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dressed a group of Devotees and Pun and Thakoor read alternately to great dits: they were, however, on their crowds: it was truly a novel sight; such guard, and seemed suspicious of us. a thing seems never to have been heard After dinner, argued with a Molwee ; of here: gave away a few Tracts, very and Christian and others read to crowds, sparingly. and gave away a few books. In the Nov. 17—This day we left the boat, afternoon, we walked through the Fair : it walked a good distance, and were bewas truly painful to see men, otherwise nighted : straggled about for some time, learned, such cringing slaves to these without effect: none of the villagers would Devotees. We seem to have here a approach to aid us. This is what people striking specimen of Roman Catholics must expect from the Natives in the time deifying their Priests, obstinately closing of extremity, without their own resources. their eyes to the light. Surely the sins It was truly gratifying to see our little of the people are much aggravated by boat come up in search of us, rowed by rejecting the blessed Gospel !
two Christians. The boatmen themselves Nov. 8, 1829: Sunday—This morning would not move after hours. went among the Deyotees, who assemble Nov. 18-At 9 A, M, reached the popuin great numbers at these Fairs: one man, lous village of Sydpore. All landed, and in order to prejudice the people against first walked up to a large Temple: hearus, asked, “Why do you kill animals ?" ing of our approach, the cunning Devotees
Having imbibed erroneous notions of within closed the door, though we had frethe soul, you are prejudiced: the soul of quently visited the place before. Thence a man and the spirit of a beast are not walked into the main street of the Baalike; nor one and the same peryading zaar; and Christian and Thakoor read at spirit, as the Vedant &c. say; nor is it two different places, to immense crowds. God, but it is created by Him immortal, No opposers appeared ; but, contrariwise, whilst the spirit of the beasts dies with a Devotee, who carried about on his body them.' What, then, is sin ?” “Not the marks of his idolatry, seemed overeating and drinking, but breaking the come : he said, that he had been seeking commands of God," &c. &c. Many ac after the Truth for the last ten years, and cepted books, During the day, a great had found nothing but stocks and stones ; man, a Mussulman, sent for the New and now wished to know what he should Testament, and what portions of the Old do. He was advised to follow us. Testament we had.
Nov. 20 — This morning left Mr. EteNov. 10—This morning, gave away, in son's, and came on to Chunar; wbich I our walks, a great many books; and reached safely, at 1 P. M. Thus have many came to our boat for them. Several goodness and mercy followed, and brought Cuveerites, similar to those whom we met us back in safety, The change taken at Ghazeepore, who came to argue, seem- place in the people seems very great : ed quite disarmed, and accepted books. formerly it was with great difficulty we The multitude increased so much, that by could persuade them to accept of our the evening we had but a few books re books; whereas, now, we are generally maining.
welcomed, and our books sought after Nov. 11-Collected all the Books that with importunity; so that we give away we could scrape
ether, and walked out more books now than we could in four this morning; and in the course of two years before. Hence we, may, reasonhours disposed of all. Met a Cuveerite ably conclude, that at least a preparawhom I had before seen at Gorruckpore: tory work is in progress, which will, in this poor creature flattered and idolized : God's good time, produce a plentiful we had no book to give him; and conse harvest of souls to the Redeemer. quently, at 10 A.M., quitted the Fair, and Dec. 1. This morning, sent David returned towards Buxar, where we ar, Thakoor and Shunkur to visit several rived in safety.
populous villages on our side of the river, Nov. 14—This afternoon, reached Gha, to return at the end of the week: they zeepore, and walked to the Bazaar, took a good bundle of Tracts with them,
Nov. 15–At an early hour, we walked In the afternoon, accompanied by Trythrough the main streets of tủe town; loke, I went to an assemblage of Devotees, where Readers addressed the people, and with whom we had much discussion: they gave away a few Tracts. In the after- mostly approved of all that we said. noon, reached the Cantonments; and all Dec. 2 In the afternoon, walked walked into the Bazaar, where Christian with Tryloke to the assembly of Devotees,
and had much argumentation with them, have several instances now in my recolthough they were previously cautioned lection, which have come under my own against having any thing to say to us. eye; so that we have positive proofs that They however found, from experience, our books are not distributed in vain.that we were not such persons as they Many Boys, who could read, received were led to understand.
