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The Report of the Business Committee was then presented by its Chairman, Mr. Hamilton A. Hill, of Massachusetts, as follows:

The Conference has decided that its next meeting shall be held in Madison, Wisconsin,-the precise time has not been fixed,but probably late in the month of July. The sessions will probably begin on Tuesday evening and last until Friday evening. Full particulars will be duly announced hereafter.

The Committee also reported the Standing Committees for 1881-2, which, with subsequent additions are as follows, all having been elected by the Conference:


On the Work of the Boards of State Charities.-GEORGE S. ROBINSON, Sycamore, Ill.; the Right Rev. G. D. GILLESPIE, Grand Rapids, Mich.; Hon. THOMAS TALBOT, North Billerica, Mass.; Mrs. CHARLES R. LOWELL, New York, N. Y.; W. W. REED, M.D., Jefferson, Wis.; Prof. GEORGE I. CHACE, Providence, R. I.; LEWIS PETERSON, JR., Allegheny, Pa.; WILLIS R. AUSTIN, Norwich, Conn.; W. H. NEFF, Cincinnati, O.; CHARLES F. COFFIN, Richmond, Ind.; W. H. LEONARD, M. D., Minneapolis, Minn.

On the Organization of Charities in Cities.-ROBERT TREAT PAINE, JR., Boston, Mass.; CHARLES E. CADWALADER, Philadelphia, Pa.; SETH Low, Brooklyn, N. Y.; T. GUILFORD SMITH, Buffalo, N. Y.; LEVI L. BARBOUR, Detroit, Mich.; Rev. CHARLES W. WENDTE, Cincinnati, O.; Rev. GEORGE E. GORDON, Milwaukee, Wis.; Rev. OSCAR C. MCCULLOCH, Indianapolis, Ind.; Rev. E. R. DONEHOO, Pittsburg, Pa.; C. B. LOCKWOOD, Cleveland, O.

On Immigration.-J. H. VAN ANTWERP, Albany, N. Y.; DAVID ROGERS, M.D., Mineola, N. Y.; DILLER LUTHER, M.D., Reading, Pa.; HAMILTON A. HILL, Boston, Mass.; Mrs. W. P. LYNDE, Milwaukee, Wis.; CHARLES S. HOYT, M.D., Albany, N. Y.; L. N. DIMMOCK, M.D., Santa Barbara, Cal.; JOHN J. WHEELER, E. Saginaw, Mich.

On Preventive Work among Children.-W. P. LETCHWORTH, Portageville, N. Y.; CHARLES L. BRACE, New York, N. Y.; Miss SARAH M. CARPENTER, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.; Mrs. CLARA T. LEONARD, Springfield, Mass.; Mrs. JOHN J. FAIRBANKS, Milwaukee, Wis.; Mrs. JOHN L. BEVERIDGE, Evanston, Ill.; R. BRINKERHOFF, Mansfield, O.; Mrs, JULIA C. R. DORR, Rutland, Vt.; P. CALDWELL, Louisville, Ky.; GEORGE E. HOWE, West Meriden, Conn.; Mrs. SAKAH B. COOPER, San Francisco, Cal. On Crime and Penalties.-Rev. JOHN L. MILLIGAN, Allegheny, Pa.; Prof. FRANCIS WAYLAND, New Haven, Conn.; Z. R. BROCKWAY, Elmira, N. Y.; Rev. FRANK RUSSELL, Mansfield, O.; LUKE P. BLACKBURN, Frankfort, Ky.; Mrs. ELLEN C. JOHNSON, Boston, Mass.; C. H. BOARDMAN, M.D., St. Paul, Minn.; F. L. HARALSON, Atlanta, Geo.

On Building Plans for Public Institutions.-R. BRINKERHOFF, Mansfield, Ohio; M. H. DICKINSON, Philadelphia, Pa.; W. R. WARE, New York, N. Y.; J. H. VIVIAN, M. D., Mineral Point, Wis.; WALTER CHANNING, M. D., Brookline, Mass.; J. M. GOULD, Moline, Ill.; P. B. LOOMIS, Jackson, Mich.

