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began to manufacture. Finally, civilization developed sciences and arts, brought to perfection every branch, created the great means of communication, and all the elements of extensive industry. From this moment Humanity possesses all the necessary resources to organize its strength and power, and to realise, by the association of individuals and people, the general condition of his happiness, and of his glorious destiny."*
There's a good time coming,
But earth shall glisten in the ray
But thought's a weapon stronger,
Wait a little longer !
There's a good time coming,
A monster of iniquity,
To prove which is the stronger,
Wait a little longer.
Phrenology, like Australia, is yet in its infancy; both were brought before the notice of mankind about the same time. Let us hope that the shafts of sarcasm and ridicule, which have been let fly unsparingly at each, may, in the course of the next half century, be turned against their enemies. From my own experience, I can say, that in my vocation as a teacher, I have found the science very useful; and that, in the opportunities it
* Problèmes sur la Destinée Sociale.
gives me of perusing mankind in the original, whether by observing the heads of strangers, and comparing them with their general character amongst their acquaintance; or in looking at pictures or busts of remarkable individuals, and comparing them with their actions, as recorded by others, or their own writings, I have a cheap, and never-ending source of amusement.
For example, as I was one day, turning over the leaves of the Illustrated London News, for September, 1849, my attention was arrested by a picture of three Chippewa Indians. I was anxious to have observed the shape of their heads, but I could not, as they were covered with head-dresses, made of the fine inner bark of the silver birch; worked with figures of men and animals in coloured quills; in which were stuck white and black plumes, from the wing of the great American Eagle. Poor ignorant savages! (thought I, they know no better way of obtaining respect from their fellowsavages.
Turning over the pages, a little further on, I came to the portraits of three expelled Wesleyan ministers, the Rev. William Griffith, Rev. Samuel Dunn, and Rev. James Everett. They have obtained celebrity from an act of tyranny on the part of the Wesleyan conference, which is a disgrace to any body of men calling themselves christians. I was delighted to find, on reading the short sketch given of their several styles of preaching, and their reputation as ministers of the gospel, that all I could see in the portraits, of their well-developed heads, gave additional proof of the truth of the science. Their visible intellectual faculties would have stamped them as ornaments to any profession, to which they might have belonged. Had John Wesley himself been alive, how glad would he have been to have engaged such men, as
fellow-labourers in the Lord's vineyard. I was nest attracted by the uncrowned head of Maximilian, King of Bavaria ; and so much was I impressed by the beautiful development of his reasoning and observing faculties, and his benevolence and veneration, that I could not help exclaiming, “What a pity it would be ever to hide such a head with a crown of gold! It would be like trying to paint the lily, or gild the stars; the mark of God is visible in that forehead ; Could a bauble made by the hand of man improve it ?” Such were my exclamations after the first glance I gave at the picture; after having contemplated it with admiration for some time, I proceeded to read what report the newspaper gave of his character, and I found that, “one of his Majesty's earliest acts, was the writing of an autograph letter to the Minister of the Interior, respecting the working classes, expressing his great concern at the state of commerce, and his desire for the co-operation of all parties to restore the industrial resources of the country; and requesting the government to take immediate steps to provide work, by commencing the construction of railways, water-works, bridges, roads, public buildings, &c., as far as the public exchequer would allow the requisite expenditure.” What a beautiful illustration is this Bavarian King of the description given by Archbishop Fenelon, in the fifth book of Telemachus, of a peaceful king. “If he is qualified to govern in peace, it follows that he must govern by the wisest laws: he must restrain parade and luxury; he must suppress every art which can only gratify vice; and he must encourage those which supply the necessaries of life, especially agriculture, to which the principal attention of the people must be turned.”
I next paused to contemplate the head of Baron
Alexander Von Humbolt, copied from a portrait, taken when he was in his eightieth year. And I was forcibly struck by the splendid development of all his intellectual faculties, and the immense height of his head. He had indeed, the “ mark of God,” visible in his forehead. If Phrenology were generally understood, such a man going into any assembly, would require neither crown, mitre, nor wig, to assist him in obtaining the respect of his fellow men; even were his valuable additions to the “ Tree of Knowledge” unknown : but in the words of Dr. M'Gillivray, “his renown has extended over all parts of the civilized world, and there is not a man of science in Europe, whose name is more familiar. Long after his career on earth shall have terminated, he will be remembered as one of the chief ornaments of an age, peculiarly remarkable in the history of the world.”
My observing faculties were next aroused by a picture representing an assembly of the Synod or Council of Paris, the presiding Archbishop of Paris, (M. Sibour) is seated in full pontifical robes, and wearing his mitre : behind his chair is borne the crozier, and around, and in the rear is a crowd of priests. Oh! how annoyed I felt, that I could not study the development of the Archbishop's head, because he wore a great mitre thereon. Sitting opposite to him were seven other mitred heads, with two embroidered lappets attached to each mitre, hanging down over the shoulders of the wearers.
The priests who stood behind the Archbishop's chair, had only black caps on the crowns of their heads, which enabled me to observe that some of them had very deficient reasoning faculties, although well developed organs of Veneration were visible. The council assembled in the middle of summer, and I think they must have found the weight of their richly embroidered vest