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· EAST INDIES. Some of our readers may recollect a passage in a late Report of• The Society for promoting Christian Knowledge,' in which complaint is made of certain disorders among their Missionaries at Vepery, near Madras ; and a suspicion thruwo out, that they might be occasioned by Missienaries from an Anabaptist Society, and from that called 'The London Missionary Suciety,'having called upon them. By the following Extract of a Letter from Dr. Rottler to a friend, who having heard of his situation, had offered him assistance, it seems he has been discharged by that Society merely on account of his having treated these Missionarios with that kind. ness and respect which they have generally met with from men of real worth in India, both clergy and laity! We doubi not, it will be satisfactory to our readers to find that the good Doctor has suffered no inconvepience from the event. .I was indeed much affected after haviog perused your letter; and I read it more than once, and felt strongly how sweet brotherly love is, From our Society I surcly did not expect such treatment; and I was grieved by the resolution they have been pleased to take concerning my situation here as a Missionary ; but my mind was soon appeased. My conscience told me, that I had not deserved such treatment; my friends compassionaled and comforted mc; and I put my confidence in the Lord, who I know directs every thing to the good of his children. Instead of being a Joser, afier my discharge by our Society, I am a gainer, if I consider my present situation, because I have been appointed since, by government, to preach in the Black Town Chapel, in good Dr. Kerr's place, whom the Lord bas called; and the monthly salary of 25 pagodas is now granted to me. You see, my dear Sir, that I at present do not suffer any distress, oor want any assistance which you so kindly offer me. I must confess that I was much moved at this passage in your letter. Should a new opportu. nity of assisting any of the friends of Christ be given me, how gladly would I embrace it again, without regarding the censure of the world, and thes treatment. As Christ loved us, so we must love each other, not in words only, but in deeds. Pray for me, and I will pray for you.'
CEYLON. A Letter from Mr. Ehrhardt, one of the Missionaries in Ceylon, dated January 21, 1809, has been received; from which it appears, that he has been authorized, by his excellency Governor Maitland, to baptize, marry, preach, and perform all other ecclesiastical functions throughout the district of Matura.
CHINA. MR. MORRISON thought it expedient to leave Canton when, some months ago, the Chinese government prohibited for a short time, intercourse with foreigners, and hostilities were threatened. He removed to Macao in the beginning of November 1808; and when he wrote his last lotter, Jan. 21, 1809, he was still there, pursuing his study of the Chinese Language. He had then thoughts of proceeding to Penang, to print a Grammar which he bad compiled ; and to commence his intended Dictionary.
BOMBAY A VERY curious souse has lately been tried in the Recorder's Court at Bombay, in which Mulhar Kow was plaintiff and Hormusjee Bomanjee defendant. It appears that Malabar Hill, Dear Buribay fort, had been long
accounted by the Hindoos a sacred place, that a place of worship bad anciently stood there, --- and that the spot was still visited for the purposes of devotion. It was also believed, that the saered ay nabols (which had been lost) would one day be discovered. In 1774 Paudon, a respectable Hindon, acquired the holy ground ; aod in digging, in order to build a wall around it, found the Ling and Saloonka, the long lost symbols of Deity. On which occasion the branvins were invited; who, with such ceremony, restored the images to their aucient honours. In 1800 Pandoo, who had been redused to poverty, died. The sherriff seized his goods ,and sold them. At the sale, several friends of Pandoo enquired of tho sherritt' whether he intended to sell Babool Nauth (the holy hill); -- the sheriff answered, Me was there to sell what belonged to Pandoo. This satisfied then that the holy ground (which had been alienated to the Deity) would not be sold : but in the deed of conveyance, it was nevertheless included ; and the purchaser, afterwards, sold it again (specifying the boly, spot as actually included) to the plaintiff.
Several witnesses appeared to prove that all the ceremonies necessary to the re-conseeration of the place had been duly performed, -- that a pagoda was built on the spot, and that the Hindoos frequenlod it for worship.