On Pauperism.-H. H. GILES, Madison, Wis.; GEORGE E. MCGONEGAL, Rochester, N. Y.; HENRY W. LORD, Mich.; M. D. FOLLETT, Marietta, Ohio; HENRY B. WHEELWRIGHT, Newburyport, Mass.; GEORGE A. CASWELL, Washington; CHARLES W. CHANCELLOR, M.D., Md.; R. D. MCGONNIGLE, Allegheny, Pa.; J. C. CORBUS, M.D., Mendota, Ill.; C. S. WATKINS, Davenport, Iowa; JOHN G. BAXTER, Louisville, Ky.

On the Education of the Blind.-WILLIAM B. WAITE, New York, N. Y.; M. ANAGNOS, Boston, Mass.; Mrs. SARAH C. LITTLE, Wis.; P. LANE, Baton Rouge, La.; W. H. CHURCHMAN, Indianapolis, Ind.; JAMES S. BIDDLE, Philadelphia, Pa.; B. B. HUNTOON, Louisville, Ky.; H. THANE MILLER, Cincinnati, Ohio.

On Statistical Reports.-Rev. FRED. H. WINES, Springfield, Ill.; F. B. SANBORN, Concord, Mass.; DILLER LUTHER, M.D., Reading, Pa.; A. Ó. WRIGHT, Madison, Wis.; G. W. BURCHARD, Madison, Wis.; A. G. BYERS, Columbus, Ohio; CHARLES S. HOYT, M.D., Albay, N. Y.; W. J. BAXTER, Lansing, Mich.; Prof. GEORGE I. CHACE, Providence, R. I.; W. R. AUSTIN, Norwich, Conn.; C. E. FAULKNER, Salina, Kansas.

The following resolutions on Civil Service Reform, presented by E. Winslow, of the Industrial Aid Society, Boston, were referred to the Committee on the Work of Boards of State Charities.

In view of the obstacles to the administration of Public Charities in many of the States and cities of the Union, the perversion of the public funds, the appointment of unfit persons to situations of great responsibility;

Resolved, That this National Conference in its next meeting will consider the subject of a reform in the manner of making these appointments, and the political influences which now control them.

Resolved, That the spoils system and a selfish ambition, leading to an abuse of patronage rather than to the efficient administration of Public Charities and the proper care of the unfortunate, is one cause of the corruption existing in many institutions.

Resolved, That Civil Service Reform is applicable to municipal and State governments, as well as to the national government, and that through this reform only can the obstacles to the proper administration of the Public Charities be removed, for only by the separation of the Public Charities from political influences can the root of the evil be reached.

Resolved, That a Committee be appointed to consider the subject, and report at the next meeting on the evils now existing and the best method to overcome them; also that all members of the Convention having knowledge or experience of the existing evils and obstacles be invited to communicate with this committee. Adjourned at 1.40, P. M.

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Before the passage of this vote, Mrs. Dall spoke as follows:

Mrs. DALL: I suppose the Conference will unite in this Resolution: That the thanks of this Conference be extended to Dr. Mosher and the officials of the Women's Prison for their courtesy on the occasion of our visit to the Women's Prison, and for the admirable discipline it was our great pleasure to witness there; also to Colonel Underwood and the officers of the institution at Deer Island for their hospitality.

The President then read the resolution as written (and as printed above), and called upon Mr. Paine, of Boston, to speak.

R. T. PAINE, Jr.: This is rather a sudden call. I would first express the feelings of satisfaction with which we of Massachusetts have listened to the words of commendation expressed about our prison at Sherborn. It was the first visit I had made to that institution, although I had heard about it with great interest for several years. I certainly feel the deepest satisfaction in everything I observed as to the methods and results of that institution, seeming to unite in a remarkable degree the two qualities of discipline and tenderness, which seemed to me to be the roots of its great success. May I add one word about another matter? As much as we are pleased with that institution, a few of us perhaps believe that we have in Massachusetts a much better institution than that, and that is no institution at all. I just crossed over to express a wish that Mrs. Leonard, to whom the application of this no institution idea, I believe, is due, would say a few words upon the subject. She in Springfield and Hampden county has, if I may not use the word discovered, at any rate applied, the principle of taking children out of institutions and placing them at once in carefully selected country homes. Now we have an institution that many of our citizens of Boston are proud of, where 229 children march by military discipline through the corridors, toe and heel following, eyes straight, reduced to machines. They go to school and they go to and play by mechanism; they are kindly taken care of. big institution. Now, going to the lea of taking every little child that


by the constant, friendly watching of some fit person living in the immediate neighborhood.

