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either in the Christian or the Buddhist presenting me, should escape all punishReligion, I shall be saved." That is not ment; would you believe that book ? the case: if you have a true faith in should you expect to escape punishment ?" Christ, you will be saved; but not, if you "No," he replied.—"Nor should you behave faith in Buddhism,

lieve the things you find in the books of Buddhu save you? What is the way of your Priests, without well considering salvation in Buddhism ?” As there them.” He said, he had as much reason are many ways of salvation in the Chris to believe what the Priests said, as what tian Religion, so are there in the Bud- the Ministers of Christ said. "If I dhist.' That is not true : there is but owed you a pice (a small coin), and one way of salvation in the Christian Re should give you two, one good and one ligion, and none whatever in the Bud- bad, and desired you to choose the good dhist. But tell me some of the ways in and return the bad to me, would you not Buddhism, by which you expect to be examine them both ?"" 'Yes.” And, saved ?" If I make great and expen if you were not able to decide yourself sive offerings to Buddhu and his Priests, which of the two was the good one, would and do good things, I shall be saved.” you not inquire of some one who could “Is that the way of salvation, in the


My friend ! two Buddhist Religion ?" He would not make Religions are before you-a true and, e a decided reply.-" If,” said I, “making false Religion. It is your duty to exaexpensive offerings to Buddhu and his mine them both; and if you find that you Priests can obtain salvation and the par are ignorant, as you certainly are, you don of sins, what must poor men do for should pray God to enlighten your unsalvation, who are not able to make derstanding, and to lead you into the large offerings ?” Men must give ac right way. If two pice, one good and cording to their abilities; the rich, much; one bad, were put into your hands, if and the poor, little.? Can you expect you chose the bad, the loss ,you would salvation for this? If you had incur sustain would be very trifling ; but if red the Governor's displeasure, and, for you reject the true, and embrace the false breaking the laws of the Country, were Religion, the loss of your immortal soul sentenced to suffer punishment, do you will be the consequence." think, that by making a wooden 'image Mr. Trimnell thus notices the of the Governor, worshipping presenting rice, oil, and flowers to it, and

Answer to Objections against the Goodness feeding and clothing those who took care

of God. of it, that you would escape the punish Another person made a great many that

objections against the goodness of God;

or rather to our doctrine, that God is but I kept him to it; and he good; and asked,


did God make said, " No, I should not 'expect that men with wicked hearts p I shewed him, "My friend," I said, ' you are a sin that that was not the case ; that God her against God, the Creator and Go made man, at the first, perfectly holy, and vernor of all things you have broken His happy ; and that our universal sinfulness Laws, and are condemned to suffer in was through the first sin of the first man. + Hell for your sins: do not think that you He asked, "Why did God cause men to can obtain salvation by making images, be obliged, with trouble, to labour in the and presenting offerings to them

to get a living » I told him, that it you

e denounced against have no better

the first man, for his wilful disobedience, this, your soul will be lost." He rec that he should eat bread by the sweat of plied " It is written in the Books) that, his browse And why, 1 said he, l' has if we make offerings, read the Books God made, cspme persons poor and af (Discourses of Buddhu) and cause them flicted, some, blind, some lame, some to be written, make bridges and roadsy and do the like good things, we

deaf and dumb 3 Why did He not make

all men alike ?' And why, if God has great good to our souls.

power to convert the hearts of all men, committed murder, and should read a and to turn all Buddhists to Christianity, book which I had written, in which it why does He not do so!?!?! I told him, was declared that persons who had brok that God could do all things; that nothing on the lasts of their country, if they was impossible with Him; that He could would present offerings to an image ret have made all men in the samestate and

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circumstances; and that He could, in one thing for us to inquire after, was, not why day, convert the hearts of all men. But God has done this, and why He has not why it had not pleased Him to do so, I done the other, but, Is there any way by could not tell.-I asked him, whether the which we, who have sinned against God, Governor of this country did not do can obtain salvation.

A person who many things, the reasons for which he had broken the laws of the Country, and did not make known to his subjects; and was condemned to die, would not be inwhether it was not just and right for him quiring why had the King done this thing to do so. He said that it was so. I and not done another thing ; but he would then said, “If it be just and right for the inquire, Can I be saved? Can I obtain Governor of this Country to do so, how the King's pardon ??-and I again pointed much more so is it for the Infinitely-wise to Him who had suffered and died for and Almighty Creator and Governor of sinners; and begged him to pray to God the world ?" I told him, that the proper to enlighten his mind.


