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gifter-ships (41.672.]. The Omoa fe- feet at St Helen's, without being stop i ver breaking out among the seamen after ped or hailed, and arrived with the Roop they failed from thence, destroyed alo at Barfleur on the 16th. -" I hope, most their whole crews; and it was owsays Capt. Hutchinson, in a letter, dá. ing to the aslistance they got from ted, Barfleur, Feb. 19. “ this accident the Spanish Nave prisoners that they will occasion a better look-out to be were enabled to reach Rattan ; from kept, in Portsmouth harbour ; as an ewhence, after a considerable stay, they nemy might come in as well as go out in recovered a fufficient number of their the night-time.” people to carry their fhips to Jamaica. An incident somewhat similar happen- The Charon confirms the account of ed in the end of November. Early in a the loss of the Leviathan man of war. morning the crew of the Jackall cutter, She sprung a leak on the 16th of Febru• of 14 eight-pounders, mutinied, most of ary in a hard gale, and the bad weather the officers being on fore, and ran away continuing, the foundered on the 27th. with the vessel from the Downs, without The crew, fome provisions, and a few being suspected by the Dunkirk guard. ftores, were saved. The crew were dif- fhip, which saw them getting under tributed to the Charon, and among the way. She arrived at Calais on the 3d of merchant-fhips of the convoy.
- It is December. The crew confifted of 50 said, that the cargo of one of the regi. men; of whom 16 were Irish, and 34 fter-ships taken at Fort Omoa, valued at EngliM. The Irish put on the Ameri200,000l. was on board the Leviathan, can cockade at Calais. and loft.
In a very heavy storm, Feb. 26. three Gen. Clinton having failed from New French failors found means to seize a York, Dec. 23. with a considerable body Dover boat, with which they put off for of troops, as was said for Georgia, un- Dunkirk, and arrived safe there the same der the convoy of Adm. Arbuthnot; on day. Such a desperate attempt was the second day after the fleet left Sandy. scarce ever heard of. hook, the Lion transport ran foul of the Towards the end of March, the brig Anne, another transport, which had 200 Liberty, from London to Dublin, was Hessians on board, and damaged her captured by the Black Prince, whom she greatly. This accident happening in á kept under her lee till night, when a hard gale, she was not able to keep up gale of wind coming on, they were fewith the fleet; she therefore made for parated; but were again taken the next England, and arrived at St Ives in the day by a forty-gun French frigate; who end of February
took out the captain and all the men, exSome time in February fixteen sailors cepting three boys, the eldest of whom arrived at London from Amfterdam, on was but eighteen years of age, whom board the Lætitia, Capt. March. They they left on board, together with twelve were taken out of the hold of a Dutch French failors, and sent her for Brest, Eaft- Indiaman by the captain of the from which port they were about forty Kingfton privateer, who having lost fome hours fail. - There being a quantity of of his people, gained some information porter on board, nine out of the twelve of their fate from a music.girl, and had went down to drink, which they did to fpirit enough to board the ship, and fearch' fuch a degree, as to be much intoxicated. her. The poor wretches were all chain. The boys perceiving it, went down, and ed down in the hold, and, but for this locked the hatches upon them; then fortunate discovery, would have been came up, and the youngest with a handcarried to perpetual Navery.