A Tract was
Tracts ; but some were made to return read, but none were accepted.
them; their parents saying, “Who knows Dec. 3,1829 — Tryloke accompanied me the real object of Christians in distributto the Bazaar, where we had a long and ing their books : they may hereafter come affectionate conversation, on the salvation upon us; and all upon whom their books of the soul, with a Devotee at a shop: a are found may be compelled to become great crowd gathered, and attentively Christians.” Here (at Puleta) they reheard : the man himself seemed quite mained two days; and, on Thursday, disarmed-in fact, quite won over. He went to a very extensive village, 12 miles heard a Tract, which Tryloke read, with further, where they did not experience his eyes closed and apparent feeling. So much kindness; the people were, When first spoken to, he said, “Why however, civil, and thankfully accepted not let people alone ?" Alas! How books. A shopkeeper prepared them can I do so, when I see them perishing? food, as they do for other Hindoos, though If I were void of love in my heart, I might he knew they were Christians. On the let people alone in the way to destruc- following day, they went on to Swardtion, but not otherwise.” Í spoke, also, gham's village, which was 4 miles disof the love of God and Christ, &c. tant: here they found the people worse
Dec. 4 During the day, as usual, than at the two former places, and revising and translating. In the after more hardened, obstinate, and cunning. noon, went with two to the Bazaar, where Swardgham has very extensive relations, one read a Tract, and gave away a few. who, of course, consider themselves, as One man attempted to argue, but soon Tryloke's relations also do, disgraced by yielded : but a poor Mahomedan came his embracing Christianity. On Saturday, up, and seemed mad against the Converts, they returned to Chunar, on the whole and therefore he said every thing to very thankful for the reception 'which wound the feelings. This poor creature they met with. This forenoon, Tryloke has been frequently spoken to, and as had an opportunity of making the Gospel feelingly and earnestly as we could: he known at Sulanpore; and in the afterhe also heard the Tract against Maho noon accompanied me to a Pundit's medanism, but the poor soul seems to from Benares, who expressed his wish harden himself against every thing. Oh to have an interview; but, as we apthat the Lord would be merciful unto him! proached, he seemed influenced by others,
Dec. 5-Tryloker came, and said that and did not appear. On walking through a Subahdar, who had heard us in the Ba the Bazaar, Tryloke met several rezaar the other day, w
was admiring what spectable men who were desirous of he heard. To-day, Thakoor and his Fel hearing something of Christianity: he low-labourer returned from their Village seems to have satisfied their inquiries. excursion. The first day they put up at Dec. 7 - This morning, despatched a respectable village, six miles distant: Tryloke in a boat, with books, to several here they were much' respected : the large villages down the river, and to be people said that they were highly favoured present at the Annual Bathing about to by the visit paid them, heard the Word take place in Benares.' He spent all with gladness, and many accepted Tracts. the afternoon at Mirzapore, 4 miles above One man brought out a Tract which Benares, in arguing with the chief Devohe had received from me some years tee, and a very intelligent man of the ago: this has never been printed. He place. He felt constrained to yield to allowed the "Readers to read it, but Tryloke, and, with many others, acwould not permit them to take a copy of cepted books. Three hours the next it, lest they should not return it. We morning he spent with them; and then frequently meet with instances of the went on to Ramnagur, two miles lower kind, in our Missionary Excursions, 'of down. Here, on reading to the people, persons being impressed with instructions he was invited by the Thanadar, who contained in Christian Books, which have was extremely civil and friendly, after led them to prize and value those books, he had heard every thing that Tryloke and to produce them on such occasions : I had to say, against Hindooism and Maho
medanism, and for Christianity. He also “Do you admit of a soul; or do you read the Tract against Mahomedanism. not ?" Answer this question, and then The man seemed quite won over to him; we shall reply to any that you may proand begged he would call on his return, pose. He would be informed of the and whenever he passed that way. In image of the soul, before he would adthe evening, he dropped down to Bena- mit the existence of it. He was told, res; and early next morning, with his that if he said Yea or Nay to the question, books, attended the Fair, and took up any question he proposed should be anhis post in the most conspicuous part; swered: but, alas! he was too cunning where he spent the greater part of the to give any direct reply, so as to come day, in reading, speaking, and distribut- to a profitable conclusion. This is how ing books.
these deceivers bewilder simple souls, Dec. 15, 1829–Repeated attacks of fe- and draw them away from the point in ver compelled me to go to Benares; from hand : hence they usually puzzle all who which I derived benefit. Tryloke soon argue with them, as they draw away joined me; and daily visited different their adversary, by adding question to parts of the city, to read and distribute question ad infinitum : but being kept to books. One day, an old Cuveerite met the point, and not being followed through a person coming towards me. On being all their mazes, they easily yield the informed of it, he said, that he would also contest, or abruptly break off the discuscome, and refute me, as he had previously sion, as this poor creature did; who done one or two Missionaries. On ap- seemed ashamed, and walked off withproaching, they met with Tryloke, read out any ceremony. They are too haughty ing the Gospels :, in high conceit, he to bow, or lift ap their hands, in a salam asked what he was reading, and seemed to any one; in fact, their atheistical to despise book-learning. On being system will not admit of it: they seem spoken to, he would not allow. Tryloke really to have convinced themselves that to put in a word. He was questioned there is no Supreme Being beside themas to what he thought of the soul, He selves. Returned to Chanar on the 24th. asked, “What is the figure of the soul ?"
