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The former argument confirmed by an induction of particular instances-Joshua i. 5

opened–The concernment of all believers in that promise proved by the apostle,

Heb. xiii. 5- The general interest of all believers in all

the promises of God cleared
-Objections answered—How Old Testament promises may be improved-The pro-

mise insisted on relates principally to spirituals—The strength of it to the end in-

tended-1 Sam. xii. 22, to whom the promise there is given- The twofold use of this

promise-Threats to wicked men of use to the saints; promises to the saints of use

to wicked men-Isa. iv. 2-4, Ps. lxxxix. 30-37 opened-A condition of backsliding

supposed in believers, yet they not rejected-God's abiding with his saints upon

the account of his, 1. Faithfulness; 2. Loving-kindness; 3. Covenant; 4. Promise;

5. Oath-The intendment of the words insisted on from 1 Sam. xii. 22-Isa. xxvii.

2, 3, Zeph. iii. 17, illustrated-The intendment of these words, “I will not forsake

thee"--The reason of the promise, and means promised therein-No cause in them

to whom the promise is made-Ezek. xxxvi. 32, Isa. xliii. 22-25, opened; also lsa.

lvii. 17– The cause in God himself only-The “ name of God, what it imports; his

all-sufficiency engaged therein, and his goodness- The rise and fountain of all God's

goodness to his people in his own good pleasure-The sum of our argument from this

place of Scripture – Ps. xxiii. 4, 6, opened; the psalmist's use of assurance of perse-

verance-Inferences from the last use-2 Tim. iv. 18 opened-All believers in the

same condition as to perseverance with David and Paul—The second inference from

the place insisted on-Assurance a motive to obedience, and is the end that God in.

tends to promote thereby - Ps. cxxv. 1, 2, explained; Ps. xxxvii. 28; Deut. xxxiii. 3

-Inferences from that place of the psalmist - Perpetual preservation in the condi-

tion of saints promised to believers-Mr G.'s objections and exceptions to our expo-

sition and argument from this place removed-Promises made originally to persons,

not qualifications --Not the same reason of promises to the church and of threaten-

ings to sinners-Other objections removed - Isa. liv. 7–10, the mind of the Lord in

the promise mentioned in that place opened. The exposition given on that place

and arguments from thence vindicated – Direction for the right improvement of pro-

mises - Hos. ii. 19, 20, opened-Of the general design of that chapter-The first part,

of the total rejection of the church and political state of the Jews- The second, of

promises to the remnant according to the election of grace-Of this four particulars:

ì. Of conversion, verses 14, 15; 2. Of obedience and forsaking all false worship,

verses 16, 17; 3. Of peace and quietness, verse 18; 4. Discovering the fountain of ali

the mercies, verses 19, 20—Some objections removed—To whom this promise is made

- The promise farther opened; the persons to whom it is made-Verse 14 of that

chapter opened–The wilderness condition whereunto men are allured by the gospel,

what it imports: 1. Separation; 2. Entanglement--God's dealing with a soul in its

wilderness condition-Promises given to persons in that condition—The sum of the

foregoing promises - The persons to whom they are made farther described-The

nature of the main promise itself considered-Of the main covenant between God

and his saints- The properties of God engaged for the accomplishment of this pro-

mise-Mr G's exposition of this place considered and confuted-John X. 27-29

opened, vindicated,

Dan, ix. 24 opened-Rom. viii. 34, deliverance from all sin, how by the death of

Christ - The law innovated in respect of the elect—The vindictive justice of God

satisfied by the death of Christ -- How that is done- Wherein satisfaction doth

consist; absolute, not conditional-The law, how fulfilled in the death of Christ-

The truth of God thereby accomplished; his distributive justice engaged-Observa-

tions for the clearing of the former assertions-Whether any one for whom Christ

died may die in sin-The necessity of faith and obedience-The reasons thereof-

The end of faith and holiness-The first argument for the proof of the former asser-

tions concerning the fruit and efficacy of the death of Christ, Heb. ix. 14–The second

-The third–The compact between the Father and Son about the work of media-

tion-The fourth-Good things bestowed on them for whom Christ died antecedently

to any thing spiritually good in them-The Spirit so bestowed, and faith itself, The
close of those arguments-Inferences from the foregoing discourse-The efficacy of

the death of Christ, and the necessity of faith and obedience, reconciled-Sundry

considerations unto that end proposed : 1. All spiritual mercies fruits of the death

of Christ; 2. All the fruits of Christ's death laid up in the hand of God's righteous-

ness; 3. The state of them for whom Christ died not actually changed by his death;

