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propensity, inspiring them in every creature, and consequently of all good endeavour, and beginning, true virtue ; and yet capable of continuing, and finishing in them adding iniquity to iniquity. -Moevery good work, not by his assisting dern Calvinists think this représ but by his single operation, - his sentation is established by experi. grace, though it may for a time he ence, by observation, by history, resisted, being ullimately invincible: and by scripture-testimony. and that he fits the reprobale in like. 2. That this fallen depraved conmanner for Hell, by blinding their dilion of mankind can be counterminds, hardening their hearis, de acted only by the interposition of priving them of the koowledge of sovereign grace in Christ Jesus. his word, withholding from them. They view his death as a most perthe influences of his Spirit, and feci sacrifice and satisfaction for sin, finally delivering them over to the - of infinite value, and abundantly Devil.
sufficient to expiate the sins of the Lastly, lo close this dismal pro- whole world. That on this ground cession of opinions, that the pun, · the gospel is to be preached to all her of the Elect is very small, wbile mankind indiscriminately, thal it the reprobate are of course in- is the indispensable duty of all who Dumnerable; - YET, THIS IS CAL- hear this gospel to believe it, to VINISM !'
repent of sin, renounce it for ever, Calvinism must mean, we sup- and devote themselves entirely pose, either, generally, the sentin to the Redecmer as his faithful sub. ments of those who distinguish jects; yet, they also believe that it themselves by the term; or it must was the will of God that Christ, by mean, peculiarly, the sentiments the blood of his Cross, should efficaespoused by that Icarued Reformer ciously redeem all those, and those himself. We intend, therefore, to only, who were from eleroily elected examine Mr. W.'s charge in both to salvation, and given to him by lights.
the Father! They maintain that This sermon, we shall take it for God, who, from all eternity, fore. granted, was preached, as quoted knew all the iinpiety aud obduracy above, without the matter con- of men, still delerinined that his tained in the notes, which are now grace should not be frustrated. appended to it. Consequently the lá forming, therefore, the great picture given of Calvinism to the plan of salvation, the Father, from audience and to the Clergy, was as eternity, choke in Christ an innumerwe have now stated it.
able multitude of the fallen race of 1. We apprehend it will he ad. Adam unio holiness and eternal maited by every competent judge, life, - of his frec grace and love, that Calvinsits are as well acquaint without the least foresight of faith, ed with their own principles as Mr: good works, or any condition to be W. can possibly be. It, therefore performed by the creature! They (to use his words) we may be pere do not consider Predestination or Initted to know our own sentiments, El.ction as affecting the agency or we bey leave to contrast the follow accountableness of creatures, or as ing acknowledger portraitce of being to them any rule of conduct ! Calvinisin with his caricature. On the contrary, they suppose them Modern Calvinism asserts,
to act as freely, and to be as much Tbat mankind, toough created in the proper subjects of calls, warnthe moral image of God, ara uni- ings, exhortations, promisos, and versally depraved, in collsequence of threatenings, as if no decree existed. the fall of idam, whose sin, as their 'The connection in which the docfederal head, involve the corrup. trine is generally introduced by ti in of all his postediy; which cor- their preachers and writers is, to ruplion, they believe, ig universal, shew the source of salvation to be exiending over all the powers of of mere grace, - to account for one the soul, and tota ; i. . the hu- sinners believing and being saved man heart is, by naire, totally dese rather than ano, Cr, -to shew the titute of love to God, winnin as his certain success of Chrisi's under
taking, and as a powerful motive name of Calvinism : anomalies are to personal holiness, as well as a not rules; they are discarried by source of comfort to the consistent modern Calvinists theinseives; Christian.
