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offences, so as that the person or persons 5. If any regular plan for burning the discovered may be prosecuted for the city, or ruining the nation, had been same, such discoverer shall have and re- previously concerted,
sense ceive, as a reward, upon conviction of would have dictated, that an attempt fueh offender or offenders, the sum of upon the bank mould have been the first fifiy pounds, and also our gracious par. ouvert act, before the burning of Newdon for the said offence, in care the per- gate, when violence raged in its fury, fon making such discovery Mall himself and when it met with no opposition. be liable to be prosecuted for the same : That there was no previous plan, is oband the commissioners for executing the vious to common sense ; because it is, office of Treasurer of our Exchequer are not so much as pretended that there ever hereby required to make payment ac. was any private meetings held by the ascordingly of the said rewards." Dared fociation; nor is there the least sadow, June 9.
of reason, from any thing that has apThis day the shops in the city were peared upon the trials of the rioters; to opened as usual; business in the courts suppose that there ever was. Tbeir in Weftminfter hall, which had been meetings were as public as the meetings suspended, was resumed ; many stories at Ranelagh, or any other place of enwere propagated which time has fince tertainment, and the object they had in difcovered to be groundless ; and the view as publicly recommended as the phrenzy that had pofTefled the people, interest of religion is at church. Did terminated by strengthening the hands of this look like a plot to rob the bank and government.
burn the city ? Surely he must be a cre· In the London papers of June 17. there dulous man indeed to believe in a plot, is a copy of the return made to Lord where, to make it so, they could only Amherst, of the number killed and find one conspirator ! wounded in the late disturbances, viz. 6. If there had been any ringleaders of Killed by the association and guards 109, note, even behind the curtain, the trials, and by the light horse 101, is 210, and of those who have been condemned as died in hospitals 75, in all 285 ; and pri- most active in the riot would certainly soners then under cure 173. Total kill. have led to a discovery ; but we find, ed and wounded 458.
that a blind and ignorant fury, insamed To the preceding narrative we shall by drunkenness, and seconded the inadd remarks selected from the papers by terested views of thieves and housebreakthe compiler of the Gentleman's Maga- ers, has, in fact, been the cause of the zine, viz.
whole commotion." “ 1. A set of well-meaning men, who Quiet was now restored in London could not have been aware of the conse- and its environs ; but a disturbance of quences, mat for the defence of the esta. the like kind broke out at Bath, which, blished religion, and called themselves however, was happily foon quashed. the Protestant All ciation.
In the evening of Friday, June 9. a foot. 2. In consequence of this association, man and some boys began the mischief, Lord George Gordon called a public by breaking the windows of a house meeting to present a petition to parlia. where the Roman-Catholic priest resided, ment, profeMedly with a good intention. adjoining to a new Romish chapel lately,
3. As no proper police exists in this built. At night they were joined by country, the advertilement issued for great numbers, moft of them strangers ; such purpose had a direct tendency to who broke open the chapel-doors, and collect thicves, pickpockets, bousebreak. began to throw the materials out at the
windows. The magistrates and peace. 4. Such an assembly (not the associa: officers assembled as soon as posible; tors themfelves) being unwilling, in the but ere they could exert themselves, the first instance, to manifest their real in- mob had increased to a great multitude.. tentions, attacked fuch places as rather The riot-act was read, and some persons led the public off their guard ; but the were seized, but instantly rescued. The moment they found themselves formin magistrates and many respectable citizens dable, depredations were committed up- endeavoured to prevail on the mob to on the private property of individuals, disperse, but without effect. Major magistrates, &c. while the bank itself Molesworth, with a few of the city.vowas not forgotten.,
lunteers hastily collectéd, got into the
chapel, and put out the fire several times; and again restored to their former or o. which the mob repeatedly kindled. A. ther gaols. bout twenty more of the volunteers were Ou Saturday, June 10. about five o' soon after got together; and Capt. Du- clock in the morning, Mr Fisher, the perre, at the request of the mayor, head- secretary to the Protestant Associations ed them, and led tliem into the chapel, was apprehended, at his house, and cartheir pieces not loaded. The instant ried to the Tower. In the evening be they entered the chapel, the mob rushed was examined before the privy council; in upon them on all lives, and a pistol and nothing appearing against him, the was fired at Capt. Duperre ; which for- committee, or the association, he was tunately missed him, and as fortunately honourably dismissed. Mr Hopkins, killed an old rioter, who had been once one of the managers of the association, before wounded at an insurrection at was likewise taken up, examined, and Trowbridge. But this so incensed the disinilled. mob, who supposed the man to be shot This evening a deputation of the comby one of the volunteers, that they im- mittee of the association waited on Lord mediately fet fire to the chapel : and the North, offering, if they had done any volunteers, finding it impossible to relist thing contrary to law, to stand a trial. so large a body, made a low and good His Lord hip received them politely, retreat. The chapel, and fix or seven hou- and told them, that no charge whatever ses that surrounded it, were entirely burnt was deligned to be brought against the by four in the morning. The mob were fecretary, the committee, or the atroci. then prevailed on to disperfe, without ation.