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tant from Palamcottah. While the Chris- nourable to them. After they became
tians were assembling in the Chapel, I Christians, they said they could no longer
had an opportunity of witnessing Mr. consent to connive at the tricks of the
Rhenius's method of addressing the Hea- Native Revenue Officers, and to share
then: we were walking round the splen- their plunder, in falsely numbering their
did cloisters of the great Pagoda of Va- looms, and so defrauding the Government.
runnen, and were followed by many The Collector, AT THEIR REQUEST, num-
hundreds. His lively and perfectly na- bered the looms afresh; and 1000 rupees
tive mode of address, as well as the were thus saved to the Government: but
fluency of his language, attracts them the Heathen Servants were so enraged,
wonderfully. The Brahmins crowded that they soon found means to oppress
round him with eagerness: and, as we them, and deprived them of as much
stopped occasionally at an angle of the more as they had given up. This is one
building, a question led to a remonstrance of the many Crosses which they must bear.
on the folly of this stupendous Idolatry, The Congregation being new, a few only
thus convicted and exposed by their own of the Women attended. I spoke, there-
replies, till his remarks assumed gra- fore, particularly to them, on the neces-
dually the form of a more general dis- sity of their hearing the Word of God, as
course,addressed to the multitudes around; well as their Husbands.
while the pillars, the sides of the tank, On the morning of the 20th, after
and the pavement of the cloister were meeting the Brethren and their families
covered with eager listeners, who were at breakfast at Mr. Schmid's, and enjoy-
hushed into the most breathless silence. ing much interesting conversation on

in his whole appearance, happy in his pleasure of examining the schools, both
illustrations ; and a master, not only of of the Mission Compound, and of the
their language, but of their feelings and neighbouring Villages. I was much struck
views. We reached the Chapel about with the greater proficiency of the High-
six, and found the lamps lighted for Even- caste Boys over those of low birth. It
ing Prayers. The history of this place is, probably, owing to the constant habit
is so interesting, that, though it has been of hearing a better language spoken at
brought to the notice of the Committee home, and breathing a more literary at-
in the past Reports of the Missionaries, mosphere; the difference of Tamul spoken
I cannot refrain from mentioning it again, by high and low being immense, and the
They had been preaching in a small language in which books are written
School House since the year 1820, with- holding a middle course between the two.
out any fruit whatever of their labours. The emulation among the Schoolmasters
People began to scoff at them, and they was remarkable, and forms a striking
persevered ; and suddenly they were re lars of one fine old man, who is loved by
joiced, by 60 Families, about 200 souls, them as their father, far outstripped the
renouncing Idolatry, and, after prepara- rest ; except one poor little Boy, the son of
tory instruction, gradually joining their a Beggar, miserably deformed, who quite
Church. Those persons are all respecta- astonished me by his answers. I exa-
ble. Among them I was particularly mined them in Religious Knowledge; and,
introduced to a pensioned Subahdar, a though many of course could not answer,
venerable old man, whose life, which has almost all being Heathens, yet many
been lately worne down with heavy do- did most admirably; and all were anxious
mestic affliction, is said to be an orna to do their best. The Church was crowded
ment to his profession. The Chapel, a with listeners : and it is often found, that
neat building in a crowded part of the the examination of the Heathen Children
town, finished in 1828, was almost filled in the truths of Religion is the best mode
I spoke to them at considerable length; of instructing the Heathen Parents. I
and the circumstances of the place which am compelled to say, that the knowledge
I have just mentioned, the recent Bap these Boys have of the truths of Chris-
tisms of so many, and the number of tianity exceeds any thing I have seen in
Heathen who were around the doors, Madras, or in other parts of India; and
made this one of the most striking scenes the harvest, in this, as in other respects,
I witnessed in the province. I must seems to become more promising as I
mention one circumstance, highly ho advance from North to South.

