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"2. Poor bg casualty : such as titute, or seduced woman, must be housekeepers deca yed, or ruined by justified by the following circumunavoidable misfortunes, and poor stances : viz. persons overcharged with children. 61. That the party ordered to be These, having ability, are to be set relieved, is bona fide chargeable to to work ; but if not able, they are the parish, either from having a to be relieved with money.
legal setilement there, or from some 3 Poor by prodigality and de accidental and sudden calamits, bauchery; also called ihriflless poor: bringing her within the description as idle, siothful persons, pilferers, of a casual claimant. vagabonds, sirumpets, &c.; who are 62. That the pauper, in whose to be sent to the House of Correc. behalf such order is made, comes tion, and be put to hard labour to within the jurisdiction of the Justice inaintain themselves; or work is who makes it. to be provided for them that they “3. That, after having taken the do not perish for want; and, if they usual oath, she is adjudged by the become impotent by sickness, or if Magistrate to be poor, impotent, their work will not maintain them, and unable to work, conformably to there must be an allowance by the the statutes. Overseers of the Poor for their sup- «4. That relief, by the weekly port.' Dalt. c. 73, s. 35, and Tom. payment of a certain sum, or proJins's edition of Jacob's Law - Dict. vision for a time specified, would title Poor.
not be deemed adequate to her exIn confirmation of the above, we igency; and that temporary aid beg leave to refer our readers to had been refused by the Ovorseers, the several statutes relating to the after a regular application. poor , and also to the learned Judge 5. That an order for her ad. Blackstone's Commentary on what mission in the Work house, shall may be called · The Parent Statule' neither be contrary to any special (43 Eliz.); on which he says, ' The Act of Parliament, by which the two great objects of this statute parish may be regulated, nor idscern to have been, 1, To relieve the compatible with the provision of impotent poor; and then only, 2, 22 Gco. III. C. 83 *, in incorporated To find employment for such as are districts, nor be impossible for want able to work, and this, principally, of room, or otherwise,' by providing stocks of raw material, Mr. Blair then adduces other auto be worked up at their separate thorities, grounded on decided cases, houses.' Blao. Com. I vol. p. 361. which, we are of opinion, sets the
In addition to these authorities, malter in debate completely at rest. that able and intelligent magistrate, But the most interesting and conMr. Colquhoun, in a private letter vincing fact held up to public notice to Mr. Blair, complimenting biin on by Mr. Blair is, the extreme incon. his first pamphlet in answer to Mr. sistency of Mr. Hale, who strenuHale, says, “You have mont accur- ously recommends Workhouses for ately defined the powers and sunce the reception of Penitents, while at tions of Magistrates in all cases ap- the same time he admits that they plicable to Prostituies; and have are most shamefully conducied; most truly observed (contrary to and thus he would expose the poor Mr. Hale's opinion) that much yet women to almost inevitable destrucremains to be done by the legislaa. tion. So then,' says Mr. Blair, ture, in respect to this unfortunate it comes out at last that this bepeclass of women.'
volent gentleman, who sels a high Mr. Blair next proceeds to shew, value on jinmortal souls, and would that a legal order for the .admis- rejoice to see those females weeping sion' and maintenance of any pros- before the cross, humanely strives
* By sec. 29. of this statute, no person shall be sent to the Poor-house, except such as are become indigent by old age, sicknese, or intirmities, and are enable w acquire a maintenance by their labour, &c.!