MADRAS AND SOUTH-INDIA MISSTON. The Venerable Archdeacon of Ma- efficient Master could be found :(and if dras, in the course of his recent he were willing to employ his leisure Visitation, had an opportunity of time in reading and conversation with the personally inspecting all the So- Roman Catholics and Heathen, it might
lead to further and more important reciety's Stations in Southern India.
sults. I found 50 Boys in the School, His remarks on what he witnessed, 12 of whom read English very tolerably; in each of these fields of labour, are but I fear none of them have any knowcontained in a Letter addressed by ledge of the meaning. The i great kindhim to the Madras Corresponding ness of Mr. Paske, in supporting and suCommittee on the 29th of April, perintending the Sehool, offers such adwhich we have the gratification
of vantages, that it seems important to take laying before our Readers. The measures ízfor availings ourselves imore Stations are noticed in the order in completely of them, by the employment
of a better Master... :'.
On my arrival at Mayaveram, I was Of the small Establishment at Chin- grieved to find that our excellent Misgleput, under the patronage of the So- sionary, Mr. Bärenbruck, was absent; ciety, I cannot speak in very favourable having been compelled, by a severe illterms : but I have no doubt that the re ness, and the breaking of a blood vessel, moval of the School to the heart of the to relinquish, for a time all his public duNative Town, as recommended in my ties, and to reside in perfect quiet on the Letter of January the 20th, will greatly coast. I saw him afterwards, when I tend to increase the number of Scholars, visited Nega patam; and the short interMuch good might be expected, if a more course I then enjoyed with him made
me doubly sensible of the value of his techumens. The Seminary is in the Misservices.
sion Compound; and, in the neighbourIn his absence, I found the Establish- ing country, there is a circle of 30 ment at Mayaveram in excellent order, Schools, divided into three several Disunder the careful and judicious superin- tricts, South-East, North-East,and West, tendence of John Dewasagayam and containing altogether 1508 Children. The Cornelius. The usual Daily Services in Committee are aware that the forthe Chapel are continued ; and are at mer Chapel being too small, the Buntended by many of the Christians; and galow built for the accommodation of a always some Heathen, sometimes as second Missionary has been altered for many as 40. The morning I spent there, the purpose, by pulling down the parI was struck with the decorum and order tition-walls ; and will thus now form a observed, by these inquirers, during our very neat and commodious Chapel, quite Prayers, and their great attention to sufficient for the present numbers. L what was said. I addressed them, ac was struck, generally, with the correct cording to my usual custom, through the Ecclesiastical character that pervades all Catechist; and dismissed them with the Mr. Bärenbruck's arrangements. In the Blessing.
four years that have elapsed since I last I examined the SEMINARY; consisting visited the Mission, there is a maniof 24 Boys on the Foundation support fest progress towards improvement: and ed entirely by the Mission, and 5 Day though, still, the number of Converts is Scholars. The two First Classes pleased but small, yet the leaven diffused through me very much, by their answers to ge- the Country, to a distance of many miles, neral questions on the Scriptures and by the Christian Books and the instructhe chief truths of Religion. The First tion in the Schools, is silently producing Class answered in English ; the Second its effect; and the daily MOST ATTENonly in Tamul. They read the Bible, TIVE presence of the Heathens at the Selections from Ecclesiastical History, Services of the Chapel is most encouEnglish and Tamul Grammar, Geogram raging. The character of Mr. Bärenphy, with other lesser books, and Arith- bruck, also, is highly appreciated by the metic. I was struck also with the excel. Natives, Heathen as well as Christian ; lence of their Singing. I examined the to whom his successful practice in MeSchools in the immediate neighbourhood, dicine has doubtless much endeared him; which were collected for that purpose in and who are compelled, after the experithe Mission House, in reading the New ence of many years, to reverence the Testament, repetition of Catechisms, excellence of his life, though they hesiand oral instructions. They are all Hea- tate to embrace his doctrine. then Children, but all learn our Chris
-or tian Books without scruple; and their
PALAMCOTTAH. proficiency is fully equal to that of the On the 18th of February, I arrived at Schools of any Mission. They are gene Palamcottah, the centre of the Society's rally very young; and it is observable Missions in Tinnevelly-the field of throughout India, that the talent of the greatest promise, and already, in many Native Boys, after 12 years of age, bears places, white unto the harvest. My time no proportion to their quickness and dot permitted me to visit but few of the Vil. cility before that age. Perhaps the con lage Congregations in the District; but tagion of evil example, upon their moral I had ample opportunity of seeing the character, begins' at that time to exert central movements of these wonderful its deadening influence upon the under changes which are rapidly taking place standing. The good state these Schools in this province, and of forming some is mainly to be attributed to the superior judgment of their prospects. I was requalities and excellent method of John, ceived with great cordiality by the Rev. who is one of the best Native Assistants Messrs. Rhenius, Schmid, and Winckler ; in our service. The present Establish the two former, residing on the Mission ment is as follows: one First School In Premises, and the latter, having come in spector, one Second Inspeetor, one As- from Dohnavoor to meet me. sistant Inspector, and Five Readers, On the 19th, after joining with the who go out to inspect the Schools, visit- Brethren in the Morning Prayers, I ing each once a quarter. "Hts. I
visited the Mission Church, a spacious The Christian CONGREGATION'of May- and cheerful building, but too wide for averam consists of 50 souls, with 5 Ca- the length; being 27 feet without pillars.
