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zealous for the abolition of slavery, With regard to Lord Broughstating—and we thought justly am's Discourse on Natural Theothat they could not attend a meet. logy, which we reviewed at length ing at which his Lordship should in our November, December, and take the chair; and even of the members of the British and Fo Slave - trade, – though he was not reign School Society, many con- really more severe than Lord Londonsidered it extremely injurious to

derry and the Duke of Wellington in

their diplomatic papers,-he says: their institution, as one for “ scrip

“I return Mr — 's note, for tural education," to identify their wbich I am sure I feel obliged to him. cause with his Lordship's patron. So few will take the trouble of age ;-this was before that coa

amicably telling us our faults in pri

vate, that we ought to feel grateful to lition with them, by which he gua

those who do. The conduct of the ranteed to make the reading of French, however, respecting the Slave. the Bible a part of his Education trade, seems to me a case sui generis, bill. Mr. Macaulay, being resis and certainly affords strong ground for dent abroad for his health, might

remonstrance and reprobation. Is my

language stronger than Mr. Wilberbe more calm than those who force's in his speech, or in his letter to were near the scene of action; and the Emperor Alexander ?" who thought some really desirable The following is a fragment of salumeasures were placed in hazard

od tary advice with which he favoured us

in September, 1819, upon perusing our by the untoward blending of poli remarks upon the riots in the manutical party with religious, eccle. facturing districts, and the since wellsiastical, and moral questions.

known Manchester meeting, the cha. This was our position ; but we are

racter and results of which were

very like the late insurrection at far from defending any unne. Newport. We had spoken with reprocessarily irritating remark ; and bation of the incendiaries who were none can feel better than those stirring up the people to sedition and who have to do with the periodical

rebellion; and though Mr. Macaulay

felt as strongly as we could do, he did press, how difficult it is, in writing not think that good was ever effected under the impression of passing by a denunciatory or declamatory style scenes, never to use any word of vituperation. He might also at that which will not appear as fitting in

time be the more sensitive; because,

long after he had ceased to be Editor, retrospect as at the moment.*

he was apt to be blamed for what was not his doing; and even innocent Mr.

Wilberforce would now and then have * The remarks in the text remind a paragraph of the Christian Observer us of some features in our friend's cha. fathered upon him. The following was racter wbich ought to be noted; espe. Mr. Macaulay's delicately-kind but very cially his repugnance to harsh words significant admonition: in controversy; and his great modesty " To your remarks in last month's in reference to his own opinions or writ. Number, I see no substantial objecings, and bis openness to conviction ;- tion, but I could have wished there though from his penetration of thought, had been less of the appearance of his patience of research, and his calm. warmth, indicated by a few hard words ness of judgment, those who knew bim -as malignity, malignant, &c. The always regarded his conclusions with article however does not offend very great deference. It may not be amiss greatly in that respect, although its briefly to illustrate these observations effect is weakened by it. I think, with by two or three fragments from his this exception, you have taken a good, letters; but we could easily adduce safe, sound line." much more. Thus, for example, upon This great calmness of spirit, with our sending him some animadversions his correctness of judgment, his cau

-in our opinion squeamish and un. tion in statement, and his long habits merited-upon the reprehension with of careful writing for the press, might which he had spoken, in the Anti- reasonably have made him somewbat Slavery Reporter, of the conduct of tenacious of what he had penned; and the French government respecting the yet scarcely did he ever send us a paper

Appendix Numbers for 1835, we its great utility to the judicious spoke in no stinted terms of the Christian student, and of the soability displayed in it; as well of lidity of many of its arguments;

- but we differed from our departed without some such note as the follow. friend in this, that he considered ing : “Exercise a calm and impartial it as clearing the way, like Paley's judgment, and just do wbat you may work of the same name, and deem necessary. I repeat, that after much consideration, I most unfeignedly

others, on the evidences of what distrust my own suggestions, and aban is called “Natural Religion,” to don them wholly to your criticism, the study of the proofs of a Diadoption, modification, or rejection." vine Revelation; whereas we So again, in sending us his valuable paper, before referred to, in 1819, upon

on thought that its tendency was to Mr. Owen and New Lanark—though shew that nothing beyond Nahe was an incomparably better judge of tural Religion is attainable ; so wbat was proper, than an unfledged

that unrevealed theism was areditor could be, he says, with his usual self.diffidence: “I have hastily put

rayed against Christianity, not down something like what I had in- made a handmaid to it. Such was, tended to say about Mr. Owen. Pray and is, our impression ; but it use your discretion with what I have

would be a satisfaction to us if we sent you, and insert it or not as you think best-altering, subtracting. or were judged to be mistaken. adding also as you may see cause."

