Imágenes de páginas

seems, however, good reason to believe that some unknown in Europe. . It is said to have been first impurity in the charcoal, and not the charcoal itself, invented by Louis de Berquin, a native of Bruges, in was fused; and hence the apparent increase in hard- 1456. The natural form assumed by the diamond is ness, Could it once be really fused, it is probable the same as that assumed by the crystals of alum, that, like many other bodies, it would crystallize in namely, an octohedron, which consists of two fourcooling, and thus form the diamond. By the appli- sided pyramids, joined together base to base. The cation of intense beat, the diamond can be made to line passing round the common base, separating the burn away in the same manner as cbarcoal, and to pyramids, is called the girdle ; and the imaginary line, form precisely the same gaseous result as would be joining the two summits, or points, is called the axis. obtained from a piece of pure charcoal of the same The clasp of the dress of Charlemagne,

Fig. 2. weight.

which is preserved at the Abbey of St.
Fig. Le

Denis to the present time, contains
four large uncut diamonds of this
shape, which must indeed have been
the only form of diamond known to
the ancients, since they were unac-
quainted with the mode of cutting

The first operation in preparing a rough diamond is to grind away some or all of the faces or triangular surfaces, in such a manner as to reduce the girdle to the form of a perfect square. It is also desirable that each side of this square should be, as nearly as convenient, equal to about half the length of the axis. The stone is then fit to be cut into either a brilliant, or a rose diamond; which are almost the only forms in which diamonds are now cut. In the rose diamond one of the pyramids is cut into a kind of dome, covered with triangular facets, and terminating in a point. This forms the projecting part when the diamond is set, and is called the table side. The part on the other side of the girdle is called the collet, and is imbedded in the cavity made to receive the stone. In rose diamonds the collet is much more shallow and less cut, than the table side; but, in brilliants, the collet is about twice as deep as the projecting portion, which latter does not terminate in a point, but has an octagonal flat surface called the table.

TIG. 3. ROSE DIAMOND. The apparatus employed for exhibiting the results of the combustion of the diamond is here shown. It consists of a glass globe, having a large aperture; the stop-cock, which screws into this cap, has a jet, A, rising from it, nearly into the centre of the globe ; this is destined to convey a small stream of hydrogen, which is ignited by electricity, by means of the conducting wires, cc; the knot, D, communicating with an electrical machine.

At the upper part of the jet is a little platinum cup, pierced full of holes, which Frout or Table,

Back or Collet. serves as a grate to hold the diamonds. In using this

TIG, 4. BRILLIANT. apparatus, the globe is first exhausted of its air by the air-pump, and filled with oxygen gas; a stream of hydrogen is then forced in by means of a bladder containing this gas, which is ignited at the jet by means of an electric spark: the hydrogen flame heats the cup and diamonds white-hot: the hydrogen is removed, and the diamonds will then burn with a strong white heat, converting the oxygen of the globe into carbonic acid gas. A fabulous account is given by Pliny of the dis


Collet. solving of the diamond for the lapidary's use, which Heat is often applied to diamonds with very is sufficient to prove that the ancients were aware of beneficial effect, and is found to dissipate the flaws, the property of its powder or dust for cutting, en and coloured specks and veins, which are so common graving, and polishing other stones. In fact, they

In fact, they in them. Beckmann states that he once saw carried the art of gem-sculpture to great perfection diamond subjected to heat, in order to the removal of by its means, while they were wholly unacquainted a large brown spot which greatly impaired its beauty. with the art of cutting the diamond itself. They The effect of the heat was to disperse the matter of satisfied themselves with such as were polished the spot throughout the whole stone, and cause it to naturally, and these were valued according to the assume a rich and equally diffused red colour; and it beauty and perfection of their crytallization and was in consequence sold at a great profit, as a red transparency. Until the middle of the fifteenth cen diamond. Another diamond which had a spot tury the art of cutting and polishing the diamond was apparently similar was then treated in the same




mamer, but in this case, the impurity spread, and the enjoyments, rendered the cultivation of arts, manu. whole gem assumed a blackish hue which greatly factures, and commerce necessary to her social exdiminished its beauty and value.

