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scene myself, and being anxious to ascer- away, appearing to think their best se


the Tract on the Trinity, and gave them further than the eye can reach; while the a copy of the Gospel in Qordoo.

shouts of the crowding Hindoos on the April 12, 1829 In the morning we illuminated shore, and the favourite songs went to the Mela, and gave away books of their groups of singers and dancingto some Brahmins who requested them, girls, resound from every quarter. To One,

, who heard the Commandments witness this, we embarked on board one read, approved the people also ap- of the large flat-bottomed Ganges-boats, proved, and took Tracts. In the evening and rowed up and down the stream. we again went; and in one place, con On the first Monday after our arrival, versed with about twenty persons, among

Mr. Richards went to visit a large Hindoo whom we distributed some books. We Temple

near the Ghaut,

and entered into then returned to the boat, and then set conversation with one of the Brahmins off to Chunar.

who was standing there: he talked aloud, *MEERUT. 100ml

in order that their conversation might atMr. Richards's appointment as Ca tract the notice of the surrounding crowds, techist at this Station, under the su

su- which itsoon evidently did. Mr. Richards perintendence of the Rev. H, Fisher exclaimed, " How foolish and useless is the Chaplain, was noticed in our

the worship of an Idol! "How can that

which is formed by man's hands save Number for February (p. 42). Mr.i man's soul? Your own Shaster Richards being a Country-born, his you, that Idols are worthless, and pilfamiliar acquaintance with the land, grimages, to what you call holy places, guage and with the Hindoo Shasters incapable of propitiating the favour of gives him many facilities of inter

God.", The Brahmin endeavoured to course with the people. Mr. Fisher, defend the practice, as sanctioned by the accompanied by Mr. Richards, gives likely, in his opinion, if only the worthe following account of a

I shipper and the pilgrim were sincere, to -H Pisit to a Neighbouring Mela. dvd please God. Mr. Richards dwelt on the

The great Annual Fair of Gorruck- absurdity of such an expectation, and teesur took place at the usual time, to confirmed his opinion by the Inspired which I formerly used to send Behadur i Word of God: the Brahmin listened, apMesseeh, to address the people, and to parently, with great 'deference, and manidistribute copies of the Gospels amongs fested a willingness to prolong the conthe gathering thoưsands of Hindoos who'versation; when crowd from all quarters on that occasion. had attentively regarded them, came up,

another old Brahmin, who Having never yet witnessed the busy and, taking his friend by the hand, led him tain by personal observation how oar

in flight; and the crowd fol, Missionary Labourers proceeded in their lowing intimation, all dispersed. work, I determined to go there. It would On the following day, Mr. Richards, be difficult to say how many people were Behadur, and Matthew Phirodeen, seated congregated upon the two opposite bankss tkemiselves in their little tent, with the of the mighty Ganges, and that for seved kurnauts on one side thrown open, and a rak miles in extent, both up and down the number of printed copies of the Gospels riyeri obably, were. I to say 400,000 spread round on the floor. They began or 500,000, it would be no exaggeration. to read and to converse aboud; while The people gather there, as they say, several of the surrounding Hindoos gato bathe in the sacred Gunga at pars thered near to listen. A report had been ticular hours, to worship their Idols, in circulation, whispered and murmured and to wash away their sing... Every from one to another, that these were the evening during the Fair, at sunset, having Missionaries, or, as they called them, prepared little diminutive rafts of straw the Christian Padres, who had just aror of teeds, they fix on them a number of rived ; and, probably,

some of those who small earthen vessels, which they fill with had been at their temple the day beoil or ghee, and set fire to the rolls of fore had communicated information of cotton immersed therein, and launch them what had passed there, which had ininto the running stream. You may con=* duced others to come and hear what new ceive the nature of such an exhibition, things these strangers had to say. Among when the river seems suddenly to be the rest, two, announcing themselves' as come, as if by magic, one interminable' learned Pundits, entered the tent; and blagd of starry constellations, extending being courteously welcomed, sat down