On the contrary, the defendant stated, that when the property was sold, not a word was said by the Hindoos in behalf of their god, that whea the Parsees (a different sect) were about to devote, as a burial-place, an adjacent spot, separated from the holy hill only by a road, they objected to building a pagoda there ; but that Paodoo delusively built a pagoda, pretending that he was building only a shed; and as the Parsees are abliged, by their religion, to have their tombs in a private place, and distant from all buildings, they objected both to the building, and to the resort of worshippers to the hill, The defendant also contended, tbat the ling, the holy symbol, which the Hindoos pretended was ancient, was really a new one, made on purpose to deceive, that the consecration was not properly performed, -that Pandoo bimself suffered the place to be defiled by per. mitting toddy to be drawn within the smell of his god, and allowiog a prostitute to live with him at the pagoda.
The Recorder then gave judgment to the following effect: -- If the spot in question was, in April, 1800, vested in the Hindoo community, ar, . in Pandoo, so it now continues. We do not affect to tolerute the religions. of our subjects, - we protect them. We protect them cqually and vigorously from insult and levity. .
* Something has been said of Policy; the only policy which can be considered in this place is Justice; which, as a great man has well said, is itself the standing policy of civil society : but I am persuaded, that there never was ally disaffection among the Hindoos; and that a submissive and gentle nation, which has yielded passive obedience to so long a succession of tyrants and persecutors, feel nothing but gratitude towards those who protect their property and their religion. No grounds for such a disaffcction were inost certainly ever furnished by those persons (referring to the Missionaries) respectable for their blameless lives, entitled to the veneration of all men, for their disinterested purpose, who have sacrificed all the ordinary pleasares and advantages of life to the hope (well or ill founded) of spreading Christianity in the east, - who would spurn with horror the aid of coercion, if it were offered, — who disclaim even the favour and countenance of authority, and who desire only that tolmration, or rather obscurity, which a Christian Goveroment most justly affords to its Hinduo and Mahomedan subjects.
This remarkable passage, from the mouth of Sir James Mackintosh, affording a compleie justification of the Missionaries in the East Indies, will have a thousand tudes more weight with impartial persons than all the caluinnious charges produced by such 'men is Mr. Twining, Mr. Waring, or ibe Edinburgh Reviewers.
The Recorder further observed, that the testimony of the Bramains must be taken strictly on the principle of the Indian law, “ That a witness is not to be believed, unless his testimony be supported by other circumstances.” Other circumstances do support their testimony. A consecration did actually take place. Evidence establishes a public pagoda. As to the insufficiency of the consecration, alleged by forcign Branrins, they are of no authority. Our Pandits know the usages of our country. Pandoo might allow acts that profaned his temple, but he did not thereby resume bis property. The judgment against Pandoo could only affect what was his property. No imputation attaches to the defendant,
The decision of this cause, in favour of the Hindoo religion, will afford a strong evidence to the natives of India, that no intention is entertained of counteracting by force the superstitious prejudices they entertain; and consequently will tend to suppress that irritation which was occasioned by the orders unhappily issued at Vellore.
• Since my last, I have been frequently employed in preaching and catechizing, though the latter has been confined to Mr. Wray's congrega. tion, where, I am happy to say, the work of the Lord seems to flourish. On Monday, May 22, ten were baptized, who appear to be truly devoted to God; and several more are candidates for that ordinanee.. Oo Lord's Day, June 4, the Lord's Supper was administered among them. It was truly a refreshing sight to behold these poor Heathen brought to sit down at the table of the Lord. Frequently, in the evenings, when we have no preaching, Mrs. Wray has her room full of them, learning the Cateebism; while I and Mr. Wray have a goodly number in tbe chapel.'
If Providence should not permit Mr. Adam to labour in some places in Demarara, where he has requested leave to preach, he has some thoughts of visiting Trinidad. ,' Mr. Purkis sailed from Demarara for Tobago, on the 25th of May, te assist Mr. Elliot on that island ; and arrived there on the 26th of June.
