« AnteriorContinuar »
even the most trifling sums from the poor at their own homes, which is returned to them with a small premium, whenever they require it. The expenses are defrayed by subscription, and relief is afforded in cases of want of work, sickness, or other casualties; but it is administered as seldom as possible in money. The success in Manchester has been already very decisive. The district has been divided into 169 sections. In July last four sections were in operation, and the deposits amounted in the month to 8l. 3s. In December, the last month of which a report is given, the whole of the sections were in operation; the number of depositors amounted to 915, and the amount of money deposited to 1091. 6s. 94d. The report also notices the success of a similar institution at Liverpool, in which the deposits during the same month of December were 9081. 17s. 1d. The society also proposes, by employing an agent to investigate every case of mendicity before relief is granted, to repress imposture, and discountenance public begging, and to give the unfortunate and the deserving more effectual assistance. This they state has already effected much good, and disclosed many instances of shameless fraud or gross indolence. The example has already spread to several of the surrounding places, and similar societies have been established at Altrincham, Darwen, Preston, and Wigan. At Oldham and Bury, also, they are about to be immediately established.
YORKSHIRE SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND.-Efforts are making to establish a school of this description as a tribute to the memory of the late William Wilberforce. The desirableness of the object cannot be doubted, when it is known that there are probably in Yorkshire alone from three to four hundred proper subjects for such a school, a number greater than is contained in all the existing institutions in England. The benevolent promoters of the scheme appear to be aware of the vast improvements that have been introduced into the education of the blind in America and elsewhere; and therefore it is to be hoped they will not fail to introduce them into their establishment when they have succeeded, as we trust they will, in raising the funds necessary for the purpose.
MINCHINHAMPTON.-The town and parish of Minchinhampton, Gloucestershire, with the two adjoining parishes of Horsley and Avening, comprise a population of about 13,000 persons. The means for the education of the children of the inhabitants appear to be very inadequate. In a communication from that town, it is stated, that for the education of the poor there are three free-schools, two of which are combined with subscription schools, some boys being free, and others paying a small sum; two national schools, and two or three others uniting the Lancasterian plan to a greater or less extent; twelve Sunday-schools, four of which are connected with the Establishment, two with Independents, three with Baptists, and three with Wesleyan methodists; and a few dames-schools, very scantily attended. Of schools for the middle class there are only two or three for each sex, though some time since these were more
numerous, but have fallen off in consequence of the depressed state of the manufactures in the town and neighbourhood. There is also one infant school. The total number of children attending these schools is estimated at about 1200 boys and 1300 girls; but as many are reckoned both in the Sunday and day schools, the actual number will not exceed 900 of the former, and 1000 of the latter, and of these about 400 boys and 500 girls are instructed at Sunday-schools only, leaving not more than about 500 of each sex receiving daily instruction. There are no public libraries, except two or three circulating libraries of little importance, though some school libraries are now in the course of establishment. There are three reading societies, one in the town of Minchinhampton, one at Nailsworth, and one near the last mentioned town, of which the Vicar of Horsley is the steward. There is no mechanics' institute in any of the three parishes; there is, however, one at Stroud, which is about four miles from Minchinhampton; and at Nailsworth, which is a village where the three parishes unite, there is a Philosophical Society, consisting of about fourteen proprietors and a few subscribers, but it has been lately inactive.
LEIGHTON BUZZARD.-A writer in the Bucks Gazette states that a library for the labouring classes has been gratuitously set on foot by a private individual of this town, for the sole object of diffusing useful knowledge and religious instruction among the labouring classes. Men, women, and children, all partake of the laudable institution of this kind and liberal individual; and it is pleasing to observe the eagerness evinced to obtain books by this class of society. The books are exchanged once a month; and I am informed that nearly two hundred volumes were lent at the first opening of the Library—that, when the time of exchange came round, nearly three hundred and fifty volumes were distributed, including those taken in exchange. The books came in evidently for the most part read, and in good condition. There was an attempt, some few years since, to establish a mechanics' institute in this town, but it failed.'
LEEK, STAFFORDSHIRE.-A new national school is about to be erected at this place. A liberal subscription has been entered into, to which the bishop of the diocese has contributed, and the Earl of Macclesfield has also given a very handsome donation and the ground for building.
GLASGOW GRAMMAR SCHOOL.-The managers of this school have published a statement of the progress of the different classes during the year ending October, 1833. It shows the course of study in each class, the books used, the nature of the exercises, the prizes adjudged, and the names of the successful competitors. The publicity thus given, as we have before remarked, must be beneficial; errors can no longer be shrouded in mystery, and the improvements of experience are thus made public for the benefit of all.
INVERNESS.-At a meeting of the town council of Inverness in February last, the provost adverted to the advantages which the north of Scotland, and particularly the town of Inverness, would receive from the establishment of a college or university in Inverness, for teaching the higher branches of education, and conferring degrees; and observed, that perhaps it might not be found impracticable to render Mackintosh's and Bell's endowments, or other funds, in some degree subservient to the promotion of this object. The council unanimously approved of the provost's suggestion, and the question was referred to a committee for consideration.