on the ground; and each, taking up Do not your own books say—and will one of the Gospels, began to read to you not avow that they speak the truth themselves. They expressed a desire to -that both trees and vegetables have know what these things meant; and the life ? and yet, if you require it, you cut people crowded up, in a wide circle to down the one, and you eat the other. the open side of the tent, to share in the Flowers, too, have life ; and for your conversation which was likely to ensue. own pleasure you cut them down—they Mr. Richards opened one of the Gospels, wither and die. Besides, you burn dead and began to read and to discourse with bodies; and you cannot be ignorant, that, the two Pundits. A very interesting in so doing, you kill thousands of worms, dialogue immediately ensued between which are living creatures, dwelling in them, occasionally interrupted by some our mortal flesh, and feeding and living one or other of the surrounding Congres in the dust of which man's flesh is formed. gation advancing their opinions and sen If the disgusting bug crawls over your timents. Amongst these, the most con bed, you destroy its life; and in many spicuous was an old Fakeer, who sat such instances you take life, if it suits crossed-legged in front of the circling you.” Mr. Richards here introduced the crowd, diligently counting over the string story of the two holy men, who mutually of beads which he held in his hand. reproached each other as destroying life; I observed that Mr. Richards's mode the one living in the desert, and feeding of proceeding was, to attack them on on the deer; the other in the town, and the ground of their own Shasters; con feeding on grains of rice. God,” he tinually illustrating the truth of his opi- resumed, “the Great, the Wise, and the nions by Sanscrit quotations, denouncing Holy God, made all things ; and last of Idolatry to be folly and sin. He strove all, He made man, and gave all things to explain to the people, that the only into his hands for his use : man does source of true wisdom would be found not therefore sin in receiving and using in the Revealed Word of God and of the gifts of God.” They argued long on His Son Jesus Christ; it was a pure such points; and at last unwillingly despring, and the waters flowing from parted, exclaiming,

We must reit were therefore pure, undefiled by turn to-morrow, and hear more of what human mixtures, teaching that God is a you have to say The old Fakeer Spirit, and only to be worshipped ac seemed much pleased, and frequently ceptably in spirit and in truth. The joined in the conversation.

He was crowd were very attentive; and the two asked, Are you a sinner ?"

No, Pandits seemed to share in the general said he, I am a holy man: I never satisfaction depicted in every counte- sin. Mr. Richards asked him, quietly nance, as their occasional questions and and mildly, if he was aware of the real remarks were replied to. They exclaimed, nature of sin. He remained silent; and “We have never heard such a discourse Mr. Richards spoke fluently and long on before !" and they were particularly de this important point, replying patiently lighted to find that Mr. Richards's ac to every remark advanced by the Faquaintance with their Sanscrit Books keer, to his apparent conviction, and .enabled them to meet him with the very that of the crowd, who from time to weapons which they were themselves time murmured their approbation of what disposed to wield, but evidently much was said. Their exclamations at last astonished to find themselves beaten from irritated the Fakeer, who turned round their own securities. Much was said in a great rage to the multitude,and vented on both sides ; but at last they exclaimed, his passion in abusive language. Mr. “All your words, Sir, are very good and Richards immediately caught at this, and wise, and your Religion seems to give asked him if such passion and such words great glory to God; but how is it, that were not sinful. The Fakeer hung down professing such a faith, you still so wan his head, and said, “Ah! I am, I am, a tonly commit the sin of taking away sinner !" and the crowd, with smiles of life!” “ I also,” said Mr. Richards, evident satisfaction, applauded his honest

' will ask you one question ; which, if you confession. answer me honestly, will shew that in The next day the conversations were this respect we are all on a level; and resumed. A Fakeer came up, and put that if taking life constitute sin, you are into Mr. Richards's hand a small stone, sinners as great as we; and even greater, about the size of a sixpence, with the for you believe it sin, and we do not impression of two human feet sculptured