and Mr. W. suvely has not yet to 4. They maintain, That all whom learn, that neither sentiments por God hath predestinated unto lifc, persuns ought to be attached to any he is pleased, in his appointed tinie, body of people which they them. eifactually lo call by his word and solves distincily and explicitly disSpirit, out of a state of sin and avow. "We look only to Calvinism death, into that of grace and salvao (lo use the words of the late Bistro ijen by Jesus Christ. In the suc Horsley) such as ine venerable Cala cessive periods of time, the Holy via would himself bave owned, not Spirit rationally convinces them of wriched and einbellished with the the amiable glory of Goil, the in, extravagancies of visionaries since finite vileness of sint, and the cquit. his day.' able fitness of its eternal punish. Mr. W. doubtless felt himself a ment. He induces them, by the most little awkward in facing the public effectual motives, to accept the from the press, without gollerine Lord Jesus Christ as their King and down the pictures which he had Saviour; and to live a life of de- given from the pudpit. And, there. pendence on his grace, and sincerc fore, he makes #ome sort of more dedication to his boly service. cedan explanation in his notes :
They admit that the Holy Spirit, this we shall notice in iis proper as calling men by iheministry of the place. Here we have to remark, gospel, may be resisted; and that that as those explanations were not when this is the case, the fault is not introduced into ine body of the in the gospe', nor in Christ otsered sermon, either Mr. W. did not when by the gospel, nor in God calling by he preached know of the Calvoisin the gospel, but in themselves ; they to which bis potes refer ; or, ikat ne contend, however, that where men did kBow of it. If he did noi khow, obey the divine call, and are convert he was incompetent to his subject: ed, it is not to be ascribed to them: if he did know and not adduce it, he selves, as though by their own free was a prejudiced and parliai witness.. will they made themselves to differ, In his noids, Mr. W. sa 3*, that but entirely to him wbo quickens his picture does not apply to mo. them when dead in trespasses and dern Calvinism; int only to the . sins.
rigors of Calvin ax found in his own. Finally, They maintain that those writings : we proceed, therefore, to whom God has effectually called investigate his charge as applied to and sanctified by his Spirit, shall that learned and pious Rcformer. never firaliy fall from a state of grace: they admit that believers
(To be continued.) may fall partially, and would fall
Two Letters to a Barrister. By A totally and finally, but for the mercy and faithfulaess of God;
Looker-on. Svo, Price 23. and they also maintain, that he who On perusing this pampilet, we bestows the grace of perseverance; could not help feeling regret in bestows it by the means of grace, common, probably, with most of its by exhortalions, threalenings, and readers, that it should not have promises ; but, that none of these inade its appearance at an earlier iinply the possibility of a believer's period of this controversy. In his falling from a state of justification. Preface, however, the author his THIS IS CALVINS 11 *.
offcred same satisfactory reasons for If there are a few anomalias of an the delay; and as the Barrister has Antinomian kind under the general recently threatenud a renewal of
* See Adams's View of Religion (art. Calvinism); Fuller's Essays and Letters ; Rev. Thos. Scott's Sermon on Election and Final Perseverance; Dr. Pye Smith's Letters to Belsham ; Dr. Ebward Williams's Essay on Divine Goverament and Sovereiguty of Divine Grace; and Overton's True Churchman. · W . w
hostilities, the Strictures of the important truths. On the subject Looker-on will not, we apprehend, of the Atonement we meet with the be regarded as unseasonable. ; following passage (n. 20): "That we
We give the author credit for his can make atonement for the sins of cardour, when he declares that our lives by any acts of contrition tbough his sentiments are not those and reformation, is a doctrine which of Calvinism,--set he takes pleasure I cannot read my Bible and believe. in avowing, that amon, no class of To a poor erring mortal, oppressed believers has hę met with indivi.. with a sense of moral transgression, duals of more sterling or exemplary conscious of bis inability io make virtue.' The Looker-on appears to reparation for those transgressiops us to be a sincere enquirer after for which he is amenable to the truth. Tilllately, averse from Evan. bar of Divine Justice, the assurance gelical sentiments at large, he now that Jesus Christ died for his sins frankly avows his belief in the lead. must be glad tidings of great joy! ing tenets of this system; and de- Woe indeed to the false teacher, who clares himself to be conscious of would represent this sublime doctrine their salutary influence. Proceed- as dispensing with purity of heart ing in the same path of humble and and holiness of life ; or who would, diligent investigation, we doubt not in any way, make it subservient to that “increasing years and extended a scheme of Antinomian profligacy! means of observation” will induce and woe also to the cold blooded him to regard with a more favour- sophist, who would take from the able eye the writings of his Calvin. repentapt sinner this blessed hope !" istic brethren ; with which we ven- The adınirers of the Pilgrim's ture to suggest he is at present but Progress will thank the Looker-on, imperfectly acquainted.