istence, there was not any intermediate class between The powder of the diamond is not only the best the nobleman and peasant,-in fact, no middle rank that can be used by the lapidary and gem engraver, in society capable of supplying the void. In 1264, but it is also more economical than emery, or any therefore, Boleslaus, then sovereign of Poland, beother material for cutting, engraving, and polishing thought himself of at once creating such a class, by hard stones. The extensive use of the diamond to inviting the Jews to settle among his subjects. Gerglaziers and glass cutters is well known. The many furnished his land with mechanics and dealers, glazier's diamond is set in a steel socket, and attached and in a few short years it was overspread with them to a wooden handle, not much larger than a pencil. as if by magic. The point of the natural crystal alone is available for The character of the two races, however dissimilar their use, for it is a remarkable fact, that when dia- it was, fitted them for associating together. The Jew monds are cut or split they will not answer the same was uncleanly, and so was the Pole; here, then, there purpose; they will scratch the glass, but it will not was no stumbling-block in the way: the Pole was break along the scratch, as it does when a point of rash and reckless, the Jew peaceable and patient; the natural crystal is used.

the Pole is fond of exercising power, the Jew bends In that part of the process of engraving called quietly to it; the Pole allows no might or right to etching, an application of the diamond has been made, any but an equal, the Jew contends for no right which is of great importance to the art. Steel points which is not common property; with all this, the were formerly used called etching-needles, but these Pole is generous and extravagant, while none may so soon became blunt by friction against the copper, surpass the Jew in profiting by other's foibles; the that it was impossible to make what are called flat or Pole knows nothing of accounts, the Jew has them at even tints, but the diamond being turned to a coni- his fingers' ends; the Pole lives but for the present cal point, or otherwise cut to a proper form, is not day, and is at sea in the hour of need, while the Jew worn away by the friction of the copper, and con. never leaps without looking, and comes to the Pole's sequently the lines drawn by it are of equal thickness. rescue whenever the sky lowers; in fine, the Pole is Mr. Lowry the eminent engraver, who made this afraid of work, the Jew neither of toil nor trouble. application of the diamond some years ago, caused The black-eyed daughter of Israel was a mainstay his diamond etching points to be turned in a lathe, of the new community; for many an Esther exercised by holding a thin splinter of diamond against them sovereign sway at the court of Warsaw, particularly as a chise).

the favourite mistress of Casimir the Great, who gave

them equality of rights with his own lieges in the THE POLISH JEWS.

courts of law, exempted them from public burdens,

such as supplying men for his army, &c., and enacted Tae spread of the Hebrew race throughout Poland laws to protect them from the caprice and tyranny of is one of the most singular phenomena in the history the landed gentry. In spite of every enactment, of modern nations. From the Black Sea to the however, they were then, and have ever since been, Baltic, from Riga and Danzig to Odessa, and in every most cruelly trampled upon by the Polish nobles, intermediate town, the Jews have risen into a degree who treat the Jews on their properties according to of weight and influence, as well as predominance in their sovereign good pleasure; for woe betide the point of numbers, to which none of the children of caitiff who dare even whisper of calling in the laws to Israel in any other country can make the slightest his defence. He must pay whatever tax his master pretension.

There is not a town in the extensive chooses to impose upon him; but the latter is distrack, to which I refer, in which they have not creet enough to avoid pushing his extortions to such monopolized every avocation connected with trade, an extreme as would drive the Israelite to “cut and mechanics, and manufactures, save and except the run." The law prohibits the noble from whipping or crafts of the smith and carpenter, and no business is manually chastising him; but the Jew knows his to be transacted without their intervention, however master's infirmity of temper, and therefore submits to important or trivial. The nobleman must employ a it in humble patience. If the lord pull his beard, he Jew to sell his grain, and the master of a family can. gives him full permission to do the same by the first not obtain a steward, servant, cook, or even a teacher countryman he may chance to encounter. for his children, excepting through one of the frater It was formerly the custom in Poland for noblemen nity: he is the land-agent for letting property, the to maintain Jews as fools or jesters under their collector for getting in moneys, the factor for purchas- roofs; nor has the custom been entirely done away ing goods and stores,-nay, I scarcely overstep the with in the present day. It is a common thing to find truth when I affirm, that, without the aid of a son of Jewish fools quartered in the country houses of the Abraham, you can neither dire, nor ride, nor travel, Polish gentry; nothing comes amiss to these poor nor get a night's lodgings, nor dress yourself. It is creatures; they stand in the same relation to the not long since that the Jews were the exclusive household as a pet dog does among ourselves, occupy farmers of all the duties, mines, and salt-works in a corner in their master's apartment, and eat at the Poland; and even now they hold the collecting of the same table, but are the scape-goats on whom every turnpike and highway rates, and the bridge-tolls, as member of the family may vent his spleen or jocosity, well as the distilleries, almost entirely in their hands. ad libitum. I heard much of such a miserable piece Every nobleman in Poland, whether in town or of mortality, who was living under a rich Pole's roof country, has an Israelite for his factotum, without a few years ago. He had received the high-sounding whom he would be like a human trunk sans arms name of Prince John, and whether in moments of or legs. Even in negociating for the hire of a carriage jest or earnest, was known by no other. He was and horses, the proprietor did not dare to deal with dressed after as elegant a fashion as the master of us but through a Jewish agent,

