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Dbituary.

MRS. MARTHA HAWKES, part of which has been spent in the OF PICCADILLY, LONDON,

metropolis, and in a state of worldly

prosperity; towards which proga died August 14, 1808, aged 63 *.

perity, ber own persevering indus"I have now to notice the charac. try and honourable frugality, unter, temper, and death of one, der Providence, contributed not a whose experience, and whose prac- little. tice, for a long series of years, had Close as was her attention to the furnished unequivocal evidence that duties of domestic life, in the early she was a Christian of the right period of her seltling in the metrostamp; and had good ground for polis, and extensive as was her interadopting the language of the text, course with a large circle of Christian • For to me to live is Christ, and to friends, yet she was in all circum. die is gain.' What little I shall say stances so sensible of the import. about our departed friend, will not ance of closet religion, that she so much respect what she said, as scrupulously watched for oppor• how she walked with God, and tunities. Nor was this a mere sense adorned the doctrine of God our of duty: she took delight in retirSaviour.

ing to read her Bible, and commune It was her privilege to be born with God and her own heart; and of parents who knew the excellency she appears to have been much of true religion ; and who felt it an benefiied; for the more she conindispensable obligation to train up versed with these, the more powertheir children in the fear of the fully she exemplified the temper of Lord. She appears to have bein her divine Master. - So far was an apt scholar in regard to spiritual she from supposing that closet-reiostruction. Her mind was well ligion superseded the necessity of stored with Scripture, and devo- ' public worship, that if she was well, tional hymns; and she always and in town, her seat in this place

great pleasure and gratitude. Let lieve, most seldom vaçant; and tbis encourage Christian parents to what I would especially notice is, persevere in teaching their children; her early attendarice. In this she and let the young cherish instruc. was worthy of imitalion; for, astion, under an assurance that they suredly, before one syliahle is will reap the benefit of it through uttered in a place of worship Try all their riper years,

the minister, the whole congre· What she knew of religion in gation should be in their places. · early life, was not, in her, what it She was not only a humble and has been in many who have had a serious Christian in the church, the same advantages, merely an but she carried religion with her external acquaintance with it; - into her family: every department but, in her, the grace and power of she had to fill, she filled honourably ; Jesus were abundantly discovered. and all the duties she had to disThose who knew her best, bear tes charge, she discharged punctually : timony to her great seriousness of all she was, and all sie did there, spirit, and unreserved devotedness were not only worthy of her as a to her God and Saviour; from Christian, but exciled the esteem of which it docs not appear she every individual in a very large swerved, either in heart or practice, famiiy. Jo short, among all the excelduring a leng profession, the greater lent Chrislian females that I have

* The substance of this paper is taken from the Funeral-Sermon, by the Rev. John Townseud. See our Review in the presepi Number.

known, I have not foued any supe. she utlered in conversation were not rior to her in the seriousness of her consódered as falling from the lips of general conversation,' affability to a dying Christiap ; and, of course, her equals, and kindness to her in- were not treasured up in their meferiors.

mories. Seeing her departure was In her general intercourse with so unexpected, I esteem myself hapsociety, she conducted herself in the py in having had a very interesting most h: nourable and beneficial ma'n conversation with her only 24 hours ner :- she was huinane to the af. before she died. In this conversation flicted, liberal to the indigent, and she opened her mind to me with courteous to all : and in all the good great freedom concerning the tempshe accomplished (and it was not tations and copil cts she had in re. little) she suffered not to let her left gard to death, the fear of which band knew what her right hand did. Sometimes harrassed her; but at Matth. vi. 3.

the same time observing, that she The general state of her mind was krew in whom she had believed : so spiritual, that one might truly and, after expressing her present say, her - conversation was in Hea- confidence in God, she quoted the ven.” Her mind was almost al. following verse with great vivacity ways ruminating on the things of and emphasis: God; and she was free to 'converse A debtor to mercy alove,' &c. about them. I have witnessed her deep acquaintance with experimen

