Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB

is, that the allistance of the military is mitted by them [416.); yet that they neceffary, and according to law, being must equally guard against any ill consejustified by the occasion.

quences which may arise to the liberties The motion was rejected without a di- and civil conftitution of this country, by vilion.

the employment of the military force, After the conclusion of the debate, unconnectedly with the civil magistrates, Lord Amherst rose, and declared, that for the suppression of such tumuits : though he would not venture to trouble That it appears to his faithful Commons, their Lordships with any thing respecting that the issuing general orders to all his himself, he should think he acted very Majesty's officers throughout the king, improperly, if he neglected to express don, to proceed in the suppression of the very great satisfaction which all the tumults by an immediate exertion of principal officers, whose condu& he had their utmost force, without waiting for particular opportunity of observing, had the directions of the civil magistrates, is, given him, by the spirit, regularity, and in its effect, nothing less than the subattention, which they manifested during version of the civil magistracy of this, the late alarming insurrections.

country. in respect to the preservation On Monday, July 3. Mr David Hart- of the public peace, and the fubftitution ley rose in the House of Commons, and of a military government at discretion in faid, he intended to make a motion re. its place : That such principles are fun. specting the military government which damentally repugnant to the spirit of had been introduced into the capital in this constitution, and to the provisions consequence of the late riots. He was of an act of parliament, palled in the not then prepared to Tay, whether the first year after the accession of his Majenecessity for calling in the military was fty's family to the throne of these kingnot in the first instance purposely crea- doms, intitled, “ An act for prevent. ted; but this he was free to declare, ing tumults and riotous assemblies, and and ready to maintain, that, parliament for the more speedy and effe&tual punishfitting, and in the full exercise of the ing the rioters ;” by which act such mafovereign power, that it amounted al- gistrates as are invested with the civil moft to an abdication of that power, power, after proclamation made, (or not to resume their constitutional funco prevented by violence from being made), tions, and sanctify, by law, what in it. are, according to their judgement and felf, from the spur of the occasion, had discretion, authorised and impowered to become perfectly juftifiable, the prefer. command all his Majesty's subjects of vation of the state superseding every form, age and ability to be aslifting to them : and of course every inferior considera- To represent to his Majesty, that it is tion. -The absence, ' however, of the the most alarming of all possible confideNoble Lord in the blue ribbon, the o- rations to his faithful Coinmons, to see stensible minister, who was abfent, as the civil power superseded by the milihe underftood, from indisposition, pre- tary by a general order throughout the vented him, in point of cândour, from kingdom, in consequence of which, the bringing on the question ; he would military now remains under orders to ad therefore postpone his intended motion without waiting for directions from the for the present; reserving to himself, at civil magistrates: That his faithful Comthe same time, his first intention, that mons, in these circumstances, think it of bringing it forward some day before their indispensable duty to their country, the prorogation, in order that it might which they represent, moft earnestly to undergo a full and candid discussion. request of his Majesty, that he will be

Accordingly, on Wednesday, July 5. graciously pleased to take these things the same gentleman made the following into his consideration, and to give a suit. motion : “ That an humble address be able relief to his people, by replacing presented to his Majesty, ftating, that the military force as usual under the dialthough his faithful Commons have rection of the civil power, for the purthought it their indispensable duty, to pose of fuppreffing tumults and riotous express in the strongest terms their ab- asleniblies according to the laws and conhorrence of the proceedings of the late ftitution of these kingdoms.” tumultuous assemblies, and of the cri. Mr Hartley, following exactly the line minal acts of outrage and violence com- of argument made use of by the Duke

of

[merged small][ocr errors]

of Richmond, iosifted, that military go- city, in the very seat of government.
vernment is still in force, and will con Sir Philip Jennings Clerke and Me
tinue so till the general orders issued to Dempiter spoke in favour of the motion.
the military be recalled. He wished to Upon a division the motion was reject.
see the civil magistrates reinstated in their ed by 50 votes against 6.
functions, and supported when requi The Commons were in a committee
fite by the military power; but he thought feven times on the bill moved for and
it unconstitutional, and very alarming, to brought in by Mr Burke, “ for the bet-
have such large bodies of the military ter establishment of his Majesty's civil e-
dispersed in all parts of the metropolis, ftablishment,” &c. [194.), viz. March
and almost surrounding it, invested with 8. 13. 20. April 28. May 18. 23. and
a discretionary power to use violence a. June 23. The proceedings and debates
gainst his Majesty's subjects, before the on the 8th, 13th, and 20th of March,
civil magiftrate has declared that they have been already inserted [198, 242.].
are offenders deserving such exertions, On a motion by Mr Fox, the House
and too powerful in point of numbers impowered the committee, March 20.
to be brought to justice by the proper to make provision for :he abolition of the
peace-officers.