Mr. Davies, assisted by Mrs. Davies, is diligently employed in the school; in which there are about 40 children, many of whom are taught gratis, and others at a low rate, it being his desire to instruct the children of the poor as well as of the rich. He also preaches in Stabrock; but at present rather privately, on account of some opposition. Many hare learned the Catechism, and take paius to teach others.
Concerning the Death and Funeral of Mr.Post, Mr.Wray wriles as follows
in his Journal: April 29, 1805. This evening, at half past eight o'clock, he fell asleep in Jesus. The poor negroes spent most of the night in weeping for him; and crying, • my massa! O my massa !'. Great lamentation was made for him, not only on this estate, but on all tbe estates around. Mr. Purkis, I, and the manager went among tha negroes, in their houses and other buildings, desiring them to be still; but in vain, --- tears flowed down their sable cheeks ; and they continued to mourn aloud the greatest part of the night. A more affocting scene was perhaps never presented. I sup. pose there were uearly 500 people on the estate, and almost all of them Were weeping. I was much affected with the language of one poor woman. She said she had been 20 years on the estate, and not able to work ; but her massa had given her meat and drink, and every thing to make her comforlable, the same as if she had been able to work ever so hard. ( what a loss to the cause of Christ is this servant of God! He is cut down just in the midst of his usefulness. It appears to me, that any man in the world
could have been better spared than Mr. Post; but God's thoughts are not as our thoughls.
Lord's Day, April 30. This morning the estate appeared as if in mourning for its late owner; and all was confusion and hurry about us. At five in the afternoon, Mr. Post was buried on his own estate, ia nis own burial-grouad. A great many people of different colours attended. He was carried to the grave by eight of his own bezroes ; 801ne of whom have beea baptized. We sang the 63d hvina of 2d book at his own door ; and the 88th, book l, and the 107th, book 2, at the grave; where 'an exhortation was given from Amos iv. 12. Mr. Purkis preached in the evening.'
The following Account of the Baptism of several of the Negroes is very interesting :
• Dec. 26. This morning I addressed the people, who are to be baptized this day, from the Acts, respecting Philip and the Eunuch. At II o'clock we assembled together, to receive 13 men and 7 women into the church of Christ. They have long been instructed, both in public and in private, concerning the tbings of God; and appear to have upon them those marks which distinguish them from mere professors. They appear to be deeply convinced of their state as singers by nature and practice ; and
that they cannot be saved but by the free grace of God, through faith in · Jesus Christ, and that faith is the gift of God. At this meeting several
Scriptures were explained to them, concerning the nature of this ordinance, the obligations laid on baptized persons, the awfulness of apostacy; and the promise of God to the faithful were pointed out. They then stood be. fore the pulpit, and made a public prosession of their faith in and obedi. ence to Christ, by answering several questions proposed to them, and it was very affecting to hear some of them answer thus : · With all my heart;' and to set,' at the saine time, the tears running down their black cheeks. They kneeled down to receive the water ; and the words of the institution were repeated over each person, and a passage of Scripture offered to God in the language of prayer, with the laying on of hands. Four or five knecled at once, and a suitable hymn was sung in the intervals; after which a prayer was offered on their behalf. I then went round, shook hands with them, and welcomed them into the church of Christ, in the name of the Missionary Society and of ail iny Christian brethren. The meeting was concluded with an Address to the Congregation, according to their characters and situations,
"All the people (who were about 600) appeared to be much affected ; and some, I believe, will never forget it. The pious and excelleol Mr. Post, shed tears of joy all the time, to see his earnest desires in part fuifilled. O Lord! what am I, or my father's house, that thou shouldest confer such an honour upon me, not only in sending ine to preach to the Heathen, but in granting me such success! O if all the world felt what I then did, I think all the world would long to become Missionaries !
