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Previous to the departure of Gen. A proclamation was issued, in the Clinton from Charlestown (301.], the name of Joseph Reed, Esq; President, folloining arrangement took place till ci and the Supreme Executive Council of vil government be restored. The troops Penofylvania, dated at Philadelphia, were left ander Lt-Gen. Earl Cornwal. June 9.; which, after reciting the refolis, as commander in chief; Brig.-Gen. lution of aflembly, impowering the Paterson was appointed Governor of the Council to declare martial law (379.), province of South Carolina ; Lt. Col. proceeds thus: “ And whereas, since the Clarke was named to succeed Gen. Pre- passing the said resolution, the Hon. voft in the command at Savannah; and Committee of Congress now with the arthe Hon. George Hanger of the niit was my, and his Excellency the Commander appointed Major to the Continental mi. in Chief, have, in the most pressing and litia taken in Charlestown, who are em cogent terms, represented the absolute ne. bodied; and of which corps, Major Pa- ceility of procuring certain enumerated trick Ferguson, of the same regiment, supplies for the army, in so fort a space is Lieutenant-Colonel Commandant. of time that the usual and ordinary forms According to another account, the corps must be dispensed with, or the requisi. fet under the command of Col. Fergu. tion remain unexecuted ; and the late son was a regiment of militia (secretly offensive movement of the enemy, of well-affected to government) inhabiting which certain intelligence has been just the back parts of South Carolina, who, received, admits of no delay in procuon hearing of the taking of Charlestown, ring a number of horses and waggons seized their colonel, Thompson, their to be forwarded with all expedition to lieutenant-colonel, major, and other of. camp: And whereas the indiscriminate ficers devoted to the Congress, and deli. admission of all itrangers into this city, vered them to the commander in chief, without examination or enquiry, enadesiring themselves might be embodied bles our artful and inveterate enemy to under Col. Ferguson.
introduce their spies and emissaries, dis“ Baltimori, June żo. On Wednesday tribute their counterfeit money, and by laft, Gen. Gates was appointed by Con- such like practices defeat the best deligns gress to the command of the southern ar. for the public welfare, and can no longmy.”
er, with a due regard to our own safety, Before Gen. Clinton's return to New be permitted or connived at; for the York (378.], Gen. Knyphausen made preventing whereof, we have thought an incursion into the Jerseys, with about proper to direct an office of enquiry to be 5 or 6000 men, (leaving the militia and opened, and commissioners to be apthe independent companies to guard pointed, with power and authority to New York), and landed at Elisabeth- apprehend all fufpicious perfons, and town point on the sth of June. They take fuch other measures as the public advanced fix or seven miles into the safety may require: Wherefore, for the country, towards Morris-town, where purposes aforesaid, and no farther at preWashington lay with his army, said to fent, we have thought proper, and do confift of between s and 6000 men. Gen. hereby declare martial law; anthorising Clinton, on his return from Charles- and requiring the persons by is to be town, went and joined Knyphausen. appointed, to proceed as they may be The camps of the two contending ar. pocially directed from time to time, to mies were not above eight miles diftant. execute the purposes aforesaid. For all According to accounts received towards which this our proclamation Mall be their the end of August, Clinton had several sufficient warrant and authority." times reconnoitred Washington's camp, In Gaine's New York Gazette of June and found it so strong, and judiciously 26. we see the following two letters. formed, that unless he altered his position, it would be hazardous to attack Gen. Parrison to the Citizens of New York. him. Several manæuvres had been tried “ GENTLEMEN, I take fingular fato draw Washington out, but without tisfaction in presenting you with a copy effe&. Advanced and foraging parties of a letter I have been honoured with had frequently engaged in trifling skir- from the Commander in Chief, in order mishes ; but Walhington's army never that the sense which his Excellency is made an attempt to act in any other pleased to entertain of your merits may manner than on the defensive,
be publicly known. VOL. XLII.
As his Excellency Maj.-Gen. Robert- have been issued upon the credit of the son has communicated to you the para province, colony, or now state of Margraph of a letter from the Rt Hon. Lord fachuset's-bay, promising to be paid in George Germain, containing his Maje. gold or silver. fty's royal approbation of your loyal and - for enquiring into the rateable prospirited behaviour, it is unnecessary for perty of this state. me to recite the contents of one of the to supply the treasury with a sum of same date which I have had the honour 1,000,000 l. to receive from his Lordship.
to supply the treasury with a sum of It may be further presumed, that the 49,830 1. report I have thought myself bound to to incorporate and establish a fociety make of the readiness with which you for the cultivation and promotion of the have since allisted on different occasions, arts and sciences. in carrying on the public service, will - for apportioning and asseffing a tax be no less acceptable ihan my former one. of 5,601,0251. 6 s. 7d. upon the several I have the honour to be, &c.