for successfully defending the me · After taking paios to prove that mory of its author from the foul the Barrister's assertions respecting impuiations of the Barrister. In the practical influence of evangeli. reference to this excellent writer, cal preaching, are not only unsun. he observes (p. 24) . To the genius porled, but plainly contradicted by evinced by the author of the Pil. fact, he communicates the result of grim, ihe mighty inind of Samuel his own observation, in p. 12: It Johnson paid a tribute of applause; is with me no uncommon thing to and would venlure to predict, That, see these poor deluded fanatics (as when time shall have forever ob. you, in the plenitude of your wis. literated the remembrance of the dom, would account them) even Barrister and his writings, the Pilamong the lower orders of society, grim's Progress will continue to be leading lives of unblemished so. read and admired ; -- will still be briety, devoting most conscientiously the solace of many a way-worn. to the support of their families the travc!ler, who, jo ihis instructive earnings of their industry: I see allegory, will recognize a faithful them solicitous to train up their picture of the difficulties and dischildren in the paths of virtue and couragements, the joys and consopiety: -nor has it been' without lations of a religious lite.' emotion that I have witnessed these In reply to ine Third Part of the honest Christians resigning their Hints,' the author notices, with souls to their Maker with a humble, just severity, the total want of ani. yel firm persuasion of a life to come, mation, which is apparent in the
a bright believing hope of eternal ministerial labours of the moral felicily, of which you might hare clergy ;' ard insists on the necescovied them the assurance,
sary curinection between the docThe Barrister, it is well known, trines, and the morality of the gos. hay virulently opposed the doctrines pel. After some pointed ridicula of Human · Depiraviis, the Alone- (which our limits forbid us to quote) went, ard Vie Influences of ine of the Barrister's preposterous poli'Joly Spirit. The Looker:on has lico-religious speculations, the Lock
the honour to be ranked amongst er-on takes lcáve of his readers and lbevindicalors of these great and bis opponent in the following terms: • Let those who think that Evangé- tentiary is concerned ; and when we ·lical Christians have too much zeal, reflect on the temporary celebrity
examine themselves, and enquire which Mr. Hale's name will give to · Whether they have enough ? and his pamphlet, we suppose that most
before they would extract the mote of our readers will unite with us in of enthusiasm from the eyes of their thinking, that Mr. Hodson's time brethren, let them first cast the and labour have been well expended beam of irreligion out of their own. in bringing forward the present proMay you, Sir, ere long, be con- duction. vinced of the error of your ways,. This pamphlet, like the former of and by a timely and honourable re. that gentleman, is distinguished by
traction, make some atonement for cogency of argument and energy of · the injury you have attempted to style. We speak our firm convic. inflict on the peace of society
tion when we say, That the politeThough we think the Barrister ness of the gentleman and the meek· has already been satisfactorily an. ness of the Christian shine through · swered, yet as the ground of argu- out the whole. Perhaps one pas• ment which the Looker-on has taken sage, in page 88, line 7, may be
is somewhat new, -as his observa deemed a little too severe; but when . tions appear to be cool and dispas.' we consider the unkind manner in
sionate, and in general just and ap which Mr. Hale has spoken of Mr. propriate, we do not hesitate to re- Hodson, there are few crilics, we commead his publication to the at believe, that would wish it extentive perusal of our readers. . punged.
It is difficult to select passages, Strictures ou Mr. Hale's Reply to
when there are so many that meet the Pamphlets in Defence of the
with our unqualified approbation.
The following seen a fair specimen London Female Penitentiary. By
waty. Dy of that vivacity of manner by which G. Hodson. Price 28.6d.
the work is distinguishedMr. H. « CONTROVERSY,' as one observes, · lays great stress on this remark, That is a bottomless pit.' If Mr. Hale's for every prostitute taken out of the plan were followed, the truth of this streets, there are two ready to take remark would soon appear; for dis ber place.' To this Mr. Hodson putation on alınost every subject smartly replies,. Indeed, Sir,“twowould be endless. We apprehend, two, ready to take their places ! But that when a writer has not answered, two what? Pray, Sir, explain. There nor even altempted to answer the is something remarkably suspicious principal arguments of his anta. here. Are they lwo prostitutes, or gonist, he may fairly be looked up. two modest women ? I will give on as vanquished. In this case pro- . you time to breathe, Sir, and, in the priety would dictate silence; and interim, proceed to fill up the hiatus. bonour would call upon him to come “ For every prostitute now upon the forward and avow his mistakes. town there are two sprostitutes] But what does this gentleman do? ready to take their places, !" Pray, He scarcely notices one of the strik. Sir, do you understand this? Then ing arguments of Mr. Hodson, but I will proceed a step further : “Supa takes up one or two points of in- 'posing (you say) for a moment, that ferior moment; gives them a certain there is a hundred annually taken degree of plausibility, and then into the Penitentiary; for ihis pumcomes forward with an half-crown ber adınitted, there is an hundred (an pamphlet, as if The Remonstrant hundred what? Why, prostitutes to ' bad taken do notice of his former be sure!) more at least upon the remarks! If Mr. Hale had consulted . town ;" that is, if the Penitenijary only his own reputation, he might receive a hundred prostitute, a hunhave remained silent, or merely said, dred prostitutes take their places; " When you have attempted to an- . therefore " it must be obvious to swer my arguments, I will resume every reflecting mind that the pum my pen.” But when we consider that ber of prostitutes will be proporso useful au institution as the Peni. tionably increased !!! Now, Sır,
3 U 2
' witbeut 'making any pretensions to prosiitution ?" Pray, Sir, if the Pc.