She did not possess, in her last ill. tal religion, her great solicitude to

ness, any elevated or triuinphant

ness, any ele live near to, and walk with, God; joyi,

joy; but a calm and unshaken and to be fully prepared for the

confidence in the grace and atonemoment when her "Lord should

ord showd ment of Jesus, produce a strong and come and take her home to his bea- settled peace of mind, and a cheerful venly kingdom..

hope of eternal glory. After some Whilst at home, in the church,

more conversation about the proand in the world, she was thus ma

bable issue of her affliction, and the nifesting the power of the Gospel, state of her soul, during which she and had the. unanimous testimony

spoke in a more free and lively of all who knew her, that she served

manner than usual, she closed the the Lord in sincerity and truth, she

conversation with these excellent was, the most huinble and lowly of

lines of the poet : Christians-complaining of the re- A guilty, weak, and helpless worm, maining evils of her heart, her ma On thy kind arms I fall; nifold defects in duty, and devoutly Be thou my strength and righteousness, ascribing all she knew and en My Jesus and my all.' joyed in religion, to the grace and

The final scene, in the morning, power of Jesus.

was as calm as that of the precediug The last scenes of her mortal ex. afternoon; uttering some of the istence were tranquil, serious, and same sentiments, and repeating the humble, as might have been ex same hymns. Although she had pected. Through a long-protracted been restless in the night, yet she was and truly painful illness, which baf. not thought worse than usual; and fled all the efforts of human when her friends around her had skill, she invariably discovered the not the least suspicion of her imspirit of patience and resignation , mediate dissolution, she suddenly frequently saying, · The will of the sunk into the arms of death (I Lord be done ;' and expressing her might rather say, fell asleep in Jedesire that the Lord might be glori. sus) apd, without one convuis ve fied, whether by her life or by her pang, or one distressing groan, death, as he should think best. without stopping so much as to say • Owing to a general impression on Farewell to her dearest relatives,

the minds of her friends, that al. she silently withdrew froin our dark though her disease might be fatal, - and miserable world, to enter upon yet that it would be extreinely lin. an existence of infinite and eternal gering, the many weigbty sayings blessedness, in the presence of that glorious Jesus, whom, through life plied, " I do not know: but she has and in death, she loved and adored several times since assured me, that as her Lord and Redeemer.--Surely, she did not then understand the thus to die, may be said to be gain ! meaning of the word soul ; nor did

she know that she possessed any

principie distinct froin her body, or JANE TALMADGE.

that she should survive the present, JANE TALMADGE, a young woman, statc. This may teach us, that the about 27 years of age, died June 2, unlettered peasant and the learned 1808, at Portsca. Her short his- materialist, more nearly reseinble tory is an illustration of the baneful each other than the philosopher, effects of ignorance, the blessing would willingly admit: -- at the of being associated with Christians, same time, it should suggest to

