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and suggesting plans of goodness. Neither tender sensibilities, por the tears of sympathy, nor purposes of heart, will clothe the naked, nor feed the hungry. They are only suitable preparations for deeds of substantial kindness. What doth it profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath zeal and feeling, and have not works? If a brother or sister be naked, and destitute of daily food, and one of you, under the impulse of the tenderest meltings of sympathy, and in accents soft as the descending dew on a fleece of wool, taking him with a brother's affectionate grasp by the hand, whisper in his ear, Depart in peace, be warmed, be filled ;-notwithstanding you gave him not, though in the power of your hand to do it, those things which are needful to the body,
hat doth it profit? It is, therefore, to deeds of ripened goodness that we are to look for scriptural and satisfying evidence of the existence and vigour of this holy zeal in the heart.
This heavenly principle will also enable him to meet, manfully to oppose, and finally to overcome, dificulties in the performance of his duty. The authority of God and the love of his Saviour will constrain him, when his enemy hungers, to feed him; when he thirsts, to give him drink ; and thus to melt down with coals of fire from hea ver the sullen stubborn corruptions of his heart. This zeal will induce him to deny to himself many of the comforts of life, and to shut up every unnecessary sluice of expenditure, that he may swell the little rivulet of beneficence to the widow and orphan. He will labour, working with his hands the thing which is good, that he may have to give to him that needeth. The ingratitude of others will not damp his ardour. He looks for his reward to a higher source than the human heart; and commits not his encouragement in doing good to man, for he knows what is in man. Like the tree planted by the rivers of water, his soul, a tree of righteousness planted on the margin of that river, Redeeming Love, the streams whereof make glad the city of God, bringeth forub his fruit in his season, regardless of the hand that plucks it. - What difficulties arc to be overcome in reconciling enemies,-in pleading the poor man's cause before afluent pride and covetousness, in preserving a pure conscience and clean garments in the midst of a polluting world, in these exercises which our Lord denominates the plucking out of right eyes, and the cutting off of right hands,-they only know who have made the experiment; and they only will overcome who are zealous of good works.
In a word, this man will consider the great end of living as lost, while he lives not to God by obeying his holy laws. For this end, he knows that he was created; for this end, that he was redeemed ; for this end, that he was renewed by the Holy Ghost ; for this end, that the ordinances of religion were instituted, and have been preserved in the church; and that for this end are set before our minds the exceeding great and precious promises of future
our minobedie of the
glory and blessedness. Should this end not be gained, he will consider his life as a blank, barren of improvement and blotted with guilt. If this object, therefore, on which his renewed heart is so passionately and steadily fixed, be not in the largest possible measure gained, life will lose its value, and what chiefly endeared it to his soul.
Let us cherish in our bosom this sacred principle of zeal for primitive sanctity. The Pharisees were a popular body of professors in the Jewish church, and distinguished for their zeal. Bnt our Lord hath assured us, that except our righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the Scribes and Pharisees, in purity of motive, and in zeal for the weighty matters of the law, we shall in no case enter into the kingdom of Heaven. The au: thority of God our Creator and Redeemer lies upon us; and his law, whicb is holy, just, and good, requires that we love and serve him with all our heart, with all our soul, with all our strength, and with all our mind. This is the hallowed ardour which will inspire evangelical obedience,-obedience which is universal, reaching to every statute of the divine law, and engaging every faculty of the human mind; combining, regulating, and sustaining all their energies. The matchless love of God our Saviour in our redemption, should warm our hearts with zealous attachment to his holy commandments. Standing before his cross, and while we muse on his love, the fire will burn within us, and in David's impassioned words we shall exclaim“ O Lord, truly, we are thy servants, thou hast loosed our bonds.'- The bonour of God and the credit of our holy religion are closely connected with our zealous promotion of true holiness. Herein, said Jesus, is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be my dis. ciples. Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father who is Heaven. A slothful and lukewarm spirit is very offensive to God. Thou wicked and slothful servant'-wicked because slothful. The sentence of the Saviour against the church at Laodicea, strongly marks the loathsomnè nature of a dull and listless mind in his service.-The recollection of the zeal and activity by which we were hurried on in the way of folly and sin, should arouse our minds to fill up the few years, if years yet remain, with works of faith and labours of love.- And let the near prospeot, which every day brings nearer, of the rich, the free, the lasting reward, support, enliver, and purify the soul in her glorious career of goodness. What a heaven of felicity will these words convey and secure! - Well done! good and faithful servant, enter into the joy of thy Lord !'-Light is sown for the righteous, gladness for the upright in heart. Let us therefore be steadfast and immoveable, always abonndiug in the work of the Lord, 'forasmuch as we know that our labour is not in vain in the Lord,
THE BENEFIT OF FEMALE PENITENTIARIES
.: PROVED BY FACTS.
. Secretary of the Edinburgh Magdalen,'., s
Late Secretary of that Institution. Dear Sir, . Edinburgh, January 31, 1809.
I am sorry to observe, by your letter received this morning, that any attempt should be made to prejudice the public against an Institution so evidently conducive to the well-being of the unfortunate objects of its protection and of society at large, as the Penitentiary. I cannot persuade myself that the attempt can prove successful, excepting with those who are looking about for an excuse to withhold their charity. .
The Institution here, 'under the blessing of Gon, has, I am certain, been productive of much individual happiness; and I do not think I trespass against charity when I express my belief that the proportion of those reformed by means of the Magdalene Asylum, to those who do not profit by the religious instruction there afforded them, will at least equal the proportion of the truly pious, to the careless and indifferent in general congregations professing Christianity. Supposing this to be accomplished, will it be accounted a small matter to have brought back a portion of the community who had been cast off and shunned like a contagious malady, and to have restored them to an equality, at least in point of worth, with Christians in general? My belief is, that serious impreessions are made on a greater proportion of the objects of this Institution than on people in general; but I would plead the case high, and contend, that if the proportions are equal, the Institution must be most salutary.
