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THE

ANCIENT HISTORY

OF THE

EGYPTIANS,

MEDES AND
CARTHAGINIANS, || PERSIANS,
ASSYRIANS,

MACEDONIANS,
BABYLONIANS, AND GRECLANS.

By M. ROLLIN,

LATE PRINCIPAL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS, PROFESSOR OF ELO-

QUENCE IN THE ROYAL COLLEGE, AND MEMBER OF THE ROYAL
ACADEMY OF INSCRIPTIONS AND BELLES LETTRES.

TRANSLATED FROM THE FRENCH.

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IN EIGHT VOLUMES.
ILLUSTRATED WITH MAPS AND PLATES.

COSTO

REVISU AND CORRECTED FROM THE LAST LONDON EDITION.

VOL. III.

NEW-YORK:
PUBLISHED BY COLLINS AND CO. NO. 189, PEARL-STREET,

George Long, Printer.

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OF

1

2

CHAPTER I.

Page

Sect. VII. The expedition of Darius's army against Greece .

1. The state of Athens. The characters of Miltiades, The.

mistocles, and Aristides .

%. Darius sends heralds into Greece, in order to sound the

people, and to require them to submit

7

3. The Persians defeated at Marathon by Miltiades

Sect. VIII. Darius resolves to makeswar in person against Egypt,

and against Greece, &c.

17

Chap. II. The history of Xerxes intermixed with that of the

Greeks.

22

Sect

. I. Xerxes reduces Egypt, &c.

ib.

Sect. II. Xerxes begins his march, and passes from Asia into

Europe, by crossing the straits of the Hellespont upon a

bridge of boats

28

Sect. III. The number of Xerxes' forces, &c.

35

Sect. IV. The Lacedæmonians and Athenians send to their al-

lies in vain to require succours from them. The com-

mand of the fleet given to the Lacedæmonians ...

38

Sect. V. The battle of Thermopyle. The death of Leonidas 43

Sect. VI. Naval battle near Artemisium ...

49

Sect. VII. The Athenians abandon their city, which is taken

and burnt by Xerxes

50

Sect. VIU. The battle of Salamis, &c.

54

Sect. IX. The battle of Platæa

62

Sect. X. The battle near Mycale. The defeat of the Per.

sians

75

Sect. XI. The barbarous and inhuman revenge of Amestris,

the wife of Xerxes

77

Sect. XII. The Athenians rebuild the walls of their city, not-

withstanding the opposition of the Lacedæmonians 79

Sect. XIII The black design of Themistocles rejected unani-

mously by the people of Athens

82

Sect. XIV. The Lacedæmonians lose the chief command

through the pride and arrogance of Pausanias

Sect. XV. Pausanias's secret conspiracy with the Persians. His

death

87

land of Cythera, &c.

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