4. On what account believing is necessary-Christ secures the stability of the saints'

abiding with God-What is contrary thereunto; how by him removed–The world

overcome by Christ, as managed by Satan in an enmity to the saints—The complete

victory of Christ over the devil—The ways whereby he completes his conquest- The

rule of Satan in respect of sinners twofold: 1. Over them; 2. In them-The title of

Satan to a rule over men judged and destroyed by Christ- The exercise of all power

taken from him—The works of Satan destroyed by Christ in and for his elect--The

Holy Spirit procured by the death of Christ – The giving of the Spirit the great pro-

mise of the new covenant-This farther proved and confirmed–The perpetual resi.

dence of the Holy Spirit with believers proved by the threefold testimony of Father,

Son, and Spirit-Isa. lix. 21, the testimony of the Father proposed and vindicated

Our argument from hence farther cleared–This promise absolute, not conditional-

No condition rationally to be affixed to it-The import of these words, “ As for me”

-To whom this promise is made—That farther cleared— Not to all Israel according

to the flesh-Mr G.'s objections answered–The testimony of the Son given to the

perpetual abiding of the Spirit with believers-John xiv. 16 opened— The promise

in those words equally belonging to all believers-Mr G.'s objections answered-No

promise of the Spirit abiding with believers on his principle allowed— The promise

given to the apostles personally, yet given also to the whole church-Promises made

to the church made to the individuals whereof it is constituted–The giving of this

promise to all believers farther argued from the scope of the place, and vindicated

from Mr G.’s exceptions-The third testimony, of the Holy Spirit himself, proposed

to consideration- His testimony in sealing particularly considered, 2 Cor. i. 22;
Eph. i. 13, iv. 30–of the nature and use of sealing amongst men- The end, aim, and

use, of the sealing of the Holy Ghost-Mr G.'s objections and exceptions to our argu-

ment from that sealing of the Spirit considered and removed—

The same farther

carried on, etc.,

288

Entrance into the digression concerning the indwelling of the Spirit-The manner of the

abode of the Spirit with them on whom he is bestowed_Grounds of the demonstra-

tions of the truth- The indwelling of the Spirit proved from the promises of it-

Express affirmations of the same truth-Ps. li. 11, Rom. viii. 9, opened-Verses 11,

15; 1 Cor. ii. 12; Gal. iv. 6, opened—2 Tim. i. 14-The Spirit in his indwelling, dis-

tinguished from all his graces-Evasions removed-Rom. v. 5 explained–The Holy

Ghost himself, not the grace of the Holy Ghost, there intended - Rom. viii. 11 opened

-Gal. v. 22-A personality ascribed to the Spirit in his indwelling: 1. In personal

appellations, 1 John iv. 4; John xiv. 16, 17—2. Personal operations--Rom. viii. 11,

16, explained—3. Personal circumstances-The Spirit dwells in the saints as in a

temple, 1 Cor. iii. 16, vi. 19—The indwelling of the Spirit farther demonstrated from

the signal effects ascribed in the Scripture to his so doing; as, 1. Union with Christ

-Union with Christ, wherein it consisteth– Union with Christ by the indwelling

of the same Spirit in him and us—This proved from, (1.) Scriptural declarations of

it-2 Pet. i. 4, how we are made partakers of the divine nature-Union expressed

by eating the flesh and drinking the blood of Christ-John vi. 56 opened–The prayer

of our Saviour for the union of his disciples, John xvii. 21-The union of the persons

in the Trinity with themselves—(2.) Scriptural illustrations for the manifestation

of union-The union of head and members, what it is, and wherein it doth consist

-Of the union between husband and wife, and our union with Christ represented

thereby-Of a tree and its branches-Life and quickening given by the indwelling

Spirit, in quickening, life, and suitable operations-2. Direction and guidance given

by the indwelling Spirit-Guidance or direction twofold— The several ways whereby

the Spirit gives guidance and direction unto them in whom he dwells- The first way,

by giving a new understanding, or a new spiritual light upon the understanding

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THE IMPROVEMENT OF THE DOCTRINE.

