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Church Missionary Kecord.

No, 2.]

FEBRUARY, 1830.

[Vol. I.

Biography.

MEMOIR AND CHARACTER OF THE REV. CHARLES FRIEND,

MISSIONARY IN NORTH INDIA, WHO DIED AT CHUNAR, JUNE 12, 1829. The death of Mr. Friend, as stated in a Letter addressed to Archdeacon Corrie by a Native Catechist at Chunar, was noticed in the Monthly Paper of December. In January 1825, Mr. Friend commenced his studies in the Institution at Islington; and, throughout his residence there, exhibited such a bright example of the Missionary Student, as encouraged all, who were acquainted with him, to hope that he might be long and extensively employed as the messenger of that Saviour, to whose service among the Heathen his affections and powers were consecrated. In this instance, however, we are taught, that God's ways are not our ways, nor His thoughts our thoughts.

Having made considerable pro none were present to take an active interficiency in his Oriental and other est about him; and this fact was unknown studies, Mr. Friend was admitted to to all but those who were present, who Deacon's Orders on Sunday, Dec. were English Invalids, till after his death. 24, 1826; and was ordained Priest

He had been previously requested to aban

don this part of his duties till the cessation on Sunday, Dec. 23, 1827. He left

of the hot winds, but declined. The follow. England in April 1828, with the ing day he sent for medicine to Dr. Smith, Rev. Ralph Eteson and Mrs. Eteson, and took some castor-oil and Epsom-salts, to proceed with them to join the but did not wish to see the Doctor. On North-India Mission. It was ori- the morning of Friday the 12th, the Clerk ginally intended that they should called on him to take a funeral; which he prosecute their labours 'togethez declined, as he had taken medicine, and

directed the Clerk to read the Service. at Benares; to which place they in

Just as he was going, Mr. Friend asked the first instance proceeded, soon

the Clerk if he thought that he looked after their arrival in India: but pale. “No,” he replied, “ you look more the failure of Mr. Bowley's health blooming than I have seen you lately." having greatly interrupted his la The Clerk, however, was mistaken; for bours at Chunar, it was deemed this bloom, it appears, was the hectic flush expedient for Mr. Friend to remove

of fever. I believe that nothing further is thither, which he did in December

known till noon of the same day, when a 1828. The circumstances connected message to Dr. Evans arrived from Mr.

Friend, that he wished to see him imme. with his death are thus detailed by diately. Dr. Evans found him in a raging Mr. Eteson, in a Letter of the 18th fever, walking about his room, and appaof June, 1829 :

rently delirious. Mr. Friend, in describing On Wednesday the 10th instant he read his sensations, said, that his flesh felt as if Prayers and preached at Chunar Church; it were dropping from his bones.

Dr. and, during the Service, fainted twice: Evans immediately directed a blister to be (RECORD, Feb. 1830.]

E

used;

applied to his head, and other means to be tified through the Spirit, and I regained my

but had scarcely gone home again, wonted calmness and cheerfulness. How when he was hastily called by Mr. Friend's , truly may it be said of our Heavenly Faservants, who said that their master had ther, Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace fainted. He, and Captain Jeffreys, the whose mind is stayed on Thee. My soul, Fort-Adjutant, immediately repaired to on the preceding evening, had been much Mr. Friend's house; and found him laid on strengthened and supported by the considehis couch, with his eyes fixed, his teeth ration of the kindness and love of God in call. clenched, his whole frame .convulsed, and ing me to a knowledge of His salvation, in utterly insensible. The lancet was ap- having chosen me unto salvation through plied, but to no purpose ; and he departed sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the from this world about four o'clock in the truth. May that same blessed Spirit sancafternoon of the 12th.

tify you all more and more, and work in An express was sent off to me; but I you that effectual belief of the truth, which did not receive it till late in the morning will lead to holiness, and to a meetness for of the 13th. He was buried at sun-rise, the inheritance of the saints in light ! by the Adjutant, with every proper respect.

Sunday, April 20-Off Brighton. I In reference to this afflictive oc

have mentioned the subject of Family currence, Mr. Eteson remarks

Prayer to the Captain; who will not object, Having no one near him to remind him unless it should give offence to any of the of the necessities of his body, and being passengers, which I do not anticipate; for too modest to complain, he perished for our plan is, after breakfast to let those retire want of timely precaution. Even on Thurs- who please, and those remain who please : day, according to Dr. Evans's opinion, no should there be any objection, we shall thing, humanly speaking, could have saved have it in our cabins. Yesterday we kept him, but vast doses of calomel and imme- sailing, though but slowly, and so went on diate embarkation for England.

