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casion to the finest burlesque poem in the British language, entituled, from me, The Splendid Shilling. The second adventure, which I must not omit, happened to me in the year 1703, when I was given away in charity to a blind man; but indeed this was by mistake, the person who gave me having thrown me heedlessly into the hat among a pennyworth of farthings."

N 250. TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 14, 1710.

Scis enim justum gemina suspendere lance
Ancipitis libre?

PERS. Sat. IV. 10.
Know'st thou, with equal hand, to hold the scale ?


From my own Apartment, November 13. I last winter erected a court of justice for the correcting of several enormities in dress and behaviour, which are not.cognizable in any other courts of this realm. The vintner's case, which I there tried, is still fresh in every man's meniory.

That of the petticoat gave also a general satisfaction : no' to mention the more important points of the cane and perspective; in which, if I did not give judgments and decrees according to the strictest rules of equity and justice, I can safely say, I acted according to the best of my understanding. But as for the proceedings of that court, I shall refer my reader to



an account of them, written by my secretary ; which is now in the press, and will shortly be published under the title of Lillie's “ Reports *.

As I last year presided over a court of justice, it is my intention this year to set myself at the head of a court of honour. There is no court of this na. ture any where at present, except in France; where, according to the best of my intelligence, it consists of such only as are marshals of that kingdom. I am likewise informed, that there is not one of that honourable board at present, who has not been driven out of the field by the duke of Marlborough: but whether this be only an accidental or a necessary qualification, I must confess, I am not able to deterinine.

As for the court of honour of which I am here speaking, I intend to sit myself in it as president, with several men of honour on my right-hand, and women of virtue on my left, as my assistants. The first place on the bench I have given to an old Tangereen captain with a wooden leg. The second is a gentleman of a long twisted periwig without a curl in it, a muff with very little hair upon it, and a thread-bare coat with new buttons ; being a person of great worth, and second brother to a man of quality. The third is a gentleman usher, extremely well read in romances, and grandson to one of the greatest wits in Germany, who was some time master of the ceremonies to the duke of Wolfem. buttle.

As for those who sit further on my right-hand, as it is usual in public courts t, they are such as will

* Charles Lillie.

+ This alludes to the masters in chancery, who sit on the bench with the lord chancellor, sele judge of the court.


young rake.

fill up the number of faces upon the bench, and serve rather for ornament than use.

The chief upon my left-band are,

An old maiden lady, that preserves some of the best blood of England in her veins.

A Welsh woman of a little stature, but high . spirit.

An old prude, that has censured every marriage for these thirty years, and is lately wedded to a

Having thus furnished my bench, I shall establish correspondences with the horse-guards, and the veterans of Chelsea-College; the former to furnish me with twelve men of honour as often as I shall have occasion for a grand jury; and the latter, with as many good men and true, for a petty jury.

As for the women of virtue, it will not be diffi. cult for me to find them about midnight at crimp and basset.

Having given this public notice of my court, I must further add, that I intend to open it on this day sevennight, being Monday the twentieth instant; and do hereby invite all such as have suffered injuries and affronts, that are not to be redressed by the common laws of this land, whether they be short bows, cold salutations, supercilious looks, unreturned smiles, distant behaviour, or forced familiarity; as also all such as have been aggrieved by any ambiguous expression, accidental justle, or unkind repartee; likewise all such as have been defrauded of their right to the wall, tricked out of the upper end of the table, or have been suffered to place themselves, in their own wrong, on the back-seat of the coach. These, and all of these, I do, as I above said, invite to bring in their several cases and

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complaints, in which they shall be relieved with all imaginable expedition.

I am very sensible, that the office I have now taken upon me will engage me in the disquisition of many weighty points, that daily perplex the youth of the British nation; and, therefore, I have already discussed several of them for my future use : as, "how far a man may brandish his cane in telling a story, without insulting his hearer ;" " what degree of contradiction amounts to the lie;" “ how a man shall resent another's staring and cocking a har in his face;" “ if asking pardon is an atonement for treading upon one's toes;" “whether a man may put up with a box on the ear, received from a stranger in the dark;" or, or whether a inan of hopour may take a blow of his wife;" with several other subtilties of the like nature.

For my direction in the duties of my office, I have furnished myself with a certain astrological pair of scales, which I have contrived for this purpose. In one of them I lay the injuries, in the other the reparations. The first are represented by little weights made of a metal resembling iron, and the other of gold. These are not only lighter than the weights made use of in avoirdupois, but also such as are used in Troy-weight. The heaviest of those that represent the injuries amount but to a scruple; and decrease by so many sub-divisions, that there are several imperceptible weights which cannot be seen without the help of a very fine microscope. I might acquaint my reader, that these scales were made under the infuence of the sun when he was in Libra, and describe many signatures on the weights both of injury and reparation : but as this would look rather to proceed from an 'ostentation of my own art, than any care for the public, I shall pass it over in silence,

N°251. THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 16,1710.

Onisnam igitur liber? Sapiens, sibi qui imperiosus ;
Sucm neque pauperies, neque mors, nec vincula corrent :
Responsure cupidinibus, contemnere bonores
Forris, ei in seipso totus; teres atque ritundus,
Externi ne quid valeat per leeve morari ;
In quem manca ruit semper fortuna.

HOR. 2 Sat. VII. 83.
Who then is free? The wise, who well maintains
An empire o'er himself; whom neither chains,
Nor want, nor death, with slavish fear inspire,
Who buldly answers to his warm desire,
Who can ambition's vainest gifts despise,
Firm in himself wlio on himself relies,
Pulish'd and round who runs his proper course,
And breaks misfortune with superior force,


From my own Apartment, November 15. It is necessary to an easy and happy life, to possess our minds in such a inanner as to be always well satisfied with our own reflections. The way to this state is to measure our actions by our own opinion, and not by that of the rest of the world. The sense of other men ought to prevail over us in things of less consideration, but not in concerns where truth and honour are engaged. When we look into the bottom of things, what at first appears a paradox is a plain truth, and those professions, which, for want of being duly weighed, seem to proceed from a sort of romantic philosophy, and ignorance of the world, after a little reflection, are so reasonable,

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