- They sewed his Lordship a cocarrying into execution the remainder of py of a letter designed to be printed, their diabolical plan; for they had decla- which bis Lordship approved of. -- Of red their resolution to burn the old cha- this letter many thousands were distribu• pel, and the houses of several Roman- ted. It was dated next day, which was Catholics residing at Bath. Exprefies had Sunday; and we insert a copy of it, viz. been sent to Wells, Devizes, &c. for "SIR, London, Fine 11. 1780. troops; and Maj. Mallock, of the Queen's As citizens, as peaceable members of dragoons, arrived, with about 40 horfe, civil society, and as loyal subjects, we before five next morning ; Capt. Taylor, think it our bounden duty to acquaint with 60 more of the same regiment, be you, and to beg that you will to the utfore seven, from Devizes; and Capt. molt of your power acquaint every one, Barnaby, with about 240 of the Here- that tlie petitions of his Majesty's Proford militia, by nine o'clock, from Wells, teltant subjects would have been condiQuiet was immediately restored. The dered before now, but for the unhappy, gutting and firing of the chapel was ex disraélions occafioned by an unruly and ecuted with amazing haste and regulari. tumultuous mob, who, under prefence ty; and not a single person was insulied, of oppoling Popery, have been guilty of except those who attempted to seize the many mest heinous offences. The Pro. rioters. It was the general opinion, that testant Allociation has no connection, the leaders in the riot were persons fent direly nor indirectly, with these lawicís from London.
rioters. At London the magistrates, &c. were The military power which has been now busied in discovering and apprehend. called in, was not to resist the Proteit
. ing the persons guilty of the late atro. ants of London, &c. but to quell the cious riots. Parties of the military, ac- riots, and prevent a continuance of that companied by Sir John Fielding's men, havock and devaliation which these un• and directed by them, began, on Thurs: happy cities have experienced for many day, the 8th, to search the old baunts days past. of those incorrigible criminals who but We have the happiness to acquaint a day or two before bad been released you, that the dreadful confusion is, by from confinement; and there found num the vigilance of government, in a great bers of them, ready to pursue their for- mealure fubfided; and we most earnestmer courses, or to return to the dun- ly with and pray peace may be completegeons from whence they had been deli. ly restored. vered. It is inci edible with what faci. By order of the Committee, lity almost the whole body of these delin
J. FISHER, Secretary. quents were in a few days apprehended, Goulfon-Squart, Whitcchapel.”
The Lord Mayor laid before a court 'On this the court came to the followof Aldermen held on Saturday June 10. ing resolutions. the following letter.
“ Resolved, That the several Alder“ After our hearty commendations men of this city do immediately repair to your Lordthip,
to their respective wards; and, calling Whereas great numbers of disorderly together the peace-officers of each ward, persons, armed with guns, pistols, and with such other assistance as they may other offensive weapons, have assembled find necesary, immediately issue war. themselves for some nights past, and rants for searching for and securing all have committed divers the most daring idle and disorderly persons, who shall be and violent outrages, to the great terror found lurking in their respective wards ; of all his Majesty's fubjects : And where and also for searching for and seizing all as there is reason to apprehend, that ma arms which shall be found in suspected ny of them ftill lie concealed within the places, or in the possesion of such idle cities of London and Westminster, and and disorderly persons; and to cause dilithe liberties thereof, and within the bo- gent search to be forth with made accorrough of Southwark, in the county of dingly. Surrey, with intent to assemble them Refolved, That all persons keeping felves again, in order to proceed to the public houses within this city and the commission of the like acts of violence : liberties thereof, do fhut up their hou. And whereas we think it necessary that fes at ten o'clock in the evening, and not the sheriffs of the city of London, and fell any beer or other liquors after all other the civil magistrates and peace that time, till five o'clock in the ensuing officers within the said city, should be morning.” called upon at this time to exert their At the desire of the court, Mr Reutmost diligence in the discharge of their corder drew up an answer to the letter respective duties, not only to suppress, of the privy council, including the two but to prevent all riotous meetings and resolutions just now recited, which was tumultuous assemblies: We do there ligued by the Lord Mayor, and sent the fore, in his Majesty's name, and by his faine evening to the Earl Bathurst, Preexpress command, hereby pray and re: fident.