the house, and prodigally feasted by all within During the middle ages, when Poland became great doors,--a favourite lap-dog could not have been more enough to claim rank among European nations, and daintily crammed. It was his imperative duty to her conquests, affluence, and thirst for civilized swallow whatever was given him, whether it were

sugar to tickle his palate, or a dose of bitters by way | vanquish it, let us see how true wisdom ordains us to of a change. Prince John had his fits of humour like sustain it. his fellow favourites; sometimes the evil sprite was How many are ignorant of the value of resignation, laid by a box of sweetmeats; at others, driven out by or confound it with weakness! The courage of resigwhat was less palatable-a good whipping. His nation is, perhaps, the most high and rare of all the direst foes were to be found in the nursery; for the forms of that virtue. Man received the gift directly children made him play the part of a horse, an ass, from the Author of his being. His desires, inquietudes, or a dancing bear, just as the frolic of the moment misguided opinions, the fruits of an ambitious and incalled for it: on these occasions he was somewhat congruous education, have weakened its force in the mercilessly dealt with; but he never went without his soul. Who can read the anecdote of the American reward—a jar of syrup, which they insisted upon his wilderness without thrilling emotion? emptying under their noses. Sundays were masque

An Indian, descending the Niagara river, was rade days to him: they dressed him up one day as thrown into the rapids above the sublime cataract. king of the Hottentots, and on another as Brahma, The nursling of the desert rowed with an incredible or Jupiter, or Pluto, as the whim seized them. They vigour at first, in an intense struggle for life. Seeing found a hearty seconder in their father, who would his efforts useless, he dropped his oars, sung his deathpush his tricks with the prince to a much keener song, and floated in calmness down the abyss. His extent,--nay, at times, even to blood-shedding. One example is worthy of the imitation of a Christian. day, for instance, he found Prince John in the yard While there is hope, let us nerve all our force to avail of his mansion, upon returning from the chace, which ourselves of all the chances it suggests. When hope had not afforded him a single shot; his ire was up at ceases, and peril must be braved, wisdom counsels the disappointment, and needed a vent. “I hope calm resignation. your excellency bas met with good sport!" exclaimed In regard to unconquerable evils, the true doctrine the prince, with a friendly greeting and most obse- is not vain resistance, but profound submission. It quious bow. “Begone, execrable wretch !" retorted conceals the outline of what we have to suffer as with his lord, “I haven't so much as winged a prattling a veil. It hastens to bring us the fruit of consoling pie! My charge lies yet in the barrel ! But stop a

time. It opens our eyes to a clearer view of the posbit, caitiff! you're the magpie's twin-brother, and I'll sessions which remain to us. It precedes hope, as have my shot yet. Quick, quick ! mount that tree; twilight ushers in the day.

D. quick, I

say; or I'll send the whole charge into your cranium. Climb away :-higher, sirrah !--perch on FIRST STEAM TRIP ON THE MISSISSIPPI, that branch yonder !-that's the thing !--Now, chat

AND EARTHQUAKE, IN 1811. terer, sit still and hold fast!" He then took sure aim at the Jew's legs, and pulled the trigger; down came

WERE there no other visible proofs that man, who is the poor fellow, howling and screaming, prostrate in tion of his Creator, in extending his thoughts to the

of few days and full of trouble, only fulfils the inten. the yard, where his master left him with a loud laugh

vast and the infinite, whether as it respects space or at his feat, and trotted off to his own door, at which he dismounted in the best of humours with his sport.

time, we might presume this from the objects that Prince John was brought home, carefully tended and placed far beyond the sphere of his necessities.