offices of the Lords and Gentlemen of Po-
He was answered by the Solicitor-Ge- lice, and the several offices belonging to
neral; who maintained, that the civil that establishment, in Scotland. Lord
magiftrates are at this hour reinstated in North did not object to the motion; but
their functions, and that the milicary are said, that by his acquiescence then, he
Dow only protecting them in their duty. did not bind himself to support the clause
He appealed to the Hon, member him in the committee.
self, whether this is not the case at pre Mr Burke, April 28. moved for the a-
sent at the sessions-house in the Old Bai. bolition of the offices of Matter of the
ley; the avenues to which are strongly Great Wardrobe, Master of the Robes,
guarded by constables, and the military the Jewel-office, &c. - He faid, he had
are only stationed there to protect them, imagined that housekeepers of palaces
as a proper precaution after the late un were never appointed but to palaces that
parallelled insurrection and unexampled really existed, palaces of brick and stone:
outrages of a daring and furious mob, he was however mistaken; for it was

Lord North denied, that the least idea clear by certain appointments, that there
of a military government subfisting in were such things as Utopian palaces,
this kingdom at present could be enter- perfectly immaterial buildings. He had
tained by any cool dispassionate man. looked into the red book, and there he
Could it be supposed, that the orders iso had seen such a phalanx of petticoat-
sued to the military upon the late extra. housekeepers to palaces, that he did not
ordinary occasion, were ever meant to be dare to think of abolishing their places,
put in execution upon any emergency particularly as these housekeepers were
but that of a mob overpowering the ci- ladies of the first families in the king-
vil poffe, and subverting magiltracy it- dom, and because he did not think it
self? Surely no man would think it improper that employments should be
prudent in government to raise such an- given to women of high birth.
other scene of wild uproar, havock, and Mr Gilbert said, that he was comp-
devastation ; and, as it was impossible troller of the wardrobe for seventeen
for any one to take upon him to infure years. On his appointment he had made
the public safety, if the troops were himself master of every thing concerning
withdrawn before any circumstance con- it, by which he made a reduction of
curred to demonstrate that the public 5001. a-year in it. The duties of the
tranquillity is perfectly and permanently wardrobe were very extensive : The
restored, he could not see the wisdom of clothing of the yeomen of the guards,
the motion at the present moment. A warders of the tower, king's trumpeters,
very short time would make it expedient furnishing the royal palaces, both hou-
to draw off the military; and in the ses of parliament, royal robes, clothing
mean time they certainly would not act of the royal children, the royal funerals,
independent of the orders of the civil coronations, &c. were all within that
power, unless compelled to it by the su• department.
perior violence of a mob; which God Lord Nugent, Sir Horace Mann, and
forbid should ever happen again in this Lord Ongley, disiked the mode of pro.

ceeding

ceeding by act of parliament, instead of well supprefs a great many unnecessary address, in matters relating to the ceco- places, and leave himself, for his house nomy of the King's household, the late hold only, exclusive of ambassadors, ter mode being more respectful to the judges, &c. double the sum which the King : which Mr Burke treated jocularly. King of England expends for the fupport

Gen. Conway read many extracts from of his court, hiş embaffies, and his judges, ediets of the prefent King of France, If the British Sovereign enjoyed such an which breathed the purest language of income as the King of France, and did patriotism, and paternal affection for his

not fave something from it, the charge people. Louis XVI. had fucceeded a against his ministers for not giving him grandfather whose reign had been a fe- better advice, would come with a good ries of diffipation, which the grandson grace. But he would not admit that as feemed determined to avoid. The war great a reform had taken place in France was carried on, the public expences pro. as was supposed, at least if there was not vided for, and yet no additional tax had better authority for the opinion than the been imposed. While we had been obli mere wording of the royal edicts : for ged to raise by new taxes the interest of during the last reign in France, which loans to the amount of forty millions, had avowedly been a reign of diffipation the French King had been enabled by and criminal munificence, the royal eeconomical retrenchments in his house- diets spoke as patriotic and as æconomihold, to with-hold new burdens from cal a language, as that which is expreffed the shoulders of his people: he gave up in the edicts of the present reign. much of the pomp of his court, and by But gentlemen were not to suppose real acts of paternal affection had well that his Majesty was not at great exdeserved the name of a patriot king. pence during the war, in his private caThe French minifters who gave such good pacity as well as in his public. – The advice to their fovereign, deserved every fums paid in confequenceofaddressesfroan encomium; whilft our governors, by not that House, were advanced out of the cihaving advised their prince to any act of vil lift, and not repaid for a confiderable ceconomy, fell far behind.