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The Brethren have, at present, 50* of these separately, and was much graSchools under them ; of which, 32 are tifled with the proficiency of many taught by Schoolmasters; and the remain- amongst them in Divine Knowledge, ing 18 by the Catechists, in their re more particularly with those immedispective villages, as far as their more ately under Mr. Winckler's instructions. important duties permit. To these 50 This District, which contains 39 Congreare to be added six in Mr. Winckler's gations, is the wildest part of the proDistrict of Dohnavoor, south-west of vince; and many of our Christians are of Palamcottah. The number taught is 1249 the tribe of Maroors (Thieves), like the Boys, and 92 Girls. Each School is di- Colearies of Tanjore. It is not easy to vided into Six Classes, according to the break them of their former predatory proficiency of the Children in reading habits, and reduce them to a life of paand spelling. The highest Class read the tient and contented labour. The great Gospels : the next, Little Tracts, spelling majority, however, of all our Congregaas they go on; the third spell words with tions are the poor Shanars, the cultivafour or more syllables ; and all the Child- tors of the Palmyra; and though we ren commit to memory, Ist, a Catechism might desire to see more of the higher of the Doctrine of Christianity ; 2d, the classes embracing the Gospel, yet there Sermon on the Mount; 3d, a Catechism is nothing in the experience of our Misof Scripture History; 4th, a Collection sions, now, which the history of the Apoof Scripture Proofs belonging to the stolic age would not lead us to expect. Doctrinal Catechism: and besides these, Then also, as now, the Gospel was preached they commit to memory the Moral Sen to the poor, and not many rich and not tences of Avyar, an ancient Tamul Au- many noble were called ; and it is enthor, and a Dictionary of Tamul Syn- couraging to be assured, on evidence onymes.

which I cannot doubt, that now, as then, Many of these Schools are Charity there are many instances of real piety, Schools; é, e, cloths are given to the proved by a consistent and holy life in Children annually, and a portion of grain the midst of much disappointment, and daily. There is great difficulty through- some instances of apostacy. Mr. Winckout this province, to persuade the people ler is by no means sanguine; and he asto send their children to School; for, sured me, in answer to my question, being almost all Shanars, and very poor, What proportion of the people he consithey cannot dispense with the labour of dered real Christians--that he could not the children. Some encouragement, reckon on more than one in twenty. But therefore, of this kind, is found, in many could we say more than this of the towns instances, to be necessary.

and villages of Europe ? There may be, I have been thus minute in the de- and probably are, many instances of hyscription of these Schools; because the pocritical profession from worldly mosystem, producing so favourable a result, tives: but still, though greater caution must be good.

is necessary in receiving Converts, we

cannot help rejoicing that many are thus I had the pleasure of spending the brought under Christian Instruction; 25th of February with the Rev. Mr.

and we have every reason to hope, that Winckler, at his Station of Dohnavoor, the next generation, born and educated 25 miles distant from Palamcottah, where

within the Church, will be Christians, the Catechists of his District, ten 'in not in name only, but in deed and in number, were assembled to meet me, 9

truth, together with six of the neighbouring

The progress already made, and daily Schools, and the Congregation of the vil making, in the extension of the Church of lage. I examined and catechized each Christ, is doubtless great, and calls for

thankfulness and renewed exertions; but * The numbers mentioned in this paragraph are r.,We must rejoice with trembling, and allay already much increased. On the 3d of May, in 64 ,our triumph with all necessary, caution Catechist Districts, comprising 244 Towns and Vil. and reserve. lages, more than 2000 Families, consisting of above 7500 souls, were under direct Christian Instruction:


in 150 Churches, 94 (smaller Houses of Prayer, 62
Schools, 1 Seminary of 36 Pupils, and a Class of
Preparandi, containing about 30 Young Men. The

After yisiting the Station at Quilon, I number of Scholars was 1450 ; of whom, 112 were

arrived, on the 5th March, at the Society's Girls. - Editor.