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Christians preach in Benares. ce heard What are they' among so many 2: May

on the surface ? he also proffered 'a' few. which I ever heard' before.”—“Offer me grains of rice ; and said,

This is Ma

no foolish ffatteries, I pray you': 'flatterhadeo.” Mr. Richards said, Do you ing words are liateful, and only serve 'to know the meaning of Mahadeo?” The puff men up with pride and self-conceit.” Fakeer replied, No." Mr. Richards Have you not said, Sir, in your dis proceeded : “Mahadeo means the Great course, that the Great God, who is a God-He, who is God of gods, and be " Spirit, knows all hearts; how then, be sides whom there can be no other. lieving this as I do, could I dare to offer Now, this Great God 'is a Spirit : "no" flattery to His servant ? He knows that one can see a spirit, who is invisible'; or I am not a flatterer, but speak only what touch a spirit, who is intangible. Whence," I feet.” He remained a grave and silent then, this visible impression on' a' sense listener during the rest of the discourse; less, hard, immoveable stone ? To whom and then, in a burst of excited feeling, will ye liken God? or what likeness' exclaimed, “Oh! how can my Rajah hear will ye compare to Him? God is the these blessed words which I have heard High and Lofty One

e that inhabiteth eter this day? How his heart would be des nity, whose Name is Holy. He hath said," lighted! He is a religious man--he is in *I am Jehovah ; 'there is no God beside" search of Truth.”. There is only one of Me, a just God and a Saviour, there is these two ways for him to hear; he must none beside Me.'»

The poor Fakeer either come to me, or send for me to visit was, serious, respectful, and attentive;' him." "Well, Sir, we will talk of these continually exclaiming Your words matters when these crowds are gone."! are true,

I am, indeed, 'now exceedingly exConversation with the Agent of a Native“ häústed and fatigued : I will dismiss the Rajah,

people for the present; but do you stay."; During tliis discourse, and much more, The people now pressed forward, to en. of the same nature, an Agent, in the ser-" treat that one of those holy books should be vice of Rajah Loll 'Deo of Jurrowtah, given them-a request which was cheercame to the tent, followed by crowds of fully complied with; and all dispersed ex the people, curious to ascertain what such cept the Agent. "He then explained his a person would say to the Christian” reasons for preferring to talk alone with Teacher. He quietly seated himself Mr. Richards. My Rajah stands in amongst the hearers, and listened with great awe of Runjeet Singh; and, as yet, great attention. In one of the pauses of he neither dare send for you’nór visit the Mr. Richards's discourse, he said, “I English Territories himself, for fear of exhave now been long engaged in travelling citing any jealous or angry suspicions; but, to the different holy places on the Ganges. at any rate, give me your Scriptures, and I I have worshipped at Allahabad, at will take them home when I return; though Benares, and now here at Gorruckteesur; I must first visit you at Meerut-I wish to but one serious inquiry I have yet to understand better.” "Mr. Richards gave make, being commissioned so

so to do by my him the Four Gospels , in Persian and in Rajah, We are anxious to obtain infor- Hinduwee. They parted with mutual exmation respecting the Christian Religion, pressions of good-will; and, about a fortof which we have heard great things. My night afterwards, the Agent fulfilled his Rajah has heard that God Almighty is engagement and came to Meerut, and among the Christians; and he would know stayed seven days; continually, during his if this be true; and if so, he would him- visit, hearing, and reading, and asking self wish to read and study your Scrip" questions, detaining Mr. Richards up till tures, if they are to be obtained.”—“How 12 o'clock at 'night. He took away with came the Rajah to hear this ?" Some him a complete copy of the New Testaof our people visited that part of Indiatament for the Rajah ; and has promised which is under the English People, as further communication. + Pilgrims to different holy places, and On the last day of the Fair, similar there they heard some Christian Teachers scenes occurred. "Three hundred copies preach about their Religion, how excel- of single Gospels were'distributed to such lent a faith it is, and how sure to make as 'would read them; but we may say, happy

but I have Jesus 'miraculously nourish and feed this listened to you long this day, and your" hidden' people, and spread the spiritua? discourse is sweeter to my taste than any leaven of His Word far and wide ! [RECORD, June, 1830.]