all night; but now the wind is more fresh Mr. Eteson adds

and more favourable, and the Pilot, we You have lost a Brother, whose piety expect, will leave this evening. We could and talents qualified him for eminence and not have Service on deck this morning, but usefulness-I, a fellow-student and Mis have had it in the cuddy, which I have sicnary, whose memory will be dear to me much enjoyed : Eteson was Rector, and I as long as I live-and the Church Missio- Curate. Eteson preached from Psalm cvii. nary Society, a most laborious and devoted 23d and following verses : the Captain Minister.

and most of the passengers were present. The following Extracts from Let- We sung, before Sermon, from the Cottageters addressed chiefly to his relatives Hymn-Book, one of which we intend to in England will illustrate the charac- give to every passenger and sailor. From ter of this devoted servant of God,

à number of copies of the Dairyman's and enable those who read them to Daughter which we have, I have given

6 to as many ladies and girls. I brought estimate the loss which the Church

out a parcel of Tracts after Service, and of Christ has sustained in his early gave away several among the passengers. removal.

I fear that the crew are too busy to-day Thoughts on commencing his Voyage to to do much among them. My heart's India.

desire and prayer to God for you all is, On the 15th of April, 1828, we started, that you may be saved. Oh! the partvery early in the morning, from the Downs, ing in this life is nothing, compared to but not before a boat from shore arrived at that eternal parting which separates the the ship: the weighing of the anchor, and happy from the miserable. May the good the great noise attending the getting under Spirit of the Lord sanctify you all, and weigh, had aroused me. The weather on preserve you unto the day of Christ Jesus ! the 16th was very squally; and, after beat- then, if not before, may we all meet again, ing round to Hythe, we had to turn back to sing the praises of our God for ever and again, to anchor in the Downs. Deal ever! Trust in the Lord continually, and looked well the next morning from the stay your mind on Him; give all diligence sea : we had a fine view, being very near to make your calling and election sure shore, just off the South Walk. I did not through the Blessed Redeemer : continue expect to see Deal again, and my sensa to pray for me, that I may be strengthened tions were very painful for a few moments ; with might in the inner man, and be made but these soon subsided, and became sanc faithful and bold in my Master's service.

on

May we all live close to Christ, and de- abusing, what they termed "that monrive continually out of His fulness all that strous and absurd doctrine of the Triwe need!

nity.” I left my cabin, and, having apoProceedings on the Voyage. logized for overhearing their conversation, Sunday, April 27,1828–We had Service begged each of them to accept a Tract on on deck. The sailors came aft, in their the Trinity, entirely in the words of Scripclean white Sunday clothes, and we had ture. I laid one before each of them, and an interesting and attentive Congrega left the cuddy. This is the commencetion. I addressed them from Ezekiel iii. ment of that pain with which my mind will 17–19; when, I trust, the Lord enabled be often lacerated, when I come to hear me to warn them both affectionately and that Saviour, whom I love, dishonoured faithfully. We distributed Tracts and and despised. I must add, that the indiviTestaments afterward among the crew. duals I have alluded to conduct themselves We have attempted Family Prayer in a always in a polite and gentlemanly way. morning in the cuddy ; but, finding our I am now reading St. John in the Hinselves much interrupted, and having but doostanee Language and Nagree Characa small number, we now have it in our ter ; but have made, as yet, but little protwo cabins thrown into one, and are very gress. comfortable. Our party usually consists of

Proceedings at Madras. a lady and her children, three male pas The vessel reached the Madras sengers, and ourselves.

Roads on the 16th of August; when, м. 8-We fell in with the Trade a review of the voyage, Mr. Winds; and saw Palma, one of the Ca

Friend writesnary Islands. We did not forget that this was the week of the Annual Meetings and gracious Providence has watched over

You will be glad to learn, that a kind of many of those great Societies which have for their object the renovation of a

us hitherto, and that I enjoy perfect health. fallen world: I hope that the blessing of

We have passed through different regions the Most High attended them. We have and climates : the thermometer has varied

at least 30°, and we have experienced one a little Missionary Prayer-Meeting on a Saturday Evening, which I enjoy much.

severe gale for about twenty hours; but The weather has been gradually getting the good hand of the Lord has been with

us, and His eye has been upon us for warmer, but has been very bearable with the assistance of the Trade Winds : but

good. these we have now lost; and, at the present with great violence: we were obliged to

During the gale alluded to, the wind blew moment, we have but little wind, and my heave-to under bare poles, and suffer ourthermometer stands at 82°: the heat is,

selves to be driven by the wind and waves. in consequence, rather more troublesome. May 28 — We proceed very slowly,

