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Sect. Il. Alcibiades's return negotiated. Tissaphernes con-
cludes a new treaty with the Lacedæmonians
Sect. III. Alteration in the government of Athens. Alcibi-
ades recalled, and afterwards appointed generalissimo .. 989
Sect. IV. The Lacedæmonians appoint Lysander admiral. He
beats the Athenian fleet near Ephesus. Lysander is suc.
ceeded in the command by Callicratidas
Sect. V. allicratidas is defeated by the Athenians. Sentence
of death passed on some Athenian generals. Socrates
aloue opposes the sentence
Sect. VI, Lysander commands the Lacedaemonian fleet. His
celebrated victory over the Athenians
Sect. VII. Lysander besieges Athens. Form of government
changed. Death of Darius Nothus
THE HISTORY OF THE PERSIANS AND GRECIANS, CON-
TINUED DURING THE FIRST FIFTEEN YEARS OF THE
REIGN OF ARTAXERXES MNEMON.
Chap. I. Domestic troubles of the court of Persia
Sect. I. Coronation of Artaxerxes Mnemon. Cyrus attempts
to assassinate his brother. Revenge of Statira. Death and
character of Alcibiades
Sect. II. The Thirty exercise the most horrid cruelties at
Athens. "They put Theramenes to death. Thrasybulus
attacks the tyrants, is master of Athens, and restores its
PERSIANS AND GRECIANS
CHAP. I. CONTINUED.
THE HISTORY OF DARIUS INTERMIXED WITH THAT OF
The Expedition of Darius's Army against Greece. Darius, in the 28th year of his reign, having recalled. all his other generals, sent Mardonius, the son of Gobryas, a young lord of an illustrious Persian family, who had lately married one of the king's daughter's, to command in chief throughout all the maritime parts of Asia, with a particular order to invade Greece, and to revenge the burning of Sardis upon the Athenians and Eretrians. The king did not show much wisdom in this choice, by which he preferred a young man, because he was a favourite, to all his oldest and most experienced generals; especially as it was in so difficult a war, the success of which he had very much at heart, and wherein the glory of his reign was infinitely concerned. His being son-in-law to the king was a quality indeed that might augment his credit, but added nothing to his real merit, or his capacity as a general.
Upon his arrival in Macedonia, into which he had marched with his land forces, after having passed through Thrace, the whole country, terrified by his power, submitted. But his fleet, attempting to double mount Athos (now called Capo Santo), in order to gain the coasts of Macedonia, was attacked by so violent a storm, that upwards of 300 ships, with above 20,000 men, perished in the sea. His land army met at the same time with no less fatal a blow. For, being encamped in a place of no security, the Thracians attacked
a A. M, 3510. Ant. J. C. 494. Herod. l. vi. c. 43, 45, VOL. III.