to cut them off from all the ordin on this subject (see page 119). The nary means of salvation, and seeks dixeussion which has taken place to iminure them in places, which a will ultimately, we trust, be prowell-informed magistrate (M. Col. ductive of the most salutary effects. quhoun) has said are nowhere, The inadequacy of the present Poor alas ! houses of reform, but gencr- Laws for the desirable purpose of ally are seminaries of vice, abodes reclaiming and employing unfortuof misery, which clefy all compa. nate females, has been sufficiently risori in homar wretchedness t; - prored. A sensible pamohiet, by a whicas Mr. Rosc, that enlightened! Mr. Sinith, on the Necessity of Paro. legislator, las called s Nurseries of chal Endeavours to prevent Pros the most pcruscious offenders against titution, has appeared, woich we the laws1;' - which the Rev. Mr. shall notice in the Supplement; and Gisborne' ells us are "scenes of Mr. Biarrhas announced to the public misers in the aged, and of vice to his intention of publishing a tract the young|| ; -- which Mr. Justice on The Mearts of Preventing ProsRuycles describes very truly as titulion and Indigenco ; with Reparigiu-hugbears, t» frighten Distress marks on tbe Management of Work.. froin applying for relief $;' - wnich houses.' Whatever can contribute another eininent magistrate, Justice either to the Prevention or Cure of Buri, declares are often conducted the horrible evil of Prostitution, sbs some obnoxious person, of mast insure the approbation and savage disposition 1 ;' -- and which concurrence of every good man. the learned Judge Ashhurst has pro. Happy so all we be to give currency nounced were designed by the Poor to every atiempt of this laudabie Lawy to be ó a disgrace to those who nature ; but we cope for something go into them **,' These dreadful more, the interference of Parliaabodes are the only receptacles pro- inent for the completion of this imvided by Mr. Hale, in the plentitude porlant ubject of his kindness and sympathy, for the accommodation of penitents, and as substitutes for Penitentiary
Remarks on the Monthly Review. Houses + + !"
Mr. Elitor, - That such men as Our prescribed limits, which we the Barrister and his dear friends ave already exceeded, preclude us the Monthly Reviewers, should opfrom giving the reader any further pose the doctrines of the Atoneanalysis of this publication. On the ment and luputed Righteousness, whole, we fiad no reason to alter in the irue scriplural interpretation the opinion formerly given by us of them, cau be no matter of sur
+ Treatise on Indigence. I Observations on the Poor Laws. # The Duties of Men..
Š Ilistory of the Poor. Í Justice of the Peace, art. Poor.
* * Ibid. ++ Another intelligent magistrate, and late writer on the Poor Laws, says, • Workhouses are sometimes held out in terrorem, to prevent the application for relief ; aod, to promote this end further, are made as disagreeable and dis. gusting places of residence as ingenuity can contrive,' p. 176 of · A Short Inquiry into the Policy, Humanity, and rast ktfects of the Poor Laws,' 8vo, London, 1807; -- but ofail the disagreeable and disgusting places of residence that I ever witnessed in these receptacles of disease and nisery, the apartinents allotted for the confinement of prostitutes far exceed the rest in beastly filtbiness and horrid odvurs! I here speak only of what I have seen in sonie parishes of the metropolis; where most certainly it never entered the minds of the conductors and overseers to convert Workhouses into Retormatories ! On the contrary, they are so managed as to keep cilt those indigent females who are absent, and to drive away those who have taken shelter there from dire necessity! - The same author hints, ' That the magistrates, whose duty it is to see that yone are relieved from the public purse but those who are either in. capable of labour, or, if capable, unable, by their utmost efforts, to support themselves and their families, have been miserably deicient and inattentive in the execution of this duty.' Page 2.
prize to those who revere end em- the opinions of a' numerous body brace them, having, some of them, of professing Christians, are not to , once had the very same prejudices; be determined by the represent, but that these doughly champions ations of a few; but by whal are the for reason and virtue, these furious woll-known unequivocal sentimenls sticklers for candour and libcrally, of the majority. . should descend to the mean artifice : We must give these wily Socin. of misrepresentation, to give some ians credit for their policy, if not colourable prelence for their bitter for their honesty. They know well invectives againstevangelical preach that it willines answer their pur. ers and evangelical doctrines, is al. pose to oppose evangelical sentitogether unworthy of them, and ments as they appear in their own justly exposes them to the charge native garb; they, therefore, disof unfairness and illiberality. The toit thein, dress them up in a most followiog positions are laid down in ridiculous inanner, and then call the Barrister ́s Second Pari, and the Merry Andrews of their own quoled by the Monthly Review for party to come and wake sport with Oct. 1808, pages 187, 188, with ex- thein. So the ancient persecutors pressions of approbation : warna
treated the primitive martyrs ; That by atoning for their guilt, wable to refute a single sentiment he becomes the Author of salration they believed, or to convince them to those who disobey him, is xor of a singic error, they cut the maller TRUE.
short by dressing them up in rid • That he gave himself for those crious habits, and then worried who were not zealous of good wo ks, them to death. Such practices are IS NOT TRUE.
