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Mr. Budd, Mr. Bryan, Mr. Yorke, and Mr. Harris, they will find melancholy proof of the fearful extent to which the doctrine of justification by faith has been impugned in many of the Society's publications. We are not concerned to desend every statement or doctrinal opinion in those Memorials; but the declension of the publications referred to from the standard of Scripture and the Protestant Reformation, is exhibited with great ability and faithfulness. The doctrine of a remedial law pervades the exceptionable extracts. For instance, the popular author of “ The Whole Duty of Man" says:
“The third thing that Christ was to do for us, was to enable us, or give us strength to do what God requires of us. This he doth first, by taking off from the hardness of the Law given to Adam, which was never to commit the least sin upon pain of damnation; and requiring of us only an honest and hearty endeavour to do what we are able, and where we fail, accepting of sincere repentance."
Where do we read in Scripture that God has thus mutilated or curtailed His immutable and perfect law? We read, indeed, that “ Christ is the end of the law for righteouness to every one that believeth ;" but this is a very different statement to that of the law being mitigated in order that man, with strength from above, may be able to fulfil it. The Apostle Paul says nothing of “ taking off the hardness of the law given to Adam ;" but he says, “If there had been a law given which could have given life, verily righteousness should have been by the law : " evidently meaning that there was no such law; and that fallen and guilty man could not merit heaven by deeds of law, but must be saved freely by grace, through the redemption that is in Christ. The Homily for Good Friday, which we suppose is one of those which Burnet thought required “ mitigation," says that “ The only mean and instrument of salvation required of our parts is faith; that is to say, a sure trust and contidence in the mercies of God.” Ifany reader think this statement too strong, let him study Hooker's admirable sermon on Justification. The fruits of faith, we repeat, are quite a distinct matter : but at present we are adverting not to antinomian errors but to pharisaical. Two untruths do not make a truth.
THE OFFERINGS OF THE WISE MEN.
for Dec. 1838, p. 704.)
Before the infant Lord of all appeared,
Gold, Myrrh, and Frankincense to Him revered.
To Him as Priest, the votive offering, gold;
Death in the tomb his body shall enfold.
Love, thanks, and prayer, as incense to the Lord;
For gold, a contrite heart do thou afford;
ANOTHER PARAPHRASE OF THE SAME.
And, guided by the star of Bethlehem, sought
The King of kings, to whom three gifts they brought :
Destined to rise from death, triumphant Lord;
And frankincense to the incarnate God,
For precious gold, a heart from sin set free ;
THE SAME FREELY IMITATED. To the King of kings wise men did But first those tears in purer flood bring
Wash bright from earthly stain ; Three gifts, a costly load;
A heart uncleansed by Jesu's blood, Myrrh to the man, gold to the king, And prayers unblessed, were vain. And frankincense to God.
Soon to the King of kings with joy Christian, oppressed with anxious fear, Pure incense shalt thou bring; Thy Lord will not despise
Where gold that knows not earth's alloy Thy lowly gift ; with faith draw near Shall crown thy offering. And spread thy sacrifice.
And praise shall tune thy swelling For myrrh bring tears, for incense harp ;prayer,
-Myrrh only is not given ;And_more than gold can buy
The tomb was dark, the cross was A heart that bows the cross to bear,
sharp, Yet hails the Epiphany,
But tears are wot in heaven.
S. C. W.
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
CHANCELLOR DEALTRY'S CHARGE. Obligations of the National Church. A Charge delivered at the Visita
tion in Hampshire, September, 1838. By WILLIAM DEALTRY, D.D., Chancellor of the Diocese of Winchester. With an Appendix, consisting chiefly of extracts from an Article in the Fourth Number
of the New York Review, “On the State of the Church of England. Dr. Dealtry opens his Charge as must be confessed that, in a country follows:
avowedly Christian, this is a state of
things which may reasonably call forth “ It is the remark of an able writer in an expression of surprise. Without America, that in point of spiritual attempting to explain the special prosperity and usefulness the Establish grounds of this hostility, under circumed Church of England has of late years stances apparently so little calculated exceeded all parallel in her former his. to provoke it, one thing is certain, that tory;' and yet, that since the Revolu had we a national church as pure as was tion in 1649, there has been no exam the church of the early ages, and miniple of so much combined and earnest sters as faithful and energetic as were zeal against her as these times are dis the Apostles themselves, it must needs playing. These two facts he repre- be that offences would come.” sents as singularly associated ;' and it The papers referred to by Dr.
