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next day it was the same, or rather it was getting worse, and I was resolved to tell him. Accordingly I called him into the cabin, and said, I have a secret to unfold to you. We respect your caste, and from that circumstmce all my uneasiness crises.---He asked, “ What is the state of our provisions ?” I replied, of dry provisions we hre plenty. “ But," he asked, “how is our water?" That, I replied, I can afraid to tell you.---“ Nay," said be,“ tell me." Then here are the returns, I replied, and this has been the cause of that uneasiness you have observed in me.---" If that be all," he said, “ I will soon set you at rest," and he immediately went down and put the Brahminical seal on some butts of water, for we had plenty of it on board. When he came up, tapping me on the shoulder, he said, “Let me see a smile on your countenance." That did not require much summoning, and we sat down with much pleasure together. He was a valuable man : but we never dared to mention this circumstance to any individual, I never mentioned it to any one till I came to England. Here then is a proof of the observation, that these people can be subdued by kindness, and that their prejudices about caste are not insuperable. In fact, the Hindoos are undermining the temple of their own Juggernaut. Can any one avoid seeing, that it is our duty to do all we can to wipe away the foul stain of neglect from our native country, whose “ Ships, Colonies, and Commerce" ought to make us tremble for our responsibility ?
THE Rev. W. WARD, of Serampore, said, I feel very great gratification, Colonel, in meeting you here to-day, and in hearing the sentiments already delivered, to all of which, as far as my own observation goes, I can hear testimony. It is with peculiar pleasure, that, contrasting former times with present, I can meet bere (after the lapse of more than 20 years) individuals from the same country, bearing the same testimony, and all encouraging the hands of British Christians for the good of British India. The business of this day has hitherto turned more especially towards India, where the providence of God so long stationed me. It is true, Sir, we have had, from a Gentleman who gave an account of the whole heathen world, a statement with which all our hearts must be deeply affected. At least six hundred millions of these immortal beings are born into our world, vegetate for a few days, and then merge into eternity! --and every 30 years this awful scene is renewed. This is a most awful statement, and one which should fill every christian heart with the deepest and most solemn regret. Indeed such is the state of our world, that, to a benevolent mind endued with the spirit of Christianity, the necessities of our fellow-men appear to be so great that, humanly speaking, one can scarcely indulge any hope of seeing any general amelioration of our species even in our own country, and we might be still more discouraged respecting the moral condition of that country to which your attention has been so remarkably directed this day, and to which in a few days I expect to return. As this is, perhaps, the last time I shall address so large an assembly on this side eternity, I will contrast for a few moments the circumstances of India 20 years ago with what they are at the present hour. India was long considered as Satan's iinpregnable fortress. It was conceded by many, that other parts of the world were vulnerable. The African considers himself as honoured by the approach of a white man, but not so the Indian. Again and again, we were told, we might, therefore, do some good among the slaves in the West Indies, and possibly among the Hottentots, or others; but that every attempt to promote Christianity in India must come to nothing. And indeed appearances, when I first went to India, to any mind but a mind impressed with the almightiness of DIVINE INFLUENCE, were the most discouraging. There were Europeans in India ; but they added little to the Christianity of India ; many of them added only to the darkness : and such was the fear respecting danger, which the Government at home and the civil authorities in that country entertained, that, as I have heard MR. BROWN relate, LORD CORNWALLIS once said to him, “I think the wisest resolution the East India Government ever passed, was, that they would never touch, or suffer to be touched, the prejudices of the natives." Not that they were inimical to the spread of Christianity, or to the advancement of the spiritual interests of their Indian subjects, but they were afraid of that danger which they thought inevitable if they disturbed the natives in the quiet possession of their Heathen prejudices.--When I went to India, there were the greatest apprehensions that we should all be sent back. We went no where but, as Missionaries, we were received with a frown; and yet, for hospitality and friendship, and every thing else that is amiable and dignified in general, European society in India will bear : comparison with that of any country in the world. But, as Missionaries, Te
were considered enemies; and it was supposed that the prosperity of India de pended upon our being excluded. The distance, too, (15,000 miles from England,) was such as to present a formidable obstacle. The climate of India was another difficulty. Of the number of Missionaries who went out at the same time with myself, one-half are gone to their everlasting reward. Of an after-cargo of Missionaries, six have long ago been taken to their heavenly home, and two only remain. Another great impediment to our progress was found in the languages of India. The slaves in the West Indies are taught in the English or other European languages ; along the Western coast of Africa too, many know the English language, and your access to them is of course easy; but in India, there were no fewer than fifty dialects derived from the Shanscrit alone. In America the great objection had been, that to learn the language of every single tribe was