worthy of being imitaled, upon a . "That when he shall come to smaller scale, by the enemies of judge the world, he will impule his evangelical preachers. They first righteousness to the wicked, is not represent them in the most odious TRUE.'
light, and then try to induce the Can the Barrister, can his col- Legislature lo perxecute them. leagues, in this pious warfare against evangelical preaching, lay their hands upon their hearts, and before God and the world, honestly say
The Life of William Kelly, or the that they believe the sentiments
Happy Christian. 6s. 81. per 100. referred to in these positions are the We congratulate the Committee sentiments of the general body of of the Religious Traci Society, and evangelical preachers, or of any one the other friends of that establishof the Barrister's antagonisls ? No, ment, on the acquisition of this in. no; Christian reader, neither the teresting narrative. It is underBarrister nor the Monthly Reviewer stood to be the production of a believe any such thing !, --- they do respectable clergy man, who vouches not think ihat evangelical preachers for ihe truth of every statement it believe that Christ will be the contains. The knowledge of this · Author of eternal salvation to those circumstance must be gratifying to
who disobey him, - that he gave every reader; for, while it might himself for those who are not seem fastidious to refuse the aid of zealous of good works, or that he Fiction as an occasional vehicle for will, in the day of judgment, im. religious sentiments, those incidents pute his righteousness to the wicked. which have realiy occurred, will uniThese enemies of evangelical preach: formiy impress and entertain far ng have no just ground for at more than those incidents, in themtributing to us the sentiments con- selves equally striking, which imtained in these truly absıırd and un- . agination is known to have inscriptural positions. They wouid vented. With regard to William not be justifiable in doing this, even Kelly, we apprehend that no man if tbey had found some incautious can peruse this brief account, withand enthusiastic individual, who out feeling that such is the life bad so expressed himself; because which all ought to lead; and such
the departure out of life which all Memoirs of the late Rev. William.. must necessarily desire.
Heudebourck, of Taunton, write He was born at Douglas, in the ten by Himself; with, a FuneralIsle of Man, in the year 1731, and Scrmon, by the Rev. William Heudied in the year 1808. His worthy debourck, 1s. parents moved in the humbler class
These Memoirs record the leadof society; nor did he ever advance
ing circumstances of the conversion, a step beyond them ;- yet, poor as
life, and ministry of a good and he was, and equally modest, he became so far an objeci of notice,
useful man; some particulars of
le, which appeared in this Magazine that his funeral was attended by a few months ago. The Funeralgreat concourse of people of all Sermon annexed, was preached by ranks. The gentleman and the hia erandson at Bishon's Hall. The beggar, the stranger and the native, Hay
malive, texi, 2 Tim. iv. 6, 7, I have fought seemed to vie with each other in
the good fight,' &c. is considered as paying the last tribule of respect to dinis real Christian.
expressive of Holy Courage, Un-,
In the early part of life, having lest hoine, and
remitting Diligenre, Steady Per-,
severance, and animating Prospecta, thrown off the restraints of educa
The whole will be read, by pious tlon, 'he frequented the company persons, with pleasure and advanof idle and dissolute young men, tag
hit tage. and soon learned their vices,' habituating himself to that of drunkenness in particular. About the age of 30, he became thoughtful; and af.
"LITERARY NOTICES. .. forded strong evidence of a sound conversion. From that period to
sellers, having undertaken to pub. the end of bis life, he maintained
lish a new and uniform edition of a character equalled by few, and ex.
Dr. W. Baies's Works, yonid be ceeded by none. He was a truly obliged to any gentleman who can scriptural Christian.
direct them to unpublished MSS, From so smail a tract we cannot of that author. well make quotations: we hope our readers will peruse the whole; and
The Author of the Refore has we think that the generous dis. ?
dies in the press a Piece on the Suffertributors of tracts can scarcely
ings of Christ, spend six shillings and eightpence A new edition of Wiclif's New more beneficially, than by purchas- Testament, in 4io, is just ready, ing a hundred of this narrative for with his Life, &c. By the Rev. Mr. circulation among the poor.. Baver, of the British Museum.
SELECT LIST OF RELIGIOUS PUBLICATIONS. Henry's Bible, Barsier's edition, Duty of Britons to be Thankful, Part xv. 8vo, royal. 123.
By G. H. Watkins. .. Sailor Pilgrim. Pari II. 85 Dr. British Jubilee : at Bristol. By Hawker. 12mo, 13. 6.1. ; 8117, 36. T. Biddulph.