Dealtry is an article in a recent Dr. Dealtry's object in the number of the New York Review, selection of passages is mainly to on « The Present State of the shew what are the views and feelChurch of England." Dr. Dealtryings entertained concerning the does not inform his readers who Church of England at this crisis, the American writer is, but he by the best and wisest of our shews the high value which he fellow-Christians in the United attaches to his statements, by fill- States. As the passages which ing more than forty pages of close we shall cite bear upon topics print, in his Appendix, with ex- which have been much canvassed tracts from his paper. The writer in our pages, and corroborate is Bishop M‘Ilvaine; and we are many of our statements, it will happy that we learned this only be the fairest course to copy them from general report, not confiden- without interlarding them with our tial communication ; so that we own remarks. We will only preare not obliged to make a secret mise that Bishop M‘Ilvaine is a of what is so much to the Bishop's member of a strictly voluntary, honour. Dr. M'Ilvaine had large not nationally endowed, church ; intercourse with Christians of so that his statements lie under various classes while in England; no suspicion of partiality. and the facts which he witnessed, “We have long had our attention and the conclusions to which they directed, with lively interest, to the
numerous books and pamphlets in asled him, as he stated them in con.
sault and defence of Church Establishversation, appeared to us so in
ments, which for a few years past have teresting and important, that we issued in wonderful affluence from the requested him, as an old trans. British press. We say British, for
- Scotland is fully represented in the atlantic correspondent, to favour
struggle. Established Presbyterianism us with his ideas in a written communication, which he purposed doing ; but we are glad that magazines, pamphlets, and even large instead of this he has presented
d books, are frequently dropped into the
" Post-offices at the ports where ships the results of his experience in a land, which are charged, brown paper fuller manner to his own country- and cord included, as if they were so men, many of whom, even in- many precious letters. The charge for cluding our episcopalian brethren. a single ounce packet from Liverpool
to London is three shillings and eightare very imperfectly acquainted
pence. The London Post-office most with the actual state of religion in meanly seals up the packet in such a England, and especially in regard manner, that the party to whom it is to the claims of the Established ha choime of the Established addressed shall not be able to discover
what are its contents ; so that in deChurch. Dr. Dealtry's copious clining it he may be either refusing a extracts from the paper will make packet of great importance, or a bundle its contents generally known in of old newspapers, or other things of England. We are glad to avail no value. The torture of uncertainty
often extorts a large sum for what ourselves of his citations, as a copy
proves worthless to the receiver. We of the Review, which we expected, should not, however, have written a has not reached us.*
note on this commercial matter, but for the sake of adding that the authorities
of the Post-office, we understand, have * It is, perhaps, quietly sleeping at at length been induced to make a rethe General Post Office, along with gulation, by which the prohibitory duty other copies which we happen to know on such packets is moderated— we do have been returned unopened, on ac- not yet know on what scale. Our cout of the prohibitory scale of charges American friends will be glad to learn placed by our Post-office laws upon that this barbarous interdict on literary communications of this nature. Packets and religious intercourse is about to of newspapers, reports of societies, cease.
is as much the object of assault on the ing are leavened with a great increase north of the Tweed, as established of love for the truth in its simplicity, Episcopacy on the south; with this and of zeal for its maintenance and pubexception, however, that the Episcopa- lication; while her ministers are seen, lians of Scotland do not oppose, but in numbers and a devotedness of spirit cheerfully support, with their tithe, the unexampled in her history, preaching Presbyterian Kirk, as by law esta and teaching Christ, publicly, and from blished; while in England, all denomi house to house ;' then must the Church nations of Dissenters unite to oppose of England be considered as at this the Established Episcopal Church. The time, and as having been for several general question therefore is not secta- years past, remarkably honoured of
God. “ The opinion which we have ex “It would occupy too much space to pressed, as to the present condition of go into anything like a view of the the Church of England, is not of a kind state of religion in that Church during which, under any circumstances, would almost all of the last century, for the admit of very definite proof in the com- sake of a contrast with her present paratively small space which we can aspect. We can only glance at it, devote to the subject. It relates to The works of Bishop Horne happen to the Church in Ireland, as well as lie before us. They remind us, that, England; since the Established Church in 1776, he published at Oxford the embraces the United Kingdom. It is first edition of his work on the Psalms, founded upon a general survey of facts, and that, however unlikely that book and is too universally acknowledged by is--pious and excellent though it beChristian people in England to need to be called in this day enthusiastic, any formal proof. In what we shall with any evil meaning, it was so say of its evidences, our object will be treated, very generally, when it aprather that of illustration than of argu- peared. Horne was far beyond his day, ment. To those, indeed, who have says his biographer, (Jones of Nayland) little knowledge of the English Church in evangelical sentiment. The learned but as the traditionary tales of a past and excellent Secker, to be sure, had century still retailed, as if fresh ga- died but a few years before the above thered, would represent it; who take date. Porteus was then at his labours. as sober truth all the trash of our news. In that year Cecil and Thomas Scott papers, and of the fippant tourists were ordained. Hervey, Walker of whose mess of intelligence is culled Truro, and Grimshaw, had been some from the way-side, and mixed with as years at rest. Romaine was in the many sour things as could be collected fortieth year of his work. Venn, Fletto give it savour; to those whose ideas cher, and John Newton, were then in are thus a mere compound of pluralities, the midst of their usefulness. The inand non-residences, and tithe-exactions, fluence of the Wesleys and Whitefield and field-sports, and luxurious wealth, had begun to be widely felt as early as and lordly pomp; never suspecting 1740. These good names, so identified gross exaggeration, nor seeking ex with the history of all faithful minisplanation, nor remembering that many trations of the Gospel during the evils of external arrangement may eighteenth century, certainly indicate attach to an Established Church which, that, at the period we have selected the State alone being answerable for for the sake of illustration, (1766,) them, afford no criterion of the spiritual new life had sprung up among the character of her pastors or their flocks; clergy of the English Church. But there to such persons it may be almost new is too much evidence that such revival that any good can be spoken of the was, as yet, of very limited extent." Church of England.
