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years, in New England. As yet they have been disappointed in obtaining the silk-worm, but are daily expecting a supply of eggs from China."

Experiments are also making in the raising of coffee and cotton ; which bid fair to be equally as successful, though not so lucrative as sugar or silk.

“ As the plan and objects of the two estates are materially the same, the following description and remarks will equally apply to both. With the leases orders were given for thirty-six men, as laborers upon the two estates; as the common people are held rigidly by the chiefs, who consider their dignity enhanced by the number they control, it was with much difficulty that they could be obtained; and when procured, proved to be the offscourings of the island. Of this number nearly one half were soon discharged for various misdemeanors, and punished by the authorities of the place, after a fair and legal trial by jury. To the others, houses with lands to cultivate for their own benefit, were allotted. These were joined by a few stragglers, who seemed to have no master, but proved themselves valuable servants, and now constitute the real population of the plantation.

“ A large number of day laborers are also employed. To all, twelve and a half cents per day and their food are allowed. This sum may appear small, but, when compared with their wants, is fully equal to a dollar per day in the United States.

“Mr. Hooper, the gentleman of the firm who has the immediate care of the sugar plantation, estimates the daily cost of furnishing food to each man, which consists of fish and poi, at one cent.

“ All ardent spirits are tabued by the government, so that none are brought to the island. A superintendent and several other white men are also employed.

“ At sunrise all the laborers are turned out by the ringing of the bell, and work till sunset, sufficient time being allowed for their meals. At night they are assembled and paid by a sort of bank note system. These notes are considered as good as money over the whole island. They consist of small pieces of card, upon which are printed different values, and which are redeemable in goods on Saturdays, which time is allotted them to cultivate their lands, and as a general market day, when they make their purchases and bring their produce to be sold. A strict regard is paid, as far as is possible, to their morals and health ; the effect of which is perceivable in improvements in their houses and gardens, and in the dresses of their wives and children.

“ Their indolent habits are rapidly giving way before the prospect of gain; and the idea of property, the ambition to acquire it, a sense of the value of time and the use of money, are rapidly spreading among them, though, as yet, in a very crude way. Slowly, but surely, their intellects are beginning to comprehend their own rights and importance in the scale of political economy. In proportion to this increase of knowledge, does the servile fear of the chiefs, which has heretofore formed a part of their nature, diminish. This influence is spreading rapidly over the island. Two years since, a chief needed but to breathe his commands, and they were implicitly obeyed. Now he is obliged to stipulate with his men, and allow them certain proportion of the fruits of their labor."

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Sketches of Married Life. By the Author of "The Skeptic,” “The Well-Spent Hour," &c. Boston. 1838. The author of this little book is well known by her easy and earnest style, and by the spirit and moral elevation of her ideas. is a short and simple one, yet almost all the subjects, that concern duty and happiness in life, are brought in without straining, and treated in a very interesting manner. The history of Amy Weston and Edward Selman is a valuable exposition of the excellence of truth of character, and the true philosophy of wealth and happiness; while, in Amy's father, we have a true picture of a large class of men, and a too prevalent principle in our land. With Roberts and his fair wife, life does not run so gently as with the former; but their experience well teaches, first sadly, but at last happily, the need of perfect confidence between husband and wife. There


doubtless, many who call themselves good Christians, who would think Selman's conduct foolish and Quixotic, in giving up all his property to his creditors; and, especially, in paying his old debts years after he had been legally released from them. The zeal, with which the fair author exhibits his honesty and magnanimity, shows her opinion of the subject.

This book adds one to the many proofs we are every day seeing, that the literature of the affections is to be the peculiar province of woman. A host of bright names already adorns this literature in our own land. There is much in the work before us to call to mind Miss Sedgwick, although the author lacks Miss Sedgwick's admirable tact in the management of the dialogue. However, we do not see how anything could improve the dialogues between Ruth and Jerry. There is, perhaps, a little strained sentimentality in some parts of the book, which Miss Sedgwick would have avoided.

We ought to be glad, that one sensible book has been written upon so important a subject. It may make some families happier, and deter others from rushing headlong into the most important of all connexions, and repenting, when repentance is too late. That no such feelings of repentance are shared by the author, the dedication of the work satisfactorily shows.