The improvement of the doctrine of perseverance in reference to the obedience and con.

solation of the saints—Why its tendency to the promoting of their obedience is first

handled, before their consolation-Five previous observations concerning gospel

truths in general--1. That all are to be received with equal reverence-2. That the

end of them all is to work the soul into a conforinity to God; proved by several

scriptures, 2 Tim. iii. 16, 17; Tit. i. 1, etc.—3. Some truths have a more immediate

tendency hereunto than others have, 2 Cor. v. 1444. Most weight is to be laid by

believers upon such--5. Men are not themselves to determine what truths have most

in them of this tendency, etc.—Gospel obedience, what it is, and why so called-Its

nature-1. In the matter of it, which is all and only the will of God-2. In the form

of it, which is considered-(1.) In the principle setting it on work, faith-(2.) In the

manner of doing it, eyeing both precepts and promises—(3.) The end aimed at in it,

the glory of God as a rewarder, Heb. xi. 6; Rom. iv. 4–The principle in us whence

it proceeds, which is the new man, the Spirit, proved, Eph. iii. 16-19, etc. - What

kind of motives conduce most to the carrying on of this obedience, namely, such as

most cherish this new man, which they do most that discover most of the love of God

and his good-will in Christ-Such as these are alone useful to mortification and the

subduing of the contrary principle of flesh, which hinders our obedience, proved,

Tit ii. 11, 12; Rom. vi.-What persons the improvement of this doctrine concerns;

only true believers, who will not abuse it-How this doctrine of perseverance con-

duces so eminently to the carrying on of gospel obedience in the hearts of these true

believers-1. By removing discouragements-(1.) Perplexing fears, which impair

their faith; (2.) Hard thoughts of God, which weaken their love: without which

two, faith and love, no gospel obedience performed-2. Unspeakable obligations to

live to God hence put upon the souls of the saints-Objections concerning the abuse

of this truth to presumption and carelessness discussed, examined at large, and

removed–The mortification of the flesh, wherein it consists, how it is performed

The influence of the doctrine of the saints' perseverance thereinto-Dread and terror

of hell not the incans of mortification, at large proved by showing quite another means

CHAPTER XI.

ARGUMENTS AGAINST THE DOCTRINE CONSIDERED.

The entrance into an answer to Mr G.'s arguments against the doctrine of the saints'

perseverance-Ilis sixth argument, about the usefulness of the doctrine under consi-

deration to the work of the ministry, proposeil-His proof of the minor proposition

considered and answered— Many pretenders to promote godliness by false doctrines

-Mr G.'s common interest in this argument -His proofs of the usefulness of his

doctrine unto the promotion of godliness considered and answered–The consequence

of his arguing discovered–The doctrine by him opposed mistaken, ignorantly or

wilfully-Objections proposed by Mr G. to himself to be answered— The objection

as proposed disowned --Certainty of the love of God, in what sense a motive to obe-

dience—The doctrine of apostásy denies the unchangeableness of God's love to

believers; placeth qualifications in the room of persons-How the doctrine of per-

severance promiseth the continuance of the love of God to believers—Certainty of

reward encouraging to regular action - Promises made to persons qualified, not sus-

pended upon those qualifications-Means appointed of God for the accomplishment

of a determined end certain-Means not always conditions-Mr G.'s strange infer-

ence concerning the Scripture considered --The word of God by him undervalued

and subjected to the judgment of vain men as to its truth and authority-The pre-

tended reason of the former proceeding discussed–The Scripture the sole judge of

what is to be ascribed to God, and believed concerning him-The doctrine of the

saints' perseverance falsely imposed on, and vindicated-Mr G.'s next objection

made to himself agaiust his doctrine-Its unseasonableness as to the argument in

hand demonstrated-No assurance of the love of God, nor peace left the saints, by

the doctrine of apostasy-The ground of peace and assurance by it taken away

Ground of Paul's consolation, 1 Cor. ix. 27 – The meaning of the word de dóziness -Xn-

other plea against the doctrine attempted to be proved by Mr G.–That attempt

considered - Not the weakness of the Hesh naturally, but the strength of lust spirit-

ually pretended – The cause of sin in the saints farther discussed – The power ascribed

by Mr G. to men for the strengthening and making willing the Spirit in them con-

sidered— The aptness of the saints to perform, what and whence-The opposition

they have in them thereunto--Gospel obedience, how easy-The conclusion-Answer

to chap. xiii. of his book proposed,

Mr G.'s entrance and preface to his arguments from the apostasy of the saints considered

--The weakness of his first argument-The import of it-Answer to that first argu-

ment-Doctrine may pretend to give God the glory of being no accepter of persons,

and yet be false-Justification by works of that rank and order - Acceptation of

persons, what, and wherein it consisteth-No place for it with God-Contrary to

distributive justice --- The doctrine of the saints perseverance charged with render.