spike knocked down the man at the helm, In the night between the 14th and 15th feized his sword, and, assisted by the oof February, a loop, Thomas Hutchin- ther two with each a handspike, fecured fon master, laden with salt and malt, as the three men upon deck, and brought The, with four other vessels, lay along. the vessel into Kinsale, where the Frenchfide the platform in Portsmouth harbour, men were secured in gaol, and the verwaiting for convoy, was boarded by fif- sel was brought into Dublin harbour, to teen men from a boat, whom the master the no small astonishment of every perthought belonged to a man of war, but fon. The boys will be handsomely rewho proved to be Americans; who, warded. The cargo is estimated at confining the master and the crew, flipped 11,000 1.. the cable, and failed through the whole On the 4th of March the cargoes of
the Dutch ships, consisting of naval stores, the arms being extended, which produ. &c. taken by Com. Fielding [46.], were ced something equivalent to a fit of an condemned at Doctors Commons. The ague, from the trickling of the cold wafhips were ordered to be detained till af. ter down his sides." ter the examination of certain papers. At a court-martial held on board the
Some time in February, the Judge of Victory, in Portsmouth harbour, beginthe High Court of Admiralty condemn- ning on the 2d and ending on the 7th of ed cordage, salted beef, pork, and but- March, to inquire into the cause and cirter, pitch and tar, laden by Dutch sub- cumstances of the capture of his Majejects as their property, not being laden on sty's ihip the Ardent (41. 450.], and to board of Dutch ships, but on board the try her officers and company for their thips of other neutral nations, as contra conduct on that occasion, the judgement band, upon the general law of nations; and given was, “ We are of opinion, That that the treaty with Holland in 1674, is Capt. Philip Boteler did not do the ute, the navigation-treaty of the Dutch repu- most to prevent the thip’s falling into the blic to encourage their own Tipping. enemy's hands; therefore adjudge, that Freight, however, and all reasonable he should be dismissed from his Majesty's charges, are allowed to the neutral care service; and he is hereby dismified acrier. One of the cases was a Swedish, cordingly. We acquit the other officers and the other a Ruffian carrier-Nip. and fhip's company."
At a meeting of the masters in the A court-martial was held, at PortsWeft-India trade from the river, at the mouth, Feb. 28. on Sir James Wallace, London tavern, in February, refolu. late commander of the Experiment man tions with regard to seamens wages were of war, for suffering that thip to be taagreed to, viz. chief mates and carpen- ken by the French [ 48.] ; and he was ters, five guineas ; fecond mates, boat- honourably acquitted. fwaias, and gunners, ten shillings more By an order of council of March 20. than the pay of able seamen ; and able the bounties to feamen or landmen who feamen, three pounds ten shillings,-- all enter voluntarily to serve in the navy, per month.
These resolutions were and the rewards for discovering feamen signed by all the masters present, and by who fecrete themselves, are continued many more afterwards.
from the 31st of March (41. 724.] to " Salisbury, Feb. 28. Thursday laft we the 30th of June inclusive, were entertained with an
On the 21st of March the Royal assens military tribunal under our council. was given, by commiflion, to house.' Two of the dragoons now quar
An act for raising a certain sum of money, tered in this city had been guilty of petty by way of annuities; and for eftablifhing a thefts or frauds on their comrades ; and Lottery. inftead of a court-martial, the officers in alt for punishing mutiny and defertion, left the conviction and punishment of and for the better payment of the army this trivial offence to the men. Accor- their quarters. dingly they were drawn up; one of An act for the regulation of his Majesty's them, drefled as formal as a judge, with marine forces wirile on Jinore. a knapsack round his head, came escort. An act for the better supply of mariners ed by a guard, took his feat in an el and seamen 10 serve in his Mojelly's fuips of bow-chair, with his clerk attending to war, and on board merchant. Sirips, and o. take minutes ;- the two culprits brought ther trading skips and vessels. by a file of musqueteers;- a jury of An act 10 repeal so much of an alt 190 twelve, collected indifferently from the Hon. VII. or of any other acts which prohimen, and a charge given ;- the evidence bil the exporting, carrying, or conveying then heard ; and, on conviction, the coin out of this realm into Ireland; and so judge, with great folemnity, after obser- much of certain acts made in G. Britain, ving on the evil of the offences to their which prohibit the ixiportation of foreign society, sentenced them to undergo the hops into Ireland, and which take off the punishment of booting and bottleing; drawback upon hops exported from G. Bri. which was inflicted immediately, by e- tain to Ireland; and to allow the importavery juryman giving a dozen blows with tion into and exportation from Ireland of a jack-boot on the posteriors of the cri- such goods as may be imported into or exporia minal, and then pouring bottles of colded from G. Britain by the merchants of water through the Deeves of his coat, England trading to the Levani (245. VOL.XLII.