Mrs. Grant of Laggan. — The following Obituary Notice of the late Mrs. Grant is taken from “ The Edinburgh Evening Courant” of November 22, 1838. The early residence of the subject of it in our country, and, more especially, the kind attention and hospitality with which many of our friends have been received at her house in Edinburgh, render its insertion in our work an appropriate tribute of respect and remembrance.

“The recent death of this distinguished and venerable lady has caused a blank in this metropolis, which will not soon or easily be supplied, and of which those, who regarded merely her advanced age and bodily infirmities, can form no adequate conception. Notwithstanding these disadvantages, Mrs. Grant retained, till a very short time before her death, all her intellectual vigor; and her house continued to be the resort, not only of the friends who delighted in her conversational powers, and in her remarks on the current literature of the day, but also of many distinguished strangers who visited Edinburgh.

“Mrs. Grant's life was, in an eminent degree, eventful. She was born at Glasgow, in the year 1755. Her father, Mr. M'Vicar, was an officer in the British army, and on her mother's side she was descended from the ancient family of Stewart of Invernahyle, in Argyllshire. Shortly after her birth her father accompanied his regiment to America, under the auspices of the Earl of Eglinton, with the intention of settling there, if he should find sufficient inducement for doing so. His wife and infant daughter soon after joined him. They landed at Charleston; and though the child was then scarcely three years of age, she retained, ever after, a distinct recollection of her arrival in America. Her father's conduct had gained him much favor, both with the settlers and with the Indians; and, accordingly, his daughter and her mother were, on their arrival in America, received with so much kindness, and treated with so much hospitality, that Mrs. Grant ever retained the most grateful recollection of the favors she had received, and, to the latest period of her life, nothing gave her more pleasure than to show attention to the inhabitants of America who visited this city.

• During her residence in America, and in the fourth year of her age, she was taught, by her mother, to read, and she never had any other instructor. But she was so apt and diligent a scholar, that, before her sixth year, she had perused the Old Testament, with the contents of which she was well acquainted. About the same age she also learned to speak the Dutch language, in consequence of being domesticated, for some time, with a family of Dutch colonists in the state of New York. Soon after, the sergeant of a Scottish regiment gave her the only lessons in penmanship she ever received; and, observing her love of reading, he presented her with a copy of Blind Harry's Wallace, which, by his assistance, she was enabled to decipher so fully, as not only to understand the dialect in which the book was written, but, also, to admire the heroism of Wallace and his compatriots, and to glow with that enthusiasm for Scotland, which, as she herself expressed, ever after remained with her, as a principle of life. Her fondness for reading was universally observed, and, fortunately, procured for her, from an officer of her father's regiment, a copy of Milton's Paradise Lost, which, young as she was, she studied with much care, and which she afterwards found to an inest treasure. the diligent study of this book Mrs. Grant, herself, ascribed the formation of her

character and taste, observing, that, whatever she had of elevation of spirit, expansion of mind, or taste for the sublime and beautiful, she owed it all to her familiarity with Milton. The effect of this became so evident, in her conversation and habits, as soon to secure for her the notice of several of the most eminent settlers in the state of New York, and, in particular, to procure for her the friendship of the celebrated Madame Schuyler, whose worth and virtues Mrs. Grant has extolled in her “Memoirs of an American Lady.”

“ Mrs. Grant's father had, with the view of permanently settling in America, received a large grant of land, to which, by purchase, he made several valuable additions ; but, having fallen into bad health, he was advised to leave America, which he did very hurriedly, and without having got his property disposed of. He returned with his wife and daughter to Scotland, about the year 1768, and a few years afterwards he was appointed barrack-master of fort Augustus. Soon after this the Revolutionary war broke out in America, and, before his landed property there could be disposed of, it was confiscated, and thus the chief means, to which the family had to look for their support, were cut off.

“While her father was barrack-master at fort Augustus, the office of chaplain to the fort was filled by the Rev. James Grant, a young clergyman of accomplished mind and manners, and connected with some of the most respectable families in the neighborhood. Mr. Grant was soon afterwards appointed minister of the parish of Laggan, in Inverness-shire, and in the year 1779 he was united in marriage to the subject of this notice. Of this marriage, twelve children were born, four of whom died in comparatively early years; and soon afterwards Mr. Grant, himself, was cut off, in 1801, leaving his widow with a family of eight surviving children.