NORTH-WEST-AMERICA MISSION. The attention of the Committee was having expressed a desire for the called, in 1820, to the neglected establishment of a Mission, and made state of the North-American Indians. an offer of co-operation, the CommitThe western parts of British Ame- tee concurred in the proposal; and, rica, lying between the high ridge in the following year, the Rev. D. T. called the Rocky Mountains and Jones left England for the purpose the North Pacific Ocean, and extend- of carrying the Society's plans into ing from about the 42d to the 57th effect; directing his attention, in the degree of north latitude, and the first instance, to the Settlers and HalfCountry on the eastern side of the breeds, but considering the spiritual same chain, between the Rocky welfare of the Native Indians as the Mountains and Hudson's Bay, un ulterior object of his labours, A visited in recent times by the Mis- School-House and Church having sionary, presented an ample scope been erected, it was soon found that for Christian Exertion.

they were inadequate to the accom 7* With such a field before them, modation of those who were desirous the Committee were glad to avail of instruction: in consequence, a themselves of any favourable oppor- second Church and School

were tunity which might occur of makin gerected; and Mr. West having retired an attempt towards introducing the from the Mission, the Rev. W. Cocklight of the Gospel into those exten- ran, cin 1825, sailed from England sive regions of moral darkness, which to share in Mr. Jones's labours. The had in past years engaged the atten- progress of the Mission has been en tion and drawn forth the labours of couraging, not only in the attendan Eliot and a Brainerd. The ance on the Schools and at Public John West, an active Member of the Worship, but in the seals which God Society, while residing in this Coun- has given to the Ministry of His Sertry, having, in 1820, on his being ap- vants among the Settlers and Halfpointed Chaplain to the Settlement breeds, and a few of the Indians. formed within the territories of the The number of Communicants some Hudson's-Bay Company, on the Red time ago amounted to 130 ; of whom Rivér, to the south of Lake Winni- 7 or 8 were Indians, to whose conpeg, offered his services in establish-sistency the Missionaries bore satising Schools in the vicinity of the Set- factory testimony. tlement, the sum of 1001. was placed From accounts recently received, at his disposal, to enable him to we lay before our Readers some nomake trial of his proposed plan. In tices of the Mission at the end of 1822, the Hudson's Bay Company July. We [RECORD, Dec. 1830.]


he Rev.


cause for palliating their wickedness. The Rev. D. T. Jones, accompa- They know not God or His Commandnied by Mrs. Jones, returned to his ments. How then could they love Him,

How could they labours last year, and reached the whom they knew not ? Red-River Settlement Oct. 4th. A obey those precepts of which they were House at the Grand Rapids being Rapids, those persons have regularly at

ignorant ? Since I came down to the in a sufficient state of forwardness tended Divine Service, both on Sundays for the Rev. W. Cockran and Mrs. and Tuesdays; and most of the Adults, who Cockran, they have removed thither: have been addicted to the worst of crimes, Mr. Jones continues at his former have come to the Sunday School every place of residence. The health of afternoon, and are now learning to read. Mr. William Garrioch, whose ser

The Gospel is now regularly preached vices in conducting the Schools have among them; they hear the glad tidings

of Salvation ; and do not shut their eyes been very valuable, having declined, against the Truth. I feel thankful for he has been obliged îo relinquish this glimmering of hope, and live in the his engagement with the Society. expectation that the Spirit of God will The Committee hope to send out a accompany the Gospel with power to Successor in the ensuing spring.

their hearts.

There are three stated Services in

Of these, Mr. Jones reportsthe Churches on the Lord's Day, been no changes whatever since last

In regard to the Schools, there have the attendance on which continues as usual. In reference to this, Mr. year, the numbers continuing the same.

There are Three Sunday Schools, atJones writes :

tended by an average of 150 or 160 The Congregations are large in pro- Children of all descriptions-Natives, portion to the extent of the population. Half-Castes, and Europeans. During The Colony being still in its infancy, re the past winter, there were Three Dayfinement has not ushered in any place of Schools, on a small scale, in operation, public resort; consequently, the Church is besides the Society's School under Mr. the only object of attraction.

Our au Garrioch. We do not find that value diences are generally attentive ; some placed upon Education, by either the giving heed, though others are ready to Children or their Parents, which it decall out Behold what a weariness is it!