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Conversation with two Native Zemindars. ticularly on the fallen sinful state of man,

On his journey to Meerut, Mr. Richards and his only hope of pardon and salvation halted under the shade of a large tree in by the blood of Jesus Christ the Son of the outskirts of a small village by the God, besides whom there is no Saviour. road-side: as he sat there, two of the Ze- They appeared exceedingly delighted; mindars of the neighbourhood came up, entreated him to stay; and invited him and, respectfully saluting him, entreated into the village, that OTHERS, as well as him to act as an umpiré between them, they, might hear more of these strange and settle a dispute, in which they had and delightful tidings. They hospitably been long involved, about the boundaries supplied all his wants, and gathered toof their respective lands. He replied, gether all the inhabitants of the village “I am quite unable to settle disputes of to come and hear him. All united to exsuch a nature, being neither a Judge nor press the liveliest joy and satisfaction ; Collector ; but if you desire to question avowing, that they had never heard such me about the welfare and salvation of wonderful things before as were written your souls, I have something to tell you in that Book; and that if he only could that is worth your diligent attention.' remain among them, their happiness would They' replied, that they should be most be complete. The two disputants, espehappy to hear whatever he might have to cially, embraced each other with apparent say. He immediately took out his Bible, cordiality; and avowed, that they would and began to read; explaining what he dispute no more about their lands, but love read as he proceeded, and dwelling par- each other,and strive to seek and serveGod.


After dinner, the aged Goldsmith came A SUMMARY View of this Mission, again with a Weaver who is in connecwith some Extracts from the Journal signified their desire to renounce Idolatry

tion with our Tinnevelly People, and of the Rev. C. Rhenius, was given at and become Christians. He got also pp. 86-94 of our Volume. We several of his relations together, and we now present our Readers with some read i Peter i. It was a blessed meetfurther Extracts from the Journals ing. Whilst reading, more people came of Mr. Rhenius, and his fellow-la- together, standing at a distance; several

of whom the old man beckoned to come bourer, Mr. Schmid.

near and sit down; and when some of Extracts from Rev. C. Rhenius's Journal. “his relations told him to let them alone,

June 17, 1829 -— In Kalladeikooritchy he said privately, "No! Let them also we have lately begun à School, by the come and hear, that they may anderstand exertion of a Goldsmith ; who designs these things. Must not they also be contherewith to introduce Christianity into verted ?” The crowd grew larger and the place. He soon came, and I was larger, and many more Tracts were disglad to see him. The tent we had been tributed: the people were impetuous obliged to leave on the other side of after them; so that I was at last obliged the river; and I could not stay any to shut myself up in the palanquin. The where but in an open Mandapam be- Goldsmith, and the Weaver with his wife, fore the temple ; which made the busi- wished to follow me to-morrow to Shenness during the day rather difficult, koollam. because of the high wind. The School Toward the evening I arrived at boys were very much afraid to come to Shenkoollam, where I found old Nganagether before me, not only because the yadam the singer, and Masillamany the thing was new to them, but also because blind man, well, and lively in the Faith, some evil-minded persons had spread the together with the Headman of the vil'notion that I should now send them off, lage. Masillamany said, among other on board a ship, to Europe. However, things, that he waited the Lord's will to sending again for them, they came with be delivered from this present troublea great crowd of grown people, whom I some world, more especially as he is dethink I succeeded in persuading not to prived of his sight. Christ is his comfort credit such talk. They heard the Truth and joy : in Him he has his treasure in with apparent conviction, and received heaven, When I asked what he would Tracts with eagerness.