We cheerfully do justice to Mr. Macaulay was often said to have Lord Brougham's zeal to promote the pen of a ready writer; which, in

popular instruction; and we will one sense, was true; but such an expression does not do justice to the go farther by saying that origitoil and patience which he exercised in nally he was disposed to promote collecting his facts, and weighing bis it in a manner which the friends arguments; and even, where requisite, of the Church of England ought particular words or expressions. Thus he says: “I quite feel with you about in the

in the main to have approved, and expressions in the Anti-Slavery Re- to have cordially laboured to per. porters, and yet what can we do? fect. We believe we violate no I brooded for hours over certain words confidence in saying that Mr. in this one, and yet I found it was best to use the expressions of the official

Macaulay's suggestions had considocuments in cases of so grave and derable weight with Mr. Brougham atrocious a nature. I had thought of in inducing him to give to his putting the words in Greek, but the bill of 1820 a form which he very enquiry such a thing must canse thought micht fairly catisfy the was undesirable. Even a blank which

thought might fairly satisfy the I tried led to the same result. In Church, while it was not unjust short, I did not see how the expres. to the Dissenters. By that bill sions could be changed, without failing

he proposed that the incumbent in giving a clear and adequate impression of the enormity of the case. Still

or resident clergyman, or two [he adds with his usual diffidence] I justices, or five householders, or may be wrong, and should be glad to the grand jury, might complain of re-consider the subject."

the deficiency of the means of This last remark shews how willing Mr. Macaulay was to re-consider bis

education in a parish; that the conclusions ; and we have noticed this complaint being substantiated, a feature of his character the rather, school should be built from the becanse persons who did not know him

national purse, and the master be well, might think him rather peremptory. He says to us on another

maintained by a local rate. The occasion : “ If you can make any thing

candidate for that office was to of the enclosed, you are welcome to it. be a Churchman, and a CommuBut we are generally very bad judges nicant, (the sacramental test was of our own composition; therefore pray alter it, or lay it aside, as you

afterwards relinquished as too think tit.' This was his constant

much secularising a sacred ordi. habit.

nance); that he was to be recom

mended by the clergyman and three We thus conclude our desulhouseholders; that the vestry tory notices. Not wishing to should elect, but the clergyman attempt to supply the want of was to have a veto on the appointment; that the Scriptures were to be taught, and no other book, African slave trade," said be, “ Mr.

Brougham bas taken the side upon religious or not religious, without

wbich the disciple of Christ (ignorance the consent of the clergyman;

of facts excepted) will always be found ; except the Church catechism, to but of the precepts of religion, as such, which half a day every week was Mr. Brougham has made no use; neg. to be devoted : the children of

lectful of their proffered alliance, he

has brought into the field only the Dissenters attending or not, as the

arms of human wisdom and morality. parents thought proper. Had the The observation of this defect lessens friends of the Church, and what our surprise at the inconsistencies we is now called the Conservative

must proceed to notice. Philantbropy,

not rooted in a sense of duty to God, is body, amicably taken up this bill,

like a statue removed from its pedestal and matured it by such improve and placed upright on the ground. It ments as their wisdom and expe appears to stand upon its feet, but the rience might suggest; they could

cement is gone; the base is too narrow

for its stable support, and the first ad. have carried it in a desirable form

verse blast overthrows it ..... Mr. triumphantly against the Dissen- B.'s feelings for the oppressed African. ters; but in distrust of Mr. are not perhaps his leading motives Brougham, his political opponents

of hostility to the slave trade. As a

cool politician he sees its pernicious coalesced against it with the Dis

effects, &c. ..... In his reasoning, senters, who were enraged at its the question of moral duty is wholly placing public education effec omitted. Of that pernicious school tively in the hands of the clergy,

wherein political expediency usurps the

chair of conscience, Mr. Brougham apand having the Church catechism

pears to be so confirmed a graduate as taught; and thus it was crushed to think its lessons undeniable.” His between two millstones. Mr. logic is described as being “ a little Macaulay, in speaking of what ricketty ;” and he is justly censured