the usefulness of distributing those who instruct others, the ne, Religious Tracts, and the great ad- cessity of satisfying themselves that vantage of private instruction. She those they teachi, clearly underwas a poor uneducated girl, brought stand the terms by which they try up in a country village, where she to convey ideas to their ininds, or had no one to care for her soul. the time and labour of the teacher Her parents, anxious only for the must necessari:y be lost. temporal welfare of their children, This young woman had a kind had totally neglected to teach her instructor in Mrs. Lucas; who, by to read. Prompted by uccessity, the simplest means, gradually inand by a laudable wish not to bure formed ner mind, and laught her to den her parents, she came more road. Though she constantly atthan 40 miles to Portsmouth, while tended the preaching of the gospel, she was very young, in quest of a nothing left ang lasting impression situation for her maintenance. upon her heart, till her inistress Here it was her happiness to be gave her a religious Tract; which, engaged as the servant of Mr. and being a parrative of interesting Mrs. Lucas. These were elderly facts, and writteu in a style suited persons, of great piety and exem to her capacity, she readiiy underplary conduct. When they had stood. By this Tract, the Lord was received this girl into their service, pleased to fix a deep and lasting ibey very properly considered that concern on her soul about her salan important charge was com- valion. After reading this, she bemitted to them by Him who orders came evidently serious. Her masthe differeut ranks of society, and ter and mistress watched the state ordains that superiors should be', in of her mind, her temper and con. a considerable degree, responsible to duct, with parental teijderness; and God for their interiors. Her mis- readily aft rded her such instructress, finding that she had nu know tion as the distress of her inind renledge even of her letters, imnie- dered necessary. In a suitable time, diately begap to teach her toʻread. she was, by the recommendation of She formed a resolution that her her master, who is a deacon of the servant should not leave her house church, admitted to the table of till she could read her Bible. Jane the Lord. Soon after this, her mishad lived in a fainily for some time, trens, on a Sabbath-day morning, as an under-servant, where, from while preparing to go to the inthe official character of her master, struction of the Sunday-school chilit might have been reasonably ex- dren, was seized with a paralytic pected that some attention would stroke, and died the next morning. have been paid to her improve- - Mrs. Lucas was one of the exment, and especially to her inoral cellent of the earth :' a judicious and religious character ; but both woman, and a mother in Israel.' of these bad been totally neglected. Just such a prudent, pious, friend Her ignorance was so gross, that as every young inin sier needs. when her mistress asked her, if she She watched over the spiritual were to die, what she thought welfare of the society with an would become of her soul, - she re- anxious solicitude, that proppled

her to every good work, and which pointed time would I wait, till my never abated. The hints she fre- change come. My will is wholly quently gave her minister, were so swallowed up in the will of my respectful, kind, and suitable, and heavenly Father.' - In conversation delivered in a tone so free from dic. with her minister, she said, I think tatorial authority, that she soon I am a Christian, for I feel my soul secured his cjnfidence and esteem. is so completely different from what The death of such a woman was a it once was. The Sunday Schoo very great loss ; especially so to has been very pleasant to me, espeJane : but it was an event which cially conversing with the children placed her in the situation of a about their souls. After pausing house - keeper to her master, who for want of strength, she continued, was more than 80 years of age." I cannot think my confidence is

Soon after Jane was first taken 'delusion; for my soul cleaves to the ill, she consulted a physician ; who holiness of God, and I shall soon be at once perceived there was little like him!' With great emphasis hope of recovery. He kindly asked she added, I long to be entirely her what was her own opinion of like him ! ! her danger; and thus gently hinled . At another time, after she had to her, that he did not wish to alarm been so il in the night that she was her ; yet he thought it right to'say, thought to be dying, she said to her that he was apprehensive that 'her miaister, in the morning, 'I have case was very serious. She calmly met with a great disappointment: ! replied, 'That does not alarm me; thought my soul was within a few my mind is in a good degree pre- minutes of Heaven; and I felt on pared for whatever it pleases God fall stretch to be gone, but when to send me."

I found life returning, my spirits In the early part of her illness sunk within me!' she said to her minister, “I feel no “After this she so far recovered, as reluctance to dié: if it be the will to walk about the room. She then of my heavenly Father, I am re. said, I know not what the Lord signed. He has done so much for is about to do with me!' Being me, I cannot doubt his kindness.

asked, “ Do you not now feel some It is an infinite mercy that ever I hope of recovering?' - she replied,

came to this house! O! how much I cannot call it hope ; for I have - I owe to the instructions of my dear a greater desire to die than to live" mistress, and to the admonitions. This revival lasted but a short time, and prayers of my kind master !' - as the next day she grew worse than This should be an encouragement ever. To her sister she said, speakto pious families to be attentive to inr of her pains, ' It is a hard thing their servanls. It recalls to my to die;' but when a little relieved, mind a similar instance, which I her sister observing her lips move, witnessed lately. When visiting a asked her if she was sensible : -- she young woman, recently married, said, "I was singing in the last stage of a japid decline, I found her mind spiritual, well “My willing soul would stay informed in the disctrines of the lo such a frame,' &c. gospel, and peaceably resigning her.