solicit his contemplation being in so many instances made whole, feasted for some days on sugar-plums and honey, and was quite content to abide his future

Ancient monuments, of more or less remote antiquity, fortunes under the same roof.

prompt speculations and inquiries which do not in Such scenes are but too characteristic of the temper prodigiously enlarge the range of his thoughts-the

the least concern his bodily wants or enjoyments, but and manners prevalent among the generality of the Polish gentry. But in Galicia, the Austrian govern

labours that ensure to him food and clothing, might ment have set a curb upon all this tyrannous bearing

be conducted under a sky filled with one uniform towards the Jewish race, and both master and man

brightness during the day, and presenting one dusky are the happier for it*. -Letter from Lemberg, by J.

and unbroken pall at night—but then the sun, and G. Kohl.

the moon, and the stars, all in apparent motion from east to west, and some having various other motions

which the fixed stars make more distinguishable; all RESIGNATION.

these prove that man was made for contemplation I grant that we are surrounded by real dangers. I as well as toil, and tempt his mind to expatiate in pretend not to be above suffering; and I attach no an immensity beyond and above the narrow limits of merit to becoming the reckless dupe of men or chance. his daily occupations. But the order of events, which we call by the name But it is not mere contemplation that is thus exof chance, is more sage than any that human calcu. cited. Other appearances excite wonder, and awe, lation can arrange. The highest philosophy is at the and fear-thus arousing the conscience and teaching same time the most simple and practicable. There is humility to the natural pride of man.

Of this we no error more common than one which is taken for have a remarkable instance in the contemporaneous profound wisdom. Most men look too deep for the occurrence in North America, about thirty years ago, springs of events and the motives of action. In of the first voyage of a steamer on the Mississippidifficult alternatives we shall be most wise in trusting an event calculated to produce a feeling of exultation the course of events freely to a higher arm. If we are at the triumph of human art over natural obstaclesmenaced by an evident peril, let us summon all our

and of that most fearful of all interruptions to the orenergy, and courageously struggle to ward it off, If dinary course of nature-an earthquake. . after all, neither wisdom can evade it, nor bravery From Mr. C. J. Latrobe's Rambler in North Ame

rica we gather the following facts, and have thrown * The proportion of Jews to the Christian population of Poland is about ten in every ninety-six individuals; the actual numbers

them into a shorter statement than Mr. L's. being, 458,646 Jews and 3,899,863 Christians. In Warsaw, the

The success of steam navigation on the Hudson Polish metropolis, the proportion is much greater, every fourth'indi- naturally suggested its practicability on the western vidual being of the Israelite persuasion; namely, 36,390 Jewis, and rivers of the United States. Mr. Roosevelt of New 139,071 Christians.-Transactions of the Imperial Academy of St. York, pursuant to an agreement with Chancellor Petersburg

Livingston and Mr. Fulton, surveyed these rivers by shocks of an earthquake communicated from the from Pittsburg to New Orleans, in 1809. His report island to the bows of the boat. As the day broke, was favourable, and under his direction, the first after this long and anxious night, they found they boat was built and launched on the Ohio, at Pitts were near where the Ohio enters the Mississippi, and burgh, in 1811. Being intended to ply between although the shores and channels were so changed Natchez and New Orleans, whose name it bore, it as not to be recognised, about noon they reached left Pittsburg, without freight or passengers, Mr. R. New Madrid, a small town on the latter of these and his young family, Mr. Baker, the engineer, rivers. There they found the utmost distress and Andrew Jack, the pilot, and six hands, with a few fear; part of the people had fled to the higher domestics, formed her whole burden. Mr. R., having grounds; others prayed to be received on board, for discovered two beds of coal, on his previous survey, the earth was gaping on all sides, and the houses about 120 miles below Louisville rapids, he now took were hourly falling around them. tools to work them, in order that by a supply of coal They found the Mississippi as they advanced, though he might save delays to the boat in getting wood, at all times a fearful stream, unusually swollen, there being as yet no wood-yards for that purpose. muddy, and full of trees; and though they neither

Late on the fourth night they safely reached Louis- felt nor saw signs of any more earthquakes, it was ville,-a distance of above 700 miles. Many settlers, | not without many days more of much peril that they who had never heard of the invention, were filled | at last reached Natchez, to the great astonishment of with fear and wonder at the strange shape and mar all, the escape of the boat having been thought imvellous fleetness of the boat; and it is said that on its possible arrival before Louisville by clear moonlight, multi Such was the first steam voyage on the Ohio tudes ran from their beds to ascertain what was the and Mississippi. cause of the extraordinary sound made by the escaping steam on the engine being stopped. It is said that some thought that the splendid comet of that