towns and other places in this state hereGen. Clinton 10 Maj.-Gen. Pattison, Com- in after named, for defraying the public mandant of the city of New York.
charges, and for carrying into execution
the resolve of Congress of the 18th of “s Head Quarters, June 20. March 1780; and also for assessing a tax Sir, Permit me to offer you my thanks of 33,4441. 105. paid the members of for your great attention to the good dif- the House of Representatives, for their cipline of the garrison, and to the safety travel and attendance in the general and welfare of the city of New York, du- court the two last fittings in the present ring my absence on expedition.
year. The zeal testified by the inhabitants to
for granting or confirming certain oppose the enemy, evinces the confidence privileges to the subjects of the Mofi and esteem you had merited from them, Christian King residing within this state. as well as a courage and loyalty highly
The Marquis de la Fayette, who has to be respected.
been some time in France on a furlough I request, Sir, that you will make from Congress, returned about the be. known to them, that I am sensible of ginning of May, to resume his command their merit, and of the additional claim in the American army; and high complithey have acquired to protection and fup. ments have paffed reciprocally between port from his Majesty's arms. - I have his Lordship, Gen. Washington, and the honour to be, &c.”
Congress. The assembly of the state of Massachu The French admiral De Ternay, with sets-bay was prorogued on the 5th of May. seven sail of the line, several frigates, - In their late sessions acts were passed, and transports, said to have on board
- to indemnify, and secure from 6000 land-forces, entered the harbour of prosecution in law, persons who by their Newport, Rhode island, on the inth of jaudable exertions under the late govern- July. ment of the King of G. Britain have in A proclamation appeared in the Boston volved themselves in actions of damage, papers, in the name of, and figned by, and other profecutions, in certain cales, the major part of the council of the state
- making provilion for calling in, to of Massachuset's.bay, dated, July 12. be destroyed, this state's quota, accord. 1780, in the 5th year of the independence ing to the present appointment, of all the of the United States of America; which, public bills of credit which have been e. after mentioning their having received mitted by Congress, and for making and e. authentic intelligence of the arrival of mitting, on the credit of this state, other the French feet at Newport, and that it bills of credit, not to exceed the sum of was of the last importance that Gen. 460,000 l. and for establishing funds fuf- Washington Mould be prepared immeficient to secure the redemption of the diately to co-operate with the forces of bills so emitted by the last day of De- their illustrious ally, proceeds thus: cember 1786, as recommended by a re• “ Therefore the brigadiers and superinsolution of Congress of the 18th of March tendents of the several counties in this in the present year, and in conformity itate, and all militia-officers, selecimen, thereto; also for paying annually, in and committees, are respectively called fpecie, the interest ariting on notes which upon, in the most prelang manner, as
they regard the honour and safety of soldiers, and 596 seamen : _In all 15. their country, and as they would avoid killed, and 820 wounded. Total 978. the penalty of the law, to cause the bat On our fide there were killed 188, talion and militia men that they have and wounded 646; in all 834. [258, 304.] been ordered to enlist or draft, and The flight which Adm. Rodney coun. which have not marched, to march with terfeited as a means of bringing the the utmost dispatch to the places of ren French to action, the French Admiral dezvous respectively aligned them: and has represented as a real flight. “ The the committee appointed to superintend Count de Guichen, judging he should be the purchasing provision and forage for able to determine Adm. Rodney to come the army, all commissaries and others to action, brought up his fleet, and chaemployed in the business of purchasing sed him three days. The fleets were then supplies, are also required to forward, [the 15th] to the southward of St Luwith all poffible expedition, said supplies, cia, with the wind at East ; but the to such places as Gen. Washington or wind veering to the S. E. and S. S. E. the Cominissary-general may from time gave the enemy the advantage. to time direct. And all merchants, hus Advice was received from Adm. Rodbandmen, and others, who are posseffed ney, by a ship which arrived about the of any articles necessary for the army, 21st of July, that the grand Spanish fleet, are earnestly requested, as they regard consisting of ir sail of the line, besides their own and their country's intereft, frigates, with near 100 transports, and cheerfully to dispose of the fame to the 10,000 troops, which failed from Cadiz persons appointed by government to pur- in April last, under the command of Don chase them; and all the towns and plan- Solano, effected a junction with the tations, collectors and constables, are a French feet under M. de Guichen, in like called upon punctually to pay and the Weft Indies, about the middle of render into the treasury of this state, June ; and that the combined fleet were their respective taxes, that the present in Prince Rupert's bay in Dominica opportunity may be improved to free when the advice-ship failed from St Luthe United States from the terrors of cia. Adm. Rodney sent notice of this war."
junction to Jamaica : in consequence of Advice was received at the admiralty, which, an intended imbarkation of troops, Aug. 25. by the Carteret packet, of the to be commanded by the Governor in fafe arrival of Adm. Graves, and the person, to reinforce Col. Polson, was fleet under his command, at New York. laid aside, and martial law was proclaim[322.]