I cannot say that I felt the least alarm: and have not yet crossed the Line. On my soul was stayed on God, and was theresome days we lose ground, there being a

fore kept in peace. While the waves were strong current against us. The 25th was

beating with great force against the ship, Whit-Sunday: it rained with us almost yards, and I thought of the possibility of

and the wind was whistling through the incessantly, so that we could not attempt her foundering, sweet indeed was the Divine Service on deck; but had it in the cuddy, when I preached on the blessed thought, that death has lost its sting, and,

can create no terror in the heart of the and invaluable gift of the Holy Spirit, a gift which I pray God abundantly to pour believe in Him with all our heart, and

Christian. Oh! let us cleave unto Christ, out upon you all. After Service, we had the Sacrament in our cabin. We have had constantly exercise faith in that redemption

which God has given us in Him: then, lately much lightning, and some very loud

whenever the hour of death arrives, with a thunder. We have regular Service on deck every in light, we shall gladly leave this world of

meetness for the inheritance of the Saints Sunday Morning ; but it does not appear sin, to behold the King in His beauty, and likely that we shall be able to have any ther Service. Two of our most respectable to have our souls assimilated to Him. passengers are very sceptical, and never

His feelings, occasioned by his attend. I was exceedingly grieved one

first entrance on a Heathen Land, he Sunday Afternoon, at overhearing—what I thus describes :could not avoid, my cabin being so near the We landed early enough, last Sunday. cuddy--those two individuals, with a third, Morning, to attend St. George's Church ;;

and, in the evening, we had the pleasure first time, children of Heathen Parents of hearing Brother Ridsdale at the Mission reading the Book of the Lord. At my reChurch. The scenes around us are new, quest, they read part of the Third Chapter and deeply interesting: we perceive our of St. John's Gospel, in Tamul; and anselves in a foreign land, and in a Heathen swered some questions which I put to them Country; and it is almost impossible to de through their Teacher. Some of the elder scribe accurately the feelings of the mind, children sung a hymn in Tamul: thus have on first beholding the temples and the wor I heard the Lord's Song in a strange land. shippers of Satan. I think I shall never In a part of his compound, near the public forget how I almost involuntarily shrunk road, Mr. Sawyer has built a Church, with back from a man who approached me, who which I was exceedingly pleased: it is a bore on his forehead-not the name of my neat little building, plain and compact. It God—but the mark of the enemy both of is intended for the Natives, and therefore God and man. We passed an idolatrous has no pews; for the Congregation, after procession on our way to the Church in the their custom, sit on the ground. Happy evening; and, while Mr. Ridsdale was dis shall I be when I have a place like this, coursing on This is Life Eternal, that they and the gift and grace to speak to the peomight know Thee the Only True God, and ple, in their own tongue, the wonderful Jesus Christ whom Thou hast sent, we works of God. heard the sounds of the unhappy Natives,

Arrival at Calcutta. who were striking their rude instruments in total ignorance of this Eternal Life. Last

Mr. Friend and his companions evening I preached at the Mission Church, left Madras on the 23d of August, from a text, the truth of which every thing for Calcutta; of their arrival he thus around me makes me feel more forcibly— speaks :Unto you, therefore, which believe, He is Calcutta, Sept. 12, 1828—On the 31st precious. There were five Missionaries pre of August we anchored at the Land-heads, sent-Br. Ridsdale, Br. Eteson, Br. Kind and arrived the following evening within a linger from Pulicat, myself, and Mr. Adam few miles of Diamond Harbour. The of the London Missionary Society, who has next morning, we procured a boat from the just arrived at Madras, on his way to Cal- harbour, and left the Ganges; as the pilot cutta.

thought that probably a week would elapse We desire simply to leave ourselves in in getting up the river. We were all that the hands of our Heavenly Father, to la- day, and a great part of the following, bour in that part of the vineyard which He in getting up to Calcutta, as the current may appoint; and only wish, that, where down the river is at' this season so very ever we are, we may be kept from falling, strong. With the exception of passing the and from all that is inconsistent with our night, our excursion was very pleasant. i holy calling, and be found faithful even shall not attempt a description of the scenes unto death.

we witnessed; but shall refer you to Bishop During the week that the vessel Heber's Journal, where you can find more remained at Madras, Mr. Friend and than I could inform you, and put in far his companions were hospitably re

better language than I am master of. The ceived by Mr. and Mrs. Bannister: following extract, however, from a memo

randum which I made at the time, may in reference to this, he writes

not be uninteresting:Our stay at Madras was a very delight Sept. 2-We started again soon after ful break in our voyage : nothing could be midnight : the moon was just risen, the kinder than the treatment which we met sky was clear, the water calm: the only with. At a Prayer-Meeting on the Thurs- thing that disturbed the almost universal day Evening, we met several of the house- silence were some distant sounds, which hold of faith, and mingled our prayers and proceeded, we feared, from some poor idopraises. Delightful it is, in the kingdom of laters at their midnight orgies. A few Satan, to meet with some of the Children hours before, we had witnessed a severe of Jehovah, to talk of the loving-kindness thunder-storm; but we were able, I trust, of the Lord.

