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· Ponder, then, my Lord, these things in your retirement at Fulham, and at every moment of leisure in your London palace. Take counsel with your Episcopal brethren, some of whom, it appears from their Charges, the prospect of affairs has almost scared from their thrones,—as to whether conciliation may not be wise, in this season of impending storms. Come forward at once with conciliation ; yield to the torrent which you cannot stem ; part with a portion, to save the rest ; and above all, cease to exasperate by contempt, those whom it is possible, you may be constrained hereafter to propitiate. Dismiss the fallacious hope, that the diminished adherents of the ancient order of things can continue to make head against the united efforts of two such powerful parties as those to which I have adverted. If events should come to the extremity I have hinted at, and which it is painful to contemplate, who can limit the mischief which may be inflicted (on society, or the shock which Christianity may suffer ? It will be too late then to apportion the blame; and in the common misfortune, the oppressor will share with the aggrieved'. pp. 30–35.

We had intended to enter into the general argument of the Bishop's charge, but must reserve our further notice of his Lordship's statements and calculations, and of various other pamphlets bearing on the question of Ecclesiastical Establishments till our next Number.

ART. VII. LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.

The Book of the Denominations, or the Churches and Sects of Christendom, in the Nineteenth Century.

In the Press, Faustus ; a Dramatic Mystery. The first, Walpurgis Night. The Bride of Corinth. Translated from the German of Goethe. By John Anster, LL.D., Barrister at Law.

The Annual Obituary, for 1835 ; containing Memoirs of distinguished persons who died in 1834, will be published January 1, 1835.

In the Press, and speedily will be published, in royal 8vo. neatly done

up in cloth boards, and lettered, price 16s. Horæ Hebraicæ; an Attempt to discover how the Argument of the First Part of the Epistle to the Hebrews must have been understood by those therein addressed. With Appendices on Messiah's Kingdom, &c. &c. Ву George, Viscount Mandeville.

In the Press, A New Guide to Spanish and English Conversation; consisting not only of Modern Phrases, Idioms, and Proverbs, but also of Spanish Dialogues, preceded by a Copious Vocabulary, and followed by Tables

of Spanish Moneys, Weights, and Measures. By J. Rowbotham, F.R.A.S., Author of German Lessons, &c.

In the Press, Twenty Sermons, including two especially addressed to the Young, by the late Rev. William Howels, Minister of Long Acre Episcopal Chapel.

We understand that “ The Road Book to Italy," by M. Brockedon, the publication of which has been for some time delayed, is now in so great a state of forwardness, that it will be completed in Feb. 1835; when the three remaining parts will appear together, and at the same time the whole work will be published in one volume, containing twenty fine Views.

Mr. Curtis has in the Press, a new Edition of his Treatise on the Physiology and Diseases of the Eye; shewing the intimate connexion of the Organs of Sight and Hearing, and containing a new mode curing Cataract without an operation.

In the Press, A British Atlas; comprising the Maps of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Wales, and the Maps of the English Counties. By W. Pinnock, Author of the Catechisms, Geographies, &c.

A Celestial Atlas; comprising the Signs of the Zodiac, and portions of the surrounding constellations. By W. Pinnock, Author of the Catechisms, Geographies, &c.

The Author of “ Essays on the Formation of Opinions,” has a work in the Press, On the General Principles of Political Representation, and on the Vicissitudes in the Value of Money.

In the Press, Spiritual Despotism. By the Author of Natural History of Enthusiasm, &c. 1 vol. Octavo.

In the Press, and will be published in the early part of February, A Memoir of the late Rev. Joseph Hughes, A.M., of Battersea ; Originator and Secretary of the British and Foreign Bible Society. By the Rev. J. Liefchild. Any communications that may be deemed interesting and useful, are requested to be sent immediately, addressed to the Editor, at the Publishers', T. Ward and Co. 27, Paternoster Row.

A new and improved edition (being the ninth of The Cabinet Lawyer, is in the Press, incorporating the Statutes and Legal Decisions to the present Period.

The Rev. Edwin Sydney, author of the Life of Rev. Rowland Hill, has sent to the Press a volume, to be entitled, The Life, Ministry, and Selections, from the remains of the Rev. Samuel Walker, R. A., late of Truro, in Cornwall.

Art. VIII. WORKS RECENTLY PUBLISHED.

MISCELLANEOUS.

near Leeds, and with superior Engravings on Wood, in Natural History.

THEOLOGY.

Home Happineis; or, Three Weeks in Snow. Foolscap, 5s. cloth.