Mission at Allepie, where I had the sa


with the Persian Gulph and the Red Sea ran's private purse.

tisfaction of hearing from Mr. Norton that Cottayam, among the Christians of Saint his Congregation, though still small, is in. Thomas, was productive of the greatest creasing : and, with the advantages he en pleasure; and I beg leave to request the joys in the Schools lately established, to earnest attention of the Committee to gether with his own increased knowledge this most interesting Establishment. I of the Native Language, we may reason had formerly an opportunity of visiting ably look for a greater measure of suc them in the year 1818, when our intercess than he has yet experienced.

course with this venerable Church was in The Church, which was built in 1818, its infancy; and since that time peculiar with great assistance from Captain Gor circumstances have led me to regard them don, and a liberal grant of timber from with unceasing interest. It was highly the Rannee of Travancore, is in excellent gratifying, therefore, to witness the great repair, and capable of containing many progress, both of sound learning and relimore than the present Congregation. gious feeling, among the Syrian Youth The Mission House is a noble residence, who are destined for Holy Orders; the in the same Compound; and Mr. Norton great desire for Education which has is now building, as the Committee are spread throughout the Country; and the aware, on each side of the Compound, se confidence and affection with which the parate houses for a Boys' and Girls' Brethren at Cottayam are regarded geSchool, from the 2001. collected by Mr. nerally, by both the Clergy and the Laity. Norton's Friends in En ind. The sup The improvement thus produced, espeport of the School is derived from an cially among the Candidates for the Priestallowance made by the Rajah's Minister. hood, gives us the best ground of hope In 1818, Mr. Norton represented to Co- for the future reformation of this Church; lonel Munro the great number of distress- but it is of the utmost consequence to reed Poor in Allepie ; and the Resident member, that their reformation is still obtained from the Divấn a monthly allow- future, and that probably for many years ance of 45 Pagodas. He has lately re it must be the object of hope rather than quested that a moiety of this sum should of exultation of earnest prayer, and wise be appropriated to the Schools ; and 35 counsel. Boys and 35 Girls are thus supported. My attention was chiefly directed to With the other moiety, sick and other the actual state of the COLLEGE, and the objects of compassion are relieved. I degree of proficiency which the Pupils examined the Children of both Schools ; have obtained: and I have great pleasure and found the Upper Classes tolerably in assuring the Committee, that the result well informed; but the eldest Girl and of my examination was highly satisfacthe first Boy are too much beyond the tory, and most honourable to the Rev. others. He is very urgent for the ap Mr. Doran, to whose judicious superinpointment of another Missionary to assist 'tendence, and unremitted instructions, it him, and describes the sphere of useful- is indebted for its present improved and ness as one that might easily be increased. flourishing condition. It is very desirable, that, as soon as the The Native Teachers are in Syriac,

Malpan Alexander, Joseph and Marcus, Village Schools should be established. Catanars, at 20 rupees per mensem; in A Shed may be built for three Rupees; European Learning, Matthew and Poonen, and the pay of a Master is only four or at 10 rupees each ; in Sanscrit, two Nair five' Rupees. Our present resources will Teachers, at 9 and 8 rupees-Total, probably not admit of any increase of the 100 rupees per mensem. ji oko Establishment. 2916

Abraham, Catanar, is exceedingly useThe population of Allepie is said to be iful in the general instruction and superabout 30,000, and that of the neighbour- intendence; but his services, hitherto, hood immense ; and, in addition to this, have been quite voluntary, or rewarded the extensive Trade is carried "on only by occasional presents from Mr. Doopens a prospect of usefulness, with the The objects of the Institution are, priMahomedans as well as Hindoos, which marily, the training up of the Syrian

limit, but to Youths for Ordination by the Mets'opoliwhich our success hitherto

tan, who requires a Certificate from Mr. proportion.

2. Doran of the proficiency and competence COTTAYAM.

of the Candidates ; 2dly, The education of My visit to the Society's Mission at others also, as Catechists, Schoolmasters, (RECORD, Nov. 1830.]