a " reflecting mind," it appears to nitentiary were to admit any of those me from the preceding considera whom you thus describe, and any tions, that, on the supposition that of its defenders were to assert that pone of these huudred temales whom ter were not prostitutes, what
you suppose lo enter into the Peves would you say to ibat i know, . icotiary, to relapse, the “sum of Sir, you would insist upon it that
prostitution must certainly diminish, they were. You perceive then inte and that (as you say) in proportion what difficulties, you have plunged to the numbers admitted into it !” yourself, and what prudence will be
The question here evidently re- required to enable you to maintain lates to two hundred prostitutes, of consislency in your next publication ! whom one hundred are supposed to Why, Sir, so far from not reprobat.. be restored by the Penitentiary; of ing as prostituies this description course the pumber left upon the of females, should they he received. town must be diminished in propor- into the Penitentiary, I. qucstion tion to the number adınitted into it!". whether, in this case, would you not --- and, surely, Sir, you are not pre- include in the same class, even “ SCpared to assert that, upon the re- duced females,” who had afterwards inoval of these latier into inore eli, lived with more than olie nian "on gible circumstances, for more gene- dishonourable terms,”' although they ral prostitution, a hundred virtu- had never ogone into the streets to ous and inudest women will become offün themselves for prostitution !”. in a moment vitiated, and occupy It is herce evident also, thai, in ore their mixed condition of labour aird der to give a colour to your expiring, less general prostitution ! But I cause, it will really be necessary for dare say, Sir, this is ail us phistie you, Sir, to apply is soft and tender cal” and “ metaphysica!," " exbibii.. epithets to the profligate of the feing you to the publ cas saying what male race!!' Dot to such as. areyou never said, and as asserting prin- desirous to be restored, &c. of whom cipits the very opposite to what you the advocates of the Penitentiary feel;" and therefore I presume', you speak,--bui of those, Sir, who, with will again tell the public that the a living in their hands, valuntarily advocates of the Penitentiary" have, plunge into a state of u horrid" in no vne instance, refuted one sin prestitution! A few of these gentle gle objection that you have biought epithets may likewise be recessary, against it :" but, Sir, I insist th:at, Sir, to palliate the guilt even of according to your own statements, those who have not yet "offered the women whom you suppose to themselves for prostitucion” in the take the places of the reciaimed fe- public streets, but who, wilh the. males are already pustilults! The genuine mind of the prostilate, “are to whom you represent as iheir ready to take their places" of such successors, you very justis describe, as.enter into the Penitentiary !”. not as virtuous, and modest women, Mr. Hodson concludes his Stricbut as females who "frequently go tures with a forcible a:peal to the out in the evening and uffer them- religious feelings of bis opponenti. selves for prostitution !!' - apd of and with which we shall conclude whom you say " there are many our review of the article. thousands !" They are such as “are But I cannot conclude this letter often what they call trying their without turning your attention to a chance," and who only “ give over consideration very soleren and their wicked pursuit: when the momentous import. Pray, Sir, have
scanly prey rendeis it an unpro: you cver retired and considered thus filable one. Now, Sir, i appeal to with yourself :. . What will be the yourself whether this is not an ac.. consequences of my success? Per. curate description of what are call. haps I may be deceived by ide spe. ed streel-walkers or communi pros., ciousness of, icy opinions. My titutes : and are not these the prø. judgment, like the judgments of per names of such as go out into other mep, is fallible. I may be in the stree.s and offer thewelves dos an error. The plans of the Peni.