difficult; but in India we had twice the number of languages to acquire that prevailed in the whole of America. This too was to be done by plain men, many of whom had not been in the least accustomed to the study of languages. But, blessed be God! no man can mix with that population without acquiring their language. In addition to all these, were the prejudices of the natives themselves. To convey to you any idea of this, is exceedingly difficult; but you may form some opinion of them from this circumstance, that if our gracious King himself, GEORGE the FOURTH, should go to that country, and the lappet of his robe should happen to touch the food of an Indian, he would throw it away if he were dying with hunger, and would consider it as defiled by the touch of the greatest man in the empire. How then is it possible that such men can be brought to sit with Europeans at the same table? This difficulty existed in full force in India, and no where else. Another difficulty, and a great one too, was the ignorance of the natives. When we address many other persons we have a conscience to appeal to, and you know the effect of it well,---but they have not a word for “ conscience” in their language. In no Hindoo book, or Hindoo custom, have I found any thing like it. Besides this, there are a number of other expressions of the real importof which they are equally ignorant. Talk to a Hindoo about God, and he thinks you are talking about Vishnoo or Ram,or some of his other deities. Talk about heaven, and he thinks you mean one of the heavens of his gods. Talk about a future state, and he thinks you are talking about transmigration. But in the superstitions of the Hindoos, we have a still more powerful obstacle. Hindooism can boast of her martyrs every day; of women, for instance, who sacrifice themselves on the funeral-pyres of their husbands. Now if even women will go to these lengths of obstinate suffering, in conformity to their cruel superstitions, surely this people are, to all human appearance, invulnerable. This has justly struck Europeans as particularly formidable; they have said, “ What! will persons who suffer themselves to be drawn up in the air by means of hooks fastened in the integuments of their backs, ---will women who thus sacrifice themselves on the funeral-pyres of their husbands,or destroythemselves in the Ganges, ---be brought to renounce this superstition and to embrace Christianity ?" Such was the feeling of our countrymen on the subjeect, and our object was therefore treated with derision and contempt. But the caste exceeds all the other difficulties which I have mentioned. By this they are divided into different societies with distinct observances; and there is no possibility of these intermixing with each other, without breaking caste. Every person marrying, or even eating, with one of another caste, falls from it, and can never be restored to it. Now this has always been considered by the Hindoos to be a fatal stroke; and the Christian Missionary feels the obstacle which it occasions to his success in its full force. These people are as capable of feeling the endearments of social life as any people upon earth; and for one of them to make up his mind to see his friends and even his beloved parents no more, to renounce all his former society, and to incur the frowns of all his relatives, is such a sacrifice to be made by every Hindoo convert to Christianity, that we need not wonder at our countrymen there saying, “You have indeed undertaken a hopeless task.” I remember one young man, who, after he had been baptized, seemed at first to have forgotten his connexions ; but he one day came and said to me, “I do not want to return to caste; I do not want to return to Hindooism; but cannot I go and see my mother again ? Cannot I see my father once more ?" This was impossible; and he well knew and deeply felt that his parents would have shut the door against him, if he had ever attempted to enter again the house in which he was born.---With all this accumulation of difficulties we had to attempt the conversion of that people. Our own governinent, the European residents in India, and all the superstitions, prejudices, and peculiar feelings of the people being against us, we do not wonder that it was said, “India is invulnerable." There were
indeed a few good men in Calcutta who were labouring for the conversion of souls there ; but they thought it was impossible at that time to do any good elsewhere, even if they should be able to make any progress in that city. Such was the appearance of India ; and I have mentioned these circumstances to show, that, if in that part of the world, (of all others the most hopeless,) the Gospel has obtained any success, then you need not despair of Africa, of the West Indies, or of any other part of the world whatever.---And I have now to tell you, that all these difficulties, great as they appeared, have comparatively vanished into air. All of them are now, in a very considerable degree, actually surmounted! The government of India acts, as far as is prudent, entirely with us; and, in a variety of ways, they are assisting us, and that in the most powerful manner. They have established governmentschools for the instruction of the natives; and the name of the present GOVERNOR OF INDIA (THE MARQUIS OF HASTINGS) will live in their recollection to the latest posterity. And it would be unjust in me not to mention also the name of the MARCHIONESS of HASTINGS, who is doing every thing in her power for the benefit of the female natives of that country. In our own country every facility has been kindly afforded to us, and the Missionaries can go without opposition to every corner of India. Such a door is opened there, as never was before. Every voice cheers the Missionaries as they enter. Of our own countrymen I scarcely know one individual who opposes us ; on the contrary, they now have a Calcutta Bible Society, chiefly supported by the Anglo-Indians, which has circulated extensive editions of the Scriptures in the