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diocese; where the extremes on both sides were as remarkable, as in most parts of the nation. Being a person of extensive charity himself, he was for an indulgence and a comprehension, in order to have brought our divisions in matters of religion to a conclusion; which drew upon him the hatred and obloquy of those who were for contrary mea

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His indefatigable pains in study brought the stone upon him ; which proved incurable. He had for many days a prospect of death; which he viewed in its approaches, and gradual advances upon him: and a few days before his dissolution, he frequently said, that he found a sentence of death within himself. But in the height of his pain and apprehensions of death, he shewed no dismay or surprise, nor was ever heard to utter a word unbecoming a wise man, or a true christian. And thus he concluded his days with constancy of mind, contempt of the world, and cheerful hopes of a blessed eternity, through faith in our Lord Jesus Christ. He died in the house of his friend Dr. Tillotson, in Chancery-lane in London, on the 19th of November, 1672 ; and was buried on the 12th of December following, under the north wall of the chancel of the church of St. Lawrence Jewry, where he had formerly been minister. His funeral sermon was preached by Dr. William Lloyd, then dean of Bangor, (afterward Lord Bishop of Worcester) at the Guildhall chapel in London ; by which, those who are curious may be satisfied, that every part of the character here given him, may be justified to advantage.

As a further proof of it, and particularly of his unwearied endeavours to promote universal knowledge, it is proper to subjoin a catalogue of his works.

The first was entitled,

1. The Discovery of a New World ; or, a Discourse tending to prove, that it is probable there may be another habitable World in the Moon. Printed at London, in quarto, 1638, and had four editions, the last in 1684.

2. Discourse concerning the Possibility of a Passage to the World in the Moon. Printed with the Discovery.

3. Discourse concerning a New Planet; tending to

prove, that it is probable our Earth is one of the Planets. London, 1640, in octavo.

The author's name is put to none of the three ; but

they were so well known to be his, that Langrenus, in his map of the moon, (dedicated to the king of Spain) calls one of the spots of his selenographic map after his name.

4. Mercury; or, the Secret Messenger: shewing how a Man may with Privacy and Speed com

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municate his Thoughts to his Friend at any Distance. London, 1641." The publication of this was occasioned by the writing of a little thing, called Nuncius Inanimatus, by Francis Goodwin.

5. Mathematical Magic ; or, the Wonders that may be performed by Mechanical Geometry. In two books. Printed at London in 1648, and 1680, in octavo.

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6. Ecclesiastes; or, A Discourse of the Gift of Preaching, as it falls under the Rules of Art. London, 1646, 1647, 1651, 1653, and 1675, octavo.

7. Discourse concerning the Beauty of Providence, in all the rugged Passages of it. London, 1649, in twelves; and in 1677, the fifth edition, in octavo.

8. Discourse concerning the Gift of Prayer ; shewing what it is ; wherein it consists; and how far it is attainable by Industry, &c. London, 1653, and 1674, octavo.

9. Of the Principles and Duties of Natural Religion. Two books. London, 1675, octavo. Published by John Tillotson, D.D.

10. Sermons preached upon several Occasions. London, 1682, octavo. They are in number fifteen, published by Dr. Tillotson.

11. Essay towards a Real Character, and a Philosophical Language. London, 1668, folio.

12. An Alphabetical Dictionary: wherein all English Words, according to their various Significations, are either referred to their Places in the Philosophical Tables, or explained by such Words as are in those Tables. This is printed with the Essay.

CONTENTS.

!

any such

why it should be rejected; because other certain

truths have been formerly esteemed ridiculous, and

great absurdities entertained by common consent.

By way of Preface

3

II. That a plurality of worlds does not contradict any prin-

ciple of reason or faith

13

III. That the heavens do not consist of

pure mat-

ter which can privilege them from the like change and

corruption, as these inferior bodies are liable unto ...... 23

IV. That the moon is a solid, compacted, opaceous body ..... 32

V, That the moon hath not any light of her own

36

VI. That there is a world in the moon, hath been the direct

opinion of many ancient, with some modern mathema-

ticians; and may probably be deduced from the te-

nets of others .........

43

VII. That those spots and brighter parts, which by our sight

may be distinguished in the moon, do shew the dif-

ference betwixt the sea and land in that other world ... 51

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