CASTLES IN THE AIR, year must have fallen into the Ohio. The lowness of the water at the rapids, detained the boat for three Tue habit of castle-building, as it is called, in which weeks in the upper part of the Ohio, but in the last

so many persons are accustomed to employ their week of November, as the waters rose, it resumed its

vacant and solitary hours, is yet far from being either

an innocent or a safe exercise of the mind. To voyage.

On arriving at the first of the two beds of coal be constantly dwelling on imaginary pictures of which they had by this time bought from the grandeur or felicity, feeding the vanity and inflaming government, they found a quantity quarried to hand

the desires with visions of prosperity which circumby some unknown depredators, and were employed stances forbid us to realize, has an obvious tendency

to make us restless and dissatisfied in the station in conveying it on board, when they learned for the first time from some of the squatters about the place, assigned to us by Providence, and envious of the that strange noises had been heard the day before superior advantages of those above us.

Indeed, if we and that there had been an earthquake.

look narrowly to the sources from which this habit The next day they resumed their voyage. The air proceeds, and the dispositions of mind with which it grew oppressively hot, and was misty, still, and dull.

is connected, we shall need nothing more to convince The sun shone like a glowing ball of copper, shedding denying, and unworldly spirit of the true Christian.

us how utterly repugnant it is to the humble, selfa lurid twilight on the stream. again and again a rushing sound and loud splash drew For in the first place, in the great majority of cases their attention to the shore, large portions of which

the root from which these vain imaginations spring, were torn from the land, and fell into the river. All

the aliment on which they feed, and the fruit which was so still in the intervals that you might have heard they nourish to a monstrous growth, is pride. The

dreams of the castle-builder are dreams of self-exalta. a pin drop on the deck. Little was said by the awestruck voyagers, and the crew were the more alarmed tion and self-applause: the tower which in imagination as it was about this time that the great comet of he builds up to Heaven, is designed for his own eleva1811 disappeared from the sky.

tion and glory. Self-flattering visions of this sort are The second day from their taking in the coal all

well designated by Bishop Taylor as “fancies of the above portentous signs continued and increased. vanity, and secret whispers of the devil of pride."

“Some fantastic spirits," he says,

“ will walk alone, The pilot was in despair at finding the channels every: and dream waking of greatnesses, of palaces, of excelwhere altered, and numberless trees with their roots upwards lying where formerly he had known deep lent orations, full theatres, loud applauses, sudden water. The trees on the banks waved and nodded advancement, great fortunes, and so will spend an without a wind. Yet the voyagers had no choice but hour with imaginative pleasure ; all their employment to proceed. Towards night-fall they were at a loss being nothing but fumes of pride, and secret indefifor shelter. They had usually brought to under the nite desires and significations of what their heart

wishes*." shorc, but how to do this where the banks were

Let the dreams of the castle-builder, however, be everywhere seen disappearing? A large island in mid-channel, known to the pilot, and by him thought not so immediately ministering to pride and vain-glory, a better alternative, was sought for in vain; it, too, upon what objects at best will they be employed, and had been completely engulphed. At length, as the in what direction will they be turned? To riches, night closed in, they found an islet, and, rounding power, luxury, worldly pleasures, sensual enjoyments,

and the like. to, there they moored the boat.

Such are the objects on which they in

There they lay, keeping watch on deck, and listening during the long variably dwell

, and such are the appetites and affecautumn night, to the horrible roar and gurgle of the tions which they must powerfully tend to stimulate

and inflame. How unsuitable then is such an employwaters, and hearing from time to time the commotion made by the masses of earth and trees, as they slid ment of the thoughts to one whose profession it downwards and were swallowed up by the stream. is and whose constant aim it ought to be to "set his The mother of the party, who had lately had a child, affections on things above, not on things of the earth," was frecuently awakened from her restless slumber

Holy Living

to mortify the pride of life and the love of this world, maliciously exerted in the dairy, and many a weary and to have his conversation in Heaven! It is to the hour has been spent in the operation of churning, young especially, whose ardent hopes and lively imagi- without producing the desired effect, the remedy is nations particularly expose them to the dangers of an said to be found in procuring a churn-staff made of unbridled exercise of the fancy, and to fond and the wiggen tree, which dispels the charm, and glittering dreams of worldly prosperity, that the effectually frees the dairy from the interference of the apostle addresses the emphatic warning to be sober-witch. If the cattle are found tied together in the minded*. What disposition of mind can be conceived stables and cowhouses, or the cows are found to have more totally opposed to that which inspires the wild been previously milked, or any other mischief to have visions of the castle-builder?