2 L

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or for general purposes. About three. Horace's Epistles ; the 6th, Demosthefourths of the present number are destined nes. I examined, also, a considerable for Holy Orders; and the great difficulty Class in Arithmetic, Algebra, and the now felt, is, in providing situations for the First Six Books of Euclid; and three Boys others. It is hoped, indeed, that the in Plane and Spherical Trigonometry. moral advancement of the people gene. In Syriac, they construed both the Old rally will lead to the formation of Schools and New Testament fluently, giving the in different parts of the Country; which, meaning both in English and Malayatogether with other consequences of in- lim, and rendering an accurate account creased civilization, will create a demand of the grammatical construction. I gave for well-educated Youths. At present, them, also, two English Sentences to however, the difficulty is beginning to be translate into Syriac, which were done felt; and it seems to me, therefore, most without error. My principal object, important, that the Establishment sliould however, was to ascertain their progress not be extended beyond the probable in Religious Knowledge ; and I therevent for the employment of the Students. fore catechized them very carefully in Many Youths are desirous of admission, 1 Cor. X., which they read in English, for whom there is no room, and no funds. and translated verse by verse into Ma

Their Studies are-Theology ; the Sy- layalim. The result was highly satisfacriac, Greek, Latin, Sanscrit, English, tory; of course, with a very perceptible and Malayalim Languages; History, difference of the younger Boys: but in Mathematics, and Geography.'

the higher Classes there is a knowledge The whole Expenditure of the Cole of the doctrines, history, and scheme of lege, for the support and tuition of 103 Divine Revelation, which shews that the Boys, is 335 rupees per mensem; which main object of the College, their prepaincludes, 70 rupees, the salary of the ration for the Church, is sedulously kept Metropolitan,whose Episcopal Residence in view. When I saw 103 Boys thus it is. The actual expense, therefore, of educated by One Clergyman, in so many the College, is 265 rupees, 'or about 2} different branches of learning, almost all rupees for each Boy.

of which were totally unknown to them a I examined them in their several few years ago, I could not help viewing branches of study; except Sanscrit and it as an Institution of incalculable value Malayalim, of which I was unable to and importance. I proposed a few judge; and without any previous notice Prizes, as a stimulus to the higher Stuand preparation. The ist, or lowest dents; 'four for the best Compositions in Class, construed Selectæ è Profanis ; the English, and one in Syriac, on John i.17– 2d, The same, and Cæsar; the 3d, Virgil; The Law was given by Moses, but grace the 4th, Cicero's Orations; the 5th, and truth came by Jesus Christ. I will do

myself the pleasure of sending copies of The College was founded in the year 1816, by these to the Committee, when I receive the then Metropolitan, Mar Dionysius, at the instance of the British Resident, Colonel Munro, and

them. with the aid procured by his powerful assistance. On the Morning of the 9th I visited The cost of the Building, which consists of one Mrs. Baker's FEMALE SCHOOL! - It is suquadrangle, and is quite in the native style, and, unfortunately, in a situation near the bank of the river, perintended entirely by Mrs. Baker was partly defrayed by a fine levied on the Heathen herself, in her own house.". There are 47 partly by a share of the sum of 25,000 rupees granted Syrian Girls ; and their singulárly neat by the Rannee of Travancore for the general pur. and happy appearance, with that fine poses of the College. The Funds for the Endowment expression of countenance which distinscriptions raised for this object by the Church Mis- guishes this people, renders the sight sionary Society both in England and India (laid out most interesting. When the School was in Government Securities and Mortgages), and the Revenue of a Tract of Land, called Munnet usland unwilling to send their Daughters ; but

first established, the Parents were very the Rannee. The Island was, at the time of its cession latterly they have been most angious to in 1816, about one-eighth under cultivation. The to do so, after seeing the happy effects present portion which is cultivated, and pays rent, is about one-fourth; and the whole of the rent, viz.

on those who were first educated there. 1420 rupees per annum, is now expended on the They knit, spin cotton, sew plain needleimpro+ement of tXe remainder. In the course of work, and learn to read and write their ten years, the probable future income to the College, wholly available for its support without deduction, own Language. I heard them read the is calculated at 6000 rupees annually. The only New Testament, examined them in assistance received from the Mission, is the superintendence of one of the Missionaries, and School