It ought to be mentioned, also, Still we have much ground of encourage that the scattered state of the inhament; both from the fact of our having bitants, the poverty of some, together already begun to reap, and from the sure with the excessive rigour of winter, word of Jehovah, who has declared that present very serious obstacles to the His message to sinners shall not return efficiency of any system of Education to Him void.

which may be proposed. Of the people under his charge,

Indian Boys.
Mr. Cockran states-
Since the middle of June, my Congrega-

Two Indian Boys, Spogan and tion has consisted principally of Women Pilley, whom Governor Simpson and Children, and Old Men: there are brought about four years ago from a few Middle-aged Men, not many. This the Columbia River, on the other will continue till the middle of August, if side of the Rocky Mountains, and not till October.

placed under the care of the MisDuring the winter, the people were very regular in their attendance on Di-sionaries, left the Red River last vine Service, both on Sundays and Tues- year, on a visit to their parents. days. Many of my Congregation are

Mr. Cockran, after noticing their reseriously disposed, especially those who turn to the Station, addshave been in the habit of attending Di They have brought with them five vine Service at the Lower Church; but other Boys, one of whom is Brother to others, who live at the very bottom of Spogan: the other four are the Sons of the Settlement, wlio are daily associa- four different Chieftains, the Heads of ting with the Indians, live very profane four large Tribes of Indians dwelling on and wicked lives. But, still, there is much the other side of the Rocky Mountains.



The Boys appear shrewd, active, healthy, seed has been newly cast into the ground and promising, and manifest a conside- when this happens, it soon rots, and there rable desire to learn. They have no our hopes end : if it has germinated, and knowledge of the Indian Dialects now come above the ground, it is scorched, and spoken in Red River, neither do they becomes very sickly; and a great deal of understand one another: the general it dies, on account of the warm watery mode of communicating their ideas is by vapours with which it is surrounded. signs. At present, they are living with This spring, the whole of the people in

my neighbourhood have suffered severely Want of a School of Industry. from the heavy rains which fell in May. Mr. Jones, having suggested the In the beginning of the month, the rain desirableness

of a School of Industry came down in such abundance, that the for the Half-Breeds, thus notices the whole surface of the plains was a sheet of want of such an establishment:

water: this obstructed every kind of agriThere are hundreds of Children, many

culture for upwards of ten days. As soon of them Orphans, most of them destitute, cultivation, the people commenced sow

as the land was sufficiently dry to bear who continually drift to this place like weeds on the sea-shore, and cannot be ing: the seed-time lasted for twenty days.

After we had sown the wheat, and planted ameliorated or enlightened without some

the potatoes, the rain fell in such profuarrangement of this kind.

sion, that the ground was perfectly deTemporal Condition of the People at the luged: this continued till it destroyed a Lower Settlement.

large portion of the wheat, and most of Mr. Cockran thus notices, in July, the potatoes. This is a general calamity the temporal circumstances of those in this neighbourhood; but ten miles furwho are the subjects of his charge: ther up, it has been partially felt. Since The people of this lower part of the

the 15th June we have had only one slight Settlement are exceedingly poor; and shower. The ground is now parched meet with a great many temporal dis

with the long continuation of dry weather; couragements, arising from the nature

and all the wheat and barley in my neighof the soil and climate, and their inex- bourhood is withering, though scarcely in perience in providing for future contin

At present, there is very little gencies. They scarcely ever succeed in probability of a sufficiency of to serve raising as much grain as will serve their the wants of the inhabitants of this part families throughout the year. Few are