The arrangement is objectionable ; the which were conducted in the following Vestry being at the east end ; and the order: door opening in the middle, where she 1. An English Hymn and Prayer. Altar should be placed. The Communion 2. Tamul Reading, the lowest Class. Table standing in the body of the 3. English Reading, Grammar, and Church, before the Clerk's Desk, de Translating.–Nallatambi recites, stroys entirely the Ecclesiastical appear
English, a short description of ance; which, though a point of order, the Excellency of the Christian and therefore of inferior moment when Religion. essentials are concerned, is by no means 4. Latin Reading, Grammar, and to be neglected. There is a small Gal Translating.-Luke recites, in Lalery at the west end, and a very tolera tin, a short passage from Seneca. ble Finger Organ. This Chapel was built 5. Logic and Rhetoric, in Tamul. in 1826 ; when the humbler one of mud 6. Hebrew Reading, Grammar, and walls, which was insufficient for the Translating.–Sarkunnen, Joseph, Congregation, was abandoned to the and Savarimutten, recite a DiaWriters &c. I had the gratification of logue on Genuine Virtue-Dionymeeting 44 of the Catechists, and many sius, Pythias, and Damon. of the Schoolmasters, who had assembled 7. Geography and History, in Tamul. from the country. Considerable num -John Rozaris, recites a small bers, also, of the Christians from the dif Poem about David and Absalom. ferent villages came with them; so that 8. European Arithmetic. the Church was quite crowded. I have 9. Tamul Grammar.-Nganamuttu and seldom seen a more striking and interest Nganayudam hold a Conversation ing scene, or one more full of delightful in Tamul, on the Suttees. and awful associations, than this assem 10. Theology.- Abraham concludes with bly of these Assistant Officers of the In an Address, in Tamul, to his Fellow fant Church presented. They had come Scholars, on Love. to the Mother Church, as to the centre of This occupied us till 2 o'clock. I was light and knowledge; and were about to disappointed with the Latin and Hereturn, with fresh vigour, to their respec- brew; but, still, it is highly creditable in tive spheres of humble labours: and who Native Boys, and with the limited means could tell 'how much of life or death of instruction they have to have made might depend on the spirit of their in- any proficiency in either language. structions and the tenor of their lives! I About 12 of the Boys read and construed addressed the Catechists, at some length, a Fable of Æsop in Latin ; and three of on the great duties committed to them, them read and translated the First Psalm and on their conduct to their Ministers,' in Hebrew. They have gone through to themselves, and their people. Mr. some Chapters of Genesis, and of the Rhenius'was kind enough to interpret for First of Samuel. Their knowledge of me. The Senior Catechist, David, an- Arithmetic, Geography, and 'Ancient swered me, in the name of the rest, with History is good; and their answers in great feeling and propriety; and all pre-' Theology, in which I questioned them sented me with their offerings of the fruits very closely, were excellent. They are of the land. I then spoke to the people, well grounded in the doctrines of the with especial reference both to the Gospel, and clear and distinct in their great privileges they enjoyed in the views. The Missionaries tell me that knowledge of God's Word, and to their some of the Pupils have suffered in their persecutions from their Heathen Neigh- health, from too close application, and bours ; exhorting them to endure, with the 'entire change from a life of labour patience and cheerfulness, the Cross of and exposure to one of study and secluour Common Master; and to remember, sion. One Boy died a short time ago; that if they endured tribulation for His and they much fear the Eldest Boy, á sake, it was in their passage to a King-, very superior lad, Surkunnen, is declindom of Glory. They, too, crowded round ing from the same cause. The Examiname as I left the Church, each one with a fruit to offer me, and with many prayers, the most satisfactory proof of the excelexpressed by the most aged among them, lence of their system. for God's blessing on my journey.
In the evening of the same day I viAt 10 o'clock, the Students in the Se sited the Native Congregation in the minary were assembled for examination; town of Tinnevelly, about 3 miles dis