Late in the evening before her self to the will of God. She told death (which took place early in the me, that she owed her conversion

morniny) she took" leave of her mito the conversation and prayers of nister; and said, I shall soon bave a Christian master,' in whose house a triumphant entrance into the she had lived before her marriage ; kingdom of my Father!' About an and which she wished ine to men

hour before she departed, she said tion to him, with expressions of her to a young friend (which were the dying gratitude.

last words she was heard to utter) About a fortnight before Jane “I am happy! I am going to the died, she said to her sister, In a few Church above, to sing redeeming days more, it may be a week, and I crace and d

grace and dying love !" shall be gone. I would not be im patient: all the days of my ap

Portsea.

J. G.

REVIEW OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS, &c.

The one Strictures on Two Critiques in the on some great occasion.

Edinburgh Review, on the Suvject makes the Deity what he is, an Infiof Methodism and Missions ; with

'nite Being ; the other reduces him Remarks on the Influence of Re

to the level of a creature ! and not views in general on Morals and

only is this Deistical notion of the

Reviewer derogatory from the perHappiness. In Three Letters to a Friend. By J. Styles. 8vo, 3s 6d

fection of the divine nature, but it

betrays egregious ignorance of the We are sorry to find that any of mutual connection and dependenthose Periodical Journals, which cies of things. lo the arrangements have hitherto supported a high cha- of the divine economy, what men racter for literature and science, are used to call little and great, are should degrade themselves by an . so intimately blended, that if the attack on vital and practical reli- one were neglected, the other could gion. So far as our Magazine is not exist.' Tbis he goes on to concerned in the Strictures upon it prove, both as respects the mate. by the Edinburgh Reviewers, we rial and the moral world;' and we have only to thank them for extend. 'should be glad to cite his arguments ing our popularity by introducing at length, did not the limits of our us to a new circle of readers : but work forbid; but the following we feel for our opponents. • It is Extract is so truly excellent, both hard for them to kick against the in sentiment and language, that goads. It is an awful thing to jest our readers would have cause to with the religion of the gospel. complain of us if we did not insert

The Editor of the Edinburgh Re- it :view, in an unlucky hour, admitted Here I may fairly retort upon two articles, the one in ridicule of the critic the baneful tendency of Methodism, in Number XXXIV; the that character of Providence, which other of Missions, in the following. be considers so elevated and majes

In the former article, the Re- tic. If the Superintending Mind viewer makes very little attempt at never interferes in the government reasoning. He sets out with con- of mankind but on some occasion founding Churchmen and Dissent. awful and sublime, what is the efers, Calvinists and Arminians, with fect that such a notion must pro. men of every other shade of lu- duce on the minds and characters of nacy,' as he is pleased to term it, individuals ? Each one will consiinto one mass of Fanatics, with der himself as in a 'fatberless world ; whom he does not think it worth alienated from his God, who regards while to reason; and therefore only not his trivial affairs : he will cease ridicules. Mr.Styles, however, meets to pray for the guidance of his wishim on his own ground, and beats' dom, or the protection of his power. him with his own weapons. He does In the difficult path of virtue, conmore: he enters into argument, scious that he must struggle alone, and shews that the Reviewer's no- without assistance or support, he tions on Providence and God's go- will soon abandon every ettori, and veroment of the world, are very de- sink into the listlessness of indiffer. fective and inaccurate. His re- ence, or the torpor of despair. --marks on this subject are judicious, Finding the task of subduing his and his illustrations striking. After passions, of maintaining a steady drawing the character of the great firmness in those principles which Governor of the Universe in the ele. digpify his nature, too mighty for vated language of the prophets, his accomplishment, all his virtues he proceeds thus: “ Now contrast will be stunted in their growth; or, with this view of God, the idea chilled by the coldness of neglect, which represents him as interfering will wither and die: and let the idea in the government of the world only once possess the vicious mind, that

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