magazine did not receive that patronage from the Independent denomination we had a right to expect, and there was but one of two courses left to me, either to sustain it as I could, or to suffer it to expire. Deeply impressed with its importance to our interests, I struggled on, from month to month, sometimes cheered by the voluntary and able literary assistance gratuitously afforded me, and often depressed by the short-sighted policy of those who could starve by neglect the most likely means of advancing our denominational prosperity.

The stern necessity which thus held me for many a long year a reluctant occupant of the editorial chair, has now happily passed away. The one Head of his church has been pleased to raise up in our body a goodly band of able and erudite ministers, some of whom have undertaken to relieve me of my burden. Their literary habits, varied resources, and comparative leisure, will no doubt make duties that have oppressed me, facile to them, and attractive to the public. I therefore now most gladly vacate my editorial office, cheered by the hope

that the objects for which I have so long laboured will be far better served by my highly esteemed brethren and friends who will succeed me.

Before this valedictory address is closed, I trust it will be permitted me to look back upon the history of this periodical, and, in words that I have previously used, to recall some of the objects which its establishment and maintenance have subserved and effected.

The retrospect of twenty-eight years that have passed away since its first publication, recalls many important victories gained in the cause of religious liberty, and many an onward step in the progress of the Congregational body. The abolition of the Sacramental Test, and the consequent admission of dissenting gentlemen to municipal and magisterial honours—the establishment of the University of London, and the connexion of our new or greatly improved colleges with that learned body-the parliamentary enactment of a system of national registration altogether independent of ecelesiastical rites—the resistance to church rates, church extension, and church education, at the charge of the whole community; these are some of the advantages that have been won from class ascendency and religious intolerance. And those who have read this Journal during that long and stirring period know, and those who may look through the whole series of its volumes will find, that those principles and arguments, those statistical facts and calculations, which have formed the basis of these movements, have been published in its pages, and have often been found in its pages alone.

It has also pleaded for and subserved every object of denominational interest and importance. The establishment of the Congregational Library and the Congregational Lecture was first proposed in this Journal, and to its zealous and persevering advocacy the existence of the CONGREGATIONAL Union is mainly attributable. Our pages prepared the way for its formation, hailed its birth, fostered it into prosperity, and continued to report its progress and register its transactions, at greater length than could be found elsewhere, until that body deemed it to be expedient to sanction the establishment of another Journal.

But there are higher subjects of congratulation still; the revival of religion amongst ministers and people has been explained and commended—stedfastness in the faith once delivered to the saints has been advocated and urged—the work of the Holy Spirit has been asserted and maintained—and increased seriousness and spirituality in the public worship of God has been recommended and enforced-and

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