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afford five shillings.' “ That is very little," resumed Mr. P. " but if I take this, you must give me another job in the afternoon,” “Well,' answered the good man, I believe I can.' Every thing being thus agreel, the next morning Mr. P. went to the church, where he found a numerous and genteel congres gation; and as he was ascending the pulpit, he beheld in the desk an old friend, engaged to read the prayers, who immedia ately recognized him: Mr. P. held up his finger to enjoin silence. Prayers being ended, Mr. P. began his sermon in a strain of elevated animation, natural to him, but very unusual in that congregation. The novelty, warmth, and eloquence of his address (for he was occasionally very eloquent) at first rivetted
general attention ; but as he got into his subject, and unfolded · his peculiar views of divine truth, a great restlessness succeeded
in many of his congregation, which encreased as he continued ; but he had reason to believe that his sermon was made the means of 'converting two of his hearers.
Elated with his success, Mr. P. applied again, previously to the following Sabbath, for further employment; but, no! he had sufficiently stamped his character, - he was a Methodist ; and therefore not to be permitted to preach there again,
in peculiar viena burcasionally avots, and oth un
A SHORT ACCOUNT OF THE REV. S. OCCOM.
IN A LETTER TO THE EDITOR. i
OBSERVING a portrait of Mr. Occom in the Evangelical Magazine, without any account of his life, I transmit the fol. lowing brief particulars, which may probably be agreeable to your readers.
Mr. Oecom was one of the Mohegan tribe of Indians, in Con. necticut, North America. He was admitted into the Rev. Mr, Wheelock's school at Lebanon, when a youth, where he learned Latin and Greek, with a view to the exercise of his ministry among the Indians. He married an Indian woman, by whom he had seven or eight children; and kept a school on Long Island, where his wife and family tilled the ground.
He was ordained a Preacher by the Suffolk Presbytery; and was sent on a mission to the Oueida Indians, one of the six na. tions, and afterwards to several other tribes.
- Mr. Occom was the first Indian preacher that ever visited Europe. He came to England with the Rev. Dr. Whitaker, to collect for the support of the Indian Charity Schools. It ap: pears from accounts, afterwards published, that they collected the great sum of 94941. 7s. 7 d.
Mr. O. was rather under the middle stature, of a broad make, with long straight hair, tawny complexion; and had a good voice,
one sent on a misc a Preacher Mly tiled the pot a schoo
There was an original simplicity in his conversation, which ren dered it agreeable. He slept two nights at my house when tra,
velling with Dr. W. to collect, in March, 1707. A clergy· man and a dissenting minister had some conversation with him,
who said that he understood the Greek Testament very well.. • A friend of mine removed to America in 1788, and settled at Greenburgh, in the Jerseys. In a letter, dated Sept. 24, 1791, he says, he heard Mr. Occom preach at the White Plains. He had then the care of two Indian congregations, about 300 miles distant from the White Plains; and he was informed, that since his settlement with them, they had left off their frolics and their hunting : every family had a farm, by which they supported themselves with as much regularity as the white people. They also paid great attention to the education of their children; and a school was established among them for teaching the English language. Mr. Occom was said to be very happy with his people, and they with him; and he hoped that real religion was advancing among them. Yours, &c. Kettering. .
N. C. A sermon preached by Mr. Occom at New Haven, at the execution of Moses Paul, an Indian, who had been guilty of murder, was printed there, in 1788, and reprinted at London in the same year, by Dr. Rippon. It is a plain, affecting discourse, suited to the awful occasion, on Rom, vi. 23, “The wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life, ibrough Jesus Christ our Lord.”
Is appears very desirable, that a larger portion of religious biography should be occupied by the lives of pious and exemplary laymen. Though an account of excellent ministers is very instructive, yet several circumstances conduce to render it less generally useful. As they move in a sphcre peculiar to them. selves, the nature of many of their duties precludes universal imitation; and their superior attainments and zealous exertions, like the skill of a physician, or the bravery of a sollier, are rather admired and applauded than followed. Even their piety is too frequently regarded with a kind of professionai reverence only; as the sanctity of a hermit was formerly venerated by the neighbouring multitude, who imagined themselves to be under po obligation to conform to his self-denying example...
