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The Law our School-master, -

A Blow at the Root of the refined Antinomianism of the present age, &c.

That there is but one Covenant, -whereof Baptism and the Lord's Supper
are Seats, viz. the Covenant of Grace, proved from the -word of God;
and the doctrine of an externat gracetess covenant, advanced by the
Rev. Mr. Moses Mather, shown to be an unscriptural doctrine.

Preface, - - - - - - -

Section I. The nature of Mr. M.'s external graceless covenant, its differ-

ence from the covenant of grace, and a general view of the

subject, - - -

—- II. The covenant with Abi-aham was a holy covenant, and could

not be really complied with but in the exercise of real holiness, 130

UI. The covenant with the Israelites in the wilderness was ■ holy

covenant, and could not be really complied with, but in the ex-

ercise of real holiness, ..... 140

'IV. The Gospel of Christ essentially different from Mr. Ma-

tlier's external graceless covenant, .... 154

V. Baptism and the Lord's Supper, are seals of the covenant of

grace, and of no other covenant, .... icl

^—— VI. It cannot be determined what Mr. M.'s external covenant

requires, and wherein a real compliance with it doth consist, so

that any man can ever know that he has complied with it,

1 VH. Various distinctions stated, to render the subject more easy

to be understood by Christians of the weakest capacities, and to

enable them to answer the usual objections, at least to their

own satisfaction, ......

—— Vin. Mr. Mather's scheme inconsistent with itself,

A careful and strict Examination of the external Covenant, and of the

principles by which it is supported: a Reply to the Rev. Mr. Mather's

piece, entitled, "The Visible Church in Covenant -with God, further

illustrated," ifc. A Vindicati'n of the plan on which the Churches

in New-England were originally formed, &c.

Preface, ........ 203

Introduction, ....... glt

Section I. The nature of Mr. M.'s external covenant, as stated by him-
self, under the notion of a conditional corenant, - - 215

II. Mr. M.'t Mtcmol "«'—"--• —

Mr. M.'s external covenant represented by him as uneondi-

Uonal, examined in this view of it,

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Section III. The perfection of the divine lav, and total depravity, incon-

sistent with the notion of an external covenant appointed by

God for the unregenerate, aa such, to enter into, rt quiring

graceless qualifications, and nothing else, as the conditions of its

blessings, - - - - - . 237

——— IV A view of the exhortations and promises of the Gospel: and

the true reason pointed out why the doings of the unregenerate

do not entitle to the blessings promised, ... 248

. V. Impenitent, self-righteous, Christless sinners, are nnder the

curse of the law of God. But this is inconsistent with their be*

ing in covenant with God, in good standing in his sight, by any

works which they do, while such, .... 265

—— VI- The nature of the enmity of the carnal mind against God,

and whether it remains, notwithstanding the revelation of God'a

readiness to be reconciled to men, .... 299

1 VII. Whether the Gospel calls fallen men to be reconciled to

that character of God against which they are at enmity, • 314

—— VIII. How it was possible for Adam before the fall, to love that

character of God which was exhibited to him in the law, con-

sistently with the love of his own happiness, . • 337

IX. The Christian creed, the Arminian creed, and Mr. M.'s

creed; remarks on each, ..... 331

—— X. Mr. M.'s scheme inconsistent with itself, - - 343

XL The extraordinary methods Mr. M. takes to support his

own scheme, and to keep himself in countenance, - . 350

A Letter to Scripturista, ... . . gjt

The Hatf-nay Covenant.- a Diatogue between a .Minister and hie

Dialogue I. - - - - - - 303

n. - - - - - . -405

III. - 413

IV. - • - - - - - - 426

Early Piety recommended; a Discourse on Eccles. xii. 1. - - 447

The great Evil of sin, as committed against God: a Sermon, ■ 495

Index to the whole work, - - - - * - 531



Wherefore the law was our School-Master to bring us unto Christ, that tee might be justified by faith.

THE chief design of the present discpurse is to give the true seosfi'of this text; which will go far towards leading us kito'the nature of the Jewish religion, and of the Christian; and help to remove several dangerous mistakes, which mankind have been apt to' run into. Now, in order to understand any text of Scripture, we are to consider the various circumstances of the discourse; such as the character of the persons spoken to, the manner how the text is introduced, and for what purpose; that we, seeing the occasion of what is written, and the scope and design of the inspired writer, may the more readily and certainly discern the true sense of the passage. Here, therefore, let us inquire into the character of the persons St. Paul had to deal with; the occasion and design of these words, and how they were introduced in the thread of his argument; and the grounds he saw in the nature of the Mosaic dispensation for this observation, that the law was a school-master to bring us Christ.

I. As to the character of the persons St. Paul had to deal with. They, at least the ring-leaders of them, were by birth Jews, by education Pharisees, and now lately converted to Christianity; but yet zealous for some of their old Pharisaical notions, fond of making proselytes to their own scheme, a scheme, in the apostle's opinion, subversive of Christianity.

While of the sect of the Pharisees, before their conversion to Christianity, they expected justification wholly by the deeds of the law. (Rom. x. 3.) But now, since their conversion to Christianity, they expected justification by the deeds of the law; and yet it seems not wholly; for they Vol in. 2

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