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SECT. XVI. Tbe Mystery of Faith and Works, and Reward of Grace

and Debt.

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I. of Faith and Works.
E that in word offendeth not,

Is call'd a perfect man I wot 1;
Yet he whole thoughts and deeds are bad,
The law.perfection never had. 2
I am design'd a perfect foul,
Ev’n though I never kept the whole,
Nor any precept 3; for 'tis known,
He breaks them all that breaks but one. 4
By faith I do perfection claim, 5
By works I never grasp the name: 6
Yet without works my faith is nought, 7
And thereby no perfection brought.
Works without faith, will never speed, 8
Faith without works is wholly dead : 9

1 James ïïi. 2. If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfe& man, -and able also to bridle the whole body.

2 James üi. 10. For whosoever fhall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.

3 Rom. iv. 5. 6. To him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justic fieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works. Job i. 1. There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job, and that man was perfe&t and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil. Psalm lxxi. 16. I will go in the ftrength of the Lord God: I will make mention of thy righteousness, even of thine only. Ecclef. vii. 10. For there is not a juít man upon earth, that Joth good, and linneth not.

4 James ii 10. See figure 2. above.

5 Phil. ïü. 9. I count all things but duny, that I may win Chrift, and be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith.

6 Gal. ii. 16. Kowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faithi of Jef's Chriit; even we have believed in Jesus Chrift; that we might be justificd by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law : for by the works of the law shall no ileih we joftified.

7 James ii. 14 What doth ir profit, my brethren, though a man fay h hath faith, and have not works! can faith fave him?

8 Heb xi. 6. Without faith it is imposible to please God: for he that cometh to God, must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him. Rom. xiv. 23. Whatsoever is not of faith, is fin.

9 James ii. 17. Even lo faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being alone. Verse 26. For as the body without the spirit is dead, lo faith without works is dead allo.

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Yet I am justify'd by faith,
Which no law-works adjutant hath. I
Yea, gospel-works no help can lend, 2

Though still they do by faith attend : 3
Yet faith by works is perfect made,
And by their presence justify'd. 4
But works with faith could never vie,
And only faith can justify: 5
Yet still my juftifying faith
No justifying value hath. 6

i Rom. ii. 21, 22. But now the righteousness of God without the law is manifested, being witnessed by the law and the prophets : even the righteoulness of God, which is by faith of Jesus Christ unto all, and upon all them that believe ; for there is no difference. Chap. iv. 4, 5, 6 Now to him that worketh, is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. But to him that worketh not, but believeth on him that justifieth the ungodly, his faith is counted for righteousness. Even as David also describeth the blessedness of the man unto whom God imputeth righteousness without works.

2. Phil. iii. 4,-9. If any other man thinketh that he hath whereof he might trust in the flesh, I more :-touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless. But what tbings were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ. Yea, doubtbess, and I count all things but loss, for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them dung that I may win Christ, and be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ

, the righteousness which is of God by faith. Ifa. Ixiv. 9. But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousness are as filthy rags. Hof. xiï. 9. O Israel, thou haft destroyed thyself; but in me is thy help. Isa. xlv. 24, 25. Surely shall one say, In the Lord have I righteousness and strength: even to him shall men come, and all that are incealed against him shall be alhamed. In the Lord shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and shall glory.

3 Tit. ij. 8. This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm conitantly, that they which have believed in God, might be careful to maintain good works: these things are good and profitable unto men. James ii. 18. Yea, a man may say, Thou hast faith, and I have works: shew me thy faith without thy works, and I will thew thee my faith by my works.

4. James ii. 21, 22. Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Ifasc, his son, upon the altar? Seeft thon how faith wrouglc with his works, and by works was faith made perfe&? Ver. 24. Ye lee then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.