An alt for defraying the charge of the
" London, March II. This day, pay and cloathing of the militia in that part three deputies from each county-comof G. Britain called England, for one year, mittee, &c. met at the auction-room in beginning March 25. 1780.
King street, St James's square, to preAn axi to continue several laws relating to pare an affociation to be submitted to the the better securing the lawful trade of his county.meetings, which are soon to be Majesty's Subjects to and from the East In- held in different parts of England. The dies, and for the more effettual preventing Rev. Mr Wyvil, from Yorkshire, a genall his Majesty's subjects trading thither un. tleman of ancient family, and large e. der foreign commissions; to the importing state, and who first suggested the Yorkfalt from Europe into the province of Quebec thire meeting (51.), is chairman,” in America; to the permitting she free im- [105.] portation of raw goaz-skins into this king “ London, March 31. The counties dom; to the allowing the exportation of which have agreed to petitions upon certain quantities of wheat and other arts. the expenditure of the public money are cles, to his Majesly's fugar-colonies in A. the following: York, Middlefex, "chemerica; and to the permitting the exporta- ster, Hertford, Sussex, Huntingdon, tion of tobacco pipe clay from this kingdom Surrey, Cumberland, Bedford, Effex, to the British fugar-colonies or plantations in Gloucester, Somerset, Wilts, Dorset, the West Indics.
Devon, Norfolk, Berks, Bucks, NotAn'act to remove certain difficulties rela- tingham, Kent, Northumberland, Suftide to voters a: county-elections.
folk, Hereford, Cambridge, Derby. Twenty-two bills concerning matters The cities and towns which have agreed of police: of which, twenty relate to upon similar petitions, are, London, roads, all in England; one is for conti- Westminster, York, Bristol, Cambridge, nuing an act 32° Geo. Il. [21. 286.) for Nottingham, Newcastle, Reading, and laying a duty of two pennies Scots upon Bridgewater. The counties which have every Scots pint of ale, porter, and beer, not yet agreed upon petitions are, Weftbrewed for sale, brought into, tapped, moreland, Durham, Lancashire, Salop, or sold, within the town of Kelso, for Stafford, Lincoln, Leicester, Warwick, finishing a bridge across the Tweed, and Oxford, Worcester, Cornwall, and Rutfor other purposes; and one relates to land. - Hants agreed to a petition, but the building a parish church in the parish appointed no committee; and Northof St Mary le Bone, Middlesex. ampton agreed to instruct their mem. And twelve private bills.
bers on the points of the petition. The common council of London ha
One duel, occafioned by indecency of sing, on the 16th of December, order- speech in parliament, this feffion, bas ed the thanks of that court to be given been aiready mentioned (41.584.] : an10 the Lords who had voted in favour of other has lately happened, on a like octhe motion made by the Duke of Rich- casion. The Earl of Shelburne, in his mond on the 7th of December (19.), speech, March 6. [129.], in support of letters in return were read in the com- his motion for an address to the King, to mon council on the roth of February; inform the House, whether he was adone directed to the Lord Mayor from vised, and by whom, to dismiss from the Duke of Manchester; the rest direct their offices the Lords Caermarthen and ed to the Town-clerk and Remembran- Pembroke for their conduct in parliacer, from his R. H. the Duke of Cum- ment, faid, “ From the whole view of berland; the Dukes of Richmond, Graf- the measures of ministers, and men in ton, Portland, Bolton, and Devonshire; favour, he inferred, that the present mathe Marquis of Rockingham; the Earls nagement of the military was injurious of Cholmondeley, Spencer, Coventry, to the public service. Among many inHarcourt, Jersey, Derby, Tankerville, stances he stated the appointment of Mr Suffolk, Shelburne, Fitzwilliam, Rad- Fullerton (member for Plympton] to por, Ferrers, Abingdon, and Efing. the command of a regiment. He repre, ham ; the Viscount Say and Sele; the fented, that many old officers of approLords Craven, Ravensworth, Besbo. ved service were ready and zealous to rough, and Beaulieu ; and the Bishops pursue their profeffion, able and willing of St Asaph and Peterborough.- The to raise regiments, and folicitous to be letters were ordered to be printed, and employed at their head. But that such a copy fent to every member of the men were not employed; That, on the 'court,