Dec. 27. This is tbe last of the Chrisimas holidays among the negroes. What a great and glorious change has taken place among tbein since the last year! Instead of followiog their vain amseinents, numbers have turned to the Lord, sing his praise, and glorify his name! They now hate the things wbich they once loved, and delight in the inings of Jesus, of which many of them never heard of tili lately. O blessed gospel, what hast thou done! Thy glories have won the hearts of many! -- thy simple Javguage has subdued the most stubborn sipner, enlightened the darkest mind, changed the lion into a lamb, the swearer into a man of prayer, the child of wrath into an heir of Heaven, and the sons and daughters of Samo tan into the children of God!
May 28. When I returned home, Mrs. Wray informed me that many women and children had been with her, to receive instruction; among the rest was one Lucinda, wbo had been lately baptized. When Mrs. Wray asked her some questions concerning the state of ber mind since her bap. tisin, -- she began to exclaim against Satan and his templations. “That wicked Devil, said Lucinda, · wanted to inake me swear. Mrs. W. said, 6 But I hope you did not, Lucinda ?” She relied, 'Ah, misse, I wili tell you all about it! You know I have one nice china plale ; and yesterday 1 bail iny piantains ta dinner ; and one great fowl did fly down to have iny plantai?%, and broke my nice china plate. I did say, God-o, and was going to ay d ; but I put my hand upon my mouth to keep it in. Ah, misse! I did not let it come out, but my heart swear! I could eat no plantain ; but privedl God to forgive me.' She then added,. Dat Devil 10w say, Lucinda is baptized : l'll make her swear as she used to do ; but I said, G: behind me, trou Divil!'. This poor old crealure had been a very wicked swearing wo mau ; but now she is a real penitent. It would do you good to obs 'rve the action of this poor creature, for her expressions lose much of their fore without this.
• June 6. In the evening, a negress of the name of Aria was asked if she go". any good at the Lord's Table oa the precedios Sabbath, - she replj d, Very much love ;' and then pointing to Heaven, she said, I shall yam, yam there' (ineanin; I shall eat at the table above) and see my magsa' (meaning Mr. Pori); and he will say, " Ah, Asia, you are come here! I see you prayed, or you would not have come here i” She then fell on her face to the ground for joy.
TOBAGO. Letters have been received from Mr. Elliot, dated June 19, 1809, with his Journal. He continues to preach at Scarborough, and also at se. veral of the estates in the island, to the negroes ; many of whom hear the word with great eagerness and delight. He is also engaged in catechizing them; in which good work he is assisted by Mr.s Elliot. Every article of life has been extremely dear ; but in consequence of the arrival of some American vessc Is with four, &c. their extravagant price has been somewbat reduced. Mr. Elliot's labours have been too much for his strength; but, we trust, he will be relieved by the help of Mr. Purkis, wbu arrived at Tobago on the 26th of June.
SOUTH AFRICA. A LÜTTER, dated Bethelsdorp, March 1, 1809, has been received from Dr. Vanderkemp. The Doctor is desirous of establishing, if it be found practicable, an ORPHAN-HOUSE, for the education of orphans and children abandoned by their parents: an institution which lie thinks very desirable among the Hottentots, who 80 shamefully neglect the education of their children. It would probably be an incalculable blessing to the colony, could a number of childien be trained up from their infancy in habils of industry, and taught to obtain their subsistence by the labour of their hands. This, however, is a great undertaking, and would require liberal contributions.
spiritual independence is intimately
united. In the midst of this cruel PIUS VI). PONTIFF.
persecution we are comforted by the The dark designs conceived by reflection, that we encounter such a the enemies of the Apostolie See, heavy misfortune, not for any of have at length been accomplished. fence given to the Einperor or to · After the violent and unjust apo France, which has always been the liation of the fairest and inost con- object of our affectionate paternal siderable portion of our dominions, solicitude, nor for any intrigue of we behold ourselves, under unworthy worldly policy, but from an ugwil. pretexis, a od with so much the great- lingness to betray our duties, er injustice, entirely stripped of our To please men and to displease temporal sovereignty, to which our God, is not allowed to any one pro