ed in the island. After this junction the state of the Adm. Rodney writes to the admiral. Acets in those parts was said to be thus. ty, from on board the Sandwich, BallaAdm. Arbuthnot had one ship of 74 terre road, St Christopher's, July 31. guns, and two of 64 each; Adm. Graves that Mr Wallingham, with the troops had fix ships of the line, all copper-bot- from England, joined him on the izth tomed; M. de Ternay had only seven of of that month. the line. Adm. Arbuthnot bad, besides Vice-Adm. Sir Peter Parker, in a letthe Renown, of fifty guns, three of 44,' ter to the Admiralty, dated, Port-Royal three of 32, and eight other frigates ; barbour, April 7. gives the following and Adm. Graves had fix frigates, in all account. The 25th of last month the 21 : against which De Ternay had only Janus arrived, much damaged in her three frigates.
rigging and hull, with an account from The French account of the actions of Capt. Cornwallis, that, on the 20th past April 17. and May 15. and 19. in the in the morning, off Monti Chrifti, he West Indies, [257, 303.], was publish. fell in with four fail of French ships of ed, by authority, in the Gazette of the line and a frigate, with a number of France of July 11. It differs no other- merchant-hips under their convoy. Our wise materially from that published in thips, consisting of the Lion of 64, Bri. the London Gazette, except in claiming Atol of 50, and Janus of 44 guns, formthe victory.
ed the line ahead; and were chased by The French make their lofs to be thus. the French, who came within gen-thot - Killed, 11 officers, 59 fubaltern offi- at five o'clock in the evening, and a runcers and foldiers, and 88 leamen; Wound. ning fight was maintained during the ed, 28 officers, 196 subaltern officers and whole night; the enemy no: chuting to
go alongfide of our ships, though they guishing proof of your paternal goodhad it in their power. The morning of ness, in ro graciously hearing and fo the 21st was calm; and the Janus being speedily redreifing our grievances, can. near the French Commodore, kept up a not omit the earliest opportunity of exconstant aud well-directed fire, which prefling our juft and great sense thereof, obliged him to take the advantage of a and at the same time transmitting to light air of wind to fheer off, with the your Majesty our most humble and grateloss of his mizen-top:mast and fore.top- ful acknowledgements, for removing gallant-maft. The Lion and Bristol tow. Montford Browne, Esq; from the goed with their boats to the assistance of vernment of these islands, and appointthe Janus, which brought on a general ing Col. Maxwell to preside over us ; firing for two or three hours. The re, whose conduct, fince his arrival bere, mainder of the day was employed by the gives us the moft pleafing expectations enemy in repairing their damages; and, of seeing your Majesty's fervice advan. just before sunset, they made sail again ced, and law, fatety, and good order after our ships; but did not come within restored to this community. gun-shot the whole niglit. Soon after day “ Kingston, June 10. A cenotaph of light on Wednesday morning, the 22d, marble, highly executed by the celebra. Capt. Cornwallis saw three fail to leeward, ted artist Mr Wilton, of the Royal Acawhich he imagined, and afterwards found, demy of London, was last week erected to be the Ruby, and the Niger and Po. on the north face of the communion ta. mona frigates. The French immediate ble; in the church of St Jago de la Vega, ly hauled their wind, and Capt. Corn to the memory of our late worthy and wallis chased them for five hours; but much refpected Governor, Sir Bazil they declined the combat, not with. Keith, Kt. standing the Janus was disabled, and It confists of a rich ornamental archiCapt. Cornwallis had only two 64 and tectoral niche, between two Auted ftaone so gun ship to oppose to four sail of tuary pilasters, with enriched frize pedithe enemy's line of 74 guns cach, under ment and cornice. Within the niche, the command, as I have fince been in- which is of the finest dove-coloured marformed, of M. de la Motte Piquet. The ble, is an emblematical figure of Immornames of the French fhips are, the Han- tality, founding a trumpet, and holding nibal, Hero, Vanqueur, Diadem, and a wreath over an urn of white marble, Amphytrite frigate. The French fired and upon which the family arms are emfo injudiciously that there were only bossed. Beneath the urn, are trophies twelve men killed and wounded in our fignifying Justice, Policy of Commerce three ships. The marked conduct and and Government. The height of the intrepidity of Capt. Cornwallis, and all pediment is nearly fifteen feet, and the the officers and men under his command, ornamental parts being mostly executed will, I Hatter myself, give entire fatis. in alto relievo, produce a fine effect. Un. faction to their Lordships. Capt. Corn. der the trophies is fixed a plate of black wallis expresses himself much obliged to marble, upon which is the followiog inCapt. Pakenham, (now acting in the scription in letters of gold. Bristol, in the room of Capt. Caulfield,
Sacred to the Memory of fick on fhore), for his great attention
Sir BASIL KEITH, Knight, and diligence during the whole time of
Governor of Jamaica, the action, and alto all the officers and who departed this life on the isth day of feamen of the three thips, who behaved
June 1777 with the greatest fpirit and good order. In the duties of his office be was asliduous, Capt. Glover, he faid, was very ill, and Wife and impartial in the administration of died on Toefday norning, in the very
justice ; hour he fo ardently wished to see.” A friend to mankind, and a father to the
An address from the council and gene people over whom he prefided. tal assembly of the Bahama islands, da. This monument was erected by the Assemted, New Providence, April 27. 1780, bly, to transmit to pofterity the gratitude to the King, runs thus.