contrary, this young man, who knew was destined, they would not think he nothing of military service, who had not merited the attack that had been made a military idea, absolutely unknown to on him.-" I know it is irregular (conthe army, and utterly ignorant of the tinued he) to take notice here of what common elements of the profeflion, was passed elsewhere ; but it is the privilege taken from the desk of an ambassador, of those who are aspersed, to wipe out appointed to raise a regiment, and placed the imputation. It is the object of my at its head. When such a person, from life to deserve the approbation of this being a commis, a clerk to an embally at House and of this country. It is the Paris, was at once made colonel and com- duty of this House to know, that those marder of a regiment, it was a monstrous men who fit here, and who are raised to abuse in the service. It was given out, the command of regiments, in times like he understood, that this was to be a buc- the present, are not such men as I have caneering regiment: he desired to know been described. I was named while very what that was: he did not understand young, by the King, secretary to the it; but when regiments were so raised, embally at Paris; an appointment fa when minifterial partialities were so ex- honourable, with regard to business, eercised, to the annihilation of all legiti. molument, and situation, that I did not mate rank and constitutional succeflion, expect it would have procured me the in so many uniform instances, both in title of clerk, especially from a Noble the militia and the army, he did not Duke [Richmond), whose brother held know whether such troops night not be the same office; and from a Noble Earl, intended, rather to fight against the liber. who, as well as that Duke, having been ties of the country, than the enemies of at the head of the diplomatique affairs the state, to buccaneer the city of Lon- of this country as fecretary of state, don, as well as the coast of America.” must have known the falsehood of his own
The secretary at war having given no- affertion ; – that Noble Earl, -- I mean tice in the House of Commons, March the Earl of Shelburner" Here he was 20. that he would next day move for called to order by Mr Fox. – Mr Rigby the army-contingencies, Mr Fullerton, and Lord North replied.-- Mr Fullerton alluding to what is above related, said, said, he Thould not have mentioned the that many reflections had been caft upon Noble Earl by name, had not the Noble him for having accepted a command in Earl attacked him by name, and with all the army. A different profession from the aristocratical infolence which marked that of the military, he said, had been his character. - Here he was again called laid down for him; but surely it could to order by Col. Barré : he said, that the not be a crime in him, at a time when term clerk, abstractedly considered, was his country was at war with near half not offentive; and that the term commis the world, when the aflistance of every was applied to the highest officers of man was wanted, to step aside from his state in France.-Mr Fullerton faid, that intended plan of life, and offer his fer. what hurt him moft was, the Noble vices to his sovereign. He had made an Earl's saying, that his regiment would offer to raise a regiment without any ex- be as ready to turn their arms against the pence to the state ; he had not ftipulated liberties of their country as against the for more than a temporary rank for him- enemy.- Mr Burke said, the Noble Earl self and his officers; and as the good of did not speak disrespectfully of the Hon. his country had been his fole object, Gentleman; it was of his promotion. they were not to have half-pay. Did He had in his eye a very able General, this conduct deserve the severe reflec- who had diftinguished himself at the tions that had been thrown on his cha- head of armies, and for whose character racter in the other House by a Noble he entertained the highest respect; and Earl? Though that Noble Lord's Peer- yet, if he should hear that he had been age might screen him from punishment appointed to a feat on a bench in Weftfor using such language in a debate; yei, minfter hall, he would moft heartily as a general officer, he might venture to laugh at the appointment. There was affert, that a court-martial would find not a man for whom, as a lawyer, and the words he had used concerning him an able Speaker, he felt a greater degree to fall under the article cf ungeniloma- of veneration, than for the learnergen. like behaviour. He was fure if ihe Mouse tleman ihen in the chair, (Sir Fletcher knew the fervice for which his regiment Norton); but if he should hear of that