of the Settlement; and, being all poor, so rich as to possess a plough and yoke they are not able to purchase from those of oxen; therefore all that they can plant that are more affluent. and sow in the spring is to be done with Intended Erection of a New Church. the hoe. And besides, this neighbour Though we are poor, I am happy to hooď is a thicket of stunted oaks, thorns, inform you that our poverty does not dishazels, and willows; and, though these courage us from entering into plans for are small in stature, their roots have building another Church. We have taken an extensive hold of the earth, so already got wood rafted down the river, that a man cannot dig up many of them sufficient to build the frame of a house in a day; and particularly if he has to 50 feet long, 22 feet broad, and 11 feet attend his' nets for the subsistence of him high. We shall not be able to finish it self and family; which is frequently the this year; for if the substance of my case in seed-time, the long, winter havt whole Congregation was added together, ing exhausted their little store. And it would scarcely defray the expense after he has cleared the ground, and sown to labour and materials. But we intend, the seed and hoed it in, it is often' de- first, to collect as many stones as will stroyed by some fortuitous event. The lay the foundation; and there is one banks of the river are invariably higher mason among us, who promises to assist than the ground that lies behind; this us in laying it: the rest of us can do any prevents water from running into the thing that is requisite to be done : and if river; consequently, when a heavy thun God give us health, we intend to work der-storm falls, it stands on the ground at it till it is finished. Some will go to till it is absorbed or has evaporated: the pines, and saw boards; others, who and when these showers are frequent, the have got an axe, a saw, plane, and ground becomes fully saturated, and the chisel, will come and assist in putting up whole stands on the surface till, the the frame; others, who have a spade heat has dispersed it in vapours. If the and hoe, will dig mud ; and those who

the ear.

received and submitted to, as coming from

hood unication

have, oxen will haul it.

Thus, I hope thousands of miles of ice and snow and within the space of twelve months, we, trackless forests, a thought will dart shall have another House dedicated to the

across our minds

“We are separated Worship of God.

from our Christian Brethren; and if our 'Review of the Past.

names should not be written in the On looking back at the history of Lamb's Book of Life, what have we?

what are we? May we not conclude, the Mission, Mr. Cockran writes

with the Apostle, that if in this life only When we enumerate our mercies, we

we have a reward, we are of all men see great cause for thankfulness; and I the most miserable ?” A few words, in hope that we shall never, through the such a' season from a Brother who has treachery of our hearts, be led to forget been fed and satisfied with the goodness of the Giver of them all. God has been

God's House, and has a fresh view of the good to us, ever since we took our depar. Promised Land and a fresh taste of that ture from you. He has never left us love which passeth all understanding, prove comfortless in a time of trouble; never

an excellent oil, and give us fresh zeal to permitted us to despair in a time of

go' and seek after the sheep of Christ need; never forsaken us in the hour of that are scattered in the wilderness. danger; nor withheld from us the assis

Remarks on an anticipated Reduction of tance which we have at different times re

the Mission. quired. He has a claim to our confidence.

Our minds are prepared for the recepOh, that we may trust Him to the end ! He has a claim on

tion of any of the dispensations of Proour love and best yidence, whether prosperous or adverse ; obedience. I hope that He will ever so influence our hearts, by His Word and and, whatever intelligence might have

been forwarded to us would be no from Spirit, as to dispose us to love Him sua premely and serve Him constantly and God. Allowing that you should have faithfully. zisodi 9012200 > 199119

been under the painful necessity, on ac Beneficial

count of the diminution of your finances, from England.

of informing us that you could not underBoni The loneliness of his situation, take any new plan that would involve and the advantage of receiving Let- expense--allowing that your necessities

should have obliged you to withhold. a "ters from home, is-thus noticed by part of t that liberal support which you Mr. Cockran:

have hitherto granted to this, Mission We find a few lines from the Conduc... allowing that still greater necessities tors of the Society inspire-us with fresh-should have compelled you to inform us courage, as well as impart to ous à spirit that it was now doubtful whether you of diligence and perseverance The Sa-, should be able to continue any supports ered Writer informs us, that as iron could we not have said from our hearts, sharpeneth iron, so a man the corèntenance The Lord's will be done. He, who has

of his friendo We have often felt the hitherto. been our Helper, we trust, will energetic force and realized the truth of be so to the end. We will trust in the this passsage. When we survey our re Lord, and be doing good therefore: WCB lative situation, and conceive ourselves shall dwell in the land, and verily we shall separated from all civilized society by be fed.

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HOME PROCEEDINGS. A MEETING of the Vice-Patrons and Vice-Presidents of the Society, Life and Annual Governors, and General Committee, was held at Freemasons Tavern, November 17, 1830–the Right Hon. the President in the Chair when the present Financial Situation of the Society, as explained in the Address printed in the Church Missionary Record for November, pp.261_263, was taken into consideration. The Meeting was decidedly of opinion, that although Dopations would tend to relieve the difficulties of the Society, the - assistance peculiarly required is, an Increase of Annual Subscriptions, the

augmentation of the Society's regular Income being indispensable to the support of its existing Establishments. Under this conviction, many of

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