5 Rom. iv. 16. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace; to the end the promise might be sure to all the seed. Tit. iii. 3.-7. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, not by works of righteousness, which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost; which he shed on us abundantly, through Jelus Christ our Saviour ; that being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life. aas x: 43. To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name, whosoever believeth in him, shall receive remission of fins. 6 Gal. iii

. 21, 22. Is the law then against the promises of God? God forbid : for if there had been a law given, which could have given life, verily righte. ousness lhould have been by the law. But the scripture hath concluded all under sin, that the promise by faith of Jesus Christ might be given to them that believe, Luke xxi: 31, 32. And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold,

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Lo! justifying grace from heav'n
Is foreign ware, and freely giv’n : 1
And saving faith is well content
To be a mere recipient. 2
Faith's active in my fanctity ; 3
But here its act it will deny, 4
And frankly.own it never went
Beyond a passive inftrument. 5
I labour much, like holy Paul ;
And yet not I, but grace does all: 6
I try to spread my little fails,
And wait for pow'rful moving gales. 7'

Ver. 17

Satan hath desired to have you, that he may lift you as wheat : but I have prayed for thee, tliar thy faith fail not ; and when thou art converted, itrength. en thy brethren. 2 Cor. iii. 5. Not that we are sufficient of ourselves to think any thing as of ourselves: but our sufficiency is of God. Chap. xii. 5. Of such an one will I glory: yet of myself I will not glory, but in mine infirmities.

i Rom. v. 16, 17.-The free gift is of many offences unto justification. They which receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall reigo in life by one. Jesus Christ. Chap. iii. 24. Being justified freely by his grace, through the redemption that is in Jelus Christ.

2 Rom. v, 11. And not only so, but we allo joy in God, through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement. See figure i, above cited.

3 Gal. v. 6. For in Jesus Christ, neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but faith which worketh by love. Acts xv. 9. God put no difference between us and them, puritying their hearts by faith. Chap. xxvi. 18. To open their eyes, and to turn them from darkness to light, and from the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of fins, and inheritance among them which are fanctified by faith that is in me.

4 Rom. iv. 16. Therefore it is of faith, that it might be by grace. Chap. xi. 6. And if by grace, then is it no more of works : otherwise grace is no more grace.

5 Eph. ii. 8, 9. For by grace are ye saved, throu,h faith ; and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God: not of works, left any man should boast. 1 Cor. iv. 7. For, who maketh thee to differ from another ? and what haft theu that thou didst not receive ? Now, if thou didit receive it, why dost thou glory as if thou hadít not received it? Heb. xi. 11. Through faith also Sarah herreif received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when the was past age, because the judged him faithful who had promised. Ver. 17. By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac, and he that had received the promises, offered up his only begotten son. Ver. 19. Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure. Ver. 35. Women received their dead raised to life again : and others were tortured, not accepting deliverance; that they might obtain a better resurrection.

6 1 Cor xv. 10. But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me, was not in vain; but i laboured more aburdantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.

7 Psalm lxxi. 16. I will go in the strength of the Lord God: I will make mention of thy righteousness, even of thine only. Song iv. 16. Awake, O north wind, and come thou south; blow upon my garden, that the spices thercof may flow out.

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When pow'r's convey'd, I work; but see,
'Tis still his p\w'r that works in me.
I am an agent at his call,
Yet nothing am, for grace is all. I

II. Of Rewards of Grace and Debt.
IN
N all my works I still regard

The recompence of full reward ; 2
Yet such my working is withal,
I look for no reward at all. 3
God's my reward exceeding great,
No lefler heaven than this I wait : 4
But where's the earning work so broad,
To set me up an heir of God ? 5
Rewards of debt, rewards of grace, ,
Are opposites in ev'ry case ; 6
Yet fure I am, they'll both agree
Most jointly in rewarding me. 7

1 Phil. ii. 12, 13. Wherefore, my beloved, as ye have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence; work out your own salvation with fear and crembling: For it is God which workeih in you, both to will and to do of his good pleasure. Gal. ii. 20. I am crucified with Chrift: nevertheless I live ; yet not I, but Chrif liveth in me; and the life which I now live in the flesh. I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me. 2 Cor. xii. 9. And the Lord laid unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfe& in weakness. Molt gladly therefore will I rather glory in my intirmities, that the power of Christ may reit upon me.