We are therefore particularly pleased when we have an oppore tunity of exhibiting the lives of those excellent persons who have appeared in the midst of secular engagements. Short in.
deed was the career of the amiable subject of the following Me. moir; but he has left behind him a testimony to the power of religion, which will long, and we hope with advantage, be remembered.
Mr. S. II. Goding was born of respectable parents, at Brid. port, in the year 1781. Almost from his childhood he discovered an ardent thirst after knowledge; and ho possessed, in a greater degree than inany, the means of gratifying this laudable desire. He enjoyed the advantage of a classical education, and made some proficiency in mathrmasical studies. After quitting school he devoted himself to the law ; but still embraced every opportunity which his professional engagements allowed for acquiring general knowledge.* He frequently rose several hours before day in winter, and pursued his studies with an ardour and perseverance, which enabled him, with a remarkable facility of execution, to accomplish more than most other young persone. Many proofs of his industry and application remain in his various analyses of works, and several manuscripts, which his relatives possess.
But it is not our intention to fill this Memoir with an account of the vigour of his understanding, his singular diligence, the extent of his knowledge, or the refinement of his mind and ami. ableness of his manners. “We could,” to use the words of one of his friends, 66 adduce numerous proofs of the warm affection, tender sensibility, and extreme delicacy of his disposition, and of the integrity and disinterestedness which distinguished his cha. racter. He discovered a conscientious regard to duty in all his transactions, and cxemplary and consistent conduct in every relation.”
* Our young friend, for the sake of improving himself, corresponded on literary subjects with Mr. J. Clernent, of Weymouth. This excellent youth, who is since dead, was distinguished by his superior acquirements, and was rendered more illustrious by the picty of his life, and the happi. pess of his death. A Memoir of him is expected from Mr. Cracknell. We have before us copies of Mr. Golding's letters to Mr. Clement; from the first of which we shall extract the questions which he proposes for discussion.
1. "Which has been productive of most evil to mankind, Superstition or Infidelity 1-2. lo what consists the difference between instinct and reason - 3. To what are we to atribute the superior stability of the Chinese Governmenti - 4. I have heard that there are particular periods, in which the constitutions of men undergo a material change. What are those periods, and what is the opinion of posologists concerning them?'
• The two first of these questions,' says he, ' are moral and philosophi. cal; the third is historical; and the laiter, you see, is medical, and is pro. posed from a desire of information on that head, which perhaps your proJessional studies may enable you to give.'
Were young men to employ their leisure in such correspondence, it would at least be passing innocently those scasons of particular danger; and, as it would be a powerful stimulus to investigation and reflection, it would enlarge the understanding, and might singularly tend to mutual im. provemeni.
But we wish to fix the reader's attention on his unfeigned piety; which, as his life drew nearer to a close, shone forth with in. creasing and singular lustre. We know not the date of his first serious impressions. A letter which he wrote, in his fourteenth year, on the death of an elder brother, * eyinces a mind in some degree affected with eternal concerns. But though nothing deci. sive appeared in his character at this time, or for some following years, yet during this period he exhibited many favourable symy. toms of a mind well disposed. He discovered a reverence for sacred things; and he not only attended upon the public means of grace and the secret duties of religion, but frequented those social meetings of prayer which the learned and polite, unless renewed by divine grace, generally regard with disgust and contempt." But though it is impossible to say when that change, without which " we cannot see the kingdom of God,” took place in his character, yet it will evidently appear from the subsequent part of this Memoir, that he had been drawn by divine influence from a love to worldly, to a superior delight in spiritual objects. He who sees no difference in his past and present experience, has reason to call his religion in question. Yet the alteration might be effected, especially in those who have enjoyed a religious ectue cation, in a very gradual and imperceptible manner. Such per. sons are like a man who, gliding down a stream, removes from the dominions of one prince into those of another. He knows not when he passed the boundaries which divide the two kinga doms; and is only conscious of the change, by contrasting the objects around him with the scenes which he had recently quitted.