ing God an accepter of persons unjustly-What it says looking this way-The sum

of the charge against it considered and removed-Mr G.'s second argument, and the

weight by him hung thereon—The original of this argument-By whom somewhat

insisted on-The argument itself in his worils proposed - Of the use and end of the

ministry-Whether weakened by the doctrine of perseverance-Entrance into an

answer to that argument--The foundation laid of it false, and why-It falsely im-

poseth on the doctrine of perseverance sundry things by it disclaimed–The first

considered–The iniquity of those impositions farther discovered–The true state of

the difference as to this argument declared–The argument rectitied–The re-enforce-

ment of the minor attempted and considered-The manner of God's operations with

and in natural and voluntary agents compared-Efficacy of grace and liberty in man

consistent-An objection to himself framed by Mr G. -That objection rectified-

Perseverance, how "absolutely and simply necessary;" how not-T'he removal of

the pretended objection farther insisted on by Mr G. - That discourse discussed,

and manifested to be weak and sophistical—The consistency of exhortations and

promises farther cleared-The manner of the operation of grace in and upon the

wills of men considered— The inconsistency of exhortations with the efficacy of grace

disputed by Mr G.–That discourse removed, and the use of exhortations farther

cleared-Obedience to them twofold, habitual, actual-Of the physical operation of

grace and means of the word— Their compliance and use-How the one and the

other affect the will-Inclination to persevere, when wrought in believers-Of the

manner of God's operation on the wills of men-Mr G.'s discourse and judgment

considered-Effects follow, as to their kind, their next causes—The same act of the

will physical and moral upon several accounts—Those accounts considered-God,

by the real efficacy of the Spirit, produceth in us acts of the will morally good-

That confirmed from Scripture-Conclusion from thence-Of the terms “physical,”

"moral," and "necessary, and their use in things of the nature under considera-

tion-Moral causes of physical effects.

The concurrence of physical and moral causes

for producing the same effect-The efficacy of grace and exhortations—“Physical"

and necessary," how distinguished—“Moral" and "not necessary” confounded by

Mr G.–Mr G.'s farther progress considered—What operation of God on the will of

man he allows-All physical operation by him excluded-Mr G.'s sense of the dif-

ference between the working of God and a minister on the will, that it is but gra-

dual; considered and removed— All working of God on the will by him confined to

persuasion-Persuasion gives no strength or ability to the person persuaded-All

immediate actings of God to good in men by Mr G. utterly excluded-Wherein

God's persuading men doth consist, according to Mr G.-1 Cor. iii. 9 considered-Of
the concurrence of divers agents to the production of the same effect—The sum of

the seventh section of chap. xiii. — The will, how necessitated, how free-In what

sense Mr G. allows God's persuasions to be irresistible–The dealings of God and

men ill compared-Paul's exhortation to the use of means, when the end was cer-

tain, Acts xxvii. 21-36, considered-God deals with men as men, exhorting them;

and as corrupted men, assisting them-Of promises of temporal things, whether all

conditional-What condition in the promise made to Paul, Acts xxvii. 24–Farther

of that promise; its infallibility and means of accomplishment-The same considera-

tions farther prosecuted-Of promises of perseverance and exhortations to perform

in conjunction-Mr G.'s opposition hereunto–Promises and exhortations in con.

junction - 1 Cor. x. 12, 13 discussed-An absolute promise of perseverance therein

evinced-Phil

. ii. 12, 13, to the same purpose, considered—Mr G.'s interpretation of

that place proposed, removed-Heb. vi. 4-6, 9, to the same purpose insisted on-Of the

consistency of threatenings with the promises of perseverance-Mr G. 's opposition

hereunto considered and removed-What promises of perseverance are asserted; how

absolute and unfrustrable-Fear of hell and punishment twofold-The fear intended

to be ingenerated by threatenings not inconsistent with the assurance given by

promises—Five considerations about the use of threatenings—The first, etc.-Hypo-

crites, how threatened for apostasy-Of the end and aim of God in threatenings-Of

the proper end and efficacy of threatenings with reference unto true believers – Fear

of hell and punishment, how far a principle of obedience in the saints-Of Noah's

fear, Heb. xi. 7-Mr G.'s farther arguings for the efficacy of the fear of hell unto

obedience in the saints proposed, considered, removed-1 John iv. 18 considered-

Of the obedience of saints to their heavenly Father, compared to the obedience of

children to their natural parents-Mr G.'s monstrous conception about this thing.

How fear and love are principles of obedience, and in what sense—That which is

done from fear not done willingly nor cheerfully-How fear, and what fear, bath

torment-Of the nature and use of promises-Close of the answer to this argu.

ment,

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