time. The sums advanced for the fupport Lord North made the following ob. of the American refugees, to the amount fervation with regard to the finances of of 67,000l. together with 40,000 l. for France and England. The former were fecret services, were all advanced from indeed under the management of a very the civil lift. A petition had also been able, and a very honeit financier. But presented to his Majesty from the island the conftitution of both countries was of Barbadoes, complaining of great want no less different in point of finance, than of feveral necessaries in confequence of a in that of legislation. In England a mi. bad crop, and praying relief: the King uister was obliged to bring a specific tax caused 30,000 1. worth to be sent to the for every public loan. In France it was iland, and ordered that they should be otherwise : the power of the crown, fold at prime cost; part of the money which in popular governments is divi. had since been repaid; but part remainded between a number of people, pro- ed fill, and ever would remain unpaid. cures expedients an absolute monar. Antigua had afterwards petitioned for chy unknown to a limited one ; and similar relief; and 16,0001. worth of perhaps, of the few things that were goods had been sent to the inhabitants good in absolute governments, the pre- on the same terms; they afterwards rogative of the crown in that particular drew on the treatury for 20,000 l. and as was the beft. But when so much ttress they were in distress, it was thought prowas laid upon the reform that took place per not to dishonour the bills. The in the bousehold of the French King, it crown advanced all this money; and not should be remembered, that the French only was unreimbursed for a long time, civil list had three times the income of but never would receive a shilling of a that of England. And in that income great part of the sum. Hence a very were not included the salaries for the confiderable loss to the crown, and hence support of ambassadors at foreign courts. likewise the cause of its being often in The secret-service money was supplied arrear. from a distinct fund; as was allo the He had been asked, when he applied whole establishment of the courts of ju- for an additional 100,000 l. a-year to the Rice; so that the King of France might civil lift, if he would come any more

to

to parliament for the purposes of the folved, and thus the bill was thrown out civil lift on any account whatever, even The committee on the county-peti, when the household of the Prince of tions fat for the third and last time on .Wales should be formed [39. 297.]. the 26th of May. The only resolution At that time he had not thought it pro. of this committee that was reported to per to make a reply, because he was de. the House, besides those of April 6, licate how he made a promise, unless he [309.), was the one moved for by Me were satisfied he Mould be able to per- Dunning April 10. (309, 10.], which form it. Now he could speak, he be was reported to and agreed to by the lieved, with confidence on the subjc&t; House, May 26. viz. “ That, for pre, and he was happy to inform the House, serving the independence of parliament, that he hoped an establishment for the and obviating any suspicion of its purity, Prince of Wales could be defrayed from there be laid before this House, within the civil lift, without any more assistance seven days after the first day of every from parliament.

fulfion, exact accounts, authenticated If ministers had not stond forth and of. by the signature of the proper officers, fered to the public a part of the civil lift of every sum and sums of money paid in towards the defraying of the expences of the course of the preceding year, out of the war, after the example of Q. Anne, the produce of the civil lift, or any other it was because the civil lift would not branch of the public revenue, to, or to bear it. That Queen gave up 100,000l. the use of, or in trust for, any member to the people for the purposes of the for either House of Parliament, by way war, and gained great popularity for the of pension, falary, or on any other acact : but after the royal grant had been count whatsoever, specifying when and given away for five years, the then mi. on what account.' Distry were obliged to come to parlia. ment for the payment of a debt of

Rules for curing the Gout radically. 600,0001, contracted by the civil lift! DR Grant, in his obfervations on the If he had refrained to advise his Majesty origin, progress, and method of to follow the example of Q. Anne, it was treating the Atrabilious Temperament because he knew the civil lift would and Gout, lays down the following rules thereby fall into arrear, and the royal ge- to those who mean to be cured of the nerosity would be turned into a mockery Gout radically. of the people.

1. He must quit the flat fertile cultiva, From all these observations he trusted ted plains during the summer-season eve: they would acquit him of the charge to ry year, and remove to the highest parts be deduced from the comparison made of the country, where the air is thin, between the British and French ministry pure, and piercing. by the Hon. Gentleman.

. 2. Learn to amuse himself with coun: Some few more spoke ; and on a divi- try-diversions fo as to fatigue himself fion the numbers were, for the clause every day. Of these, fishing, and wa, 162, against it 210.

ding in the clear stream, is the best : The committee next proceeded to the walking is next ; riding is only a succeclaufe for abolishing the Board of Works; daneum; and a carriage is not equal to and the numbers were, for the abolition the intention. 188, against it 203.

