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of some ill-natur'd Over-lovers of Strong-liquors, the 1718. wbich batb been experienc'd by the Author, through w some of the former Impresions ; Het they having found Juch general Acceptance in many Parts of the World, and being serviceable to People of all Perswafions, I, for the further Service of poor Mortals, adventure to put forth this Tenth Edition, with this additional Preface, in Order (if possible) to perswade all rational Souls to forfake so destructive and vile an Evil : Which gross Sin bath these bad Effe Ets attending it (with many more that might be set down) which affects both the Aged and the Youth; for whose Sakes (viz. the Youth) it was at first chiefly intended, in order to stir them up to the 'Love of pure Religion, and pious and virtuous Living.
it then, In the Aged, it bath those bad Effeels, viz. They are bad Examples to their Youth, who when repro. ved, may reply, My Father before me loved strong Liquors, as well as I : He loved a Glass of Wine: He loved a Bowl of Punch; he loved good Cyder, and good Ale, and would be merry with it, and why mayn't I, as well as he? He was a wise good Man, when he was sober; and pray where is the Harm of loving good Liquor and being merry ?
I answer; The Harm is in the immoderate and extravagant Use of it. It is only the Excess which this Letter deteets, and is intended to discourage. I have known fome who have quarrelled with publick Preaching, because they have been guilty of the Faults Spoke against : And the Author expects to be buffeted for this Publication, by some of these mighty Sons to drink Wine, and to mingle Arong Drink (i. e. Punch, Setterena, Tiff, Flip, &C.) 1 bad like to forget Sampson (as I have several others) which fo overcomes those Men of Might, as to get from them their precious Time (which cannot be bought with Money) and their Money, besides Health and Crediit, Understanding and Reason, and all. And pray where is the Difference then between the Man and the Beali, though the Man be full of Days?
What can we say to the Youth of Juch Parents (ibat will avail) while their Parents new them such evil Examples? And as it is in that, so it is in all other Evils, Parents Examples are very hurtful in evil Things, tbo very helpful in that which is good. If a Man fees a Youth to be out of Order, and reproves him for being in Drink, Evil-speaking, Pride, Covetousness, &c. and be guilty of the same, bis Child may answer, Why, "Father, I had not done so, if I had not seen thee (or you) do it? And it being an incumbent Duty in a Fatber, Motber, Master, or Mistress, to reprove their Youth for Evil; if we are not clear in ourselves of what we reo prove in our Children or Servants, and our Children or Servants miscarry through our bad Example, what a me. lancholy Refle&tion will that be to us, if rightly consider'd! which indeed would be this, I have been instrumental to my poor Child's Ruin and Destruction ! A melancholy Refle Etion to any fober Christian !
Also, except there is a large Income, instead of taking Care to put the Youth in a reputable Way to live in the World, it brings them to Poverty: And if there is a large Estate, it puts them in the Way to spend it. And, Ob ! bow many are spending their precious Time in Taverns, and Ordinaries, and at the same Time tbeir Wives and Children suffering and weeping at home? And some Sober, nodest Women (for the Men are mostly addiEted to Drinking 10 Excess) would suffer unspeakable Hardhips before they would expose their Husbands ; and indeed they that do it in such a modest Way, being forced to it by such ill PraEtices, are much more to be pitied than blamed.
2dly, Concerning the Youth, it mightily burls them (as it doth the Aged also as to their Religion, Reputation, Health and Estate, &c.
ift, As to their Religion, it not only clouds their Understanding, and darkens the Nobility thereof, but it unfits them for all and every religious Duty.
2dly, Some wbo value a good Name, had rather lose their Lives; than lose their Reputation ibrough immoderate
Drinking. For if the Youth be single and addicted to 1718. immoderate Drinking, no wise and virtuous Person will in tie themselves to them for Life, by Marriage, which State of Life, to a wife and virtuous Pair, is far exceeding in Happiness all other Company or Conversation whatsoever. It is better to be one of these than to enjoy a Kingdom : And on the oiber Hand, 'lis better to be a Slave in Turkey, than to be married to an intemperate Person.
3dly, Intemperance destroys the Health of the Body, wbich we generally esteem before Wealth. And if a Man were a King, Prince, or Duke, if he did not enjoy bis Health, what good would all his Honour, Power, and Wealıb, do bim? Ob! wbat Abundance of Young People bave destroyed themselves by this Sin? As it is written, The Wicked do not live out Half their Days : And where this Sin is growing general in a Country, ibat Country is growing to its Ruin and Destruction. It wastes the People, decays Trade, and is very defrutive to Religion, and an Inlet 10 Atheism. Good People are afraid to live in such a Country, bad People flock to it, and often make their Exit in it.
4thly, And many a fair Estate hath been embezzled and spent through Intemperance, which bonejt Parents with great Labour, Care, and Industry, have got together, and left 10 their Sons and Daughters, who bave extravagantly spent it upon their Lufts; and thereby bave brought Infamy on themselves, their Fathers, and their Posterity, whenever it has pleased God that they have left any behind them ; besides (which is worst of all} dishonouring God, and bringing a Scandal on the Christian Religion. .
Some of our wise Kings and Queens in Great-Britain, bring forrowfully affected with the Heinousness of this great Sin, bave made striet Laws against Intemperance : And where the Legijalive Authority makes little or 10 Provision against it, or when they do make any, do not take Care 10 put it in Practice, such a State or Colony
718. must needs be in a declining Condition. And for particut.
lar Families and Persons, we may see too much of this Evil in our Neighbourhoods, almost in all parts of tbe World, which causeth solid, sober, pious, virtuous, and truly religious Cbristians to mourn, and bumbly to bow before the most High God, begging of him, for Christ's Sake, that be, by his mighty Power, would be pleased to reform the ungenerate World,
This is the Prayer and fervent Desire of an intire Lover of Mankind, both Body and Soul, and who desires their Welfare in this, and the World to come.
Barbadoes, 7th ift. Mo. 1718-19.
IT is long since I had a Line from thee ; but not
long since I thought of thee and thine, with
Lord hath a Seed, who loves him, and doch de-