Mrs. Leonard declining to speak,

Mr. WINES said: I wish to endorse every word that Mr. Paine has said with so much delicacy and tenderness, and so much point. I move the adoption of the resolution. The discipline at Deer Island is admirable, because it shows the compassion, fidelity, and attention to duty of the officers, not because it is a good thing for the children; for it struck me, and I think the general expression of those in attendance-many inside and outside of Massachusetts-was, that the discipline was altogether too rigid for children of that age, and that it was painful to witness, while it did incite something of the sentiment of admiration to which the resolution refers.

The PRESIDENT: The Chair would suggest to Mr. Wines, while sympathizing fully with his remarks, that the resolution is well drawn in that respect, and does not commit the Conference to an endorsement of the method pursued at Deer Island. Would it not be ungracious to qualify a vote of thanks by an expression of dissatisfaction with methods which are not now in question?

Mrs. DALL: The resolution was a little obscurely written. I desire to thank the ladies and the officials of the Sherborn Prison for their discipline; the other officials for their courtesy and hospitality. I did not endorse the discipline at Deer Island.

The resolution was passed as above printed.


The Conference met at 9, A. M.

The Committee appointed to prepare resolutions upon the death of Ex-Gov. Bagley, of Michigan, presented the following through their chairman, W. J. Baxter, of Michigan:

Resolved, That we have learned with sincere sorrow of the death of ex-Governor Bagley, of Michigan, a prominent member of the Association, and chairman of one of its important committees, which occurred at San Francisco, Cal., on Wednesday of the present week. That in him we recognize a representative man, who devoted himself with earnestness, fidelity, and intelligent zeal to the duties of every position he was called to fill, and whether as a private citizen, a successful man, or as Governor of a great State, was ever mindful of the poor, the suffering and dependent classes, and an earnest and efficient worker in every department of charity and reforms, in whom we lose one of our most useful and honored members.

bered the charitable organizations in the same way, sending every Christmas to the Little Sisters of the Poor, who have charge of the Old People's Home and Orphan Asylums, from $100 to $500, and to other institutions that were struggling to do their work, and where he knew that every dollar that he gave would count directly; where it did not go to salaries or expenses, but where it put bread in some person's mouth or some garment upon his back, or where, as in the University, it was for direct gifts of books or apparatus. I call attention to that particularly, to show that he was a practical man. Everything which he did showed at once that it did good. It did good, not only absolutely in itself, but it encouraged other people to do the same kind of good. I have been associated with him in many business matters, and I know him to have been one of those men who are ever ready on a magnanimous scale to do what is to be done, and with no waste of time. While the war lasted, he was a power in the State, and a power that was felt outside of the State. Although he was not then governor, he exercised a large and direct influence. Gov. Bagley was a man whose every act counted.

Rev. FRED H. WINES, Secretary of the State Board of Charities, of Illinois, said:

I knew Gov. Bagley well. He was a very remarkable man. He lived in elegant style in the city of Detroit, where his home was one of refinement and of unbounded hospitality, adorned by a lovely wife and a most delightful group of children. He was a man of wonderfully warm and sympathetic and tender heart, a heart which seemed formed for affection; and it was particularly warm toward persons who are not calculated to win the affections of men in general. He took a special interest in the Michigan Reform School, and effected a re-creation of that institution. He also took a great interest in the State School for dependent children. The children there used to call him "Santa Claus," for he not only sent presents to them every Christmas, but his round, rosy, jolly face, and frosted beard and hair, gave him a peculiarly picturesque look, so that I have no doubt that many of those children absolutely confounded him with Santa Claus, and didn't know the difference between them. He had a strong character and a resolute will. He was a man of power and influence among men, capable of carrying his points and of bearing down opposition by the conviction which he created that his judgment was sound and safe. We have sustained a very great loss, and one which those who knew him personally will not cease to feel as long as they live and remember. I need not speak of his political prominence, his social influence, his great wealth, his business enterprise, because these are matters which do not so closely concern us. I, therefore, confine myself to those aspects of his character which relate to charitable work. There has probably never

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