for his sneer about “ canting philanhe thought was due to Lord

thropy." Mr. Macaulay. doubtless, in Brougham, referred to this his future years, considered him more warmoriginal design; and not to those hearted in the matter; but powerful later plans of neutral religious

and persevering as were his exertions,

we never could thoroughly divest oureducation which he had proved, as

selves of Mr. Macaulay's original imlong ago as the early days of Lan- pressions. caster, to be contrary to sound We have avoided personal anecdotes, principle, and incapable of being

but we think we may conclude this note

with one honourable to Mr. Macaulay, reduced to practice. We have

and which Lord Brougham has no occaalready seen his unanswerable sion to be ashamed of. Many years reasons for considering that po- ago,- we think it was at Mr. Henry pular education pular education, aided by the

aided by the Thornton's funeral - Mr. Broughalt re

marked to the effect that when he first public purse, should be in con.

came up to London he had been a good nexion with the Anglican Church; deal accustomed to hear the doctrines and that this is not merely because of Christianity spoken of in a sceptical it is Established, but because of

manner; that Mr. Wilberforce's loveliits intrinsic excellence. *

ness of character said much for religion ; but Mr. Wilberforce would have been all that was good and amiable in spite

of his creed, as well as by ineans of it; * We could not write more signific but that when he saw such dispassionate cantly of Lord Brougham than Mr. Ma. hard-headed men as Thornton and Macaulay did six and thirty years ago, in caulay all in the same story, it did strike reviewing bis “ Colonial Policy" in the him that there must surely be more in Christian Obseryer for 1803. " On the it than the Edinburgh wits dreamt of.

such a memoir as we hope will ing sacrifice at the domestic altar, still be furnished, we have avoided or the devout observances of pubminute details of personal narra- lic worship. A frail memorial is tive; nor have we followed our to be raised to his memory in friend to the domestic circle, Westminster Abbey; but his rewhich he gladdened, adorned, and cord is on high ;-he has entered edified; to the morning and even into the joy of his Lord.

VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. We have not left ourselves much space arms in the heart of Asia has removed for a review of public events; but it is for the present some of the causes of the less necessary, as we have touched apprehension for our oriental territoupon some matters arising out of them ries; and we shall rejoice to hear that in our Preface and elsewhere. May the East India Company has endeathe Queen's intended union with the voured to express its gratitude to God, young Protestant Prince Albert of Saxe by ceasing to patronize that sin which Coburg, be a blessing to themselves and most be hates-idolatry; and by proto the nation! To the special prayers moting the religious welfare of the so perseveringly urged by our respected people under its sway, which it may friend Mr. Stewart for the commence- do to a wide extent without any undue ment of the new year, one on their be or unwise exertion of its influence. half should assuredly be added. In Scripture the close relationship of kings As a step towards the introduction to their subjects, as respects the divine of the general Penny Postage plan, a blessing upon nations, is clearly express temporary arrangement is to commence ed, though it is too much forgotten in from the fifth of December, with a these days of practical scepticism in re- view to accustom the post-offices and gard to the overrulings of Providence, the public to the plan of paying by There was no mention in the Queen's weight before the indux, which must communication to the Council that her arise upon the reduction to a penny. intended husband is a Protestant. It Letters not exceeding half an ounce are seems unlikely that the omission was to be charged one rate; above one ounce, casual, and if it were designed, whether two; above two, four; and so ou, addas considering the statement unneces. ing two rates for every ounce, up to sary or invidious, it is a sign of the sixteen, beyond which no packet is to times, and of the feelings of Lord Mel. be received. The single rate is fixed bourne's ministry and the court circle, at fourpence: except where it is at prewhich ought not to be overlooked by sent under that sum ; in which cases protestant England. As to its being the lesser rate remains undisturbed. invidious, the solemn act of legislation All extra charges for delivery, includwhich placed her Majesty's dynasty on ing the two-penny post charge near the throne, was so invidious as to ex. London, are to be abolished. The clude papists from it; and those who London 2d. and 3d. post to remain as do not think it invidious must be very it was both as to charges and weight; thoughtless if they consider it unne except that by pre-payment letters not cessary.

