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Occasioned by seeing CORREG10's Pidure of ADDRESS 10 Lady Craven's Heart. (381.] MERCURY tcaching CUPID to read.

N, and

o wonder, little Auttering thing, By Mr Richardson, senior.

spring, The moned enough for Cupid bought, there God hetnice ived becaulicuisbrecarica Till Mercury was sent by Jove,

Buc tell me, Trifler, tell me, why For Venus pray'd he might be taught.. You could from such a mangon fly, Taught! what? To read. But why to

Where ev'ry virue you'd in store? read?

Miler--what could you with for more ? Love knows the language of the eye ;

Say, did you long ai will to roam, No other learning does he need,

And quite forsake your native home? Nor can be cheated by a lie.

Or had you been 100 close confin'd,

And for sweet liberty you pio'd ? His skilful mother better knew;

Oh! had I found you in some grove, She saw what times were coming on; Casket of friendship, and of love! His darts must now be tip'd anew;

I'd place thee, wand'ring heart !-by mine; For love is mercenary grown.

Uniting both with friend thip's twine : Fancy not then that Mercury

O: such a jewel — safe pofleit, Did from Olympus' top dismount,

Not worlds should tear thee from my brealt: To reach the god his A, B, C.

Exulting round the rural plains, No' no! it was to cast account.

Boast of the prize - to nymphs and swains. But have a care, thou filly boy!

But hush!—iny ruhic muse !--nor dare For 'cis a most pernicious art;

To with a friend so great, so fair; If learnt, it will thy power destroy ;

For vain will all those withes prove,

Then hide thee in thy lonely grove!
The Tongue may love, but not the Heart.

But if fair Craven e'er thould liray,
A new HUNTING-SONG, By my lone cottage bend her way,

I'd lead her to my Thady leat,
And see the gay dawn wears away;

And lay my beari, 100— at her feet!

Which, if she'd condescend to view, Come, rouse, fellow huntsman, relinquith dull she'd find it constant, firm, and true; rest,

To welcome her with many a bound, And join in the sports of the day.

'Twould leap with joy,--and dance around ! No longer in noch let your senses remain,

OLIVIA the humble Cottager. Untainted the sweets of the morn; Drive Number away, and make one in our

STANZAS 10 NIGHT.
traia,

AIL, lucid Night! thy grisly black
To follow the found of the horn.
What music to ours can for sweetness com While Morpheus, lounging, drowsy god,
pare,

Has sent all bonelt men to nod.
What sports such a pleasure can yield ? Hail, Narodeck'd Night! thy lucid beams
What scent so refin'd as the new morning air ?

Silver o'er the bubbling streams :
What prospect so brighe as the field?

The youths now softly Brike the lyre; Let misers for riches each transport forego, The god of Love their songs inspire.

'Midst their treasures distress'd and torlorn, We taste ev'ry joy, and forget ev'ry woe,

Hail, frigid Night ! thy chilling breezes

On the vital current feizes,
So charming the sound of the horn.

Uncil of wine a flowing bowl
Such pleasures we feel while from vanity free, Expands to mirth the frozen foul.
Our hours pass contented along ;

Hail, fultry Night! thou friend to Love,
In innocent pastime, in ninh, and in glee,

Thy potenc beat the pulses move; With a hearty repast and a song.

Thy warmth the poci's head doth fill,
Ye mortals unbiass'd by honours and wealth, And vibrales quick the goose's quill.

These titles that forrow adorn,
Would you talte the calm joys of conteniment

Hail, stormy Night! thy roaring thunder
and health,

Makes us niortals stare and wonder; Then follow the sound of the hora.

With vivid lightning fames the sky,

The pelring hail-Itones round us fly. EPITAPH, or an elegant marble monument in a

Then hot or cold, or black or bright, Cburch at Rome.

Or fair or foul, hail, goddess Night!

With this faluie I'll close my lay,
VIR PROB US.

For yonder dawns chc blush of Day.
With the name and date.

H.

to be a Turk, as he was really a Chri.' HISTORICAL AFFAIRS. ftian, and a disciple of the Lord Jesus PERS T'A.