have for his supper to-night, he said,

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My supper will be the Word which I the same time subscribed his name as a shall hear this night; and that is enough.” Candidate. This couple form now the Old Nganayadam is as lively as ever, beginning of a Church at that large though with trembling limbs : he rejoices place : their firm declaration to renounce in Christ, and still sings of Him. His Idolatry and embrace the Gospel surprospective departure he looks upon as prised me. May this one family soon a most pleasant journey to the region of become a thousand! The other persons the Blessed. All the Baptized People who were baptized are, I trust, truly here seem, on the whole, to walk worthy fearing God, and believing in the Lord of their profession. The Headman related, Jesus Christ as their Saviour : they that they have just been threatened, by have long been members of the Congretheir enemies, to have their houses broken gations at Shenkoollam and Rettijajain and robbed, including the Catechist. pooram. The Heathen seem to harden I encouraged them to commit themselves their hearts, and endeavour to oppress to the Lord, by Psalm xxxi. 1 seq. Several the Christians in various ways : but God people of Alagappapooram, who backslid will help them. some years ago, have returned to the June 19— Last night, I arrived safely Congregation with apparent sincerity. home, and found all well. The first news Just now a Maraver of Varavanalloor has was about the Idol Feast at Tinnevelly, come, deterinined to become a Christian:

which has just ended, and at which they the other Maravers, persecute him for it. had again much trouble in pulling the large A few days ago, they took him, under Car. From shame and confusion, great some pretence, from the Chapel, bound displeasure was manifested, and some dishim, carried him to another village, tor turbance took place. One Car was near tured him by straitening his body, put- losing one of its wheels during the run, ting a large stone upon his chest, &c. &c.; just opposite the house of a Brahmin ; when he was happily relieved by the which might have done serious mischief, Headman, who came to apprehend that had they not quickly put props to it. Br. very Maraver who committed the outrage. Schmid has mentioned several interesting The poor man was here this evening, and circumstances attending the affair, which declared, that if they had injured him I need not repeat. It is plain that the even still more, he would not forsake the people's HEARTS are no more engaged Lord and His Word, because his soul will in these processions. May Christ indeed live thereby. I asked him, “Well, sup- increase! pose somebody would now assure you of

Devapriyam, and ano5 or 10 pagodas income per month, and ther of the Preparandi, had been out make you quite comfortable, would that to-day, reading to the people. Among not be enough for you?” He replied, others, they met with a Soodra, with “Though they give 1000 pagodas per whom they spoke about Conversion. month, I will not leave this Vedam.” The man was rather surprised, and A Boy also, the Headman's Son, gave me said ; Some days ago, I went on much pleasure: the women, likewise, have business to Peykoollam; where the improved in knowledge. I related to Catechist, Thomas, spoke and read the people several particulars of this jour. to me so much of this Vedam, that I ney; and they rejoiced at the progress of could not accomplish my business. I the Gospel : we gave hearty thanks to then came to Mooneinjahpettah, the Cathe Lord.

techist of which place likewise urged the June 18, 1829–This morning the Gold- subject on me; and now you come and smith arrived from Kalladeikooritchy, with do the same : it is as if your Teacher the Weaver and his wife, and two or three had thrown oil in all your throats :" by other persons, in order to hear more of which he meant the readiness with which the Word of God. The Weaver and his they all talk about these things. So the wife requested to be baptized to-day; Lord pursues and seeks sinners! Yesbut I advised them still to wait, and to terday, and to-day, came information get more knowledge of the way of Sal. about disturbances in several Congrevation, and to content themselves at pre- gations, on account of the Idol Tax; sent with subscribing their names. At which the Native Officers still ask from noon, I preached to the Congregation on the Christians, and ill treat them when Luke xii. 32; and then baptized four they refuse paying it. grown persons, three men and two women. An aged Soodra, from PoolliyankoolThe Weaver from Kalladeikooritchy at lam, near Aroolloor, čame and offered

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June 27

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