“When Mrs. Grant went to Laggan she was informed that, not being a Highlander, nor acquainted with the Gaelic language, she might not be very acceptable to the people. But she had a pride and pleasure in surmounting difficulties; and, with this view, she set herself to learn the customs and the language of the people among whom she was to reside; and she soon had the pleasure and happiness of finding that, among all classes of the parishioners, she was received and treated with kindness. Indeed, her unvarying attention to all of them, and especially to the poor, soon secured to her as high a place in their affections as if she had been a native of the district. The far-famed Highland hospitality was but too well known and practised by Mr. and Mrs. Grant, insomuch that it was matter of great surprise to their friends, and even to Mrs. Grant herself, when she afterwards began to reflect upon it, how, with their large family, and their comparatively slender means, it was possible to do so much as they did in this way. But on Mr. Grant's death it was found that debt, to a small amount, remained undischarged. How this was to be met, and how Mrs. Grant was to provide for the education and support of her eight fatherless children, were matters which, it is believed, occasioned more uneasiness to Mrs. Grant's friends than they ever did to herself. She had a firm reliance on the tender mercy of the Father of the fatherless; and, committing herself and her young children to His gracious care, she resolved to exert her best energies in their behalf. And her exertions

were not unavailing. For some time she took the charge of a small farm in the neighborhood of Laggan; but afterwards she found it necessary, in 1803, to remove to the vicinity of Stirling, where she was enabled, with the assistance of her friends, to provide, in the mean time, for her family.

“ As a relief from severer and more anxious duties, Mrs. Grant had always found delight in the pursuits of literature; and, having early shown a taste for poetry, she was occasionally accustomed, for the entertainment of her friends, to write verses; and she also, by way of relaxation, carried on an extensive correspondence with some of the friends of her youth. Of her poems, which were generally written with much haste, and on the spur of the moment, her friends formed a much higher opinion than she herself ever did. She generally gave them

away, when they were finished, without retaining any copy. It occurred to some of those friends, that a volume of her poems might be published with advantage; and, before she was well aware of their kind intentions, proposals were dispersed all over Scotland for publishing such a volume by subscription. At this time Mrs. Grant had not even collected the materials for the proposed publication; but, in a short period, the extraordinary number of upwards of three thousand subscribers had been procured by her influential friends. The late celebrated Duchess of Gordon took a lively interest in this publication; and Mrs. Grant was, in this way, almost forced before the public. The poems were well received on their appearance in 1803; and though the Edinburgh reviewers, who spoke disparagingly of the poetic genius of Byron and of Grahame, would not allow much merit to her verses, (and they could scarcely allow less than she did herself,) they were constrained to admit that some of the pieces were “written with great beauty, tenderness, and delicacy."

“From the profits of this publication Mrs. Grant was enabled to discharge all the debts which had hitherto pressed upon her, and which had been contracted during her married life. But she was soon involved in another difficulty, which called her to England, arising from the dangerous illness of her eldest daughter, who, being threatened with a consumptive illness, had gone to Bristol for the benefit of her health. The recovery of this daughter was attended with great expense; and, soon after, Mrs. Grant had to provide for the outfit of one of her sons, who had got an appointment to India through the influence of her friend, Mr. Charles Grant, then chairman of the India House. To provide for these expenses, her friends suggested the propriety of publishing some of her letters. These letters had not been written with the slightest view to publication; and, accordingly, they contained many private allusions, and much harmless badinage, which, however attractive in the connexion in which they occurred, were quite unsuited for the public eye. It was thought, however, that even after suppressing all these passages, and thus mutilating the letters, they still contained so much artless description, and such graphic delineations of scenery and of character, as would be very interesting to the public. Mrs. Grant, who was always ready to defer to the opinions of her friends, consented, with some reluctance, to their publication; and this

gave rise to the well known ‘Letters from the Mountains, which appeared in 1806. These Letters went through several editions, and VOL. XXVI. 3D s. Vol. VIII. NO, I.


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