Fuller's Apology for Missions. Britons Jubilee : at Surry Chapel. 8vo, 3 Parts, in bds. 25. 6! cach. By J. Griffin. Is. 6:1.
Three Letters to a Barrier, and Motives to Gratitude: at Eagle One to W. Hale, Esq. By Dr. Street Meetins. By J. Iviney. 25. Hawker. 8vo.
National Gratitude : ai Peckham The Detestable Nature of Sin: Meeting. By Dr. Collyer. 13. 6:1. a Sermon, before the Sussex Mis The Friendly Monitor : at Hull, sion Society, By John Styles, 13. By Thomas l'inch. 15. 6.1. SERMONS, on the late Anniversary of morally improved, by a Magistrale.
National Jubilee, politically and the King's Accessiou.
The British Jubilee : at Crown The Jubilee : at Argyle Chapsi, Court Meeting. By J. (reig. Bath. By W. Jar. 13. 61
Loyal Congratulation : ai GreenRighteousness the Dignity and wich. By T. Chapmail. Ornament of Old Age: ai Pell "Three jubilee Scrinons. By Dr. Street Meeting Cloutt,
MISSIONARY SOCIETY. Translation of a Letler written in Righteousness. How happy must
the name of the Ministers' Con that person feel who, by contributference, in Hernhuih, to the
ing his inite to this trea jury, conDirectors of the Missionary So.
tributes to the spreading of the ciety, by ihe Rev. J. D. Heinrick;
word and kingdom of God! For daled Rcibersdorf, in Saxony, the
all this, may ye be blessed by the
Lord! Blessed be all your neel. 8th of Sept. 1808.
ings, cousultations, undertakings! I was truly gratifying to us to Angels of Gd will rejoice ; and with be favoured with a leller from your them we rejoice also ! We, I say, Society, and thereby to learn that who, va the 15th of June, vere you bad kindly received our frater- assembled together to the number nal salutations and good wishes, of upwards of 60 Protestant minispresented to you by our mutual ters, voder the presidency of the friend the Rev. Mr. Steinkopff. How Rev. Mr. Baunirster, but what is great and glorious are your exer- still better) under a lively sense of tions, aiming, as they do, at the the presence of our common Lord ! spiritual and eternal welfare of Here we joyfully reminded ourselves millions!
of several truly benevolent instiluSurely, they arose not from tions, but more especially of the chance, neither are they the mere ef. Missionary and Biblc Societies; and fect of your pious principles; but we could not but (eeply regret our they weem to have been called forth being prevented, both by our poliby the good providence of our God; ticai siiuation and the spirit of onr they mark an intimalion of hs su- age, from thai active co-operation preme government. For such in bf which we wish to aid your praise. portant purposes as these the Lord worth y cxertioss; but, as matters formed your island, and peopled it stand, our entire approbation of, with a nation capable and desirous and most cordial rejoicing in your of spreading his word and the king plan and proceedings, accoinpanied dom of his anointed; for such pur- with the warmest praises of God, poses he favoured you with so ex- are the only additions we can, for celient a constitution, and blessed the present, make to your zeal and you both with great riches, and a activity ; yet, as a sinall'proof willing mind, to improve them in that tie cxertions of the friends those very exertions and sacrifices of Christ in Ergland, have, in which his grand design required. some degre, excited our emulation, And for the same reasons your na. we soon expeci copies of a beautiful tive land was to remain unconquer- Gerinan Bible, prinied by the Ger. able, that his work imight be carried man Bible Society at Basle, which on, even in the midst of the convul- , owes its formation and activily to sions oi oiher earthly kingdoms. A the example and the norte liberality way is opened, ineans have been of the British and Foreign Bible found out, messengers of peace are Society. gone forih, the translating, prine. Permit me lo add, that I have ing, and distributing of the Bible, been commissioned by the while is rapidly proceeding. Who can body of the Ciergymin assembled EDUnerale tie places and persons at l!ernhuih, to reluru our sine which already rejoice in the lighi of cerest ihauks to the Honourable divine truth, emanating frym your Missionary Society in London, for. Society as from a cestral point, or their very welcoine communication, which will herwalter be giuddened and for all the Christian love and with the cheering rays of the Sun of aifuctiou wiich they have manie