Chrilt.” In consequence of which de

claration the Grand Visir ordered his “ Petersburg, May 16. A letter from head to be publicly ftruck off imnieAstracan of the 14th of April last, con- diately.” firms an account formerly received, of the city of Tauris, in Persia, and seve

Russ i A. [271.] ral villages in its environs, being entire The Emperor of Germany has made ly destroyed by an earthquake; and a tour to Moscow. His Majesty set out adds, that scarcely 700 persons had fa. froin Vienna, on the 26th of April, purved their lives.”

sued his journey through Poland, and

arrived at Brody on the 21st of May, TURK Y.

and at Mohilow on the 23d ; at which Leghorn, May 30. According to the place the Empress of Rullia, who was last letters from Smyrna, the plague, then on a tour through part of her do. which broke out lately in the quarter of minions, arrived on the 25th. Count the Greeks in that ciiy, continues daily Cobenzel presented him to the Empress to carry off a number of people ; and by the title of Count Falkenstein. After the lands in the environs are not yet a residence of five days at that place, freed of the locusts, which increase, and their Imperial Majesties fupped the 30th destroy all the fruits."

at Schklow, a country-seat of Gen. SoVienna, July 6. We have accounts ritz, and then proceeded together to from Conftantinople, that that city is Smolensko. Thence the Empress con. thrown into the greatest consternation, tinued her route, and the Emperor proby the plague breaking out again, info- ceeded to Moscow. His Majesty arrimuch that 20,000 of the inhabitants have ved at Petersburg on the 28th of June, left that capital.”

passed the day following with the Em“ Constantinople, May 4. The head of press at Czarsko-Zelo, returned in the a person hath lately been truck off, of evening to his apartments at Count Cowhose country and religion we were to. benzel's, and went next day again to tally ignorant, but in other respects he Czarsko-Zelo. After having seen every was perfectly known for employing him. thing worthy his curiosity, in Peteri. self principally in the relief and care of burg, and its neighbourhood, his Mathe poor, especially of prisoners and jefty fet out thence on the 20th of July, Naves. This man spoke the Turkish and arrived at Vienna, in perfect health, and Greek languages fuently, and was on the 23d of August. believed to be a Mahometan. He had The courts of Copenhagen and Stockhad no other occupation for a long time holm have delivered their declarations than that of begging alms of persons of to the belligerent powers, setting forth every nation, and distributing them in- their accusion to the maritime associadiscriminately among Turks, Greeks, tion proposed by the court of Russia for Armenians, Jews, &c. The houses of the protection of the neutral trade. the greatest part of the grandees of this [212, 270.] empire were open to him; and the chiefs The declaration of the court of Coof the law took a pleasure in the con- penhagen is dated July 8. After a proverfation of a man, whose talents were per introduction, leiting forth the neexcellent, and his knowledge in contro. cemity there was for coming to the re. versy profound, especially in the funda. folution of protecting the trade and na. mentals of the Mahometan religion. The vigation of the neutral powers, it goes Grand Vifir having heard frequent men- op in these words. tion made of this person, and curious to • If the rights of neutrality are faknow whether he was really a Turk or cred, and if the laws of nations, found. not, fent for him, and asked him, if he ed. on impartiality, established by cuwas a Turk and a Mahumetan? to stom, and avowed by all countries, are which he replied, he was a Turk, and of any weight, no neutral nation should retired. But, five days afterwards he by a war between other powers lose the came again voluntarily'into the presence rights it poflefed before that war. Such of the Grand Vifir, and boldly avowed, nation is authorised to trade to all parts “ That he had falsely declared himself of Europe, as if there was a general

peace,

peace, (contraband traffick excepted). the ground-work of this declaration fo The King defires nothing beyond what entirely agreeable to his own ideas, and neutrality allows; this is his rule, and that the treaty of 1666 between Sweden and of his people; and his Majesty not England, and that between Sweden and thinking it right that any belligerent France, that he could do no other than power should interrupt the trade of his agree to it, and adopt the same. The eftates, he therefore lays before them treaty concludes by declaring, that his the principles he ever has maintained, Majesty will continue to observe the and ever will, in conjunction with the fame neutrality he always has; that he Empress of Russia, whose sentiments has forbid any of his fubje&s, under the are the same with his, viz. 1. That neu. fevereft penalties, from deviating in any tral vessels fhall fail from port to port, respect from the principle of the itrideft and on the coasts of nations at war. 2. neutrality; but that he will to the ut. That the effects belonging to neutral most protect their lawful trade, fo long powers shall be free in neutral vessels, as they conform to the principles alreaexcept contraband goods. 3. That un- dy laid down.” der the denomination of contraband An explanation has been demanded goods is understood only what is ex. by the court of Sweden, relative to this pressly mentioned as such in the 3d are system of neutrality, and an answer has Licle of bis Majefty's treaty of commerce been given by the court of Ruffia. with G. Britain in 1670, and in the We subjoin the answer to each question, 36th and 27th of his treaty with France viz. in 1742 ; and the King will keep to the Question 1. How and in what manner fame with regard to any powers with a reciprocal protection and mutual affiftwhom he is not now in treaty. 4. That ance shall be given? by a blocked-up port is underflood one Answer. This must be fettled by a for. into which no veiTel can enter without mal convention, to which all the neutral evident danger from the ships placed to powers will be invited ; the principal block it up. 5. That these principles end of which is, to insure a free navigaAhall serve as rules for trials in courts of tion to the merchant-thips of all nations, admiralty," &c. The declaration then Whenever such vefsel shall have proved concludes with faying, that it is his from its papers that it carries no contra. Majesty's determination to protect the band goods, the protection of a fqua. honour of his Rag, and the freedom of dron or vessels of war fhall be granted the trade and navigation of his fub- her, under whose care the shall put here jects; and that he bas for that purpose felf, and which shall prevent ber being fitted out part of his naval force. interrupted.