POPARON. been carried on, the prevention of further ills is

sought for by supplying the utensils about the farm

yard with handles formed of the Wiggen tree. The THE MOUNTAIN ASH, (Sorbus aucuparia.) blessing of undisturbed repose is scarcely expected

without the aid of this never failing antidote to witchery. A branch of the wiggen tree is often suspended at the bed's head to prevent the witches from exerting their power by filling the mind with horrible images during sleep. The doorways of buildings are decorated in the like manner when there is any suspicion of danger from the influence of these imaginary beings.

In speaking of the ornamental appearance of the mountain ash, Gilpin says:—"In the Scottish Highlands it becomes a considerable tree. There, on some rocky mountains covered with dark pines and waving birch, which cast a solemn gloom o'er the lake below, a few mountain ashes joined in a clump, and mixing with them, have a fine effect. In summer the light green tint of their foliage, and in autumn the glowing berries, which hang clustering on them, contrast beautifully with the deeper green of the pines; and if they are happily blended, and not in too large a proportion, they add some of the most picturesque furniture with which the sides of these rugged moun. tains are invested."

This tree will thrive in almost any soil, but flourishes most in hilly situations. The beautiful scarlet berries with which it is loaded afford a welcome supply to thrushes and many other birds, whose favourite food they form. These berries are bruised in water, fermented, and made into a pleasant drink by the inhabitants of the north of Europe; and when dried and powdered, they likewise afford them bread: Each berry contains three seeds, imbedded in pulp of a bitterish taste. The flower which preceded it is white and fragrant. It stands in the twelfth class and third

order of Linnæus, and contains about twenty stamens This graceful tree, known also as the Quicken tree, and three pistils. An infusion of the berries is comand in the north of England as the Rowan tree, monly drunk in Wales, and forms an acid liquor must not be confounded with the common Ash, somewhat resembling perry. An ardent spirit may (Fraxinus excelsior,) which is a very different and a Likewise be distilled from them. far more valuable tree, and has already been described Forming as it does one of the characteristics of in Saturday Magazine, Vol. IX., p. 228.

Scottish scenery, the mountain ash or rowan is not The mountain ash is a slow growing tree, and does forgotten by the poets of that land. Grahame thus not attain sufficient bulk to make its timber valuable, contrasts the richer offerings of the south with the neither is the wood durable enough to answer those scanty products of his native country :purposes for which the common ash is employed. It

What, though the clustering vine there hardly tempts is properly a species of the service or sorb, and in the The traveller's hand; though birds of dazzling plume north, where it is permitted to grow at pleasure, it Perch on the loaded boughs. Give me thy woods, attains a much greater height than here, where it is (Exclaims the banished man,) thy barren woods, looked upon chiefly as an ornamental tree for shrub

Poor Scotland ! sweeter there the reddening haw, beries and plantations. These it enlivens in spring

The sloe, or rowan's bitter bunch, than here

The purple grape : dearer the red-breast's note by the elegant lightness of its foliage, and the

That mourns the fading year in Scotia's vales, abundance of its fragrant blossoms, and in autumn Than Philomel's, where spring is ever new : by the beauty of its red berries, which remain on the More dear to me the red-breast's sober suit, tree during the whole winter,

So like a withered leaflet, than the glare In former days, when the superstitious belief in

Of gaudy wings, that make the iris dim. witchcraft prevailed, the wood of this tree was supposed to be a preservative against its effects; and even to the present hour in some remote districts of

LONDON: the north, the virtues of the Wiggen tree (as the JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND. mountain ash is there called,) are still highly cele PUBLISHED IN WELKLY NUMBERS, PRICE ONE PENNY, AND IN MONTELY PARTI, brated. When the influence of some "auld witch" is

Sold by all Booksellers and Nowsvendors in the Kingdom. * Tit, ü, 6.



« AnteriorContinuar »