--- Next court day, June 13. the quire your Lordship, to call upon the Lord Mayor laid before the court a letsaid sheriffs of London, and all other the ter from the Earl Bathurst, dated June si. civil magistrates and peace officers of the which he had received on Sunday aftercity of London, and to fignity to them noon ; “ acknowledging, in the name his Majesty's pleasure, that, taking with of the Board, that zeal and attention them such affiftance as they shall judge which his Lordship and the court of necefTary, they do cause the most ftrict Aldermen had fewn in the matter reand diligent search to be made for all i. commended to them by the privy coundle and disorderly persons lurking with. cil.” in the city of London ; and them having His Lordship laid before the court on found, they are forthwith to apprehend the roth a letter from the Lord Viscount and secure, that they may be dealt with Stormont, and the Earl of Hillsborough, according to law; and the sheriffs of the secretaries of state, in answer to a letter city of London, and all other the civil rent from his Lord hip and the two hemagistrates and peace-officers of the said rifts, respecting the state of the Poultry city, are in like manner required to and Woodstreet compters, and requestmake the most diligent search, w all pu- ing permission to lodge what prisoners blic houses, and other places within the might be taken who had been concerned city of London, where they may have in ihe late riots, in the Tower of Lonreason to suspect that any guns, piftols, don; and another letter, which he had or other offensive weapons may be con received in the afternoon of the precealed, and to seize and secure the same. ceding day, defiring him to attend the And so not doubting of your ready com- privy council at seven o'clock that evenpliance herewith, we bid your Lordnip ing. farewell. - From the Council-Chamber The letter from the secretaries of state, at Whitehall, the 9th day of June 1780. was dated, St James's, Friday, half af(Signed] BATHURST, P. GEO. GER. ter four, June 9. 1780. — “ There are MAIN. ONSLOW. NORTH. Edce- (say they, many reasons which would SUMBE. C. SPENCER. TOWNSHEND. inake it highly improper that any of the To our loving friend the Lord
o'vjects Mayor of the city of London,"
objects of imprisonment who hereafter Several letters passed on this subjeg, fhall be committed to you, should be which were afterwards called for by, fent to the Tower. The best way to and laid before the House of Commons; fapply the insufficiency of the gaol of -and which we insert, omitting only the Newgate in its present state, appears to us addresses, compliments, viz. to be, that you should chase any of the city-halls or other public buildings, which Lord, Amherst 10 C1-Col. Twifleton, Whiteyou think the fittest for the purpofe ;
hall, June 12. and upon your acquainting us with the " I have received the favour of your places so fixed upon as temporary prisons, letter of this date, with the several paà fufficient force will be sent to guard pers inclosed. If in the printed paper, them."
with the Lord Mayor's name annexed, The Lord Mayor attended the privy firelocks are meant by the words, witá council in obedience to the summons, their arms, in the first article of the pawas examined, and dismisled. -- The pa- per, I wholly disapprove of that inten. pers say, that his Lordf:ip was blamed tion. No perfon can bear arms in this for not being fufficiently active in fup- courtry but under officers having the preffing the tumults, and for discharging King's commissions. feveral of the rioters when in the cuito The inhabitants of the borough of dy of the military.
Southwark, those of the parish of CoOn Friday, June g. the following plan vent-Garden, and of some other parish. was fent by the Lord Mayor to the Alo es, have formed themselves into very dermen and Deputies of the feveral feful, and at the same time unexcep. wards, recommended to the general tionable affociations ; and if fomething meeting of the house-keepers. * The of the same kind was adopted in the ciAlderman or Deputy of each ward, and ly, there is no doubt but much use and the several housekeepers and gentlemen great fecurity would arise therefrom; being met, that they throw ihemielves but the ufing of fire-arms ia improper, into four divifions by ballot ; each divi. unnecessary, and cannot be approved.”
fion, with their arm's, to take waich by Ditto in dirto, Whitehall, June 13. a corotation. That the houfektepers and
py of which was on the same day afigentlemen not on guard, have their arms
cially sent to the federal Alder ries of ready prepared, to proceed on beat of
London. drum to the head-quarters of the ward. Patroles to be sent about the ward, in
“ I received the favour of your letter order to keep a watch over alchonfes of this date, on the fubje&t of the inha. and disorderly places; also to prevent a
bitants of the city being permitted to my number of people collecting together; carry arms; and I cannot say more on to suffer no signs of countenancing the the general subject than I mentioned in rioters to prevail, as wearing badges, my letter to you of yesterday's date, buzzing, and illuminating ; to com.