Watts's two Catechisms, and catechized them in the chapter they read. Their


ner, that there was not, on their part, port was 2200 rupees ; but last year,

proficiency is very creditable ; and all 1st, The present Room for Divine Ser. they are taught fits them so well for their vice, the Grammar School, is not suffifuture duties, as wives and mothers, cient to accommodate their usual Conthat they are eagerly sought for in mar gregation. 2dly, They have no means, at riage.

present, of admitting the Heathen On the same morning I visited the hear the Services of our Church, or the GRAMMAR SCHOOL, which is under the su Preaching of God's Word, which they are perintendence of Mr. Doran, with the very desirous of attending. 3dly, They assistance of Two Teachers from the Col cannot, at present, receive Converts into lege. It is supported entirely by the our Church by Baptism. Many are deSociety; and its chief object is to form a sirous of admission, and would prefer Nursery for the College. They learn our. Church to the Syrian ; and, in the English and Malayalim grammatically, present state of that Church, it is much to Writing, and Arithmetic ; and are in be deplored that we should not have the structed. catechetically, in the great power of receiving them; but, except truths of Christianity. There are, at we have a place set apart for the service present, 48 Boys. Both here and in the of God, they will not join us. After College, several Heathen Boys are ad a full discussion of these reasons, which mitted : in the latter, one of the clever. appear very strong to my own mind, it est Boys is a Nair, and many are very was resolved that I communicate these anxious for admission.

sentiments to the Committee, and to the I requested the Brethren to meet me Bishop of Calcutta, and strongly recomon the morning of the 10th, in order to mend the measure. I am convinced, discuss any subjeets of reference, regard from the general feeling of the people, ing the Mission, I began by reading which has since been strongly confirmed the 16th Chapter of St. John, and Prayer; by the Resident of Travancore and the and closed our conference in the same Syrian Clergy, themselves, that it will manner, at 2 o'clock, The following very much increase their respect for us. were some of the points that came be They have no idea of a body of Chrisfore us, and to which I earnestly request tians, especially Clergymen, without a the favourable consideration of the Com: Church. mittee.!

THE PROPRIETY OF ESTABLISHING A GRAMTHE PROPRIETY OF BUILDING A MISSION MAR SCHOOL AT MAVALLIKARI, SIMILAR TO CHAPELA - This subject has been referred THAT AT COTTYAM, AS AUXILIARY TO THE by the Missionaries, more than once, to COLLEGE.-The arguments for this are, the Committee; and the answer was, Ist, That it is the most central point of the that they doubted the expediency of it, Syrian Population. 2dly, That the most for the present. The difficulty which I wealthy and respectable Families reside myself felt about it, and which I stated in that neighbourhood, who feel some fully to the Missionaries, as I had before objection to send their Children at once done to the Committee, was one purely as far as Cottayam, but whose objections of an Ecclesiastical nature; yiz. How far would cease after the previous education it was right for us to build an Episcopal of the Grammar School in their own Church of our own Communion in the neighbourhood. 3dly, That it would not midst of another Episcopal Diocese, for only be a Nursery for the College, but whose benefit the Mission was esta would form an excellent vent to it, in blished, and by whose permission we giving employment to some of the Stucontinued to reside there? It was ne dents as Teachers, cessary, therefore, in the first place, to 65 PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS. The whole numascertain what were the feelings of the ber established by the Mission, and supBishops, and Clergy of that Church reported by the Society, is 42 ; in which specting such a measure. The Missio- 1200 Children,on an average,attend daily. naries assured me, in the strongest man The sum allowed annually for their sup

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the slightest objection or suspicion; but on account of the failure of the Society's that, on the contrary, they rather won- Funds, it was reduced to 1600. Hitherto, tached to a Mission where Three

Clergy: intendence

of them, has not reduced the dered that no Church had yet been at: however, Mr. Baker, who has the supermen resided. This, together with the number; having supplied the deficiency three following reasons for it, completely from funds in his own possession. These removes my objection.

are now expended, and either the num

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