He went to London in the year 1807. Previously to his going thither, he expresses, in a letter to a friend, his resolution to avail himself of the advantages for improvement which his new
* This worthy young man, whose name was George, died Oct. 25, 1798, at the age of 19, leaving behind him satisfactory evidence of the reality of his piety and religious enjoyments. He possessed a generous and affectionate temper, which endearud bim to all his acquaintanco. His conscientious behaviour, and constant and serious regard to the means of grace. had been long regarded by his friends as favourable symptoms; and before he died, he made it appear that he had, for some time, in earnest at. tended to religion. After liis deatb a diary was found, in which he recorded his religious experience. It was strongly expressive of his delight in God, his hatred of sin, his watchfulness over his heart, and his superior desire of advancement in holiness. On his death-bed he was peaceful and happy. When he was asked if he had enjoyed pleasure in approaching to God in public and private, he replied, “ Yos; particularly in private." He added, that he trusted he had experienced those joys in drawing near to God, which none know but those who have a well-grounded hope. When his faiher reminded him of Christ's being s able to save to the uttermost," he added, " and as willing as he is able;' repeating it, as willing as he is able.' He said, that he trusted that he had long before given him. self up to God, and thai he hoped for acceptance through the blessed Ee. deemer. The last word which he was heard to uiter was “ Hallelujah," XVII.
situation would afford; but, he adds, what is particularly memorable, as descriptive of his own future condition, "Thus have I fully unbosomeil myself to you on the most important subject, of a temporal nature, which can engage my attention. How far success may smile on my prospects, is only known to the Supreme Disposer of events, who, in the course of his provi. dence, often frustrates the schemes of mortals, to shew more fully his own sovereignty an'l their dependence.'
On his arrival in London, he was sensible of the numerous snares to which he was exposed, as appears from a letter which he wrote to his brother on that occasion :
With much pleasure,' says he, • I reflect on the solicitude you expressed when we parted, that I could be introduced to such company as would be a check to youthful levity, in a place so ensnaring and dangerous. I say, I was pleased, because it shewed the degree of that, the reality of which I never doubted, your concern for my best interests. If I have since been so fortunate as to find a friend, I owe the favour to that Sovereign Goodness which fixes the bounds of our habitation, and, in proportion to the advantages we are entrusted with, justly expects a commensurate improvement.'
In a letter, of the same date, addressed to his father, he writes in a language amiably descriptive of his respect, affection, and gratitude. . "I should do injusticc,' he says, 'to my own feelings, were I not to begin with expressing my warmest thanks for the excellent advice and kiad wishes contained in my excellent father's welcome epistle. I regard it as one of the greatest blessings to have had a pious education, ard the instructions and prayers of a parent for so long a period; and now that I am, for the first time, separated, I feel more than ever their value. Go On, my dear Sir, to assist your child in this way. He needs it, and will thank you for it; or, at least, should he at any time be disposed to reject it, this circumstance ought to excite him to suspect that he is not what he should be, what he would be. While, with joy and gratitude, he acknowJedges that divine goodness which has hitherto preserved him from vice, he desires to rejoice with trembling, remembering the precept of the apostle, “ Let him that thinketh he standeth, take heed lest be fall."
We find that his diligence in his new situation equalled the warmest resolutions which he had expressed before leaving the country.
Conceive of me,' says he, in a letter to one of his sisters, 'from half past nine, or earlier in tne morning, till ten at night, so engaged as only to be able to spend an hour at dinner; and, in addition to this, having full employment for sikdy (the only time) on iny retiring to my lodgings at night, and before breakfast.'
· His unwearied diligence and superior talents, soon attracted the notice of men of the first eminence in his profession. He met with the most Aattering encouragement from them, and had prospects of wealth and distinction opening before him beyond his highest expectation, but the fervour of his mind excecded the strength of his constitution. His unremitting application occasioned a hemorrlage; which, though slight at first, was