The Protestant Dissenters' Juvenile Magazine. Vol. II. for 1834. ls. 6d. neatly half-bound, embellished with an Engraved Frontispiece, containing a view of the New Independent Chapel, Morley,

Sermons by the Rev. Henry Roxby Maude, L.L.B., Vicar of St. Olave's Jewry; and Rector of St. Martin's, Ironmonger Lane. 8vo, 10s. 6d. cloth lettered.

APPENDIX TO VOLUME XII.

Art. I. An Elementary Course of Lectures on the Criticism, Inter

pretation, and leading Doctrines of the Bible. By W. D. Conybeare, M.A., Rector of Sully. 18mo. 1834.

(Concluded from page 118.) CIRCUMSTANCES uninteresting to the public have pre

vented our hitherto resuming our notice of these erudite and valuable Lectures. We must now, in the first instance, call the attention of our readers to the Essay, inserted as an Appendix to Lecture II., on the Grammatical Principles of the Hebrew and kindred Oriental tongues. The main design of the Author, in this ingenious exposition of the mechanism of the languages brought into comparison, is to shew, by the application of the mathematical doctrine of probabilities, to what extent the coincidences detected can be fairly attributed to casual resemblance, and at what point they become satisfactory evidence of original connexion.

In reviewing Dr. Prichard's learned Treatise on the Eastern Origin of the Celtic Nations *, we laid before our readers some remarkable instances of coincidence, such as clearly denote affinity, between the Celtic and the Indo-European dialects; instances of coincidence not simply in their vocabularies, but in their grammatical structure, which leave no room for hesitation in regarding the Celtic nations as a branch of the same great family as the Scandinavian and Teutonic, the Sclavonic and Sarmatian tribes. Mr. Conybeare labours more especially to establish the affinity between the Indo-European and the Semitic dialects. He commences his Essay by shewing the common origin of the Hebrew and Greek alphabets. The series of letters employed as numerical signs, which correspond throughout in both languages, sufficiently demonstrates this; and the ancient Hebrew or Samaritan character exhibited in the shekels of Jerusalem, is in fact nearly identical in form with the Greek, if written facing to the left, as in the alternate lines of the ancient Bovospoondov inscriptions. The Hebrews adopted their more modern cha

* Eclect. Rev., 3d Series, Vol. VII., p. 145.

VOL. XII.N.S.

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racter from the Chaldeans after the Captivity ; and this character is itself formed from the older, disguised by a fuller and blacker mode of writing, -just as the black Gothic character was formed from the Roman.'

Mr. Conybeare touches on the vexata quæstio of the vowel points; and his conclusion is, that the truth lies between the disputants. The complicated system of the Masoretic school had, it is admitted, no existence before the seventh century; but the combined authority of the Septuagint and the Hex• apla compels us to acknowledge the existence of some system

of vowel points before the commencement and in the first cen'turies of our era.' We confess that we do not see the force of what Mr. C. regards as one of the strongest arguments against the present system of points and Rabbinical method of reading; namely, that the name Cyrus, which the Septuagint always reads Kupos, would, as pointed in the Hebrew, be read Choresch. . ' It is quite incredible, our Author contends, that this well as* certained name should have been ever really represented by a

combination of sounds so dissimilar as the Rabbis would persuade us.' What then shall we say at meeting with the same name in the different forms of yo17' and Ingous, or in those of Artachshashta, Artahshetr, Ardeshir, and Artaxerxes! Or again, to take a more modern instance, who would suppose, at first sight, the forms Hlodowig, Clovis, Louis, Ludovicus, Lewis, to represent the same name ? Koresh and Kuros were both attempts to express a foreign name, which was, no doubt, differently pronounced, and therefore differently written, in the two languages: the original word was, perhaps, a title, compounded of Kour, the sun, and sheed, shining or glorious.

In proceeding to unfold his grammatical principles, the Author first treats of the roots, or those elementary sounds in

themselves expressing only the general idea'; as, in Latin, the root am, denoting love, which may be modified into the substantive amor, the adjective amicus, or the verb amo; i.e., am(eg)o, love-I. These roots may, it is remarked, be used as nouns. Are they not, essentially, nouns; verbs being in all cases compounded of a noun and the substantive verb? The noun may not have formally existed in the imperfect elementary shape, because words could not have been framed apart from speech, and speech consists of words used with relation to each other, and modifying each other so as to produce a meaning. But a root may be described as the hypothesis of a noun. The verb combines with the idea expressed by the noun, the person (expressed by a pronoun *), the character of the action, as performed by or upon

* -The infinitive is, in truth, an indeclinable verbal noun.'

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