The declaration of the court of Swe. luofl. 2. Whether each particular den is to the following purport.

power fhall be obliged to protect the ge“ Since the beginning of the present neral commerce of the whole, or if in war, his Majesty, the King of Sweden, the mean time it may employ a part of has laid it down as a law to observe the its armament in the protection of its own frictest neutrality, and has kept up to particular commerce ? the fame : notwithstanding which, his Anf. Each power must concur in the trading subjects have been obliged to general security of commerce. In the claim his proteâion; in conlequence of mean time, the better to accomplifh this which, his Majesty prepared to fit cut object, it will be necessary to settle, by a certain number of ihips of war for the means of a separate article, the places protection of the Swedish trade ; of and distances which may be judged prowhich his Majesty gave notice to the per for the station of each power. From belligerent powers.

Whilst this was that method will arise this advantage, going forward, · some other neutral that all the squadrons of the allies will powers, who were of the same way form a kind of chain, and be able to afof thinking, gave notice of the same to fift each other; the particular arrangethe King, and at the fame time the Em- ment to be confined only to the knowpress of Russia delivered a declaration to ledge of the allies, though the converthe courts of London, Versailles, and tion in all other points will be communiMadrid, making known her determina- cated to the powers at war, accompanied tion to protect the trade of her own with all the proteftations of a ftridt nersubjects, and the general rights of neu. trality. tral powers [212]. The King found

well. 31

: Quaft. 3. 'If several of these combined mould injure its latós, or 'extend their fquadrons should meet, or, for example, bounds, it cannot certainly be expected one or more of their veffels, what fhall that the others ofhould efpouse the quara be the rule of their condoct towards each rely on the contrary, fuch a conduct: other, and how far Sall the neutral pro- would be deemed an abandoning the ties tection extend'?

which unite them. But if the infalt of Ang. It is 'undoubtedly the principle fered to one of the allies should be hoof a perfect equality' which must regu. itile to the principles adopted and ano! Late this point. We Shall follow the nounced in the face of all Europe, or common mode with regard to safety. In fhould be marked with the character of cafe the fquadrons fhould meet and en- hatred and animosity, inspired by refentgage, the commanders will conform to ment of these common measures of the the a fages of the sea-service ; becausey confederacy, which have no other tenas is obferved above, the reciprocal pro- denicy than to make, in a precise and irtection, under thefe conditions, should revocable manner, laws for the liberty be unlimited.

of commerce, and the rights of every "Queft. 4. It seems effential to agree neutral nation, then it shall be held in upon the manner in which representa- dispensable for the united powers to make tions shall be made to the powers at war, a common cause of it, at feaonly, without if, notwithttanding our meatures, their its being a ground work for other operas Ahips of war or armed seffels Mould con- tions, as these connections are purely tinue to interrupt our commerce in any maritime, having no other object than manner. Muft these remonstrances be naval commerce and navigation, 1.. made in the general name of the united From all that is laid above, it evident powers, or shall each particular power by refults, that the common will of all plead its own canfe only?

founded upon the principles admitted Arf. It seems expedient that the repre- and adopted by the contracting parties, fentations mentioned in tbis article be muft alone decide, and that it will al made by the party aggrieved ; and that ways be the fixed basis of the conduct the minifters of the other confederate and operations of this union. Finalļy, powers fupport those remonftrances in we Mall observe, that these conventions the moft forcible and efficacious' man: fuppore no other naval armament than der.

what shall be conformable to circumstanQuseft. 3. Lastly, it iappears essentially ces, according as those thall render them neceffary to provide against this possible necessary, or as may be agreed. It is event, where one of the united powers probable that this agreement, once rati: feeing itself driven to extremities against fied and established, will be of the great any of the powers actually at war, thould est confequence; and that the belligerent claim the affittance of the allies in this powers will find in it fufficient motives convention to do her justice ; in what to persuade them to respect the neutral manner can this be best concerted? A flag, and prevent their provoking the le circumftance which equally requires a fti- fentment of a respectable communion, pulation, that the reprisals in that cafe founded under the aufpices of the most shall not be at the will of such party in evident justice, and the sole idea of which jured, but that the common voice shall is received with the universal applause of decide ; otherwise an individual power all impartial Europe. might at its pleasure draw the reft againft their inclinations and interests into difa.