various languages of India. There is also a Calcutta School Book Society; and there is a Hindoo College, in which converted natives themselves are training up in suitable knowledge, for the very purpose of becoming preachers of the everlasting Gospel : and thus the difficulty arising from the distance of fifteen thousand miles is subdued and superseded, by God's raising up natives themselves to become Missionaries to their countrymen, who are inured to the climate and familiar with all their manners. The languages of India are now subdued ; and the holy Scriptures, or a part of them at least, with a number of of tracts, have already been translated and circulated in 25 languages of that country. Nay, even the prejudices of the natives have been overcome. As one proof of this, I can state, that when I left Serampore, a deputation had come from a village at some distance, in which they were attempting to establish a School, to request one of our schoolmasters to visit them and afford them some instructions as to the manner of conducting their School. There cannot be a stronger proof of their prejudices being subdued, than for those natives to solicit a visit from a man whose appearance in their School would have once been thought a crime. These Schools are now so common in some parts of India, that there is scarcely a town or even a village that has not one. The ignorance of the natives has been overcome; we have found a conscience at last; and several thousands of Hindoos have turned from the worship of idols to serve the living and true God; have renounced their superstitions; and embraced the faith of Christianity. Public opinion, which had been almost universally against us, is now almost universally for us. The foundation is laid, and we have only to go zealously and patiently forward in the work that has been so successfully begun.--I have been thus minute in my statements of the work of God in that extensive empire, in order that I, as an eye witness, might call forth the thankfulness of this Society for what God has done there; and that, when I am gone into those distant regions, again to aid by my feeble efforts this great cause, your prayers may be excited and encouraged by the prospect of ultimate success. And now I confess, my christian brethren, that though I entertain some opinions different to those of the Society for which I am now pleading, yet it is a Society for which I feel the highest respect. There are no persons who come forward with more ardent zeal than they in the work of the LORD, and in the promotion of the great cause of Missions. I may add with respect to those whom they have sent out, that in the important point of self-denial, so necessary to the Missionary who leaves his country, his family, his friends, and all he holds dear,---in this respect, the Wesleyan Missionaries yield to no Missionaries, or body of Missionaries, whatever. They have chcerfully endured fatigues, and patiently submitted to the various privations to which Missionaries are exposed. They have experienced all the inconveniences and dangers of inhospitable climates, and yet have persevered in their work with diligence and zeal, from a love to souls, and a desire to spend and be spent in the cause of Christ. The Wesleyan Missionaries yield to none in love to their SAVIOUR, which is so essentially necessary to keep alive the Missionary flame. And they yield to none in another grand point, which is the frecness of thcir invitations. Blessed bc Gon! they
feel no hesitation in their offers of mercy. This is their darling theme, and it suits the Missionary cause extremely well.---Another thing I would just mention concerning them; and that is, that they depend especially on DIVINE INFLUENCE ; their eyes are always fixed on that; and feeling that they are but weak instruments in the hand of God, they go forward in their simple career, looking to God for his influence; and, blessed be his holy name, that influence is not withheld !--- They also watch over their churches with peculiar attention. They do so in this country; but this is particularly necessary in the heathen world, where men are just emerging out of darkness, and where there are such deep-rooted prejudices to be combated. This is another reason why this Society commends itself to the whole christian world.--Before I close, there is another observation which I wonld make on the subject of divine influence. I have lately come from the Continent of America, in which there is at present a great out-pouring of the Holy Spirit. In Connecticut, in Massachusetts, and other places, a great degree of divine influence has been experienced. In the town of Hartford, I was informed, that there were not fewer than a thousand persons lately brought under the most serious impressions respecting their everlasting welfare. If these things be done in America, why may not we seek and expect similar visitations in other countries ? ---And we want nothing else to secure the eventual success of christian Missions. If God is pleased largely to pour out his HOLY SPIRIT, and this work go on as it has done, the whole world will soon be converted to Christ. For this, let us be instant in prayer. It is only for us to be frequently on our knees at the throne of grace, and then shall the earth yield her increase, and God, even our own God shall give us his blessing