exceeding half an ounce will be charged

only one penny. The premature insurrection of the Chartists at Newport shews that we In alluding, in our Number for last are reposing upon volcanos which may February, page 124, to Sir H. Jenner's burst out without warning, and work strange decision, that praying for the dire mischief when we least expect it.. dead is not contrary to the principles We trust that the lurid light thrown of the Church of England, we observed upon this treasonable conspiracy will that if so, immense masses of forfeited be the means of arousing the nation to property held by cathedrals, colleges, a sense of its dangers and its duties; municipal corporations, endowed and that the Queen's government, in- . schools, public companies, and private stead of coquetting with crime, will individuals, ought to be restored to take means effectually to prevent or chantry priests to perform the condirepress it.

tions of the trust; and we mentioned

that a case was before the Master of The splendid success of her Majesty's the Rolls in which a clergyman (Mr. CHRIST, OBSERV. APP.

5 M

Thelwall, John Hampden, not Al- of England_and we are sure by the gernon Sidney) maintained by his coun. Church of England-it is so accounted. sel that some property held by one of the London companies, as forfeited by The Chinese authorities have effec. being mixed up with superstitious uses, tually destroyed the opium smuggled ought to be restored, for this, among into their port; and deserve much other reasons, that praying for the praise for the proceeding; and our own souls of the dead is not a superstitious cabinet has acted rightly in refusing to use. We rejoice to say that Lord apply to parliament to indemnify the Langdale has decided that by the laws owners of the contraband article.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS.

A President of a Temperance Association; B. and G.; M. A. E.; W. T.;

W. W. P.; A Well-wisher ; Senex, Irenæus ; F. S.; R. W. J.; N. B.; A Searcher after Truth and a very old Friend ; J. H.; and several CONSTANT

READERS ; are under consideration. Dr. Wolff wishes to add, that he does not prefer the Jesuits to the Jansenists;

for that he considers the latter “ pious, upright, holy men;" and the former " a set of hypocritical, in politics meddling, mental-reservation banditti;" and that all he meant to say was, that the Jansenists “are not consistent Pa. pists;" for that he “ cannot imagine that a person can be a Papist without believing the infallibility of the pope." His book certainly gave the impression that he regarded the Jansenists as a very shuffling set of people, looking one way and rowing another, and the Jesuits as acting up to their convictions like honest men ; but we readily insert bis explanation.-By the way, though with deference to Dr. Wolff's propaganda lore, we submit that the seat of infallibility is as much disputed among the Romanist doctors as that of life among the physiologists. Some say it resides in the pope inherently, some ex cathedra, some only when he ratifies the decisions of an æcumenical council. Well said Chillingworth, in his refutation of the claims of Tradition, “ I see popes against popes, councils against councils, fathers against fathers, and the same fathers against themselves, a consent of fathers of one age against a consent of fathers of another age;" so that the “by all and at-all-times” rule is as inapplicable in practice

as it is unscriptural in principle. In reply to two correspondents, we observe that we are well acquainted with Dr.

Hawker's excellent sermon preached before the London Missionary Society in 1802: but this was before the institution of the Church Missionary Society, the Bible Society, and the Jews' Society; and Dr. Hawker did not in his latter years speak of Missions in the glowing language of that sermon. He there said that when he beheld that numerous assembly, and remembered the grand object which it proposed, and called to mind the promises of God, he felt convinced that the promised extension of the Redeemer's kingdom in the latter ages was fast hastening on. “While I see," added he, “ such an assembly of the faith. ful gathered from every part of the kingdom, as if moved by one and the same principle to follow up their Lord's command, and to send forth his everlasting Gospel from pole to pole, and from the river even unto the ends of the eartb, I feel animated in the delightful prospect; and I begin to anticipate the dawn of that happy day whose sun shall no more go down; and behold already in idea Ethiopia and Seba, with the multitude of the isles, stretching forth their hands unto God." “ And do not forget that the same Gospel which points to the Spirit's work as the sole cause of glorifying the Lord Jesus, naturally implies that God carries on his designs by human instrumentality; so that while an entire dependence is founded on the power of God, the province of man is as clearly defined. Hence there is a call upon every heart, to co-operate in so glorious a design, whenever a Mission is undertaken for the promotion of Christian knowledge." These statements were scriptural and encouraging; but he fell afterwards into a very different vein.

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