GERMANY. [43.] greeable extremities, or break the whole “ Ivarsaw, Ang. 3. We have received league, and reduce matters into their o- afflicting accounts from Auftrian Molda

riginal ftate, which would render the .vin, that the locufts which appeared in whole fruitless and of no 'eftect.

Autumn lait in the district of Herza, in Anf. We feel all the importance of that province, having then deposited this consideration ; and, to render it their eggs, they now appear in a thou. clear, it is neceffary to diftinguish the sand times greater number than last year, cafe.

and are two inches long. They are diIf any one of the allied powers fhould vided into three formidable armics : the fuffer itself to be drawn in by motives first extends feven leagues in length, and contrary to the eftablished principles of nine in breadth, from Herza to Potua neutrality and perfect impartiality, and than; the second exter.ds from Roman

VOL. XLII.

31

7

to the Danube, which is about eighted Mount Frumento, near the confines leagues.; and the third from Jafly to of the fecond region of Etna. The fire Beffarabia. They have destroyed all the: burft forth like a river, and falling into grass, fruit, and even leaves of the foreft. a neighbouring valley, called del Udiestrees; but have not yet touched the: za, it ran the Ipace of half a league in an vines or the wheat. They are as yet too instant in the plain del Carpintero and young to fly ; and, if, when they rise, delle Mandre del Favo, and from thence the wind sets towards Austrian Moldavia, precipitated into the valley del Nero, that fine country will be ruined.” where it rose to the height of 100 feet. SWITZERLAND.

At nine o'clock the mountain opened in

two places lower down, on the grouod « Zurich, June 2. Mr J. H. Wafer, named li Scoperti Dipaterno. The c. late minister of the church in this town, penings being very near each other, soon was beheaded bere on the 27th last fell into one, the fire of whica bent westnionth. His crime was treason, in ba-, ward, where the first lava flowed, and wing inferted in the political correspon. the three joined in the plain de Santi, dence of M. Schoffer, profeffor at Got, and ran together for the third part of a tinghen, certain pieces with notes, rela. mile, when the firft separated again, and tive to the adminiftration of this canton, continued its course alone in the valley which have been declared dangerous to del Udienza, where it ftill lows, though the state, as tending to excite sedition, more fowly than at firft, threatening de&c. He was further charged with ha., ftruction to del Melia and the land do ving detained a document of the 1sth Cavalier, belonging to the Benedictines centory, belonging to our public ar- of Catania. chives, and of great value, of which the - The two other lavas bent their course to vn-secretary, who had confided it to towards Mint Parmentelli, the base of him, had in vain denianded the reftitu; which they surrounded, forming an in. tion,”

closure near two miles in breadth, and ITALY

from thence palled on the east Gde of

Mont del Mazzo, extending along the Paris, July 28.' We have received vineyards of Ragalua, and after having the following account of the eruption of flowed three leagues stopped on the 25th Mount Etna.

of May. The greatest extension of this Towards the end of last January, ma- branch was in breadth about a mile, and hy shocks of an earthquake were felt in five feet in height, different parts of Sicily ; and from that

On the night of the 26th, a new .opea. time the lummit of Mount Etna was ob ing was made at the foot of Mont Par. served to fend forth a thick smoke, which mentelli in the middle of the lava. This usually extended eastward ; and soon af: volcano, for the space of an hour, threw ter a new eminence was discovered, which

up itones of a prodigious size, and to a was visible at the distance of fifty miles, very great height. The fire at length and which was a manifest sign of a local gained a passage, and divided into two explosion. On the 28th of March, and branches, one of which flowed to the 8th of April, the earthquakes were re.

west of Mont del Mazzo, which it in: pewed, and with greater violence, in a closed; the other directed its course thro' direction from north to fouth ; and the the woods and vineyards of Regalua, smoke of the volcano increased so much, where it extended about a league. that on the 28th of April it was seen ri

At the end of five days the fire feemfing from the crater in the form of a ed to abate; it advanced very lowly, strait pine, the head of which was hid but its approaches fonn became more in the clouds, casting finall fragments of fenfible ; and on the sth of this month pumice stones for twenty miles round; it flowed in such quantities from the laft and in this state it continued till the 17th opening, that the arm of the lava, which of May, whin the smoke suddenly cea: was then but thirty feet wide, was ia. fed.

creased to fifty in half an hour, and it On the 13th, about noon, the moun

continues to this day with the same viatain received a violent shock, accompa• lence: but as the top of the lava is cool. Dirvofubterraneous noise, and at fix ed, it now flows on its surface, rifing to

wie wning, opened at the the height of thirty feet, turning it up Icons whic ...suuhed volcano, callo on the sides ; so that if the resistance it

meets

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