S. T. ARMSTRONG, ESQ. of Boston, in America, in moving a resolution, on the subject of the West-India Missions, apologized for his addressing such an audience, but said that the proceedings of this meeting were enough to make even the tongue of a stammerer to speak plainly. When, however, said Mr. A. we propose resolutions of this kind we bind ourselves to do something more than speak : we must therefore take care what we do on this occasion ; for I behold on every side a great cloud of witnesses to condemn us if we fail in the performance of what we this day pledge ourselves to do. Mr. A. proceeded to shew that Christianity is the best boon we can give to the negro-slaves to whom his motion more particularly alluded, and then added, “It has been stated, that I am from America, and it inay please you to know, that British Christians are there considered as our elder brethren, and we are treading in your steps. I hope it will not be deemed presumption in me to say, that we have our Missionary and Bible Societies, our Societies for Education, and our Sunday Schools; and in these labours of love, these works of mercy, we, like yourselves, have received much assistance from pious females. About ten years ago the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions was founded, with whose operations I have been more connected than with any other. In the first year we raised 2001.; but the last year we raised about 8,0001. or 35,000 dollars. There were some fears among our friends lest our exertions for foreign Missions should diminish our funds for promoting Christianity at home; but this has not been the case; for there has been more done at home in consequence of what has been done abroad. We have now Missionaries at the Sandwich Islands, and in India. Americans take a deep interest (I speak the words of truth and soberness) in all the great designs of British Christians; and I have no doubt, but that the transactions of this day will be read in the remotest parts of my native land, and will gladden the hearts of my countrymen, as they have gladdened my heart to-day. We shall rejoice in your success, and sympathize in your sorrows, (if any befall you,) for we feel that all we are brethren, ---We worship the same God, we hold the same hope, we have in view the same objects. One object of my coming across the Atlantic was to be present at these far-famed Meetings, and to see the men who are known throughout the world. I feel grateful that the desire of my heart has been granted : and long will the sacred pleasures of this day be impressed on my memory. I pray that the peace which now subsists between our countries may be perpetual. But should, unhappily, our statesmen disagree, with the Wesleyan Methodists we shall still be at peace. Before another year shall bring to your joyful eyes an Anniversary like this, death or the ocean will divide between you and me; but, having the same hope, we shall still be joined in heart, and meet again where there will be no name of METHODIST or CONGREGATIONALIST, but all shall be one in CHRIST. With these feelings and anticipations, permit me to say, in conclusion, to each and all of you, Farewell! farewell : ---but not for ever :
We are sorry that want of room compels us to deprive our Readers of the pleasure and benefit of perusing some of the remaining spcoches, till another month. In the mean time, we shall insert at length a Copy of the Resolutions passed at the General Meeting, with the names of the Gentlemen by whom they were severally moved and seconded. They are as follows:
· RESOLUTIONS : 1. Moved by the Rev. WALTER GRIFFITH, of Bath, and seconded by John POYNDER,
Esq. of London :) That the Report now read be adopted, and printed under the direction of the
General Committee. II. (Moved by W. H. TRANT, Esq. late Member of the Board of Commissioners for
the cedei Provinces in India, seconded by COLONEL MUNRO, RESIDENT at Travancore, and supported by the Rev. WILLIAM WARD, of Serampore :) That this Mceting has heard with satisfaction those statements of the Report
which relate to the advancement of Religion in various foreign parts; and especially rejoices in the prosperity of the Missions in the East, and in the number and promising moral effects of the Schools established by the Society in Ceylon, and in Continental India, for the instruction of the children of the
natives in useful knowledge, and in the principles of the faith of Christ. 11. Moved by SAMUEL T. ARMSTRONG, Esq. of Boston in America, and seconded
by the Rev. HENRY FOSTER BURDER, A. M., of Hackney :) That the success which Almighty God continue to bestow upon the labours of Missionaries among the slaves of our West-India Colonies, calls for our lively gratitude; and that the Meeting has heard with peculiar satisfaction those statements in the Report which relate to the increasing encouragement afforded to our Missionaries by the respectable Proprietors and Inhabitants of the Islands generally, in their important efforts to communicate Christian instruction to the
long-neglected black and coloured population. IV. (Moved by BENJAMIN SHAW, Esq. of London, and seconded by JOSEPH CARNE, Esg.
of Penzance :) That the thanks of this Meeting are hereby respectfully offered to the Gentlemen
connected with the Missionary Societies lately formed in the Islands of Nevis and St. Christopher, for the appropriation of a part of the Funds raised by those Societies, in favour of Missionary objects, to the support of the general opera
tions of the Wesleyan Missionary Society. V. (Moved by James Vander SmISSEN, Esq. of Altona, in Germany, and seconded
by the Rev. Theophilus LESSEY, of Weymouth :) That the thanks of this Meeting be given to the Auxiliary and Branch Societies
throughout the kingdom ; to the Auxiliary Societies which have been recently established on several Foreign Stations; to those Ladies who, in different places, have employed their zeal and influence to increase the Funds of the Institution; to the Juvenile Societies, in which the feeling and energy of our youth are consecrated to this sacred service; and to the Subscribers and other friends to the Wesleyan Missionary Fund, both at home and abroad, by whose liberality the means of 'supplying the moral wants of our fellow-men have been greatly in
creased. VI. (Moved by the Rev. JABEZ. BUNTING, A. M. of London, and seconded by the
Rev. Robert Newton, of Manchester :) That the thanks of this Meeting be given to JOSEPH BUTTERWORTH, Esq. M.P.
and to the Rev. GEORGE MARSDEN, the General Treasurers, for their diligent attention to the duties of their office during the past year, and that the Society very cordially requests a continuance of their services.