both in the storm and in the calm, to feel On the 22d of August we visited Pe- the consolations of the Gospel, and to rambore ; where Mr. Sawyer, our Missio- realize the presence of our Heavenly Fanary, resides. Mr. S. was then absent; ther. We proceeded pretty briskly till we but we inspected his School and Church. I came to a small village (Neckta), where was deeply interested in hearing, for the we procured some fruit, milk, &c. and

remained while the crew rested and the tide week with me: I preached on Wednesday abated: we then started again, the men Evening, preparatory to the Sacrament on at first towing us, but afterwards making the following (Christmas) day. Early on use of a small sail. The banks of the the morning of that day, we had Hindoor Hoogly are in many parts really beautiful, stanee Service and the Lord's Supper ; in at least at this season of the year. There the latter of which Br. Bowley assisted. are, indeed, no high lands nor conspicuous The Communicants were numerous and, views, but the banks are frequently seen apparently, devout: many of them are the covered with the richest verdure down to widows of European Soldiers, who marthe water's ed I am at this moment ried Native Women. After this, I had full writing on board of our little bark, taking Service and Sacrament in English; and pleasure in beholding the scenery, but in- again, in the afternoon, assisted in the wardly grieving that the inhabitants are Hindoostanee Worship. To-day, Saturunacquainted with that gracious Being, who day, I have to preach again before the spoke—and all was made. I might almost Freemasons of this place, it being St. John's apply the words of Bishop Heber, and say, Day: then, to-morrow, is the Sabbath

Every prospect pleases, and only man again. is vile.' Oh! happy fast-approaching time, On the same subject he writes, in when light shall dawn on this benighted March :land, and the song of the ransomed of the

My engagements here are much the Lord shall resound in the dwellings of the

same as when I last wrote. We have poor Hindoos!”

continued going to the Bazaar every day, Proceedings at Chunar.

to read to the people: our encouragement, Soon after their arrival at Calcutta, at times, has been very great, and at times Messrs. Eteson and Friend proceed- very small; but we were in the path of ed to Benares; from which place, as duty, and were assured of the favour of our has been stated, Mr. Friend removed Lord and Saviour. The people sometimes to Chunar: of his occupations there shew the most disheartening apathy: they he gives, in December, the following then pass on. At other times, we are

gape and stare, or sneer, or laugh, and account:

cheered by finding that the Word of the My present plans and labours are ag

Lord has affected some immortal soul; follows: One English Service on the Sun

and we tremble with hope that an heir of day, and one Hindoostanee; one English glory will be born. I am happy, most Service in the week, visiting the Ho- happy, in my work: and should be far more spital and School, attending the Bazaar

so, if it were not for a body of sin and every afternoon with Br. Bowley and the death, and an evil heart of unbelief. The Native Assistants; together with attending chief of the Native Converts (I speak of to all the occasional duties of burying, mar

about six individuals) afford me much sarying, &c. At present, I can only take tisfaction. the Prayers in Hindoostanee: a young Mr. Bowley, I am sorry to say, is on man, a Bengalee by birth, reads a Ser- the Ganges for the benefit of his health, mon prepared by Br. Bowley. This and will probably go down to Calcutta. young man, should I remain here, I am to This is no small trial; but there is One endeavour to bring forward, that he may who never changes, and is always present. hereafter be ordained. You will perceive I manage as before, in the Hindoostanee by this, that there is no want of employ- Congregation: I read the Prayers, and ment. Beside the Public Service men

Charles Doss a Sermon of Mr. Bowley's: tioned, there are Hindoostanee Services this relieves me of much anxiety; and, early on Sunday Mornings and on Thurs- from the native accent of Charles, and the day Evenings; but these are left, in a perfect simplicity and idiom of Mr. Bowgreat measure, to the Native Brethren, ley's composition, is more effective than if of whom we have three or four very supe I were to preach myself. We have other rior and, apparently, excellent men. Br.

Assistants,

but at the present moment they Bowley is so unwell, that he cannot take

are absent from the Station. a very active part, bodily; but he does

The following Extracts from Mr. mentally: he moves the whole machine Friend's communications will shew among the Natives. In the conversations the feelings of his mind on occasion which take place, when he finds it necessary, he is always ready with his words of of forming a Missionary Association advice or reproof. This has been a busy at Chunar.

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