3. Avoid populous towns and great The clause for abolishing the office of cities ; fhun all occasions of anxiety, de Keeper of the Stag-hounds, was reject- bilitating passions, noxious dissipations, ed, 75 against 49, as was that respecting “xhausting pleasures, and heavy mental the band of Gentlemen Pensioners, 115 concerns, or intense thinking, even on against 79, by the committee, May 18. agreeable subjects. [245.]

4. Keep to regular hours of exercise, The committee fat again on the 23d of eating and sceping ; short Neep is beft, May and 23d of June, and all the remain- on hard beds, in the early part of the ing clauses were rejected. On the last of night. these days the committee was thin, Amo. 5. Let his apartments be large, lofty, ill tion was made, to report proceedings to finished, and well warmed by Itrong fires. the House ; upon which the previous 6. He will soon feel the advantages of question was put, That Mr Elwes the frequent bathing, much friction, and chairman do leave the chair ? and this warın cloathing. being carried, the committeç was dis 7. His diet must be in proportion to

his exercise, both in quality and quantity; but he must never quite satisfy his

AMERIC A., [380.] hunger at any time.' In general, it is

In the Connecticut Journal of June 8. proper to abstain from butter, fat, high- there is an article, dated Boston, May seasoned, salted, and I'moked meats. Some forbid black felh and pork, but i 15. said to be an extra& of a letter do not find much difference, so that the past a prisoner (39. 249, 50.] in this

from Col. Campbell, who was some time fat and skin are taken away. Wild

ftate, and who afterwards commanded fowl and game of all kinds are proper, the British troops that first took poft in and fo is fine without butter. Ani.

Georgia (41.79.). This letter was found mal food must not be used above once in a prize lately brought in here,” viz. a-day: four days in the week he may

“ My dear Hugh, London, Jan. 15. eat meat; but never mix fish and flesh

In my last I informed you, that the in the fame day, far less in the fame defence of Savannah gave great fatisfacmeal. Butter-milk, whey, fruit, greens, tion here ; and it has had a very grand efroots, seeds, bread, and dishes prepared fect upon the minds of the people, whose from them, ought to constitute the great fpirits were down, on account of the er part of his nourishment, especially du: length of time which elapsed without a. ring the summer and harvest

. Tea and ny effort even to do good: and though coffee, thin chocolate, and cocoa, agree this was in some measure no more than with most people, mixed with milk, pro

a gallant defence, yet it made an imprefvided they eat no butter along with them. fion almoft equal to what a victory would

8. The beft common drink is cold water ; but when he takes animal food he derstood to be determined upon bere for

have done. The plan which is now unmay drink small-beer, cyder, wine, or carrying on the war, is, to take a cer. spirits very much diluted.

tain number of posts in America, in such 9. When he eats heartily at dinner,

a way as to command the trade of the he ought to eat no fupper, but suffer the stomach to be quite empty once in country, and to have no other obje& in

America than the maintaining of these twenty-four hours.

posts, and the ruling of the trade by our 10. 'He must be well rubbed all over fleets. The posts said to be fixed upon every night and morning; and although are Halifax, Penobscot, New York, I wish him to be warmly cloathed, yet I Portsmouth in Virginia, Charlestown, think he ought to walk out in the air as Savannah, and St Augustine ; to accommuch as may be. 11. When he is quite free from all plith which we imagine that you are now

employed in taking Charlestown, and e. complaint, fea-bathing, or even cold stablishing a poft at Portsmouth. Theseob. bathing, will agree with most people, to jects being accomplimed, we understand restore the strength. 12. But in all fituations he must take Indies, which is to be the active seat of the

12,000 men are to be detached to the West care to keep his body regular, by taking war againft the French and Spaniards. fulphur at night when he is coftive; and it is evident, that unless we can carry on if he should be tormented with wander

an active and defensive war againft them ing pains, the aron-root and scurvygrass abroad, we can never fucceed or do well. will be of service to him. By fiich means as these, properly con- and everything went badly with us. I

Laft campaign we were all defenfive, ducted, and steadily prosecuted for a

never wish to see such another campaign, Jength of time, a man of obfervation, by We will be anxious, however, to know only attending to the juvantia and læranda what our wife heads in America will in his own constitution, will in general think of this plan for the American war. radically cure any recent gout, always To be sure, the more troops you can moderate it, never injure his natural state spare from thence, to drub the common of health, or shorten his life.

enemies, the better; yet I fear the I do not expect that it can be in the number mentioned is more than you can power of every one of my friends to ob give, after putting the posts mentioned serve all my directions literally; but it is

in a proper condition. my province to draw the line, and them

A. CAMPBELL to follow it as near as circumstances may permit, carefully observing what does Lieut. and Adj. Hugh Campbell, and what does not agree.

2d batt. 7ıf reg. Georgia."

Previous

« AnteriorContinuar »