gentleman being appointed to the com- immediately to his ground, which he had mand of a troop of horse, he would deem left with a view of assisting his Lordship, the promotion ridiculous and absurd. and repeatedly desired his Lordship to Mr Jenkinson assured the House, that fire at him. Lord Shelburne faid, Sure, when the motives for raising the regi. Sir, you don't think I would fire my piment in question should be known, go- ftol at you! and fired it in the air. The vernment and the Hon. meinber would parties and their seconds got together. both meet with general approbation, the Lord Balcarras asked Lord Shelburne, If latter for making the offer, and the for. he had any difficulty in declaring he mer for accepting it. After several meant nothing personal to Col. Fullerspeeches more, the contest was ended, ton? His Lordship replied, “ You know by calling for the order of the day. it has taken another course ; this is no
Next day Col. Fullerton sent Lord time for explanation.” His Lordship Shelburne the following billet. “ My then said to Col. Fullerton, “ Although Lord, I have inclosed, for your Lord- I am wounded, I am able to go on, ship’s perusal, not only what I advanced if you feel any resentment.” Col. Fulin yelterday's debate, but also what I lerton said, he hoped he was incapable intended further to have urged, had I of harbouring that sentiment. Lord been permitted to proceed, in reply to Fr. Cavendish declared, that, from the your Lordship's attack upon my charac- character he bad heard of Col. Fullerton, ter, which I deem unprovoked, defama. he believed so. Col. Fullerton said, sory, and cowardly. I am, my Lord,” “ As your Lordship is wounded, and &c. - Lord Sheburne fent notice to Col. has fired in the air, it is impossible or me Fullerton, that he would be in Hyde- to goon.” Lord Balcarras and Lord Fr. park early next morning.
Cavendish immediately declared, that the Accordingly, they met next morning, parties had ended the affair, by behaving March 22. at half past five, in Hyde- as men of the strictest honour. park, with Lord Frederick Cavendish, After matters were over, Col. Fulleras second to Lord Shelburne, and the ton having intreated Lord Shelburne to Earl of Balcarras, as second to Col. Ful. accept the use of his carriage, which Jerton. Lord Balcarras and Lord Fr. ftood at a little distance, his Lordship Cavendish proposed, that both parties politely accepted the offer; but a genShould obey the seconds. Lord Shel. tleman, a friend of his Lordship’s, apburne and Col. Fullerton walked toge- pearing with a hackney-coach, he went ther, while Lord Balcarras and Lord Fr. in with him, and returned home in the Cavendish adjusted all ceremonials, and coach. - Mr Adair being immediately fixed on pistols as the proper weapons. fent for, extracted the ball, and his When they came to the ground, Lord Lordship'was thought to be out of danShelburne told them, that his pistols ger. The ball is said to have been luckiwere already loaded; and offered to ly impeded in its progress by some papers draw them ; which was rejected by Lord his Lordship had in his waistcoat.pocket. Balcarras and Col. Fullerton ; upon On hearing of this duel, the following which Lord Balcarras loaded Col. Ful. message was lent to Lord Shelburne. lerton's pistols. The seconds having a Guildhall, London, March 22. The greed, that twelve paces was a proper committee of common council for corredistance, the parties took their ground. sponding with the committees appointed, Col. Fullerton desired Lord Shelburne or to be appointed, by the several coun: to fire, which his Lordship declined; ties, cities, and boroughs in this kingdom and Col. Fullerton was ordered by the [100.], anxious for the preservation of seconds to fire. He fired, and milied; the valuable life of so true a friend of Lord Shelburne returned it, and missed. the people, and defender of the liberties Col. Fullerton then fired his second pia. of Englishmen, as the Earl of Shelburne, ftol, and hit Lord Shelburne in the right respectfully enquire after his Lordflip's groin; which his Lord hip fignified: safety, highiy endangered in consequence upon which every body ran up; the fe. of his upright and spirited conduct in conds interposed. Lord Frderick ofer parliament. ed to take the pistol from Lord Shel In answer, the following note was sent burne; but his Lordship refused to de: to the town-clerk." Berkeley Square, liver it up, saying, “ I have not fired March 28. Sir, I am truly senlible of that pistol.” Col. Fullerton returned the obliging and attecting terms in which