“If the state of the Universities may “ But, "very excellent things are be regarded as any true index of the spoken of thee, thou city of our God.' state of the ministry of the English If it be a sign of the favour of God to Church, considering that from thence his Church on earth, when, for many come the candidates for orders, it cansuccessive years, and progressively, she not be supposed that, so late as 1782, is visited with reviving and strengthen the increase of a right spirit, though ing influences of the Holy Ghost; when rapidly progressive, had as yet extended her fleece is wet with the dews of to a large number of the clergy. Then heaven, and, from a state of great de- it was that Simeon (clarum et venerabile pression in spiritual character and zeal nomen) began to preach the Gospel in for Christ, she is raised up to new. Cambridge, so much alone, so little ness of life, energy, and activity, so that sympathised with; the object, indeed, a new spirit to confess the Saviour of aversion among those occupying place and promote his gospel appears in her in the University, and of actual indiglaity; and her chief seminaries of learn- nity and expressions of contempt and
opposition, amounting to constant per that under such influence the piety of secution, among the multitude of the the Church would present many exgownsmen. Then it was that such a amples of very eminent attainments witness for Christ had scarcely one to in godliness; and that, considering the stand with him on ground which, before high intellectual culture prevailing in his death, was crowded with advocates; the upper ranks of English society, and and that, unused to little else than at the sound mental discipline acquired in least a negative disrespect in his walks the schools and Universities, there of faithfulness, a poor man, who saluted would appear, in union with elevated him with affectionate and humble growth in personal piety, a remarkable respect in the street, received his spe- symmetry of christian character, a harcial thanks as having done what was mony of proportions peculiarly attraca strange thing to him in those days. tive. Such, in truth, is the case. It How wonderful the change! Perhaps is not merely in the great increase of in no single point of view could a more the number of faithful ministers, or of striking indication of the change which parishes well leavened by their dochas since been wrought in the ministry trine, that the revival we speak of is of the Church of England be obtained, seen; but also, and strikingly, in the than by a comparison of the University style of personal religion that has grown of Cambridge, in point of evangelical up and ripened; the pureness and simspirit and doctrine, at the beginning and plicity of spirit which are general among at the ending of Simeon's ministry, or those whom this influence has reached, by a contrast between the attitude of the and the eminent attainments in godliChurch towards such a preacher as ness, in union with the highest degree Simeon when he first appeared, and the of intellectual culture and refinement, veneration, affection, and thankful by which many individual examples praise for almost unequalled usefulness are distinguished--the pearl of great with which his name is now everywbere price, beautifully set in the most fine mentioned. He lived to see all Cam- gold. We have heard it said by a leadbridge filled with the belief and love of ing dissenting minister not far from the truth which he preached; every London, and in a truly Christian spirit, parish church therein occupied with a that in a certain class of the clergy of ministry of kindred spirit, and crowded the Church there is a purity, elevation, with devout attendants; hundreds of and consistency of Christian character, gownsmen counting it a privilege to surpassing those of any other set of hear the word at his mouth; many of men to be found in the English ministhem constantly seeking his spiritual try. We believe it may be said withcounsel in private; a noble company of out hesitation, that those who have spiritually-minded youth, among whom recently visited England, from different were often the bearers of the highest denominations in this country, and have honours of the University, preparing, obtained an intimate association with under his training, to go out year by the spiritually-minded clergy of the year to the pulpits and high places of Established Church, have generally rethe nation ; the whole taste and tone turned (we know not an exception) of that great institution decidedly most favourably impressed with what changed and elevated ; a corresponding improvement general in the Church, elevation of Christian character. In not only among the clergy, but influen- these adornments of piety, it is truly tial laity also ; and this whole revival delightful to see how many persons in of religion, in college, pulpit, and parish, the highest, wealthiest, and most influpeculiarly marked by that very feature ential walks of life partake; how many of sound and healthful piety in which of the nobles of the land esteem it the last century was so defective, their honour to be followers of God. attachment to, and a decided exhibition
as dear children,' and to set a bold and of, 'the spirit of the Scriptures.'
stern example against all ungodliness, * Were we to single out any one fea- and in favour of all good works. And, ture which might be considered as spe.
t be considered as spe- especially in a country like England, it cially characteristic of the recent growth is easy to conceive how powerful and of religion in the English Church, we extensive is the influence of good examshould select its beautiful singleness ple set by the higher classes. In the and simplicity in searching after the substance of the above remarks we are mind of the Spirit,' in His word, and happy to find the concurrence of distinin following it, when ascertained, with
guished dissenting ministers." a noble decision of character, untram. ° The ministers cited are the late melled by the artificial systems of doctrine which man's wisdom has contriy. Robert Hall, Mr. James, and Dr. ed, It might be confidently expected, J. P. Smith. To these are added