which was a clear difapprobation of that mit those who cannot give a good ac. part of the Lord Mayor's plan which recount of themfelves, and take from them gards the arms. their weapons, &c.; to have intelligence
If, therefore, any arms are found in established with the neighbouring wards, the hands of persons, except they are of and with the Manfion-honte; and to the city.militia, or are persons authori. have the same with the military, if judged fed by the King to be aimed, you will necessary; and a watch-word for ihe please to order the arms to be delivered night fettled among the commanders of up to you, to be safely kept until further the whole. To recommend to house orders." keepers, parents, and masters, to keep At the defire of the court of Alder. their fervants, children, and workmen men, fignified by the Lord Mayor, L. at home, towards and during night, Col. Twisleton waited on the court, to prevent their being mixed with or June 14. with the original orders to him countenancing the guilty by their num. from Adj.-Gen. Amherst, dated June 7. bers. To report every morning the pro- [360.], and explained the foregoing let. ceedings of each ward to the Lord ters of Lord Ainherit. Mayor at the Manlion-house, that just By direction of the court, a letter for information may be bad, on which to the Earl Bathurft was prepared, ligned by found measures for the whole."
the Lord Mayor, and sent to his Lordhip,
with the above two letters and orders to is extremely commendable; yet the greatLt-Col. Twilleton inclosed, dated, Guild- est care fhould be taken, that any armed ball, June 14. viz.
housekepers, do not expose themselves “ I am directed by the court of Al- to the military, who, in a tumult, might dermen to inform your Lordship, that, not be able to distinguish them from the in obedience to your Lordship's orders, rioters.”, they have made diligent search in the several wards after those diforderly per
The Lord Mayor in the Earl, Bathurst, fons who have been concerned in the late
Guildhall, June 17. dangerous riots, and have taken to their « I am to acknowledge the honour of affistance the housekeepers in cach dif- your Lordfhip’s letter of the 15th; which trict, who have armed themselves, under I communicated to the court of Alderthe direction of the court, for the pur- men yesterday ; by whom I am directed pose of supporting the civil magistrate ; to represent to your Lordfhip, that if but having communicated to the court you will be pleased to refer to my letter the inclofed letter from Lord Amberst of the 14th, your Lordthip will find the to Col. Twilleton, who favoured me letters of Lord Amherst's there mentionwith copies of them, the court are defi- ed (copies of which were inclofed) were Tous that some explanation may be given not addressed to me, but to Col. Twito those letters, as they now militate a- fleton; the fecond of which seems to imgainft the orders first received from your port, an order to him to disarm all per Lordships. They also beg leave to be fons in whose hands arms hould be informed by your Lordship, whether the found, except the city.militia,. and perorder sent to Col. Twisieton by the Ad- sons authorised by the King to be armjutant-General, directing the military to ed; which order, it is apprehended, ad without waiting for the directions of would, if literally executed, disarm those the civil magistrate, is to continue in assistants, without whom it would have force."
been impoffible to have executed, and Earl Bathurs to the Lord Mayor; Whire- will now be impossible to proceed in the hall, Council-chamber, June 15.
execution of the order of council of the
9th inftant; the asistance which the Al“ I have been honoured with your dermen of this city judged neceffary to Lordship's letter of yesterday's date, and take with them in the execution of that have laid the same before the Lords of order in addition to the peace-officers, the Privy Council; and am to inform being bodies of the inhabitants of their your Lord thip, that we apprehend Lord respective wards, who have armed tbemAmherst's letter to your Lordship of selves under the direction of the court of the 13th inft. has not been properly un- Aldermen (not the court of lieutenancy) derftood: for when he speaks of the arms for the purpose of supporting the civil in the hands of the eity-militia, or other magistrate. persons authorised by the King to be i'he court were the more inclined to armed, be certainly includes the arms fear, that the order in question would be in the hands of the citizens and house fo interpreted, as Lord Amherst had, in keepers, who, by virtue of an order of his letter to Col. Twilleton of the 12th the court of lieutenancy, are required initant, expressed it to be his opinion, to keep them in their houses; and Col. that no man can bear arms in this counTwilleton has put the proper construc- try but under officers having the King's tion on thofe letters, by only taking cornmission. This was what was meant arms from fufpicious persons, or thote by saying, that those letters militare awho could not give a good account of sainst the orders first received from your themselves. – While the military, necef Lordship; and the court delire to subfarily for the preservation of the public mit to your Lordship’s conlideration, peace, remain in the city, it will, no whether Tome further explanation may doubt, be proper that the order of the not be neceffary, to prevent a construcAdjutant General, for their acting with- tion, which would leave the civil magiout waiting for the direction of the civil ftrate without power to act at all, for magistrate, Mould continue in force. want of necessary support ; (specially The attention paid by the inhabitants in if it be thought proper that the Adjus preserving the peace of the several wards tant-General's order for the military to VOL. XLII.