DUBLIN UNIVERSITY.-At the last Hilary Term examination, the following are the names of the successful candidates among the Senior Sophisters, arranged in the order of their standing on the College books.
Honours in Science-First Rank.-Mr. Robert Gore, Charles Graves, Charles Sharman Crawford, Francis Beamish, Alexander Smith Orr, Richard Townsend, James Morris. Second Rank-Mr. William Grogan, Joseph Carron, William Mockler, George Crampton, Robert Finlay, Francis Webb.
Honours in Classics-First Rank.-Charles Graves, William Reeves, William Fitzgerald, Thomas Hathornthwaite, Henry Taylor Ringwood, William Henry Meara. Second Rank-Mr. George Lefroy, Joseph Carson, Charles Hawkes Todd, Thomas Walshe, John Coghlan, John Murray, Edward Trevor, Daniel Lonergan. Of the other classes our limits will only allow us to give the numbers. They are:
Honours in Science. Honours in Classics. 1st Rank. 2d Rank. 1st Rank. 6
2d Rank. 16 17
Junior Sophisters Senior Freshmen Junior Freshmen The gold medals given by Bishop Berkeley for proficiency in Greek were awarded to Ds. Booth (Jas.), Ds. Miller (Jas.), and Ds. Flynn (Dan.)
Commencements were held on Tuesday, February 11-John Radcliffe, LL.D., Pro Vice-Chancellor; when the following degrees were conferred :
Doctor and Bachelor in Divinity, 1; Doctor and Bachelor in Law, 5; Master of Arts, 32; Bachelor in Medicine, 10; Bachelor of Arts, 147.
BELFAST MUSEUM.-The Belfast Museum was originally established on a very small scale in 1821. The expenses have all been met by subscription, and the institution has been so well supported, that not only have the original objects of the institution been extended, and the collection of the museum enlarged, but a new and handsome building has been erected in College-square for the purposes of the society. But though this has been done, and though the institution is now free from debt, yet much of the interior remains in an unfinished state; and the subscriptions being merely sufficient
to meet the annual expenses, leave no surplus to be devoted to its completion. The report states, The ordinary meeting-room is insufficient to accommodate the number of visiters who assemble on each successive public night, and an adjournment to a large but unfinished apartment has been rendered indispensable. The room, forty-seven feet in length, and twenty-seven in breadth, is in a very unfinished condition, as is also the one intended for the library. The collection of specimens is displayed in a room complete in every respect, except that some additional cases for their proper display would be required. Those specimens which at present cannot be exhibited, consist—of native birds; of the minerals of the basaltic district from Belfast to the Giant's Causeway; of rocks illustrative of the geological formation of this neighbourhood; and of fossil remains imbedded in its several strata. A collection of many tropical birds, and of amphibious animals from the West Indies and from Ceylon, would likewise be added to the collection as soon as arrangements could be made for their reception. They at present remain in the several packages in which they arrived. It is, therefore, an object of primary importance to all the friends of the Belfast Museum, that the interior of the building should be finished in a style corresponding to the elegance of the exterior; and that every specimen that has been presented should be exhibited, with the name of the donor attached, in the place fitted for its proper display and preservation.' The nature and objects of the society may be more readily gathered from the following passage in the report detailing the course of their proceedings:- The meetings of the Natural History Society are held once each fortnight, and papers are read on the different branches of zoology, botany, mineralogy, and geology, on such parts of natural philosophy as are more immediately connected with the phenomena of animal and vegetable life, and on topography, statistics, and antiquities, more especially those of Ireland. In the conversation by which the paper is succeeded, many interesting topies are discussed, and much valuable and often original information elicited. Besides the regular meetings of the Natural History Society, one of a more popular and more public nature is held in each month, and attended by an audience consisting of from one hundred to one hundred and fifty individuals, a large number of whom are ladies. Some change in the arrangement of those public papers is at present under consideration, and short courses of lectures on the different branches of natural history are contemplated.' In addition to the above, the report notices, that, In a former circular it was stated that a chemical laboratory would be attached to the building, and a hope was expressed, that the fine arts might, at no very distant day, find, under the roof of the Belfast Museum, an abode worthy of their refined and elevated spirit. Neither of those views has been abandoned; but the objects above enumerated must, for the present, take precedence.' The council conclude by expressing their confidence that the patronage of the public will eventually enable them to realize all their intentions, from which they anticipate the most advantageous results.
ALGIERS, state of, 174.
United States of, 175; education in
Arts and Trades, school of at Menars,
Banbury National Schools, account of,
Basle, abolition of the university of,
Belfast Museum, account of, 382
Berlin, libraries and students in, 363
servations on, 36; remarks on the
cation of the natives in India, 22
tion pursued in the Gymnasium at,
Calcutta, institution of infant schools
181; list of honours and degrees in,
Campbell, A. D., extracts from a re-
Description of Ancient Italy, re-
Deaf and Dumb, Yorkshire institution