2 Heb. xi. 24,-26 By faith Mofes, when he was come to years, refused to be called the fon of Pharaoh's daughter; chuling rather to suffer affligion with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of lin for a season; esteem. ing the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had relped unto the recompence of the reward.

3 2 Tim i. 9. God hath saved us, and called us with an holy calling, not according to our works, but according to his own purpose and grace

which was given us in Christ Jelus, before the world began. Tilu: iii. 5. Not by works of righteousness, which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us by the walhing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost.

4 Gen. xv. 1. Afier thele thing the word of the Lord came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram : I am thy Thield, and thy exceeding great seward. Plalm lxxiii. 25, 26. Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth that I desire bulides thee. My flesh and my heart failechi but God is the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever.

5 Ezek. xxxvi. 32. Not for your fakes do I this, faith the Lord God, be it known unto you: be ashamed and confounded for your own ways, O house of Israel Rom. viii. 16, 17. The Spirit itlelf beareth witness with our spirit, that we are lite children of God. And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-beirs with Christ

6 Rom. iv. 4. Now 10 him that worketh is the reward not reckoned of grace, but of debt. 7 Plalm dvii. 11. Verily there is a reward for the righteous : verily he is

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Though hell's my just reward for fin, I
Heav'n as my just reward I'll win. 2
Both these my just rewards I know,
Yet truly neither of them so. 3
Ilell can't-in justice be my lot,
Since justice latisfaction got; 4
Nor leav'n in justice be my share,
Since mercy only brings me there. 5
Yet leav'n is mine by folemn oath,

In jultice and in mercy both: 6
a God that judgeth in the earth. Ifaiah lxii. u. Behold, the Lord hath pro.
claimed unto the end of the world, Say ye to the daughters of Zion, Behold,
thy falvarion cometh ; behold, his reward is with him, and his work before
him. And xl 10. Böhold, the Lord God will come with strong hand, and
his arm Inall rule for him : behold, his reward is with him, and his work
before him.

i Roin, vi. 21. What fruit had ye then in those things, whereof ye are now alhamed? For the end of those things is death. Verle 23. The wages of fin is death. Eph. v. 6. Let no man deceive you with vain words : for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience. Gal. iii. 10. For as many as are of the works of the law, are under the curse: for it is written, Curled is every one that continueth not in all things which are written in the book of the law to do them.

2 Gal. iii. 13, 14. Christ hath redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a cure for us: for it is written, Curled is every one that hangethi on A tree: that the blessing of Abraham might come on the Gentiles through Jefus Chrift; that we might receive the promise of the Spirit through fuih. Eph. i 13. 14. In Christ allo, after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, which is the earnest of our inheritance, until the redemp. tion of the purchaled poffeffion, unto the praise of his glory. Rom. v. 21. Grace reigns through righteousne's unto eternal life, by Jesus Chrilt our Lorde And vi. 23. The gift of God is eternal life, through Jesus Christ our Lord.

3 Viz. Through these opposite voices of law and gospel. 4 Rom. vii. 25, 26. Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation, througla faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remillion of lins that are part, through the forbearance of God; to declare, I say, at this time his righteonlness: that he might be just, and the justifier of him which believeth in Jesus,

5 Rom. ix. 15, 16. God faith to Mofes, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy; and I will have compallion on whom I will have compallion.So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God that sheweth mercy. Tit. iii. 4,-7. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, not by works of righteousnels which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost: which he shed on as abundantly, through Jesus Christ our Swinur ; that being juitified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.

6 Pfalm lxxxix. 35, 36. Once have I sworn by my holiness, that I will not lie unto David. His feed inail endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.

Heb. vi. 17, 18. Wherein God willing more abundantly to thew unto the heirs of promile the immuiability of his countel, confirmed it by an oath: that by i wo immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a Itrong confolation, who have led for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before 's. Palm xxxix. 14. Jutlice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne : mercy and truth thall go before thy face. Verle 16. In thy name frall they rejoice all the day: and in thy righteousness shall they be exalled. Verse 24. But my faithfulness and my mercy thall be with him

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