L" We, your
of the people of this island, for the hapa Majesty's dutiful and loyal subjects, the piness they enjoyed uodes his mild and Council and Affembly of your Bahama upright government." islands, in General Affembly convened, having lately experienced a very diftin
“ They come,” the said ; " Ay, fly these rutbe
lels focs, A defcription of the situation of a Scottise gentileman who was obliged to leave bis country in 1746. Believe me, HENRY, light are all her woes,
And save a life in which Mooimia lives; W the once fam'a Tiber rolls his scanty wave, and would'A thou die, and leave me thus for
Except what Henry's dreaded purpofe gives. Where half a column now derides the great, Where half a Ratue yet records the brave;
And blast a life the most inhuman (parc; With crembling steps an Exile wander'd near,
Oh! live in pity to the babe unbora, la Scottish weeds his shrivell'd limbs array'd; That firs within me to allist my prayer!" His furrowed check was crofs'd with many a
What could I do? Contending pallons Atrove, tear, Aad frequent fighs his wounded soul betray'd.
And press'd my bosom with alternate weight, Ob! wretch ! he cry'd, ibat like some troubled Unyielding honour, fott persuasive love
i fed, aod left her-left her co ber tate. gholt Art doom'd to waoder round this world of woe, Fast came the ruffian band; no melting charm, While memory speaks of joys for ever loft,
Thare'er to suffering beauty Nature gave, Of peace, of comfort, thou balt ceas'd to The ruthless rage of Party can disarm; know !
Thy tears, Monimia, wanted pow'r to save. These are the sccacs, with fancy'd charms en- she, and the remnant of her weeping train, dow'd
Whose faithful love ftill link'd them to her Where happier Britons, casting pearls away,
Gde, The tools of sound, of empry trifles proud,
Torn from their dwelling, trod the desert plain, Far from tbe land of bliss and freedom stray. No hut to shelter, and no hand to guide. Wou'd that, for yonder dome, thefe eyes could Thick drove its snow before the wintiy wind, fee
And midnight darkness wrapp'd the heath The wither'd oak that crowas my native hill !
they pall, These urns les ruin walte ; but give to me
Save one lad gleam, that, blazing far behind, The tuft that trembles o'er its lonely rill.
The ancient mansion of my father's fast. Oh! sacred haunts! and is the hillock green
Calmly she saw these mouldering ruias glare : That law our infant sports beguile the day? "'Tis palt, all righteous God! 'tis past," she Seill are our feats of fairy fashion seen?
cry'd ; Qc is my little throne of mots away?
“ But for my Henry hear my latest pray'r !" Had but Ambition, in this tortur'd breast,
Big was her bursting hcari-the groan'd, and
dy'd !-Ne'er sought to rule beyond thc humble plain, Where mild dependeace holds che vaffal blelt, Still, in my dreams, I see her form confefs'a, Where faith and friendihip fix the chieftain's Sailing, in robes of lighr, the troubi'd sky!
And soon, the whispers, thall my Henry reftreigo ; Thus had I liv'd the life my fathers led; [be;
And dimly smiling, points my place to die ! Their name, their family, had not ceas'd to
I hear that voice, I see that pale band wave; And chou, MONIMIA! on thy earthy bed ! I come once more to view my native thore; My name, my family, whai were there to Stretch'd on Monimia's long-neglected grave, thec!
To clasp the fod, and feel my woes no more! Three little moons had seen our growing love
Make easy husbands, happy wives. Urg'd by the brave, by fancy'd glory warm'd, These are the only means we know la treason honest, if 'was treason here,
To make a little heav'n below. W. O. For rights suppos’d, my native band I armid,
11. And join'd The Itandard Charles had dar'd to rear.
Ngry manders, vicious lives, Fated we fought : my gallant vasals fell;
And bence fuch evils take their birth, But sav'd their master in the bloody (trife;
As make a litele hell on earth. W. O. Their coward maller, wbo could live to tell He saw them fall, yet lamely suffer'd life.
III. Let me not think-but, ah! the thought will WO easy things will satisfy mankind,