The General Statement of Admissions into and Dis,harges from the Edinburgh Asylum is as follows:
Admitted - 128 Disinissed for Misconduct 31,
Sent to Service
50 Restored to their Friends 18 In the house
proper objects of Charity
Of these twenty-six, the great proportion have returned to vicious habits ; but as pone are entered here as behaving well who are not at present known to the master of the house, there may probably be several who have been reformed, though, from distant residence, no communication is preserved with them. One im. portant point as to such has been proved, viz. That the instructions received in the Asylum, tho'forgotten by some for a time, do, in some instanccs, withdraw them ultimately from vice, and lead them to true penitence. A girl who went to service sometime ago, was induced to return to her vicious habits; but her constitution failing, and her mind being allowed to recoil upon itself, through the grace of God, a state of penitence and comfort followed, which satisfied the Minister who attended her, that, like Mary Magdalene, her sins were forgiven her.
The number who have joined in communion cannot be stated, as few are encouraged to join till their sincerity has been tried by their conduct after returning to society. I have no doubt that the greatest number of the forty-one before mentioned, are now members of different churches. One of those who died was a member of the Tabernacle ; and so much satisfied were the congregation of her sincere piety, that they defrayed the expence of her funeral. of the twenty-eight now in service, 1 has been Eleven Ycars.
WD WORDS to un
28 I hope these statements will be satisfactory as to the good effects of the Institution. May I turn your attention to the small expence at which this good is obtained
The industry of the women produces from 121. to 141. eaeh, on an average, per annum; being very nearly equal to the expenditure for their maintenance. The only expence, of course, which falls on the public, is, that of the Establishment. Even in a political view, where could these poor creatures be so economically maintained ? Instead of living on the wages of sin, they live on the wages of Industry; and this adds to the amount of the wealth of the country.
But, in a religious point of view, I know of no Charitable Institution so ncarly assimilated to the mercy of God. It provides both for temporal comfort and eternal peace; and no argument, I apprehend, can be brought to bear against the principle of a Penitenitary House, that will not with equal force assail the mercy of Jehovah. I am, dear Sir,
yours sincerely, John CAMPBELL,
Extracts from the Diary of an Eminent Minister, lately deceased.'
[Concluded from our last.] JAN. 24, 1762. From the disagreeableness of a minister's pretending to devotion in the pulpit, who manifests little concern about it in private life, learn thyself to be as much concerned about living devoutly in private as preaching devoutly ; knowing, from thine own experience, that nothing better recommends sermons to hearers than the piety of the preacher.
From the usefulness of order and method to the remembrance of a sermon, labour after them in all thy public discourses.
Heard that Mr. J. who was lately married to a person whom he greatly loved, has, within these few days, lost his reason, occasioned, it is supposed, by an inordinate degree of joy, on account of his obtaining the lady for his wife +, whom he feared he should never obtain.--Learn hepce, to guard against too much love to any creature, seeing how very injurious it frequently is to the person thus loving; and learn the uncertainty of all terrene enjoyments, which, even while possessed, evade our grasp, and often afford the least pleasure when they promise most; nay, are sometimes turned into the sorest afflictions.
27. Read Dr. Owen on the Evidences of the Faith of God's Elect; the first of which is, an Approbation of Salvation by Christ, because the divine perfections are thereby glorified. I had great pleasure, and I trust profit from it. I thought I had this evidence ; and felt my soul filled with gratitude, both for the faith and its evidence. — Learn, O my soul, as thou valuest thy comfort, to think much of thy Lord Jesus Christ, and the display of the divine perfections in the salvation wrought out by him!
Feb. 1. Saw Mr. L. a deacon of the church at Trowbridge, supposed to be dying: he was delirious, his face full of eruptions, and he had a blis. ter on the crown of his head; so that the appearance was very awful. Learn, that the ways of God, in thus afflicting such an eminent and useful Christian, are in the great deep. Learn also, not to expect long life, since this person, in middle age, who was well at meeting yesterday sevennight, is now, in all probability, near an eternal world !
2. Went to the Lord this evening, with my heart humbled under a sense of my guilt, and especially my wickedness in offending so good a Being,, breaking so holy a law, and abusing so many mercies. Mourned, in my inward soul, on account of my incapacity to serve God, and my frequent reluctance to his service. I was earnest with the Lord for the greatest blessings; and, I trust, with right views! My soul, from the earnestness it felt, was, at the tine, well persuaded of the Lord's occasioning it.
March 1. Meditating on the natural perfections of the Deity, their na. ture and proof, I felt iny awe of God increased, and was excited to careful. ness in my conduct, and constrained to break out in verbal adoration. Learn frequently thus to meditate. .
7. Heard of a good man's offending others, and injuring himself, by meddling in matters that did not concern bin.--- Avoid this practice, Found that thinking and talking of others faulls does my soul great harm.
I have detected in myself a desire, when in coinpany, of displaying wit, or parts, &c. ; which desire frequently leads to unguarded expressions, and, being offensive to the Lord, is often the cause of darkness of soul.--Here. after, O my soul, think thyself in danger, when thus in company, even though all the persons who compose it may be extraordinary Christians.
21. In the morning of this Lord's Day, though I had studied my sermons better than at some other times; yet I felt strong fear as to the work before me. I was least fearful as to the morning - service ; but I then found the greatest barrenness. ludeed I have, in general, fouud, that when I have seen most ef the imperfection of my preparations, and
+ Both are still living, 1808, he has been confined for 45 years. She is an ex. cellent Christian. .